211-3000 series EMU on a Narita Line service, October 2006
|Type||Heavy rail/Commuter rail|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead|
The main line connects Sakura Station and Matsugishi Station (as an alternate route to the Sōbu Main Line), and is sometimes referred to as the Samatsu Line (佐松線 Samatsu-sen?). A branch line from Abiko Station to Narita Station is often called the Abiko Line (我孫子線 Abiko-sen?), and a second branch, known as the Airport Line (空港線 Kūkō-sen?) connects Narita to Narita Airport Terminal 1 Station. The first two lines are owned and operated by JR East; the Airport Line is owned by a separate company, Narita Airport Rapid Railway, which allows JR East and Keisei Railway to use the line for passenger services.
|Line name||Station||Japanese||Distance (km)||Stops||Transfers||Location|
(including Airport Narita)
|Sōbu Main Line||Chiba||千葉||From
|Tsuga||都賀||4.2||●||●||Chiba Urban Monorail Line 2||Wakaba-ku, Chiba|
|Sakura||佐倉||16.1||●||●||■ Sōbu Main Line (for Narutō)||Sakura|
|Sawara||佐原||40.0||■ Kashima Line|
|Katori||香取||43.6||■ Kashima Line|
|Matsugishi||松岸||75.4||■ Sōbu Main Line|
|Sōbu Main Line||From
|Chōshi||銚子||120.5||Chōshi Electric Railway Line|
Abiko branch line
(through service to Ueno Station, as rapid)
|Narita||成田||32.9||Narita Line (Main line, Airport branch line)
Keisei Lines (Keisei-Narita, as above)
Airport branch line
(including Airport Narita)
|Narita Airport Terminal 2·3||空港第２ビル||9.8||●||●||
|Narita Airport Terminal 1||成田空港||10.8||●||●|
Main line and Airport branch line
Narita Express trains travel on the Narita Line but stop only at Narita Airport Terminal 2·3 and Narita Airport Terminal 1 stations, except during morning and evening rush hours when some trains stop at Narita Station.
Rapid commuter trains run between Tokyo and Narita Airport Terminal 1, stopping at all stations between Tsuga and Narita Airport Terminal 1.
Abiko branch line
Rapid service trains on the Abiko branch line stop at all stations.
- 209-2000/2100 series EMUs (local services)
- 211-3000 series EMUs (local services since 21 October 2006)
- E231 series EMUs (Abiko branch line services)
- E217 series EMUs (rapid services)
- E257-500 series (Ayame limited express services)
- E259 series (Narita Express limited express services)
- 103 series EMUs (Abiko branch line services until March 2006)
- 113 series EMUs (until September 2011)
- 183 series EMUs (Ayame limited express services)
- 253 series EMUs (Narita Express limited express services until June 2010)
The Sakura - Narita - Namegawa section of the line was opened on 19 January 1897, by Sobu Railway Co., extended to Sawara the following year. The Narita - Abiko branch opened in 1901. The company was nationalised in 1920, and the Sawara - Matsugishi section opened between 1931 and 1933.
The Sakura - Narita section was electrified (at 1,500 V DC overhead) in 1968, with automatic signalling commissioned at the same time. CTC signalling was commissioned between Narita and Katori in 1970, and the Abiko branch was electrified from 1 October 1973. The Natira - Matsugishi section was electrified in 1974, and freight services ceased between 1984 and 1986.
The Sakura - Narita section was duplicated in 1986, and the Airport branch opened in 1991 as an electrified, CTC-signalled line.
Former connecting lines
- Narita station -
The Narita Electric Railway Co. operated a 5km 1372mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC from Fudoson (adjacent to the Narita temple) to Sogo between 1910 and 1944 that connected at this station.
In 1911 the Narita Railway Co. opened a 21km, 600mm (~1'11.5") gauge line to Tako. The line closed in 1918. In 1917 the company opened a 14km, 600mm gauge line from Sanrizuka (9km from Narita) to Yachimata on the Sobu Main Line. Between 1926 and 1928 the Narita Railway Co. reopened the Tako line, converted it to 1067mm gauge, and extended it 9km to Youkaichiba, also on the Sobu Main Line. The line to Yachimata was also converted to 1067mm gauge in 1928, and closed in 1940. The Tako line closed in 1944.
In the early hours of 10 March 2011, a freight train carrying ethylene oxide derailed and overturned on the Narita Line near Namegawa Station.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Narita Line.|
- "10/21, 房総211系, 営業運転開始" [Boso 211 series enter service]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 47 no. 549. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. January 2007. p. 179.
- Segawa, Yutaka (October 1973). 成田線・東金線ならびに関西本線の電化開業について [Electrification of Narita, Togane, and Kansai Main lines]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). Japan: Denkisha Kenkyūkai (284): 11–13.
- 貨物列車：ＪＲ成田線滑河駅近くで横転 けが人いない模様 [Freight train overturns on JR Narita Line near Namegawa Station]. Mainichi.jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2011.