Pattamundai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pattamundai
Omm Shree Computers
Municipality
Pattamundai is located in Odisha
Pattamundai
Pattamundai
Pattamundai is located in India
Pattamundai
Pattamundai
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°34′N 86°34′E / 20.57°N 86.57°E / 20.57; 86.57Coordinates: 20°34′N 86°34′E / 20.57°N 86.57°E / 20.57; 86.57
Country  India
State Odisha
District Kendrapara
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Body Pattamundai Municipality
 • Mayor Baijayantimala Lenka[1]
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 36,528
Languages
 • Official Odia
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 754215
Telephone code 06729
Vehicle registration OD-29
Website fb.co/ommshre

Pattamundai is a revenue tahsil, block and a municipality in Kendrapara district in the Indian state of Odisha, located on the drainage basin of the Brahmani River.

It is the biggest market town in the whole of Kendrapara District due to its position and connectivity.

Etomology[edit]

Pattamundai derives it name from wood. Wooden logs which flew in the Brahmani River from the jungles its upper basin was collected from here to carve out delicacies and prepare for sale and export to other regions.

History[edit]

Mention of Pattamundai in history dates back to the Mughal Period. Akbar established the land revenue system here in 1515 AD. Mentions can be found when Emperor Aurangzeb imparted financial and manpower patronage to the madrassa at Pattamundai to impart education to their children, which even flourishes today. Muslim ruled from 1576-1751 AD. Pattamundai was under the Utikan Pargana and they placed an Amil here for land revenue collection.[2] British forces under Colonel Harcourt marched from Cuttack to Kujang sometime during late October- early November 1803 and Pattamundai fell from the hands of the Marathas unopposed. The Paika Bidroha broke out in the neighboring kingdom of Khurda in 1817 and had spread to Pattamundai in July, where 200 paikas attacked the Thana and killed many.[3][4] The Pattamundai Thana included 3 influential Zamindar lords - Bhatikona, Ali & Kanika.[5] Mention can be found during Damage Assessment after the floods in October 1848 when it used to be a Taluka under the Utikan Estate (pargana), Madanpur.[6] The Cuttack-Chandbali road had to be lowered a number of timer to allow the flood water to pass by so as to prevent abnormal flooding. In the Kendrapara sub-division the great cyclone of September 1885 destroyed 46 villages in thana Patamundai, most of the inhabitants of which were either drowned or succumbed to the fever and cholera which usually form the sequel of such calamities, while those that survived emigrated to tracts less exposed to the destructive action of storm- waves. In the census of 1901, it was noted that the population of pattamundai was steadily growing after the construction of protective embankments and the offer of easy terms of settlement by the Britisher's led to considerable reclamation of land which had been thrown out of oultivation by the salt-water floods of 1885. The Sub-Registrar's office was opened in Pattamundai in 1908.[7] Pattamundai was a part of the Cuttack District until 1994. During the British period it was an important point between the capital city of Cuttack and the estates of Aul & Kanika and the ports of Chandabali and Dhamara. Being a major center of business, markets flourished here along with other places like Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Kenedrapara. Agricultural and hand crafted products were exported to other parts of India like Madras, Bombay, Ceylon, the Maldive islands and European countries.[8]

Geography[edit]

Pattamundai is located at 20.57°N 86.57°E.[9] Pattamundai is located 22 km from the East coast, at an elevation of 6 mts from seal level. Pattamundai is a flat,low-lying delta region in the Lower Mahanadi River basin. The Brahmani river divides it from the Aul Block Of Kendrapara District. The Pattamundai canal running from Cuttack to Alva Lock (80.5 km) constructed by the East India Company during the mid 19th century[10], is a major irrigation canal passing through the city.

Climate[edit]

Pattamundai experiences a tropical wet and dry climate. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. The temperature around this season is 35 °C to 40 °C Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the city receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 144 cm. Temperatures are considerably lower during the rainy season, averaging around 30 °C. The winter season from November to February is characterised by mild temperatures and occasional showers. The winter months feature chilly northerly winds which bring down the temperature to around 15 °C, though the bright sunshine helps maintain the pleasant weather. Temperatures may exceed 45 °C at the height of summer and may fall below 10 °C in winter.

Due to the proximity to coast, the city has been prone to cyclones and floods[11] from the Bay of Bengal. Crocodiles escape from the Bhitarkanika National park during flood times and roam free around the region.[12] One such cyclone struck Pattamundai in 1971, resulting in more than 10,000 deaths in the state.[13] The Bureau of Indian Standards places the city inside seismic zone III on a scale ranging from I to V in order of increasing susceptibility to earthquakes.[14] The United Nations Development Programme reports that there is "very high damage risk" from winds and cyclones.[14] The 1999 Odisha cyclone caused severe damage to the town claiming many lives.[15]

Culture[edit]

Pattamundai has a religious brotherhood and people from all religions celebrate festivals together. It was in March, 2017 when a Muslim girl named Firadus from the neighboring village of Damarpur won the Bhagwad Gita recitation contest.[16]

Festivals[edit]

  • Durga Puja: Pattamundai is famous throughout the area for its Durga puja celebrations. Nearly 20 earthen idols of Goddess Durga are prepared by the different Puja Committees of the city to worship Goddess Durga. Pattamundai celebrates Durga Puja with full energy on Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and on Vijaya Dashami or Dussehra by burning an effigy of the demon Ravana. People from all of Kendrapara and nearby areas visit Pattamundai during this period observe the famous festival.
  • Boita Bandana: This festival is celebrated on the last day of the holy Hindu month of Kartik. On this auspicious day people flow miniature boitas or model boats in the Baitarani river to pay homage to the ancient merchants of Kalinga Kingdom. This day also marks the beginning of Bali Jatra. This festival is similar to the 'Masakapan Ke Tukad' festival of Bali, and to the 'Loi Krathong' festival of Thailand, both of which involve ritualistic floating of model boats around the same time of year.
  • Kartikeshwar Puja: The puja in Pattamundai is organised by the puja committees of Pattamundai. This festival is observed to worship Kartikeya, the eldest son of Lord Shiva. Nowhere else except Sabarimala is the Kartikeswar puja carried out with so much elan.

All the other regular Indian festivals like Ratha Yatra, Raja, Ganesh Chaturthi[17], Vasant Panchami, Holi, Diwali, Chhath, Id, Good Friday, Christmas, and the numerous festivals are celebrated here.

Crusine[edit]

Pattamundai is an agricultural center and is famous for dalma-bhata, bara-Aludam, dahi-bara of which all the ingredents are home grown. Apart from this, Chaat, Gupchup (panipuri) and samosas, aloochop rule the streets. The people eat rice as their main staple food. Chakuli pitha is eaten during the breakfast. It is made from rice batter using a tawa. Traditional Oriya food such as Dahi-Pakhal (rice soaked in water with yogurt and seasonings) is considered as a body coolant, accompanied by Badi chura or saga are consumed during months of April–June.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Others include Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism
Religions in Pattamundai
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
94.48%
Islam
  
5.40%
Christianity
  
0.04%
Others
  
0.01%
Not Stated
  
0.05%

As of 2011 census of India[18] Pattamundai Municipality has a population of 36,528 of which 18,549 are males while 17,979 are females. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 4024 which is 11.02 % of total population of Pattamundai. In Pattamundai Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 969 against state average of 979. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Pattamundai is around 910 compared to Odisha state average of 941.

Literacy rate of Pattamundai city is 86.93 % higher than state average of 72.87 %. In Pattamundai, Male literacy is around 92.64 % while female literacy rate is 81.09 %. Pattamundai Municipality has total administration over 7,174 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Municipal limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.


Pattamundai is a Revenue Tehsil & a Block[19] and consists of 30 Gram panchayat's and 153 village's with a combined population of over 1.82 lakhs.[20]


Around 94% of the city's population are Hindus while Muslims account for 5.40% and the rest constitute less than 1% of the total population.

Languages[edit]

Odia is the primary language used in the city, besides which Hindi is also spoken and understood. There are people who also speak Santali, Bengali, Urdu, Arabic, etc. Hindi is widely used for commercial purposes. Most of the banners are written in Odia, and English.

There also exists a significant populace of Bengalis here, who work in the construction field & and also the tribal's of Keonjhar District who work as migrant laborers, during the non-agricultural season.

Civic Administration[edit]

The city of Pattamundai is administered by the Pattamundai Municipality.[21]

Politics[edit]

INC, BJD are the major political parties in this area. Pattamundai Tehsil comes under multiple assembly constituencies.There are total 2 assembly constituencies in Pattamundai Tehsil.

Constituency name MLA name Party
Kendrapara Kishore Chandra Tarai BJD
Rajanagar Anshuman Mohanty INC

Pattamundai Tehsil comes under Kendrapara parliament constituency. Patamundai is part of Kendrapara (Lok Sabha constituency),current sitting MP is Baijayant Panda.[22]

Previous MLAs from this seat were Tapash Kumar Das representing BJD in 2000 and representing JNP in 1977, Ganeswar Behera of [(Indian National Congress|INC)] in 1995 and in 1985, Radhakanta Sethy of CPI(M) in 1990, and Bishwanath Mallik of INC(I) in 1980.[23]

Economy[edit]

The economy is mainly agrarian. Most of the people are still dependent on agriculture as their primary source of income. But things are slowly changing. A large number of people from Pattamundai, Aul and Rajnagar blocks of the district attribute their prosperity to their expertise in plumbing. Around one lakh people of these areas work as plumbers in different States of the country and other parts of the world, especially the Middle East countries.[24][25] They send in remittance's which acts as a boot for the market here. Pattamundai Bazar (ପଟ୍ଟାମୁଣ୍ଡାଇ ବଜାର), which used to be a weekly market for selling agricultural products, is now a very big market where one can find everything for day-to-day usage. The people of Aul, Rajkanika, Rajnagar blocks are dependent on this market for all their supplies.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

Pattamundai Junior and Degree College
  • M.N. High School, Pokhariapada
  • Girls High School, Pattamundai
  • Panchayat High School,Kasananta
  • Balipada Nodal U.P. School
State Institute Of Plumbing And Technology (SIPT), Pattamundai.

Colleges[edit]

  • Pattamundai College
  • Women's College, Pattamundai
  • State Institute Of Plumbing Technology (SIPT), Pattamundai
  • Usha Devi Mahila Mahabidyalaya, Andara
  • Brahmani College, Dandisahi

The village is home to the State Institute of Plumbing Technology, or SIPT, the only institute in the country dedicated to plumbing. Pattamundai’s plumbers have migrated not only to most parts of India, but also to many different corners of the world, especially the Gulf countries and West Asia.

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The roads here are also not enough & capable according to the demand. The reason being its location in a drainage basin. The construction of roads and railways in this land would interrupt the flow and tide of the river, causing greater damage to the surrounding areas. Pattamundai Canal Bridge (ପଟ୍ଟାମୁଣ୍ଡାଇ ବଜାର ପୋଲୋ) [20°34'58.7"N 86°33'42.6"E] is the oldest bridge connecting Pattamundai with Aul & Rajnagar. The concrete bridge was constructed after the wooden bridge was washed away during the heavy floods of 1961. The bridge on the Brahmani River at Patrapur (ପତ୍ରପୁର ପୋଲୋ) [20°35'53.3"N 86°35'23.6"E] connects Pattamundai with Aul & Rajkanika. The bridge was completed in the year 1986. S.H- 9A which runs from Jagatpur(Cuttack) to Chandabali(Bhadrak) is the lifeline of Pattamundai. Pattamundai is connected to Jajpur via Aul, Singhpur & Binjharpur along the Brahmani River. Pattamundai and Rajnagar are 20 km apart and are connected by the MDR- 16. Pattamundai- Rajnagar Road is the main road route to and in the Bhitarkanika National Park Gupti Gate. Pattamundai is the only center where tourists stop by to collect food & drinks and have meals during their onward visit to Bhitarkanika National Park.

Rail[edit]

The riways is planning to build a railway station at Kendrapara. The nearest railway stations are :-

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is [[Biju Patnaik International Airport| Bhubaneswar] - 104 km.

Patrapur Bridge on Brahmani River in Pattamundai along SH-9A

Distance from surrounding Towns[edit]

Health[edit]

The Dispensary in Pattamundai was established in the late 19th century.[26] Currently there is a Community Health Center for all the medical problems of the people of Pattamundai. There is a District Medical at Kendrapara for advanced treatment. Casualties are generally referred to Cuttack Medical.

Places Of Interest[edit]

Recreation and Entertainment[edit]

Patrapur Bridge over the Brahmani River is the only place for recreation.

Notable personalities[edit]

The following are a selected notable people who were born or have spend a major part of their life in Pattamundai. {{columns-list|colwidth=20em|

  • Paramahamsa Prajnanananda- Writer and Educationist born in Pattamundai [27]
  • Prakruti Mishra- Ollywood actress schooled at Venkateswar English Medium School, Pattamundai

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ . The Pioneer http://www.dailypioneer.com/state-editions/bhubaneswar/nigamananda-devotees-hold-chariot-procession.html. Retrieved 2017-09-16.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ {cite web|url=https://books.google.co.in/books?id=J1SC33vLHZIC&pg=PA14&dq=patamundai&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwik68avtazWAhUDgbwKHdgvCqg4FBDoAQgkMAA#v=onepage&q=patamundai&f=false%7Caccessdate=2017-09-2017%7Ctitle=Development of Modern Education in India: An Empirical Study of Orissa|publisher=Bina Kumari Sarma}}
  3. ^ "A Forgotten Chapter of Orissan History: With Special Reference to the Rajas of Khurda and Puri, 1568-1828". Prafulla Kumar Pattanaik. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  4. ^ "Odisha to demand Paika rebellion be called the first war of Independence in Indian History". Diligent Media Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  5. ^ {cite web|url=https://books.google.co.in/books?id=WAicQsB1jkgC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=patamundai&source=bl&ots=dOZ4peh_Yg&sig=wnLMppcShzhChKlBZjHIX15PTVg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiE9cmesqzWAhWCro8KHZ2mA7g4MhDoAQgwMAM#v=onepage&q=patamundai&f=false%7Caccessdate:2017-09-17%7Ctitle=Early Women's Writings in Orissa, 1898-1950: A Lost Tradition|publisher=Sachidananda Mohanty}}
  6. ^ {cite web|url=https://books.google.co.in/books?id=GgFIAAAAMAAJ&dq=pattamundai+kanika&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=pattamundai%7C archivedate=1991-1-1|accessdate=2019-09-17|title=The Journal of Orissan History, Volume 11|publisher=Orissa History Congress}}
  7. ^ "BIHAR AND ORISSA DISTRICT GAZETTEERS CUTTACK". L. S. S. O’MALLEY, i.c.s. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  8. ^ "Economic History Of Orissa\accessdate=2017-09-16". Nihar Ranjan Patnaik. 
  9. ^ cite web|url=http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/21/Patamundai.html%7Ctitle=Patamundai, India Page|accessdate=2017-09-16|publisher= Falling Rain Software, Ltd. 1996-2017}}
  10. ^ "ANNUAL REPORT 2015-16 OF PATTAMUNDAI CANAL DIVISION, KENDRAPARA" (PDF). Government Of Odisha. Retrieved 2017-09-16. 
  11. ^ {cite web|url=http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/2017/aug/04/after-flood-epidemic-rears-its-ugly-head-in-odisha-1638154.html%7Carchivedate=2017-08-04%7Caccessdate=2017-09-17%7Ctitle=After flood, epidemic rears its ugly head in Odisha|publisher=The new Indian Express}}
  12. ^ "Odisha: Crocodile alert for flood-affected villages of Bhitarkanika". thenewindianexpress.com. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  13. ^ "History of Cyclone". Odisha State Disaster Management Authories. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Hazard profiles of Indian districts" (PDF). National Capacity Building Project in Disaster Management. UNDP. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2006. Retrieved 23 August 2006. 
  15. ^ Goldenberg, Suzanne (1 November 1999). "Cyclone kills hundreds in India". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  16. ^ {cite web|url=http://indianexpress.com/article/india/5-year-old-muslim-girl-tops-bhagwat-gita-recitation-contest-4572241/%7Carchivedate=2017-16-03%7Caccessdate=2019-09-17%7Ctitle=5-year-old Muslim girl tops Bhagwat Gita recitation contest|publisher=The Indian Express [P] Ltd. }}
  17. ^ "Intel alert in sensitive pockets on Ganesh Puja Eve: Odisha". newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  18. ^ "Pattamundai Population Census 2011". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2017-09-2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  19. ^ "Odisha Information". Centre for Coastal Zone Management and Coastal Shelter Belt, Govt Of India. Retrieved 2017-09-2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  20. ^ "List of all towns and Villages in Pattamundai Block of Kendrapara district, Orissa. Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2017-09-16. 
  21. ^ "Administrative setup of Kendrapara District". Government of Odisha. Retrieved 2017-09-16. 
  22. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  23. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 31-Patamundai Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  24. ^ "Odisha man worried for family's safety in Barcelona, post terror attacks". newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  25. ^ "All 335 plumbers from Kendrapara are safe". Orissapost. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  26. ^ "Local Self-government in British Orissa, 1869-1935". Kartik Chandra Rout. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  27. ^ {cite web|url=http://kriya.org/page/paramahamsa-prajnanananda/en%7Caccessdate=2017-09-17%7CtitleParamahamsa Prajnanananda|publisher=Kriya Institutions}}