Whitman in 2009
|Born||Margaret Cushing Whitman
August 4, 1956
Huntington, New York, U.S.
|Residence||Atherton, California, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Princeton University
|Net worth||$2.1 billion (June 2015)|
|Spouse(s)||Griffith Harsh (1980–present)|
Margaret Cushing "Meg" Whitman (born August 4, 1956) is an American business executive and political activist and donor. Whitman is currently the President and Chief Executive Officer of Hewlett Packard Enterprise, as well as the Chairwoman of HP Inc.
A native of Cold Spring Harbor, New York, Whitman is a graduate of Princeton University, New Jersey, and Harvard Business School, Massachusetts. Whitman served as an executive in The Walt Disney Company, where she was Vice President of Strategic Planning throughout the 1980s. In the 1990s, Whitman served as an executive for DreamWorks, Procter & Gamble, and Hasbro.
Whitman served as President and Chief Executive Officer of eBay, from 1998 to 2008. During Whitman's 10 years with the company, she oversaw its expansion from 30 employees and $4 million in annual revenue, to more than 15,000 employees and $8 billion in annual revenue. In 2014, Whitman was named 20th in Forbes List of the 100 Most Powerful Women in the World.
In 2008, Whitman was cited by The New York Times as among the women most likely to become the first female President of the United States. In February 2009, Whitman announced her candidacy for Governor of California, becoming the third woman in a 20-year period to run for the office. Whitman won the Republican primary in June 2010. The fourth-wealthiest woman in the state of California with a net worth of $1.3 billion in 2010, she spent more of her own money on the race than any other political candidate spent on a single election in American history, spending $144 million of her own fortune and $178.5 million in total, including money from donors. Whitman was defeated by Democratic former Governor Jerry Brown in the 2010 California gubernatorial election by 54% to 41%.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Charitable foundation
- 4 Political career
- 5 Political positions
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
Early life and education
Whitman was born in Cold Spring Harbor, New York, the daughter of Margaret Cushing (née Goodhue) and Hendricks Hallett Whitman, Jr. Her patrilineal great-great-great-grandfather, Elnathan Whitman, was a member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. Through her father, Whitman is also a great-great-granddaughter of U.S. Senator Charles B. Farwell, of Illinois. On her mother's side, she is a great-granddaughter of historian and jurist Munroe Smith and a great-great-granddaughter of General Henry S. Huidekoper. Her paternal grandmother, born Adeladie Chatfield-Taylor, was the daughter of writer Hobart Chatfield-Taylor and the sister of economist Wayne Chatfield-Taylor.
Whitman attended Cold Spring Harbor High School in Cold Spring Harbor, New York, graduating after three years in 1974. In her memoirs, she says she was in the top 10 of her class. She wanted to be a doctor, so she studied math and science at Princeton University. However, after spending a summer selling advertisements for a magazine, she changed over to the study of economics, earning a B.A. with honors in 1977. Whitman then obtained an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School in 1979.
Whitman is married to Griffith Harsh IV, a neurosurgeon at Stanford University Medical Center. They have two sons. She has lived in Atherton, California, since March 1998. Whitman College, a residential college completed in 2007 at Princeton University, was named for Meg Whitman following her $30 million donation.
Beginning her career in 1979 as a brand manager at Procter & Gamble in Cincinnati, Ohio. Whitman later moved on to work as a consultant at Bain & Company's San Francisco office. She then rose through the ranks to achieve the position of senior vice president.
Whitman became vice president of strategic planning at The Walt Disney Company in 1989. Two years later she joined the Stride Rite Corporation, before becoming president and CEO of Florists' Transworld Delivery in 1995.
As Hasbro's Playskool Division General Manager, she oversaw global management and marketing of two children's brands, Playskool and Mr. Potato Head starting in January 1997. She also imported the UK's children's television show Teletubbies into the U.S.
Whitman joined eBay on March 1998, when it had 30 employees and revenues of approximately $4 million. During her time as CEO, the company grew to approximately 15,000 employees and $8 billion in annual revenue by 2008. Originally, when Whitman had joined eBay, she found the website as a simple black and white webpage with courier font. On her first day, the site crashed for eight hours. She believed the site to be confusing and began by building a new executive team. Whitman organized the company by splitting it into twenty-three business categories. She then assigned executives to each, including some 35,000 subcategories. In 2004, Whitman made several key changes in her management team. Jeff Jordon took over PayPal, Matt Bannick took control of international operations and Bill Cobb was placed in control of U.S. operations, which has the colorful U.S. logo, while each international site has unique branding.
Whitman picked John J. Donahoe for eBay in March 2005 as President of eBay Marketplaces, responsible for all elements of eBay's global ecommerce businesses.
During Whitman's tenure as CEO, eBay completed the purchase of Skype for $4.1B in cash and stock in September 2005. eBay later admitted that it had overpaid and, in 2009, eBay sold Skype to a group of investors led by Silver Lake Partners at a valuation of $2.75B. In 2011, after the first papers were filed for a possible IPO, Microsoft purchased Skype for US$8.5B.
In June 2007, while preparing for an interview with Reuters, Whitman allegedly shoved her subordinate, communications employee Young Mi Kim. Of the incident, Whitman related, "In any high-pressure working environment, tensions can surface." Kim also stated, "Yes, we had an unfortunate incident, but we resolved it in a way that speaks well for her and for eBay." The matter was resolved after a $200,000 settlement.
Whitman resigned as CEO of eBay in November 2007, but remained on the board and served as an advisor to new CEO John Donahoe until late 2008. She was inducted into the U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 2008. "I've said for some time that 10 years is roughly the right time to stay at the helm at a company like ours", she said in an interview with the San Francisco Chronicle, adding that "it's time for new leadership, a new perspective and a new vision."
Whitman has received numerous awards and accolades for her work at eBay. On more than one occasion, she was named among the top five most powerful women by Fortune magazine. Harvard Business Review named her the eighth-best-performing CEO of the past decade and the Financial Times named her as one of the 50 faces that shaped the decade.
Whitman also served on the board of directors of the eBay Foundation, Summit Public Schools, Procter & Gamble and DreamWorks SKG, until early 2009. She was appointed to the board of Goldman Sachs in October 2001 and then resigned in December 2002, amidst controversy that she had received shares in several public offerings managed by Goldman Sachs, although she denied any wrongdoing. (see Ties to Goldman Sachs for further detail). In March 2011, she was appointed a part-time special adviser at venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers.
In January 2011, Whitman joined Hewlett-Packard's board of directors. She was named CEO on September 22, 2011. As well as renewing focus on HP’s Research & Development division, Whitman’s major decision during her first year as CEO has been to retain and recommit the firm to the PC business that her predecessor announced he was considering discarding.
In May 2013, Bloomberg L.P. named Whitman "Most Underachieving CEO" along with Apple's CEO Tim Cook (ranked 12) and IBM's Virginia Rometty (ranked 10) -- whose stocks have all turned in the worst numbers relative to the broader market since the beginning of each CEO's tenure. HP's stock led the list by underperforming by 30 percentage points since Whitman took the job.
Whitman founded a charitable foundation with husband Harsh on December 21, 2006, by donating to it 300,000 shares of eBay stock worth $9.4 million. By the end of its first year of operation, the Griffith R. Harsh IV and Margaret C Whitman Charitable Foundation had $46 million in assets and has disbursed $125,000 to charitable causes. Most of the money disbursed went to the Environmental Defense Fund. In 2010, Warren Buffett asked Whitman to join the Giving Pledge in which billionaires would commit to donating half of their money to charity, and Whitman declined. In 2011, the foundation donated $2.5 million to Summit Public Schools, which operates several charter schools in the San Jose area.
Presidential endorsements and fundraising
Whitman was a supporter of former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney's presidential campaign in 2008 and was on his national finance team. She was also listed as finance co-chair of Romney's exploratory committee. After Romney stepped out of the race and endorsed John McCain, Whitman joined McCain's presidential campaign as a national co-chair. McCain mentioned Whitman as a possible Secretary of the Treasury during the second presidential debate in 2008, but lost the election to Barack Obama.
During the 2012 Republican primaries, Whitman endorsed Mitt Romney, who praised her. Whitman's name was mentioned as a possible cabinet member in a Romney administration before he lost to Obama.
During the 2016 Republican primaries, Whitman was finance co-chair of Chris Christie's presidential campaign. After Christie withdrew from the race and subsequently endorsed Donald Trump, Whitman criticized it as "an astonishing display of political opportunism" and called on other Christie donors to reject Trump,  whom she compared to Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. In August, Whitman endorsed Democrat Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign, stating that to vote for Trump "out of party loyalty alone would be to endorse a candidacy that I believe has exploited anger, grievance, xenophobia and racial division". Acknowledging policy differences with Clinton, Whitman nonetheless praised her "temperament, global experience and commitment to America’s bedrock national values". She called on all Republicans "to put country first before party" and added that she would be supporting the campaign financially.
2010 campaign for California Governor
On February 10, 2009, Whitman announced she would run for governor of California in the 2010 election. Her campaign was largely self-funded. She spent more of her own money on this effort than any other self-funded political candidate in U.S. history and ultimately lost to Jerry Brown.
According to final reports, Whitman spent $144 million from her own personal funds. The Daily Caller said that her "penchant for throwing money around is well known in California political circles". The comment came in connection with the disclosure that her campaign had paid far above market rates for advertising on a conservative political blog. The blog's founder, addressing the issue of a possible attempt to influence the blog's content, said he had made clear to the Whitman campaign that "advertising and editorial are two very different things".
In June 2010, Whitman released a political ad, "A Lifetime in Politics A Legacy of Failure", which seemingly contained one image of the FAIL Blog website, making it appear in the ad as if Jerry Brown had been the subject of one of the website's namesake "fails". Ben Huh, founder of the Cheezburger Network, of which failblog.org is a part, demanded an apology and the removal of the video, stating that the image was faked, and that the website is non-partisan and has never endorsed a particular political candidate or party.
On November 2, 2010, at 11:35 pm, Whitman conceded the election to her opponent, Jerry Brown, stating "We've come up a little short."
The Sacramento Bee reported that Whitman did not vote for 28 years, after reviewing her voting records in California. Whitman has described her voting record as "inexcusable", apologized for it, and stated that she is happy to discuss the matter. Whitman answered questions about her record in September, replying, "And I think the reason is, is for many years, I wasn't as engaged in the political process and should have been."
In September 2010, Nicky Diaz Santillan revealed that she was employed in the Whitman household as a housekeeper and nanny from 2000–2009 despite her status as an illegal worker. Whitman's campaign released documents which she says Santillan provided prior to her employment including a driver's license, social security ID, and application. Santillan says Whitman knew she was undocumented, producing a 2003 letter from the Social Security Administration stating that her Social Security number did not match her name. Whitman initially stated that they "never received those letters", however, after a hand-written note on the document was shown, believed to be from Whitman's husband, they acknowledged they may have received it, but forgot. Santillan's attorney, Gloria Allred, states that Santillan was fired for the sake of the campaign. Whitman's campaign maintains that this is a political attack, stating that Allred is a Jerry Brown supporter. Brown, Allred and Santillan all deny this. Crystal Williams, Director of the American Immigration Lawyers Association stated "Not only is accepting the documents all the law required [Whitman] to do, but there's a counterbalancing anti-discrimination law that keeps her from probing further or demanding different documents." Others disagree; immigration lawyer Greg Siskind states Whitman was the employer, and the documents by law needed to be signed by her but were not, nor did they have a social security number on them; the Fort Worth Star-Telegram noted that Whitman "hired her, paid her and had direct contact with her for nine years", so should have known her legal status. The L.A. Times noted that Latino voters were more likely interested that Whitman treated Santillan "like a piece of garbage" when the maid asked for help finding an immigration attorney, and Whitman allegedly stated "you don't know me and I don't know you".
Ties to Goldman Sachs
Goldman Sachs, whose executives donated $100,000 to the Whitman campaign, manages a part of Whitman's fortune. As CEO of eBay, Whitman earned approximately $1.78 million resulting from a practice known as spinning whereby executives who did business with Goldman Sachs could reap profits by getting early deals before the public on hot IPOs offered by the bank. Whitman later resigned from the Goldman Sachs board after some expressed concern over her receiving shares from Goldman. In commenting on Whitman’s resignation from the Goldman board, eBay spokesman Henry Gomez told the Wall Street Journal at the time that, "If we wanted to use Goldman's services, she doesn't want there to be even the slightest perception of any conflict. She's doing this because she thinks quite highly of the firm." While Whitman was on Goldman’s board, she served on the compensation committee, which approved multimillion-dollar bonus packages for then-CEO Henry Paulson and his top aides. Public domain documents reveal that Whitman has a multimillion-dollar stake in 21 investment funds managed by Goldman. Given Goldman's major investments in California state finances, all these ties to Goldman Sachs led to considerable controversy during the gubernatorial campaign. In response, Whitman vowed to eliminate any potential conflicts of interest, and publicly stated that she would immediately sell her Goldman stock and put her Goldman-managed investments in a blind trust if elected governor.
While running for governor, Whitman emphasized three major areas: job creation, reduced state government spending, and reform of the state's K-12 educational system. She argued that it is best to start only a few things and finish them, instead of starting a lot of things and finishing few of them.
Whitman said that if elected, on her first day she would have suspended AB 32, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, for a year to study its potential economic implications. AB32 requires the state to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by 2020. At the state GOP Convention in March 2010, Whitman described California Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's climate change bill as a "job-killer". Whitman opposed Proposition 23, which would delay the global warming law AB32 until California's unemployment falls to 5.5 percent and stays there for a year, stating that the proposition did not reasonably balance the need to protect jobs with the need to preserve environment.
On water issues, Whitman opposed further restrictions on water supply in the Central Valley, and she suggested that President Obama should overturn a federal judge's ruling under provisions in the Endangered Species Act which reduced water supplies another 5% to 7%.
Whitman said that Arizona's approach to illegal immigration with Arizona SB 1070 is wrong and that there are better ways to solve the problem. She said that, if she had lived in California in 1994, she would have voted against Proposition 187 concerning illegal immigrants. In an op-ed during her gubernatorial campaign, Whitman wrote, "Clearly, when examining our positions on immigration, there is very little over which Jerry Brown and I disagree".
She stated that illegal immigrant students should be prohibited from attending state-funded institutions of higher education. Currently, California state law permits this. In 2009, Whitman called for "a path to legalization" of illegal immigrants. In a 2010 interview on television station KTLA, Whitman said, "I want to hold employers accountable for hiring only documented workers." Meg Whitman came under fire for hiring an illegal immigrant herself (see "Housekeeper Controversy" above).
Marriage, abortion, marijuana
During the 2010 California gubernatorial election, Whitman supported California's Proposition 8, which reversed In re Marriage Cases and defined marriage as a union between one man and one woman in the state. Whitman also criticized Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and Attorney General Jerry Brown for not defending Proposition 8 in the federal judicial system. However, on February 26, 2013, Whitman confirmed that she had reversed that opinion. Whitman stated, "At the time, I believed the people of California had weighed in on this question and that overturning the will of the people was the wrong approach," and "The facts and arguments presented during the legal process since then have had a profound impact on my thinking." Whitman also believes that gay and lesbian couples should be permitted to adopt children. Whitman supports abortion rights.
Whitman does not support the proposed and partially voter-funded California High-Speed Rail project. In a letter to the Sacramento Bee Whitman's spokeswoman Sarah Pompei said, "Meg believes the state cannot afford the costs associated with high-speed rail due to our current fiscal crisis." Her opponent Jerry Brown is in favor of the project.
Whitman has made monetary donations to various candidates and PACs. While these have gone to both Republicans and Democrats, the donations are weighted to Republicans. Though Whitman has contributed to a few Democrats, including Senator Barbara Boxer; donating $4,000 to her campaign and serving on the "Friends of Boxer" committee in 2004, she donated more than $225,000.00 during the same period to Republicans, eBay's PAC and to Americans for a Republican Majority, the PAC of former Rep. Tom DeLay.
- "Meg Whitman". Forbes. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- Berniker, Mark (May 9, 2014). "Atherton mansion madness: Homes of the rich and (tech) famous". CNBC. Retrieved May 8, 2016.
- "Top officials in California urge judge to allow same-sex marriage". CNN. August 8, 2010.
- "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes. Forbes. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- Zernike, Kate (May 18, 2008). "She Just Might Be President Someday". New York Times.
- "#773 Margaret Whitman". Forbes. February 12, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- York, Anthony (September 15, 2010). "Whitman becomes biggest-spending candidate on a single campaign in U.S. history [Updated]". The Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- Cha, Ariana Eunjung (September 16, 2010). "Former eBay CEO Meg Whitman breaks campaign financing records with $119 million contribution". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- "Final Meg Whitman tally: $178.5M". Salon. Associated Press. January 11, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Caulfield, Philip (November 3, 2010). "Meg Whitman loses California governor race despite $160 million tab; Jerry Brown wins for 3rd time". Daily News. New York. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- Certo, Samuel C. (February 15, 2002). Modern management: adding digital focus. Prentice Hall. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-13-067089-2.
- "Meg Whitman to Wed June 7". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "Marriage Announcement 16 -- No Title". Daily Boston Globe. June 22, 1947.
- "Margaret Cushing 'Meg' Whitman", rootsweb.ancestry.com.
- Whitman, Meg; Hamilton, Joan (January 2010). The Power of Many: Values for Success in Business and in Life. Crown Publishing Group. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-307-59121-0.
- "Meg Whitman Biography". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- Lewis, Elen (2008). The Ebay Phenomenon: The Story of a Brand That Taught Millions of Strangers to Trust One Another. Marshall Cavendish. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-905736-10-2.
- "Meg Whitman Business Biography". Referenceforbusiness.com. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Carr-Ruffino, Norma (October 2004). The Promotable Woman. Career Press, Incorporated. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-56414-776-9.
- Cohen, Adam (2003). The Perfect Store: Inside EBay. Little, Brown & Company. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-316-16493-1.
- Gardiner, Joey (February 5, 2002). "eBay CEO gives $30m to Princeton". ZDNet.
- Hellriegel, Slocum, Don, John W. (2008). Organizational behavior. Princeton, N.J. : Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic. pp. NA.
- Lewis, Elen (2008). The Ebay Phenomenon: The Story of a Brand That Taught Millions of Strangers to Trust One Another. Marshall Cavendish. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-905736-10-2.
- John, Frank, Thompson Martin (2005). Strategic management: awareness and change. Cengage Learning EMEA. p. 201. ISBN 978-1-84480-083-4.
- Thomas, Owen (October 8, 2009). "eBay founder fact checks John McCain". Valleywag. Gawker Media. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
- "Meg Whitman right for job". Santa Maria Times. December 9, 2009
- Champy, Nohria, James, Nitin (1999). The arc of ambition: defining the leadership journey. Basic Books. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-7382-0103-0.
- Dessler, Phillips, Gary, Jean (2007). Managing Now. Cengage Learning. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-618-74163-2.
- Michael, Duane, Robert, Hitt, Ireland, Hoskisson (2006). Strategic management: competitiveness and globalization. Cengage South-Western. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-324-31694-0.
- Griffith, Jim (2007). The Official eBay Bible: The Newly Revised and Updated Version of the Most Comprehensive eBay How-To Manual for Everyone from First-Time Users to eBay Experts. Penguin Group (USA). p. 257. ISBN 978-1-59240-301-1.
- "eBay Inc. Leadership". Archived from the original on July 1, 2013.
- Arrington, Michael (September 12, 2005). "Skype sells to eBay for $4.1 Billion". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- Wauters, Robin (November 19, 2009). "Breaking: eBay Completes Skype Sale At $2.75 Billion Valuation". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "Microsoft to acquire Skype for $8.5 billion". CNET. May 10, 2011.
- Mehta, Seema (June 15, 2010). "Meg Whitman reportedly shoved EBay employee in 2007". Los Angeles Times.
- Stone, Brad (June 14, 2010). "Settlement Was Paid in Whitman Shoving Incident". The New York Times.
- Kopytoff, Verne (January 24, 2008). "Whitman quits eBay CEO post as of March 31". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Benner, Katie; Levinson, Eugenia; Arora, Rupali. "The Power 50". Fortune. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "The 100 Best-Performing CEOs in the World". Harvard Business Review. January 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- "Fifty Faces That Shaped The Decade". Financial Times. December 16, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- Lifsher, Marc (January 6, 2009). "Ex-EBay chief Meg Whitman quits board seats". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 22, 2009.
- Williams, Lance; Marinucci, Carla (August 10, 2010). "Whitman's fortune entwined with Goldman Sachs". California Watch. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
During the 2002 IPO “spinning” controversy, Whitman denied wrongdoing, telling eBay employees in a memo that Goldman had offered her stock deals because she was a private client of the firm, not in exchange for eBay’s bond business.
- "Meg Whitman joins Goldman Sachs' Board of Directors". Bain & Company. October 1, 2001.
- Kane, Margaret (December 20, 2002). "Whitman resigns from Goldman Sachs board". cnet.com.
- Williams, Lance; Marinucci, Carla (April 10, 2010). "Whitman's fortune entwined with Goldman Sachs". californiawatch.org.
- Kopytoff, Verne G. (March 30, 2011). "Meg Whitman Finds a Job". The New York Times. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- Winter, Greg. "Zipcar adds former eBay CEO Meg Whitman to its board of directors" (Press release). Zipcar. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- Sewell, Dan (February 11, 2011). "Meg Whitman Rejoins Procter & Gamble's Board". The Huffington Post.
- Wisckol, Martin (January 21, 2011). "Meg Whitman goes back to work". Orange County Register.
- "HP Names Meg Whitman President and Chief Executive Officer" (Press release). Hewlett-Packard. September 22, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "Global Players: Meg Whitman, CEO, HP". Thomaswhite.com. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- "HP's 4Q to provide snapshot of new CEO's progress". Boston.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- "Biggest CEO Underachievers: Executives - Bloomberg Best (and Worst)". Bloomberg.
- Steiner, Ina (May 12, 2008). "Former eBay CEO Meg Whitman Launches Family Foundation". AuctionBytes.com. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
- McLaughlin, Ken (November 7, 2009). "Meg Whitman's charitable foundation's biggest benefactor was environmental group". San Jose Mercury News.
- Young, Samantha (August 5, 2010). "Whitman: No plans to join billionaires' pledge". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
- Melendez, Lyanne (September 20, 2011). "Whitman gives $2.5M to Summit Schools". KGO-TV.
- "MTP transcript for October 21, 2007 - Meet the Press, online at MSNBC". MSNBC. October 21, 2007. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Kirkpatrick, David D. (April 3, 2007). "Romney Reaps $20 Million to Top G.O.P. Rivals". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "Election Center 2008: Candidates - Election & Politics News from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "hn McCain 2008 – John McCain for President". Johnmccain.com. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- "McCain, Obama discuss possible Treasury secretary picks". Reuters. October 7, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- Quinn, Michelle, "Whitman a mixed blessing for Mitt", politico.com, May 30, 2012.
- "mitt-romney-praises-meg-whitman-as-news-breaks-that-her-company-is-slashing-30000-american-jobs", addictinginfo.org, May 20, 2012.
- "HP-CEO-Whitman-Fiorina-Seen-as-Possible-Officials-in-a-Romney-Administration", eweek.com.
- Christie Campaign's Finance Co-Chair Calls on Donors to Reject Trump, nbcnews.com, February 28, 2016
- "Meg Whitman Likens Donald Trump to Fascists, Shaking G.O.P.'s Brief Truce". NYT. June 11, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- Martin, Jonathan (2 August 2016). "Meg Whitman, Calling Donald Trump a 'Demagogue,' Will Support Hillary Clinton for President". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
- Eli Watkins (3 August 2016). "Meg Whitman: I will vote for, and donate to, Hillary Clinton". CNN. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
- Meg Whitman (2 August 2016). "As a proud Republican...". Facebook. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
- Finnegan, Michael (February 10, 2009). "Meg Whitman, EBay's former CEO, joins California governor's race". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- "Final Meg Whitman tally: $178.5M". Salon. January 31, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- Strong, Jonathan (August 23, 2010). "True stories of bloggers who secretly feed on partisan cash". The Daily Caller. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
- Jerry Brown: A Lifetime in Politics, A Legacy of Failure. Meg Whitman for Governor 2010 via YouTube. June 22, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- "Meg Whitman's FAIL Blog FAIL". New York. June 25, 2010.
- "Honesty Fail – FAIL Blog: Epic Fail Funny Pictures and Funny Videos of Owned, Pwned and Fail Moments". FAIL Blog. June 25, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- "Meg Whitman Concedes in California Race.". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
- Caulfield, Philip (November 3, 2010). "Meg Whitman loses California governor race despite $160 million tab; Jerry Brown wins for 3rd time". Daily News (New York).
- Cillizza, Chris (October 10, 2009). "CA-Gov: Whitman Defends Handling of Vote Story". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- Riggs, Kevin (September 29, 2010). "Whitman Explains Poor Voting Record". KCRA.com. Hearst. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- Carla Marinucci, San Francisco Chronicle, October 10, 2010.
- "Greg Siskind on Immigration Law and Policy: Whitman Nanny I-9 Shows Violations". American Immigration LLC, ILW.com. October 1, 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2010.
- From Alan Duke and Jessica Yellin, CNN (September 29, 2010). "Immigrant's abuse claims against Whitman rock California race". CNN. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
- Madison, Lucy (September 30, 2010). "Whitman Goes on Defense About Ex-Maid's Status; Gloria Allred Promises to Prove Otherwise". cbsnews.com.
- Nagourney, Adam (September 30, 2010). "Questions on Ex-Housekeeper Emerge for a Candidate". The New York Times.
- Madison, Lucy (October 1, 2010). "Meg Whitman's Husband: It's 'Possible' I Saw Letter". CBS News. Retrieved October 1, 2010.
- Michael Winter, "Ex-nanny alleges Meg Whitman knew she wasn't legal for 7 years", USA Today, September 29, 2010.
- Marinucci, Carla; Wildermuth, John; Garofoli, Joe (February 25, 2010). "Whitman says illegal-worker allegations a 'lie'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
- "Whitman: 'We Did Everything That We Could'". NBC Los Angeles. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
- George Skelton, "The Former EBay Chief Falters on Her Illegal Immigration Rhetoric", Los Angeles Times, October 4, 2010.
- Lochhead, Carolyn (February 25, 2010). "Whitman within law, immigration lawyers say". San Francisco Chronicle. Chronicle Washington Bureau. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
- Ruben Naverrette Jr., "Immigration Double Standard", Fort Worth Star-Telegram, October 17, 2010.
- Brian Montopoli (September 29, 2010), "Meg Whitman Housekeeper Nicky Diaz Santillan Claims Mistreatment, Unfair Termination", CBS News
- "EBay CEO quits Goldman board". CNN Money. December 20, 2002. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- McLaughlin, Ken (November 16, 2009). "Campbell takes Silicon Valley in new San Jose State poll". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved December 26, 2009.
- Gardner, Michael (October 5, 2009). "Emissions initiative in Whitman's cross hairs". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
- "Whitman says she'd suspend 'green' initiative". San Diego Union Tribune. September 24, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
- Young, Samantha. "Whitman opposes measure delaying Calif climate law". BusinessWeek. Bloomberg. Associated Press. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- Marinucci, Carla & Garofoli, JoeMarinucci, Carla; Garofoli, Joe (March 14, 2010). "Lots of tough talk at state GOP convention". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
- "Meg Whitman: Let the water flow". Fresno Bee. June 12, 2009
- Good, Chris (October 26, 2010). "Whitman in Spanish: I'm Against Arizona's Law". The Atlantic.
- Dibble, Sandra (October 29, 2009). "Path to legalization needed, GOP candidate Whitman says". The San Diego Union-Tribune. San Diego, California.
- "Meg Whitman op-ed: Brown and I the same on immigration". Sacramento Bee. July 14, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- New York Times, June 18, 2010, "The Ad Campaign"
- "Policy Pages – Other Priorities – Meg Whitman for Governor of California". Megwhitman.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- The Sacramento Bee, "Illegal immigrants college enrollment", August 6, 2010
- "In Case You Missed It: Meg Whitman's interview on KTLA". Meg Whitman for Governor. August 11, 2010. Retrieved October 11, 2010.[dead link]
- Marinucci, Carla; Garofoli, Joe (August 21, 2010). "Meg Whitman says state should defend Prop. 8". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- "Meg Whitman signs legal brief backing gay marriage in Prop. 8 case". Los Angeles Times. February 26, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- Finnegan, Michael (February 11, 2009). "GOP gubernatorial candidate Whitman outlines stands". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved February 22, 2009.
- Marinucci, Carla (February 13, 2009). "Meg Whitman makes case on how she's different". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 22, 2009.
- "Meg Whitman to speak in Seal Beach". March 16, 2010. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- "The Buzz: Atherton resident Meg Whitman not too keen on bullet train". Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on July 19, 2010. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- "Meg Whitman at". Newsmeat.com. May 19, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Weigel, David. "Washingtonindependent.com". Washingtonindependent.com. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Marinucci, Carla (October 2, 2009). "''San Francisco Chronicle''". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- "Whitman to lead Hewlett-Packard Enterprises and be a chairperson in HP Inc.". StockNewsDesk. Oct 6, 2014.
- Meg Whitman for Governor official campaign site
- Billionaire Women We Envy, Forbes, March 6, 2007
- Is California Sold on Governor Meg Whitman?, Sheelah Kolhatkar, Time Magazine, December 14, 2009
- Meg Whitman Celebrates Gubernatorial Nomination with husband Dr. Griffith Harsh, Vitals, June 9, 2010
- Meg Whitman Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America
|President of eBay
|Chief Executive Officer of eBay
|President of Hewlett-Packard
|Chief Executive Officer of Hewlett-Packard
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for Governor of California