Shonan Monorail

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Shonan Monorail
Shonanmonorail5000.jpg
A 5000 series train in August 2008
Overview
Locale Kanagawa Prefecture
Transit type suspended monorail
Number of lines 1
Number of stations 8
Operation
Began operation March 7, 1970
Operator(s) Shonan Monorail Co., Ltd
Technical
System length 6.6 km
Minimum radius of curvature 90 m (295 ft)
Electrification 1,500 V DC
Top speed 75 km/h (45 mph)
A Shonan Monorail train at Shōnan-Fukusawa station with track switch at upper left

The Shonan Monorail (湘南モノレール Shōnan Monorēru?) is a suspended SAFEGE monorail in the cities of Kamakura and Fujisawa in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by the Shonan Monorail Co., Ltd (湘南モノレール株式会社 Shōnan Monorēru Kabushiki-gaisha?), and opened on March 7, 1970, the first monorail of its kind in Japan.[1]

Enoshima Line (江ノ島線 Enoshima-sen?) travels 6.6 km (4.1 mi) every seven to eight minutes between Ōfuna Station and Enoshima, making six stops.[1] The average length of a single trip is 14 minutes.[2]

The train is used by commuters that work in Tokyo or Yokohama, tourists visiting Enoshima, and, in summer months, city dwellers who are visiting the parks or baths of Enoshima.[3]

History[edit]

The monorail was built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and the line opened March 7, 1970 between Ōfuna and Nishi-Kamakura. The rest of the line opened on July 1, 1971.[1]

Stations[edit]

Station Distance
(km)
Transfers Location
Ōfuna 0.0 Kamakura Kanagawa prefecture
Fujimichō* 0.9  
Shōnan-Machiya 2.0  
Shōnan-Fukasawa* 2.6  
Nishi-Kamakura* 4.7  
Kataseyama 5.5  
Mejiroyamashita* 6.2   Fujisawa
Shōnan-Enoshima 6.6

* Track switching possible at these stations

Rolling stock[edit]

  • 5000 series 3-car sets (since 2004)

As of July 2016, the line is operated using a fleet of seven three-car aluminium-bodied 5000 series trainsets.[4]

Former[edit]

  • 300 series 2/3-car sets (from March 1970 until July 1992)
  • 400 series (from 1980 until July 2004)
  • 500 series 3-car sets (from 1988 until June 2016)

Services were initially operated using a fleet of six two-car 300 series trainsets built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.[1] Two sets were increased to three cars from February 1975 to provide additional capacity.[1] The last of the 300 series sets were withdrawn by July 1992, following the introduction of new 500 series trains.[5] The 500 series trains introduced in 1988 were the first air-conditioned trains on the line.[1] The last 500 series train was withdrawn after its last day in service on 26 June 2016.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Terada, Hirokazu (19 January 2013). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 80. ISBN 978-4-7770-1336-4. 
  2. ^ "Sarukoen 猿公園: July 2007 Archives". Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "Shonan and Enoden". Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  4. ^ a b 湘南モノレール500形が引退 [Shonan Monorail 500 series withdrawn]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 27 June 2016. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  5. ^ 湘南モノレール 300形 [Shonan Monorail 300 series]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 16 February 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 

External links[edit]

35°21′08″N 139°31′53″E / 35.352339°N 139.531417°E / 35.352339; 139.531417(Ōfuna)35°18′43″N 139°29′16″E / 35.311887°N 139.487806°E / 35.311887; 139.487806(Shōnan-Enoshima)