Tokyo Monorail

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Tokyo Monorail Haneda Airport Line
Tokyo Monorail Logo.svg
Tokyo Monorail Tennozu Canal 1.jpg
A train passing through Tennōzu in Shinagawa
Native name東京モノレール羽田空港線
TypeStraddle-beam Monorail
LocaleTokyo, Japan
TerminiMonorail Hamamatsuchō (north)
Haneda Airport Terminal 2 (south)
Daily ridership134,895 (2017, average)[1]
WebsiteTokyo Monorail
Opened17 September 1964 (1964-09-17)
OwnerTokyo Monorail Co., Ltd.
Line length17.8 km (11.1 mi)
Minimum radius120 m (390 ft)
Operating speed
  • 45 km/h (28 mph) (average)
  • 80 km/h (50 mph) (top)
Route diagram

JK JY to Shimbashi and Tokyo
JK JY to Tamachi and Shinagawa
Tennōzu Isle
Ōi Keibajō-mae
Ryūtsū Center
International Terminal
Terminal 1
Terminal 2

The Tokyo Monorail (東京モノレール, Tōkyō Monorēru), officially the Tokyo Monorail Haneda Airport Line (東京モノレール羽田空港線, Tōkyō Monorēru Haneda Kūkō sen), is a monorail line in Tokyo, Japan. An airport rail link, it connects Haneda Airport to the Ōta, Shinagawa, and Minato wards. The line serves eleven stations between the Monorail Hamamatsuchō and Haneda Airport Terminal 2 stations, operating on an elevated north–south route that mainly follows the western coast of Tokyo Bay. Along with the Keikyū Airport Line, it is one of two rail lines serving the airport. At Hamamatsuchō Station, passengers may transfer to the Keihin–Tōhoku and Yamanote lines of JR East, as well as the Asakusa and Ōedo lines of the Toei Subway via nearby Daimon Station. The monorail also connects to the Rinkai Line at Tennōzu Isle Station.


Planners originally intended the monorail line to extend from Haneda Airport to Shimbashi or Tokyo Station, and the Nihon Koka Dentetsu Co., Ltd., later the Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd., had acquired a licence to build it up to either station.[2]:3 However, cost overruns during the construction of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen drained the government subsidies reserved for other projects including the Tokyo Monorail, resulting in a shortened route. To further minimize costs, the monorail was erected over public waterways donated by local municipalities, which eliminated the need to acquire expensive private land, but reclaimed parts of Tokyo Bay, as well as rivers and canals. The resulting construction removed a number of fishing and aquatic farming operations; affected local fishing cooperatives had their licences summarily revoked by the city government. Among them, a seaweed harvesting field in Ōta Ward, which had produced a premium brand of nori since the Edo period called Omori no nori, was demolished.[3]

Construction of the monorail line began on 1 May 1963.[4]:248 It opened on 17 September 1964, ahead of the 1964 Summer Olympics opening ceremony on 10 October.[5] Built by Hitachi Monorail, the first cars were made in Japan from the German ALWEG design (also used in the Seattle Center Monorail and the original Disneyland Monorail), and were replaced by newer models in 1969, 1977, 1982, and 1989. It was the first commercial monorail in the world.[6][7][8]

Originally, the monorail only served Hamamatsuchō and the airport.[9] The first station added in between was the Ōi Race Track in 1965, followed by Seibijō in 1967.

When the monorail began operation, the passenger terminal at Haneda Airport was located on the west side of the airfield, south of Seibijō, and this was the southern terminus of the monorail. Upon the opening of the new passenger terminal (now Terminal 1) in 1993, the monorail was extended to a new platform, and the former passenger terminal was razed to make room for an extension of Runway B. The now-unused monorail tunnel leading to the old station was leased from the Transport Ministry and therefore had to be restored to its original state prior to its handover. Although the rails were removed from the tunnel and its entrance walled off, the tunnel remains otherwise intact today below the extension of Runway B.[10]

A single-station, 0.9-km extension to Haneda's new Terminal 2 opened on December 1, 2004, and the opening of a passing loop at Showajima allowed express services from March 18, 2007. A new infill station to serve the airport's new International Terminal was opened on 21 October 2010.

The Tokyo Monorail serves eleven stations and operates from around 5:00 a.m. to midnight with over 500 trains. It carried its 1.5 billionth passenger on January 24, 2007.[11]

Service patterns and stations[edit]

A monorail train running alongside Shuto Expressway, shown in 2010

The following three service types operate on the line:

  •      Haneda Express (空港快速, Kūkō Kaisoku)
  •      Rapid (区間快速, Kukan Kaisoku)
  •      Local (普通, Futsū)

Tokyo Monorail trains operate on an average headway of four minutes, which can be as short as three minutes and 20 seconds during peak hours.[2]:2[12]:33 Local trains stop at every station, with end-to-end travel taking 24 minutes. Rapid trains bypass the Shōwajima, Seibijō, Tenkūbashi, Shin-Seibijō stations, and take 21 minutes to travel across the line. Haneda Express trains make non-stop runs between Monorail Hamamatsuchō and Haneda Airport; these trains arrive at Haneda Airport International Terminal in thirteen minutes, Haneda Airport Terminal 1 in 16 minutes, and Haneda Airport Terminal 2 in 18 minutes.[13]

Stops at this station
| Does not stop at this station
No. Name Japanese Distance (km) Haneda Express Rapid Local Connections and notes[13]
MO01 Monorail Hamamatsuchō モノレール浜松町 0.0 JR East JK Keihin–Tōhoku and JY Yamanote lines; Toei A Asakusa and E Ōedo lines via Diamon Station
MO02 Tennōzu Isle 天王洲アイル 4.0 | R Rinkai Line
MO03 Ōi Keibajō-mae 大井競馬場前 7.1 |
MO04 Ryūtsū Center 流通センター 8.7 |
MO05 Shōwajima 昭和島 9.9 | |
MO06 Seibijō 整備場 11.8 | |
MO07 Tenkūbashi 天空橋 12.6 | | KK Keikyū Airport Line
MO08 Haneda Airport International Terminal 羽田空港国際線ビル 14.0 KK Keikyū Airport Line
MO09 Shin-Seibijō 新整備場 16.1 | |
MO10 Haneda Airport Terminal 1 羽田空港第1ビル 16.9 KK Keikyū Airport Line
MO11 Haneda Airport Terminal 2 羽田空港第2ビル 17.8 KK Keikyū Airport Line

Rolling stock[edit]

Services are operated using six-car 1000 and 2000 series trains, running at speeds of up to 80 km/h (50 mph). Each car has a combination of aisle-facing bench seats, forward and rear-facing seats, and seats in the center of the aisle. The trains also feature extra space for hand luggage, as a convenience for air travelers. These trains are stored and maintained at Shōwajima Depot beside Shōwajima Station during off-service hours. The 1000 series trains were introduced from 1989, and the 2000 series trains were introduced from 1997.[14]

From 18 July 2014, the first of a fleet of new 10000 series 6-car trains was introduced, replacing the older 1000 series trains.[14][15]

Former rolling stock[edit]

Former rolling stock once used on Tokyo Monorail include the 100/200/300/350 series (from 1964 until 1978), 500 series (from 1969 until 1991), 600 series (from 1977 until 1997), and 700/800 series (from 1982 until 1998).


The line is operated by the Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd. (東京モノレール株式会社, Tōkyō Monorēru Kabushiki-gaisha). JR East acquired a majority share in the company in 2002, currently owning 79%; the remainder being divided between Hitachi (12%) and All Nippon Airways (9%).

Tokyo Monorail was originally one of the first "private" railways to use JR East's Suica fare card system. The Monorail is now fully integrated with both Suica and the new Pasmo fare card.

The first departure towards the airport leaves at 04:58 and the last departure is at 00:01. Towards Hamamatsuchō, the first departure is at 05:11 and the final departure is at 00:05 (final departure serving all stations at 23:38).

Passengers can ride the Tokyo Monorail with a JR Pass.[16]

Airport access[edit]

Passengers using the monorail to travel to the airport can take advantage of check-in facilities at Hamamatsuchō. Japan's domestic airlines (JAL, ANA, Skymark Airlines, and Air Do) have check-in counters and ticket machines right at the station. Tokyo Monorail tickets can also be purchased on the lower level of Kansai International Airport in Osaka, Itami Airport (also in Osaka), as well as Naha Airport in Okinawa and departure gate area at Hiroshima Airport.

An alternative to the monorail is the Keikyu Airport Line between the airport and Shinagawa Station. Both railways compete with bus services.

Future extensions[edit]

In June 2009, Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd., formally notified the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of its intent to convert the present single-track terminal at Hamamatsucho, which had rested unchanged since 1964, into a dual-track, dual-platform structure. To be built in six and a half years at an estimated cost of 26 billion yen, this would increase the line's capacity from 18 to 24 trains per hour and lay the groundwork for a long-mooted extension to Shimbashi Station.[17] In August 2014, it was revealed that the line could be extended from Hamamatsucho to Tokyo Station, running alongside the Yamanote Line tracks between Shimbashi and Tokyo.[18] Total costs are estimated at 109.5 billion yen, with construction taking approximately ten years.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 会社概要 [Company Profile] (in Japanese). Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Tokyo Monorail, Company Profile" (PDF). Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd. 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  3. ^ Whiting, Robert (24 October 2014). "Negative impact of 1964 Olympics profound". The Japan Times. p. 14. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  4. ^ Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd. Corporate History Editorial Committee (September 2014), 東京モノレール50年史 1964-2014 [Tokyo Monorail 50 Years History 1964-2014] (in Japanese), Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd.
  5. ^ Terada, Hirokazu (19 January 2013). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 53. ISBN 978-4-7770-1336-4.
  6. ^ "Tokyo Monorial Service Opened" Railway Gazette 2 October 1964 page 793
  7. ^ "Tokyo monorail opened" The Railway Magazine issue 763 November 1964 page 862
  8. ^ "Tokyo Monorail" Railway Gazette 5 March 1965 pages 187-189
  9. ^ Kamizawa, Hiroyuki (14 February 2015). (東京五輪物語)浜松町-羽田モノレール開通 空港まで15分、突貫工事 [(Tokyo Olympics Story) Hamamatsucho–Haneda Monorail opens, airport in 15 minutes, construction rushed]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  10. ^ Naoki Kuwayama, 丸の内線・都営浅草線・そしてモノレールの謎
  11. ^ "1.5 billionth rides monorail to Haneda". The Japan Times. The Japan Times Ltd. 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2007-01-24.
  12. ^ Yamaguchi, Takuma; Nishino, Toru; Ueki, Naoji; Hirano, Syuji (2014). "Development of 10000 Series Rolling Stock for Tokyo Monorail" (PDF). Hitachi Review. 63 (10): 33–37. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Timetables / Fares / Access Information". Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  14. ^ a b 東京モノレール開業50年 新型車両、車内は「和風」 26年導入. MSN Sankei News (in Japanese). Japan: The Sankei Shimbun & Sankei Digital. 10 September 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-09-12. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  15. ^ 指原莉乃が出発進行!東京モノレールに新型車両、「和」デザイン [New Tokyo Monorail train with "Wa" design seen off by Rino Sashihara]. Sponichi Annex (in Japanese). Japan: Sports Nippon Newspapers. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  16. ^ "JR Pass".
  17. ^ "東京モノレール/浜松町駅を複線化/事業費260億円、東京駅延伸も視野" [Tokyo Monorail: Double-tracking of Hamamatsucho Station - Project cost 26 billion yen, extension to Tokyo also eyed]. The Daily Engineering & Construction News. Japan: The Nikkan Kensetsu Kogyo Shinbun. 24 June 2009.
  18. ^ a b 東京モノレールが「終点・東京駅」構想 [Plans for Tokyo Monorail to terminate at Tokyo Station]. News 24 (in Japanese). Japan: Nippon Television Network Corporation. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • L.W. Demery, R. Forty, R. DeGroote and J.W. Higgins, Electric Railways of Japan (Interurbans- Tramways-Metros) Vol.1: Tokyo and Northern Japan. Light Rail Transit Association, 1983.
  • Kusamachi, Yoshikazu (June 2009). 再発見!! モノレールの魅力 [Rediscovering the fascination of monorails]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 49 no. 578. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. pp. 114–118.

External links[edit]