Livingston County, Illinois

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Livingston County, Illinois
Pontiac IL Livingston County Courthouse5.JPG
Map of Illinois highlighting Livingston County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Edward Livingston
Seat Pontiac
Largest city Streator
Area
 • Total 1,046 sq mi (2,709 km2)
 • Land 1,044 sq mi (2,704 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 38,950
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 16th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.livingstoncounty-il.org/wordpress/

Livingston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 38,950.[1] Its county seat is Pontiac.[2]

Livingston County comprises the Pontiac, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is combined with the Bloomington–Normal metropolitan statistical area as the Bloomington-Pontiac, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Livingston was established on February 27, 1837. It was formed from parts of McLean, LaSalle, and Iroquois counties, and named after Edward Livingston,[3] a prominent politician who was mayor of New York City and represented New York in the United States House of Representatives and Louisiana in both houses of Congress. He later served as Andrew Jackson's Secretary of State and as Minister to France. Although he had no connections to Illinois, the General Assembly found him accomplished enough to name a county after him.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,046 square miles (2,710 km2), of which 1,044 square miles (2,700 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-largest county in Illinois by land area.

Climate and weather[edit]

Pontiac, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
 
30
14
 
 
1.4
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.8
 
 
48
29
 
 
3.4
 
 
62
39
 
 
3.8
 
 
73
50
 
 
4.1
 
 
82
60
 
 
4.1
 
 
85
64
 
 
3.6
 
 
83
62
 
 
3
 
 
77
54
 
 
2.7
 
 
65
42
 
 
3
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.5
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pontiac have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10.0 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29.4 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31.1 °C) was recorded in January 1927 and a record high of 108 °F (42.2 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.44 inches (36.6 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104.4 mm) in June.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 759
1850 1,552 104.5%
1860 11,637 649.8%
1870 31,471 170.4%
1880 38,450 22.2%
1890 38,455 0.0%
1900 42,035 9.3%
1910 40,465 −3.7%
1920 39,070 −3.4%
1930 39,092 0.1%
1940 38,838 −0.6%
1950 37,809 −2.6%
1960 40,341 6.7%
1970 40,690 0.9%
1980 41,381 1.7%
1990 39,301 −5.0%
2000 39,678 1.0%
2010 38,950 −1.8%
Est. 2016 36,526 [6] −6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 38,950 people, 14,613 households, and 9,741 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 37.3 inhabitants per square mile (14.4/km2). There were 15,895 housing units at an average density of 15.2 per square mile (5.9/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 91.8% white, 4.9% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.9% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 36.6% were German, 17.2% were Irish, 11.2% were American, 10.7% were English, and 5.1% were Italian.[12]

Of the 14,613 households, 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 40.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,500 and the median income for a family was $60,933. Males had a median income of $44,639 versus $32,234 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,259. About 9.1% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Livingston County is divided into thirty townships:

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Illinois Department of Corrections operates two prisons in the county.

Pontiac Correctional Center is located in Pontiac.[14] Pontiac houses the male death row. Prior to the January 11, 2003 commutation of death row sentences, male death row inmates were housed in Pontiac, Menard, and Tamms correctional centers.[15] Dwight Correctional Center is within Nevada Township in an unincorporated area in the county.[16][17] Dwight Correctional Center houses the State of Illinois female death row.[15]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 66.5% 10,208 26.2% 4,023 7.2% 1,111
2012 64.7% 9,753 33.3% 5,020 2.0% 304
2008 58.7% 9,191 39.5% 6,189 1.8% 289
2004 64.3% 10,316 35.1% 5,632 0.6% 91
2000 59.6% 9,187 37.8% 5,829 2.6% 405
1996 51.8% 7,653 38.2% 5,641 10.1% 1,494
1992 46.8% 8,004 35.1% 6,007 18.1% 3,087
1988 67.0% 10,324 32.5% 5,009 0.5% 72
1984 72.7% 12,291 27.0% 4,567 0.4% 61
1980 68.6% 11,544 24.4% 4,111 7.0% 1,168
1976 64.6% 10,097 33.1% 5,174 2.4% 369
1972 72.1% 13,217 27.9% 5,110 0.1% 12
1968 65.9% 11,963 28.8% 5,234 5.3% 963
1964 54.7% 10,239 45.3% 8,476
1960 66.4% 13,139 33.6% 6,642 0.0% 2
1956 72.8% 13,939 27.2% 5,197 0.0% 7
1952 71.5% 14,095 28.5% 5,612 0.1% 20
1948 66.3% 11,184 33.3% 5,618 0.4% 74
1944 66.4% 12,436 33.3% 6,231 0.3% 52
1940 64.1% 13,909 35.6% 7,722 0.3% 55
1936 53.1% 10,801 45.2% 9,190 1.7% 343
1932 45.2% 8,403 53.9% 10,024 0.9% 162
1928 65.7% 11,161 33.8% 5,737 0.6% 94
1924 64.5% 9,695 19.4% 2,911 16.1% 2,419
1920 74.8% 10,382 22.4% 3,101 2.8% 391
1916 58.6% 9,801 38.7% 6,462 2.7% 451
1912 26.4% 2,444 36.0% 3,334 37.6% 3,480[a]
1908 55.8% 5,358 39.4% 3,778 4.8% 460
1904 63.6% 6,018 29.4% 2,785 7.0% 662
1900 56.9% 5,805 39.4% 4,024 3.7% 378
1896 56.0% 5,436 41.9% 4,068 2.1% 208
1892 46.6% 3,980 46.3% 3,960 7.1% 605

Although it was solidly Democratic before 1856, Livingston has since always been a powerfully Republican county. The solitary Democrat to win a majority of the county’s vote since the Civil War has been Franklin D. Roosevelt in his 1932 landslide triumph over Herbert Hoover. Apart from that and the 1912 election when Woodrow Wilson won against a mortally divided Republican Party, Livingston has always voted Republican since that party was founded in 1856. Since 1940, only Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide victory over the Southern-leaning conservative Barry Goldwater has won more than forty percent of the county’s vote.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There were only 3,230 votes for the leading “other” candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, plus 152 for the Prohibition Party's Eugene Chafin, 71 for Socialist Eugene V. Debs, and 27 for Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 188. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Pontiac, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  14. ^ "Pontiac Correctional Center." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  15. ^ a b "DOC Report Online Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine.." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  16. ^ "Dwight village, Illinois." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  17. ^ "Dwight Correctional Center." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2001.
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  19. ^ Rhoads, Mark (October 7, 2006). "Illinois Hall of Fame: Gary Sinese". Illinois Review. Dennis LaComb. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  20. ^ 'William C. Harris-obituary,' Chicago Tribune, January 2, 2005
  21. ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1975-1976,' Biographical Sketch of William C. Harris, pg. 146
  22. ^ "Townsend, Dr. Francis". Virginia Commonwealth University. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 
  23. ^ Kromphardt, Barb (April 26, 2011). "The Wonderful World of Young". Shaw Media (United States): Bureau County Republican. Princeton, Illinois. Retrieved May 28, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 40°53′N 88°34′W / 40.89°N 88.56°W / 40.89; -88.56