Sagami Railway

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Sagami Railway Co. Ltd.
Native name
相模鉄道株式会社
K.K. (limited company)
Genre Rail transport
Founded November 1964
Headquarters 2-9-14 Kitasaiwai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan
Area served
Kanagawa
Services Passenger railway
Owner Sotetsu holdings (100%)
Number of employees
1,117 (As of September 16, 2009)
Website http://www.sotetsu.co.jp

The Sagami Railway Co Ltd (相模鉄道株式会社, Sagami Tetsudō Kabushikigaisha), or Sotetsu (相鉄), is a private railway company operating three lines in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Overview[edit]

Sagami Railway (Sotetsu) is one of the core companies of the Sotetsu group. Sotetsu focuses on railway operations, although formerly it had a more diversified set of holdings, such as bus lines and supermarkets. Sotetsu is the smallest company of the "Big 15" railways in Japan, as it has only short lines, but it succeeded in developing towns along its lines in the 1960s and 1970s, with many passengers ride this line. In May 1990, Sotetsu joined the major railways. In 2010 it had a daily ridership of 623,500[1]

Lines[edit]

Sotetsu Lines (yellow) in the railway network around Yokohama

The company operates two passenger (commuter) lines and a freight-only line. All lines are electrified.

Passenger[edit]

Freight[edit]

  • Atsugi Line (厚木線, Atsugi-sen) in Ebina

Fleet[edit]

As of 1 April 2016, Sotetsu operates the following electric multiple unit (EMU) train types.[2]

Further 20000 series trains will be delivered ahead of the start of inter-running services to and from Tokyu Corporation lines scheduled to commence in late fiscal 2022.[4]

Past[edit]

EMUs[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

  • Class ED10 electric locomotive

Preserved fleet[edit]

Some withdrawn rolling stock is preserved at Kashiwadai depot.

  • 2000 series EMU car 2005
  • 6000 series EMU cars 6001 and 6021
  • ED10 electric locomotive No.11
  • Jinchu Railway Class 3 steam locomotive
  • Jinchu Railway Class Ha20 coach

History[edit]

The Sagami Railway was established in Chigasaki, Kanagawa, in January 1917, to transport gravel along the Sagami River valley. The first section, between Chigasaki and Samukawa was opened in 1919, and the line was extended gradually to Hashimoto in 1931.[5] Sagami Railway started direct operation to Hachioji, but performance was sluggish during the economic depression, so Sagami Railway became a subsidiary of Tokyu in 1941.

The Jinchu Railway was established in Seya village (now, Seya-ku, Yokohama) in 1917, and opened its first section from Futamatagawa to Atsugi in May, 1926. Jinchu Railway extended to Yokohama Station in 1933, but its management had financial difficulties, so the company also became a subsidiary of Tokyu in 1939, prior to Sagami Railway. The two companies' rail lines were connected at Atsugi Station.[citation needed]

In April 1943, Sagami Railway took over Jinchu Railway and named two lines "Sagami Line" (original section) and "Jinchu line" (acquired section). However, in June 1944, the Sagami Line and Nishi-Samukawa branch line were purchased by the government to use the bypass between Tokaido main line and Chuo main line. At the same time, Imperial Japanese Navy Atsugi Airport was opened, so the number of passengers and amount of freight increased sharply. As a result, Sagami Railway released all management and delegated it to Tokyu. Under Tokyu, the line gained electrification to increase the carrying capacity and in 1944, all passenger lines were electrified.[citation needed]

In June 1947, Sagami Railway employees bought their own shares from Tokyu and resolved the commission.[citation needed]

In 1952, Sagami Railway purchased the 25,000 ㎡ of land around Yokohama Station's west entrance from Standard Oil company, and began to develop to attract department stores.[citation needed]

Proposed connection with Tokaido Freight Line[edit]

The Sagami Railway and the Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency are jointly planning a 2.7 km new line, called the Sotetsu JR Link Line (相鉄JR直通線, Sōtetsu JR Chokutsū-sen), connecting Nishiya Station on the Sotetsu Line with the Tokaido Freight Line. The line, originally scheduled to be completed by 2015 will enable direct passenger services from Sōtetsu lines to Shinjuku Station in central Tokyo via the Yokosuka Line.[6] As of June 2017, the line has not been opened.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.train-media.net/report/1110/soutetsu.pdf
  2. ^ 私鉄車両編成表 2016 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 25 July 2016. pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-4-330-70116-5. 
  3. ^ 相鉄20000系,2月11日から営業運転を開始 [Sotetsu 20000 series to enter revenue service from 11 February]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 22 December 2017. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  4. ^ 都心直通用新型車両「20000系」を導入 [New 20000 series trains to be introduced on Tokyo through-running services] (PDF). News letter (in Japanese). Japan: Sotetsu. 5 June 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  5. ^ 『相鉄七十年史』相模鉄道
  6. ^ "都市鉄道利便増進事業 相鉄・JR直通線 神奈川東部方面線(西谷駅~羽沢駅間)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (pdf) on December 5, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2009. 

External links[edit]