Fayette County, Illinois

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Fayette County
Fayette County Courthouse in Vandalia
Map of Illinois highlighting Fayette County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°00′N 89°01′W / 39°N 89.02°W / 39; -89.02
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1821
Named forMarquis de Lafayette
SeatVandalia
Largest cityVandalia
Area
 • Total725 sq mi (1,880 km2)
 • Land716 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Water8.9 sq mi (23 km2)  1.2%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total22,140
 • Estimate 
(2018)
21,416
 • Density31/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district15th
Websitewww.fayettecountyillinois.org

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,140.[1] Its county seat is Vandalia.[2] Ramsey Lake State Recreation Area is located in the northwest part of this county.

History[edit]

Fayette County was formed in 1821 out of Bond, Clark, and Crawford counties. It was named in honor of the Marquis de LaFayette, French hero of the American Revolutionary War.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 716 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather[edit]

Vandalia, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.5
 
 
35
18
 
 
2.4
 
 
41
23
 
 
3.7
 
 
52
32
 
 
3.6
 
 
64
43
 
 
4.1
 
 
74
53
 
 
3.9
 
 
83
62
 
 
3.6
 
 
88
67
 
 
2.8
 
 
86
64
 
 
3
 
 
79
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
67
43
 
 
3.7
 
 
53
34
 
 
2.8
 
 
40
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Vandalia have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.41 inches (61 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,704
18406,328134.0%
18508,07527.6%
186011,18938.6%
187019,63875.5%
188023,24118.3%
189023,3670.5%
190028,06520.1%
191028,0750.0%
192026,187−6.7%
193023,487−10.3%
194029,15924.1%
195024,582−15.7%
196021,946−10.7%
197020,752−5.4%
198022,1676.8%
199020,893−5.7%
200021,8024.4%
201022,1401.6%
2018 (est.)21,416[7]−3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]
2000 census age pyramid for Fayette County, skewed toward the male side by the Vandalia Correctional Center, an Illinois State prison, located in the county.[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,140 people, 8,311 households, and 5,648 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 30.9 inhabitants per square mile (11.9/km2). There were 9,302 housing units at an average density of 13.0 per square mile (5.0/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% white, 4.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 27.5% were German, 10.5% were English, 9.4% were American, and 9.3% were Irish.[13]

Of the 8,311 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.9 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,269 and the median income for a family was $51,216. Males had a median income of $38,257 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,663. About 10.8% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

Politics[edit]

Until the beginning of the twentieth century, Fayette County was rock-ribbed Democratic. It was not won by a Republican until Theodore Roosevelt’s landslide win of 1904. The county voted after that for the winning candidate in every election until 1940, when opposition to Franklin D. Roosevelt’s economic and war policies gave the county to Wendell Willkie. Since then only two Democratic presidential candidates have gained an absolute majority in the county – the more recent of these two, Jimmy Carter in 1976, doing so by a single vote.

United States presidential election results for Fayette County, Illinois[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,055 79.94% 1,826 18.12% 195 1.94%
2016 7,372 76.86% 1,819 18.97% 400 4.17%
2012 5,951 66.03% 2,853 31.66% 208 2.31%
2008 5,499 56.64% 3,967 40.86% 242 2.49%
2004 5,880 61.58% 3,571 37.40% 98 1.03%
2000 5,200 55.69% 3,886 41.61% 252 2.70%
1996 3,881 44.14% 3,887 44.21% 1,024 11.65%
1992 3,508 34.67% 4,833 47.77% 1,777 17.56%
1988 5,452 53.88% 4,632 45.78% 34 0.34%
1984 6,607 63.09% 3,844 36.70% 22 0.21%
1980 6,523 62.67% 3,614 34.72% 271 2.60%
1976 5,059 49.33% 5,128 50.00% 68 0.66%
1972 6,574 61.05% 4,192 38.93% 2 0.02%
1968 5,449 52.38% 4,011 38.56% 943 9.06%
1964 4,492 41.64% 6,295 58.36% 0 0.00%
1960 6,586 57.25% 4,907 42.65% 11 0.10%
1956 6,739 57.81% 4,914 42.15% 5 0.04%
1952 7,028 56.96% 5,299 42.95% 12 0.10%
1948 5,717 49.25% 5,771 49.72% 120 1.03%
1944 6,332 53.27% 5,435 45.72% 120 1.01%
1940 7,486 50.19% 7,286 48.85% 143 0.96%
1936 6,419 48.01% 6,824 51.04% 128 0.96%
1932 5,122 41.44% 7,053 57.06% 185 1.50%
1928 6,545 61.65% 3,998 37.66% 73 0.69%
1924 5,010 48.43% 4,668 45.13% 666 6.44%
1920 5,758 58.48% 3,824 38.84% 264 2.68%
1916 5,316 46.55% 5,669 49.65% 434 3.80%
1912 1,481 24.51% 2,782 46.04% 1,779 29.44%
1908 3,261 48.67% 3,193 47.66% 246 3.67%
1904 3,253 51.62% 2,650 42.05% 399 6.33%
1900 2,920 44.79% 3,423 52.51% 176 2.70%
1896 2,769 42.46% 3,627 55.61% 126 1.93%
1892 1,980 36.66% 2,433 45.05% 988 18.29%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 124.
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Vandalia, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 30, 2018.

Coordinates: 39°00′N 89°01′W / 39.00°N 89.02°W / 39.00; -89.02