Mar Roxas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mar Roxas
MAR ROXAS.jpg
24th Secretary of the Interior and Local Government
In office
September 19, 2012 – September 14, 2015
President Benigno Aquino III
Preceded by Paquito Ochoa (Acting)
Succeeded by Mel Senen Sarmiento
38th Secretary of Transportation and Communications
In office
July 4, 2011 – October 18, 2012
President Benigno Aquino III
Preceded by Jose de Jesus
Succeeded by Joseph Emilio Abaya
Senator of the Philippines
In office
June 30, 2004 – June 30, 2010
26th Secretary of Trade and Industry
In office
January 2, 2000 – December 10, 2003
President Joseph Estrada
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by Jose Pardo
Succeeded by Cesar Purisima
Member of the House of Representatives
from Capiz's 1st district
In office
May 1, 1993 – January 2, 2000
Preceded by Gerardo Roxas, Jr.
Succeeded by Rodriguez Dadivas
Personal details
Born Manuel Araneta Roxas II
(1957-05-13) May 13, 1957 (age 58)
Quezon City, Philippines
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Korina Sanchez (m. 2009)
Children Paolo Roxas
Alma mater University of Pennsylvania
Website Official website

Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II (born May 13, 1957) is a Filipino politician who served in the Cabinet of the Philippines as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government from 2012 to 2015. Previously, he was the Secretary of Trade and Industry from 2000 to 2003, a Senator from 2004 to 2010, and Secretary of Transportation and Communications from 2011 to 2012. He is the son of former Senator Gerry Roxas, and the grandson of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas and of industrialist J. Amado Araneta.

An undergraduate of the Wharton School, Roxas worked as an investment banker, mobilizing venture capital funds for small and medium enterprises.[1] He served as the Representative of the 1st District of Capiz from 1993 to 2000. His stint as Congressman was cut short after he was appointed by President Joseph Estrada as Secretary of Trade and Industry.[2] He resigned from the position at the height of the EDSA Revolution of 2001 and was later re-appointed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in her new Cabinet.[3] He resigned again to run for a Senate seat in the 2004 Philippine election.[4] He was elected as Senator with 19 million votes and the highest ever garnered by a national candidate in any Philippine election. He was co-author of the Expanded Value Added Tax Law (E-Vat).[5]

Initially one of the leading contenders in the 2010 presidential election, he slid down to become a vice-presidential candidate in order to make way for fellow Senator Benigno Aquino III. He was defeated by Makati City Mayor Jejomar Binay of the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban) by the narrowest margin in the history of the Fifth Republic. However, Roxas filed an electoral protest with the Supreme Court of the Philippines, the Court sitting as Presidential Electoral Tribunal.[6]

On June 7, 2011, President Benigno Aquino III appointed Roxas as the new Secretary of Transportation and Communications to replace outgoing Secretary Jose de Jesus, and he took office on July 4, 2011.[7] Afterwards, on August 31, 2012, President Aquino nominated him as Secretary of Interior and Local Government, replacing Jesse Robredo, who died in a plane crash.

Roxas is set to be the nominee of the Liberal Party in the 2016 presidential elections. On July 31, 2015, at an event dubbed as "A Gathering of Friends", Roxas formally accepted his party's nomination after he was officially endorsed by President Benigno Aquino III in the presence of their political allies at the Club Filipino, where Roxas had announced his decision to withdraw from the 2010 presidential election and gave way to Aquino's presidential bid. Aquino also announced his candidacy there on September 9, 2009.[8][9][10] On the same day, Roxas formally launched his campaign website.

On August 3, 2015, Roxas officially tendered his resignation as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government in order to focus on his presidential campaign.[11]

Early life[edit]

Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II was born on May 13, 1957, in Manila, Philippines, to Judy Araneta of Bago, Negros Occidental, and Gerardo Roxas (1924–1982) of Capiz. Roxas' father was a Senator (1963–1972) and the only son of Manuel Roxas, the first President of the Third Philippine Republic (1946–48), and Trinidad de Leon. The couple married in 1955.[12] He has two siblings namely Maria Lourdes or Ria, married to Augusto Ojeda and mother of three and the late Congressman Gerardo "Dinggoy" Roxas, Jr. (1960–1993).[13] Roxas attended the Ateneo de Manila University for grade school and high school, then attended the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, majoring in finance and earning a Bachelor of Science degree in economics in 1979.[14] After graduation, he worked for seven years as an investment banker in New York, and became an assistant vice president of the New York-based Allen & Company.[15]

Following the 1985 announcement by President Ferdinand Marcos of a snap election, Roxas took a leave of absence to join the presidential campaign of Corazon Aquino. In September 1986, President Corazon Aquino went to the United States. He was one of those who organized a series of investment round-table discussions with the American business community. From 1986 onwards, he visited the Philippines more frequently. He then proposed to his company to set up a shop in Asia, specifically in the Philippines, and later his superiors agreed. In 1991, he was stationed in the country under North Star Capitals, Inc. which took Jollibee public. In the United States, he participated in the first financing for Discovery Channel and Tri-Star Pictures.[16]

Political career[edit]

Congress (1993–2000)[edit]

Roxas' younger brother, Dinggoy, who represented the 1st District of Capiz, died of colon cancer in 1993. At the age of 33, he decided to run in the special election to replace his brother in the seat and won.[16] He later became Majority Leader of the House of Representatives.

As congressman, he espoused consumer protection, underscoring the right of every Filipino to affordable medicines, as his personal advocacy. His landmark laws include, among others:

  • Republic Act No. 8759 – establishing in all municipalities a Public Employment Service Office which serves as an employment facilitation and information center, and links all job opportunities within the region;
  • Republic Act No. 8748 – amending the Special Economic Zone Act by directly allocating to the municipality or city 2% (out of the 5%) gross tax to be collected from the establishments operating in the ecozone and providing for disturbance compensation for persons to be displaced or evicted by publicly owned ecozones;
  • Republic Act No. 8756 – incentivizing the establishment of regional headquarters to encourage investment and operation of multinational companies in the country and to generate more jobs.

His tenure in the House was most noted for his principal authorship of Republic Act No. 7880 (Roxas Law), which ensures fair distribution of the education capital budget among all the provinces. This started his advocacy for fair and equitable access to education, free from regional bias and political patronage considerations.[17]

Cabinet member (2000–03)[edit]

Estrada cabinet[edit]

Roxas resigned from the House of Representatives following his appointment as Secretary of Trade and Industry under the Estrada administration in 2000, replacing Jose Pardo who was appointed Secretary of Finance.[18] During his stint, Roxas was named as Chairman of the Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Council, a body formed with the participation of both the government and private sector to monitor the implementation of the E-Commerce Law (Republic Act 8792) and programs pushing for the growth of IT-enabled services.[19][20] He resigned the position in November, as Estrada was under fire due to allegations of corruption.[21]

Arroyo cabinet[edit]

In January 2001, days after Estrada was overthrown, Roxas was re-appointed to the same office by newly installed President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.[2] He was also temporarily designated by Arroyo to head the Department of Energy.[22]

During his four-year stint as DTI Secretary, he pushed for the development of the palengke (market) as the basic unit of the economy and the root of progress, advocating not only consumer welfare and protection but also sound trade and investment policies, particularly SME development.[17]

Palengkenomics

As a proponent of the philosophy of 'palengkenomics', which considers the "palengke" (wet market) as a microcosm of the economy, Roxas conducted weekly monitoring of the prices of prime commodities.

Among his projects were the following palengke-based programs which promoted supply chain efficiencies:

  1. Tamang Timbang, Tamang Presyo (Right Scale, Right Price) for consumers,
  2. Presyong Tama, Gamot Pampamilya (Right Price, Family Medicine) to make affordable and quality medicines accessible to Filipinos,
  3. Pinoy Pandesal,
  4. Palengke ng Bayan (Market of the Country)
Trade policy

His work regarding trade policy was highlighted during the 2003 WTO meeting in Cancún, Mexico, where he fought for increased market access for Philippine exports, particularly agricultural products and a rationalized Philippine trade regime so that domestic industries would not be harmed.[23]

Computers in schools

At a time where computer access was limited to an elite few, Roxas initiated the Personal Computers for Public Schools (PCPS) Program, which distributed over 30,000 computers to 2,000 public high schools all over the Philippines. PCPS computers provided 500,000 high school students with the necessary ICT tools and skills.[23][23]

Industry benefits and job creation

Roxas worked for the reopening of the National Steel Corporation which provided thousands of jobs, income and livelihood to Iligan City, Northern Mindanao and adjacent regions.

He later launched the Garment Export Industry Transformation Plan and Assistance Package to enhance the competitiveness of the industry and ensure its viability and vibrancy beyond 2004. He also initiated the Motor/Vehicle Development Program to promote exports, create a viable market base for our car manufacturers and secure jobs for our workers.[23]

Roxas pushed for MSME development through the SULONG (SMEs Unified Lending Opportunities for National Growth) Program, which granted almost P26.7 billion on low-interest loans to 281,229 SMEs on its first year.[23]

Senate bid under the Liberal Party

On December 10, 2003, Roxas resigned from his post to prepare for his senatorial bid under the banner of the Liberal Party in the 2004 elections. Roxas said that he needs to separate his work in DTI from his work as a candidate, and added that his resignation did not surprise the President. He was succeeded by Cesar Purisima, former chairman of the accounting firm Sycip Gorres Velayo & Co..[24]

Senate (2004–10)[edit]

Senator Roxas greeting Senator Bongbong Marcos before a briefing with the Philippine Senate, January 23, 2014

Upon winning a seat at the 2004 Senate election, Roxas was proclaimed by the Commission on Elections as Senator-elect on May 24, 2004, and officially assumed the office at noon of June 30, 2004. He was elected under the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4) of President Arroyo.[25]

Roxas held assignments on the Senate Committee on Trade and Commerce and Senate Oversight Committee on Optical Media Board serving alongside Ramon Revilla, Jr..

Roxas authored 43 bills and 46 resolutions brought before the 13th Congress in July 2004 and 2007. He filed bills on fighting smuggling, supporting labor, education, economy, and alternative energy.

On February 26, 2006, the Philippines was under a state emergency after the government claimed that it foiled an alleged coup d'état attempt against the administration of Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo earlier that same day. Two days later, Roxas called on the government to immediately revoke Proclamation No. 1017, saying it betrays its own vision of a strong republic and directly attack Philippine democracy.[26]

Roxas voted in favor of the Revised Value-Added Tax Law when it was deliberated in the Senate.[27] The law was co-authored by other Liberal Party members, Franklin Drilon and Francis Pangilinan. He also voted in favor of the abolition of the death penalty in the Philippines.[28]

Roxas voted against the Human Security Act together with Senator Jamby Madrigal saying that "the fight against terror requires urgent operational reforms over measures that could impair civil liberties". He even warned that the said law poses a danger to the security and rights of every Filipino if there will be no set of implementing rules and regulations laid down.[29]

Roxas' legislative agenda for the 14th Congress are as follows:

  • Affordable Medicines – He has filed Senate Bill No. 101 (Law on Patents, Tradenames and Trademarks) to amend Republic Act No. 8293, otherwise known as the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines, to lower the prices of medicines through increased competition among drug companies and by providing the government with better policy tools to significantly influence the supply and demand of medicines.[30]
  • EVAT Funds for Education and Healthcare – He has filed Senate Bill No. 102 (People's Fund Act) to ease the effect of the 12% E-VAT. The People's Fund would consist of thirty percent (30%) of all proceeds from the VAT collected under Title IV of the National Internal Revenue Code. This portion estimates the share of incremental revenues from Republic Act No. 9337, the Expanded Value-Added Tax law, which increased to 12% the VAT and removed the exemption.[31]
  • Tax Exemption for Minimum Wage Earners – He has filed Senate Bill No. 103 (Individual Tax Exemption for Minimum Wage Earners Bill) to exempt minimum wage earners in the private sector and government workers in Salary Grades 1 to 3, amending certain provisions of Republic Act No. 8424, otherwise known as the National Internal Revenue Code of 1997, as amended. As per estimates by the National Wages and Productivity Board, there are 7 million workers earning the minimum wage and even below. For him, it is unfair and unjust that the government, under the law, is taking away a portion of their already subsistence-level income.[32]
  • Amendments to the Roxas Law – He has filed Senate Bill No. 104 to amend Republic Act No. 7880, also known as the Fair and Equitable Access to Education Act, to eliminate the problem of classroom shortages in the Philippines, as well as enhancing the process of construction, rehabilitation, replacement, completion, and repair of needed school buildings and classrooms.[33]
  • Regulating the Pre-Need Industry – He has filed Senate Bill No. 105 (Pre-Need Industry Act of 2007) to address the absence of a statute that regulates the pre-need industry by establishing the Pre-Need Industry Act of 2007 to govern the operations of firms which issue or sell pre-need plans or similar contracts and investments.[34]
  • Anti-Smuggling Bill – He has filed Senate Bill No. 106 (Anti-Smuggling Act of 2007) to amend certain provisions of Presidential Decree No. 1464, otherwise known as the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines, as amended. Under the proposed bill, an Audit and Transparency Group under the Bureau of Customs, headed by a Deputy Commissioner, would regularly inspect and report on the bureau's operational processes, collection and financial reporting, fiscal and personnel performance, system efficiency, internal control, information and communication flow, fraudulent and illegal practices and other related areas. On the basis of these inspections and reports, the Audit and Transparency Deputy Commissioner can initiate investigations of fraud and other graft and corrupt practices in the bureau, and shall recommend to the Office of the Ombudsman the filing of any cases against personnel and officers involved.[35]
  • Lemon Law – He has filed Senate Bill No. 107 (Lemon Law of 2007) to have a one (1) year period in which buyers of brand-new vehicles can avail of the provisions of this Lemon Law, which allows up to four repairs on the same defect before a replacement or refund of the vehicle can be claimed. For him, it would ensure that the investment on a vehicle is money well-spent.[36]
  • SME Magna Carta – He has filed Senate Bill No. 108 (Magna Carta for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) to strengthen Republic Act No. 6977, the Magna Carta for Small Enterprises. The focus of the amendments of this bill focuses on three points: guidelines, institutional support and organizational support. Guidelines refer to the specific asset size definition, appropriating a definite and regular amount for the Small and Medium Enterprise Development (SMED) Council and increase in the mandatory allocation to lending activities. Institutional support comprises additional government agencies to coordinate SME efforts and formalization of the SME Development Plan. Lastly, organizational support to intensify the powers and increase capitalization of the Small Business and Guarantee Finance Corporation to complement the growing demands for financing. Other features of the bill include formalizing the celebration of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) Week and recognition of outstanding MSMEs.[37]
  • Free Information Act – He has filed Senate Bill No. 109 (Free Information Act) to implement the Constitutional guarantee to free access by the people to official information, except when the disclosure of such information would jeopardize other prerogatives of the government, namely, the protection of the privacy of individuals, trade secrets, national security, public order and safety, and foreign diplomatic relations. The bill also proposes the adoption by all government bodies a mechanism wherein all written requests for information shall be responded to within two days, unless proper justification is given by the government body, subject only to the payment of reasonable fees for the viewing or reproduction of such information. To compel disclosure of information, in case a government body refuses access to such information on whatever grounds, the Office of the Ombudsman would be tapped to hear any citizens' complaints of not being properly assisted by the pertinent government body. Penalties will be levied to officials or employees who knowingly and unjustly refuse to provide access to information, or who consciously release false or misleading information.[38]
  • Decriminalizing Libel – He has filed Senate Bill No. 110 (Penalty of Imprisonment in Libel Cases Abolition Bill) to decriminalize libel and limit the venue of filing libel suits. He believes that the approval of the said measure would be a small way by which Congress may help in alleviating the plight of journalists.[39]

On November 26, 2007, LP National Executive Council officials resolved to appoint him as president of the Liberal Party.

Roxas was to unite the two LP factions and set the stage for his presidential campaign in the 2010 election.[40] Lito Atienza, however, forthwith questioned Roxas' appointment, attacking the composition of Liberal Party’s National Executive Council (NECO) and alleging that the Supreme Court of the Philippines' June 5 resolution ordered the LP leadership's status quo maintenance. Atienza stated: "I have no invitation. They kicked me out of the meeting; How can you (Roxas) unite the party when you take the wrong step?"[41]

Platform

Senator Mar Roxas has taken positions on many national issues since his election as senator during the 2004 Philippine elections.

About the ZTE deal, Roxas introduced a resolution urging President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to cancel the Philippine government's National Broadband Network (NBN) project with China's Zhong Xing Telecommunications Equipment (ZTE) Corporation.

Roxas said that the $329.4-million deal "was driven by supply and not by demand" and will not benefit Filipinos. He believes that the cancellation of the deal would not affect the relationship of the Philippines with China.[42]

In order to finally put a just closure to national divisiveness, Roxas filed Senate Resolution No. 135 calling on President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to issue a pardon to former President Joseph Ejercito Estrada (popularly known as "Erap") at the appropriate time, in which he said: "The grant of pardon to Erap on humanitarian grounds should not in any way be construed as condoning corruption, or as diminishing the legal weight of the ruling of the Sandiganbayan, but serves solely as an embodiment of the people's will for closure on one of the most divisive chapters of our national life."[43]

Regarding the Japan–Philippines Economic Partnership Agreement, Roxas has said: "In trade negotiations, no deal is always better than a bad deal."[44]

He issued a warning after President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo pressed on the Senate to ratify the Japan-Philippine Economic Partnership Agreement (JPEPA) amid concerns aired by Tokyo for the early approval.

Roxas was optimistic that the pact would be given serious consideration by the Senate if the government revised the deal to get a better trade-off.[45]

Aquino III cabinet member (2010–15)[edit]

After his election to the Senate in 2004, Roxas was immediately seen as a potential presidential candidate in the 2010 presidential election. While Roxas himself was coy on his plans, the Mar Roxas for President movement gathered steam with the Liberal Party targeting the youth in the run-up to the election. Other signs included the sprouting of Mar Roxas for President spots on the internet and his colleagues endorsing him as the party's standard bearer. Then Senator Benigno Aquino III declared him as the Liberal Party's nominee and Former Senator Jovito Salonga, Chairman Emeritus of the party, once introduced him as "the next President of the Philippine Republic."[46] Senator Franklin Drilon had also confirmed that Roxas was the party's standard bearer in the election.[47]

However, on September 1, 2009, at the historic Club Filipino, Roxas delivered a speech at a press conference announcing his decision to withdraw from the race and support the candidacy of Aquino for the presidency. Aquino officially launched his campaign eight days later. On September 21, 2009, Roxas, alongside Aquino, officially announced his candidacy for the vice presidency as the nominee of the Liberal Party for Vice President, launching the Aquino-Roxas campaign.[48][49] On November 28, 2009, Aquino and Roxas filed their certificate of candidacy for President and Vice President respectively.

He was defeated by Makati City Mayor Jejomar Binay of the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban) by the narrowest margin in the history of the Fifth Republic. Binay's upset victory over Roxas was attributed to the success of the Aquino-Binay campaign, which began when Senator Francis Escudero endorsed Aquino and Binay as President and Vice President respectively. This was done without the consent of the two candidates, especially since Escudero, Binay, and Aquino all came from different political parties. Roxas filed an electoral protest to the Supreme Court of the Philippines at the Presidential Electoral Tribunal. On July 12, 2010, the Supreme Court after reviewing Roxas' electoral protest, declared it sufficient in form and substance and the Presidential Electoral Tribunal sent summons to Vice President Binay to file a comment within 10 days upon receipt of the summons.[50]

Roxas also requested the Presidential Electoral Tribunal to order an independent forensic examination of the 26,000 compact flash cards and the source code of the PCOS machines used in the 2010 elections. As of August 2015, the case remains in pre-trial stage, with the last action taken by the tribunal dating back to December 2012.[51]

Secretary of Transportation and Communications[edit]

Roxas accepted the offer of Aquino to be appointed as Secretary of Transportation and Communications, replacing the outgoing Secretary Jose de Jesus, who had resigned earlier. He took office on June 30, 2011.[7] His appointment was given unanimous consent by the Commission on Appointments on October 12, 2011.[52]

Secretary of Interior and Local Government[edit]

On August 31, 2012, President Aquino appointed him as Secretary of Interior and Local Government, replacing Jesse Robredo, who had died in a plane crash on the shores of Masbate Island thirteen days earlier.[53] It was Roxas who announced the death of Robredo and confirmed that the rescue operations for the two pilots, Captain Jessup Bahinting and Nepalese flight student Kshitiz Chand, had been turned into a retrieval operation.[54]

On August 3, 2015, Roxas officially tendered his resignation as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government in order to focus on his presidential campaign. In his resignation letter to President Aquino, he once again thanked him for his endorsement and vowed to "begin the process of turning over in an orderly manner all the matters pending in my office."[55] During his final flag ceremony at Camp Crame, Roxas bade goodbye to his colleagues and thanked the members of the Philippine National Police. "It has been my pleasure and a great honor to serve with you I give you my snappy salute", he told police officials present.[11]

2016 presidential campaign[edit]

Roxas delivering his acceptance speech as the Liberal Party's standard bearer for the 2016 presidential election at the Club Filipino, July 31, 2015

Roxas is set to be the Liberal Party's standard bearer in the 2016 presidential election. On July 31, 2015, at an event dubbed as "A Gathering of Friends", Roxas formally accepted his party's nomination after he was officially endorsed by President Benigno Aquino III in the presence of their political allies at the Club Filipino, where Roxas had announced his decision to withdraw from the 2010 presidential election and give way to Aquino's presidential bid. Aquino also announced his candidacy there on September 9, 2009. In an emotional speech, Roxas declared that he would not deviate from the "straight path" initiated by Aquino in the fight against poverty and corruption.[8][9][10] On the same day, Roxas formally launched his campaign website.

In a speech during which he paid tribute to his late grandfather, President Manuel Roxas, his late father, Senator Gerardo Roxas and late brother, Rep. Dinggoy Roxas, Roxas declared that he would not betray the reforms initiated by the Aquino administration and vowed to continue Aquino's "Daang Matuwid" agenda:

As confetti filled the Cory Aquino Kalayaan Hall and singer-songwriter Noel Cabangon sang "Dapat Ang Pangulo", the official song of the campaign, Aquino raised Roxas' hand after the speech as a sign of complete support for his campaign.[57]

Personal life[edit]

Roxas was previously in a relationship with former beauty queen Maricar Zaldarriaga, with whom he has an adult son, Paolo Roxas.[15]

In 2002, he met Korina Sanchez, a broadcast journalist from ABS-CBN.[58] In the April 25, 2009, episode of the ABS-CBN noontime show Wowowee where Sanchez appeared as a guest co-host alongside Willie Revillame, Sanchez and Roxas announced their engagement.[59][60] Sanchez took a leave of absence from her duties at ABS-CBN on May 2009.[61] They married on October 27, 2009 at a ceremony in Quezon City, where Roxas' former running mate in the 2010 election, then-Senator (later President) Benigno Aquino III, was one of the couple's primary wedding sponsors. The Manila Philharmonic Orchestra and the Philippine Madrigal Singers provided the music during the wedding. Other notable performers included Basil Valdez, Robert Sena, and Jamie Rivera.[62] The couple owns a black labrador retriever and two schnauzer dogs.[15]

As of 2014, he has a declared net worth of PHP 202.08 million.[15]

Awards[edit]

  • In 1996, Roxas was recognized by the World Economic Forum as "one of the Global Leaders of Tomorrow who are expected to shape the future."[63]
  • In 1999, Roxas was named by the Asiaweek Magazine as "Political Leader of the New Millennium."[64]
  • The Singapore Government has awarded him as the 16th Lee Kuan Yew Fellow.[65]
  • On February 16, 2007, the E-Services Philippines awarded Roxas with the E-Champion Award recognizing his pioneering efforts and leadership in making the Philippines a popular outsourcing destination of choice.[66]
  • On September 18, 2007, Roxas was conferred with the Palanca Awards Gawad Dangal ng Lahi by CP Group Chairman Carlos Palanca III, Palanca Foundation Director General Sylvia Palanca-Quirino and Deputy Director General Christine Quirino-Pacheco for serving as an exemplary leader and role model to the Filipino.[67]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personal Information of Mar Roxas". Retrieved September 16, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "Lim heads DILG, Mar Roxas is Trade Chief". Newsflash. January 8, 2000. Retrieved January 21, 2008. 
  3. ^ "GMA swears in 14 Cabinet officials". Highbeam.com. January 27, 2001. Retrieved January 21, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Manuel Roxas II quits DTI for Senate run". Philippine Star. December 11, 2003. Retrieved January 21, 2008. 
  5. ^ "GMA swears in 14 Cabinet officials". Institute for Popular Democracy. May 10, 2007. Archived from the original on June 17, 2007. Retrieved January 21, 2008. 
  6. ^ "'Roxas poll protest sufficient in form, substance'". ABS-CBN News. 
  7. ^ a b "Aquino appoints Roxas as new DoTC chief". 
  8. ^ a b Salaverria, Leila B.; Calleja, Niña P. (April 18, 2015). "Surprise: Roxas tells LP he will run in 2016". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved April 18, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "PNoy to endorse Mar Roxas this week, says top LP official". GMA News. July 28, 2015. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Emotional Roxas accepts PNoy endorsement". GMA News. July 31, 2015. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Mar Roxas stepping down as DILG chief". Rappler. August 3, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Blast from past: Judy Roxas speaks about Plaza Miranda". Philippine Daily Inquirer. August 17, 2008. Retrieved December 9, 2008. 
  13. ^ "Judy A. Roxas, recipient of the Benigno S. Aquino Jr. Award for Nationalism". Institute for Popular Democracy. Retrieved January 21, 2008. 
  14. ^ Cupin, Bea; Dullana, Raymon (December 17, 2015). "Wharton: Yes, Roxas is our 'graduate'". Rappler. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d Cupin, Bea (October 11, 2015). "8 things to know about Mar Roxas". Rappler. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 
  16. ^ a b Fausto, Rose Fres (October 15, 2015). "Candidate No. 2: Mar Roxas (Philippine Presidentiables 2016 Series) Part 2 of 3". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 3, 2016. 
  17. ^ a b "Senator Mar A. Roxas - Senate of the Philippines". Retrieved September 16, 2007. 
  18. ^ "Lim heads DILG, Mar Roxas is Trade Chief". Newsflash. January 8, 2000. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  19. ^ Mongaya, Anol (July 5, 2015). "Mongaya: PH e-commerce and start-up roadmaps". Sun.Star. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Welcome to ITECC". Retrieved February 4, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Erap's financial advisers vow they won't jump ship". The Philippine Star. November 5, 2000. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Dayrit is new Secretary of Health". February 20, 2000. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  23. ^ a b c d e "About Mar". Retrieved September 16, 2007. 
  24. ^ "SGV Chairman to replace Roxas as Trade Secretary". The Philippine Star. December 3, 2003. Retrieved December 13, 2008. 
  25. ^ "11 Proclaimed, Biazon and Barbers fight for 12th Senate slot". Manila Times. May 24, 2004. Retrieved January 11, 2008. 
  26. ^ "Mar tells Palace: Use Iron fist to fight smugglers, but not to curtail civil liberties". July 10, 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  27. ^ [1]
  28. ^ "Death Penalty (Abolition)". May 29, 2006. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  29. ^ "Statement of Sen. Mar Roxas on Human Security Act". July 10, 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Affordable Medicines". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  31. ^ "EVAT Funds for Education and Healthcare". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  32. ^ "Tax Exemption for Minimum Wage Earners". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  33. ^ "Amendments to the Roxas Law". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  34. ^ "Regulating the Pre-Need Industry". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  35. ^ "Anti-Smuggling Bill". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  36. ^ "Lemon Law". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  37. ^ "SME Magna Carta". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  38. ^ "Free Information Act". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  39. ^ "Decriminalizing Libel". Retrieved January 13, 2008. 
  40. ^ Abs-Cbn Interactive, Roxas is new LP president, sets sights on 2010 poll
  41. ^ ABS-CBN Interactive, Atienza questions Roxas' assumption as new LP prexy
  42. ^ "Roxas files resolution for ZTE deal cancellation". September 24, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007. 
  43. ^ "Roxas: Pardon Erap at the appropriate time". September 17, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007. 
  44. ^ "Statement of Sen. Roxas on JPEPA". October 4, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007. 
  45. ^ "Roxas warns: JPEPA safety nets needed". Philippine Daily Inquirer. June 6, 2007. Retrieved October 18, 2007. 
  46. ^ Cabacungan Jr., Gil C. (August 4, 2007). "Battle looming between LP and NP for presidency in 2010". Inquirer.net. Retrieved September 18, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Roxas is the standard bearer of LP in 2010, Drilon says". Philippine Information Agency. November 19, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  48. ^ "Mar Roxas Declares Vice Presidency Bid – Mar-Noynoy for 2010". 
  49. ^ "Liberal Party launches Aquino-Roxas tandem for 2010". Sun.Star Network. 
  50. ^ "Roxas poll protest sufficient in form and substance". Philippine Daily Inquirer. July 12, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2015. 
  51. ^ "Timeline: Roxas' electoral protest vs Binay". Rappler. August 1, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015. 
  52. ^ Casayuran, Mario B. (October 12, 2011). "CA confirms Mar's DoTC appointment". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  53. ^ "Mar Roxas on DILG post: 'I have big tsinelas to fill'". Yahoo! News. August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2015. 
  54. ^ "DILG Secretary Jesse Robredo has been found dead". Yahoo! News. August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2015. 
  55. ^ "Mar Roxas leaving Aquino Cabinet". ABS-CBN News. August 3, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2015. 
  56. ^ [2]
  57. ^ "Mar Roxas launches 2016 presidential bid". Rappler. July 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015. 
  58. ^ Bonifacio, Julie (September 11, 2008). "Sen. Mar Roxas tells story of six-year relationship with Korina Sanchez". Philippine Entertainment Portal (GMA Network Inc.). Retrieved January 3, 2016. 
  59. ^ "Senator, TV Anchor confirm engagement". Inquirer.net. April 25, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2009. 
  60. ^ Jumilla, Lynda (April 25, 2009). "Korina wipes away Mar's tears on 'Wowowee'". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved April 25, 2009. 
  61. ^ "Mar, Korina confirmed wedding plans". The Philippine Star. April 26, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2009. 
  62. ^ "Mar-Korina wedding 'locked and loaded'". abs-cbnNEWS.com. October 27, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  63. ^ "DTI - Roxas". Office of the President - Philippines. Archived from the original on January 21, 2008. Retrieved January 30, 2008. 
  64. ^ "DTI - Roxas". Tinig ng Marino - Special Features: Mar Roxas and Rodolfo Biazon. Retrieved January 30, 2008. 
  65. ^ "Senator Manuel A. Roxas II - Profile". Liberal Party of the Philippines. Retrieved January 30, 2008. 
  66. ^ "e-Services Philippines 2007 : 111". E-Services Philippines. February 16, 2007. Retrieved January 30, 2008. [dead link]
  67. ^ "Palanca Awards confers Gawad Dangal ng Lahi to Senator Mar Roxas". ClickTheCity.Com. September 18, 2007. Retrieved January 30, 2008. 

External links[edit]

House of Representatives of the Philippines
Preceded by
Gerardo Roxas
Member of the House of Representatives
from Capiz's 1st district

1992–2000
Succeeded by
Rodriguez Dadivas
Preceded by
Rodolfo Albano
Majority Leader of the House of Representatives
1998–2000
Succeeded by
Eduardo Gullas
Political offices
Preceded by
Jose Pardo
Secretary of Trade and Industry
2000–2003
Succeeded by
Cesar Purisima
Preceded by
Jose de Jesus
Secretary of Transportation and Communications
2011–2012
Succeeded by
Joseph Emilio Abaya
Preceded by
Paquito Ochoa
Acting
Secretary of the Interior and Local Government
2012–2015
Succeeded by
Mel Senen Sarmiento
Party political offices
Preceded by
Franklin Drilon
President of the Liberal Party
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Joseph Emilio Abaya