Fayette County, Illinois

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Fayette County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Vandalia
Largest city Vandalia
Area
 • Total 725 sq mi (1,878 km2)
 • Land 716 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Water 8.9 sq mi (23 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 22,140
 • Density 31/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,140.[1] Its county seat is Vandalia.[2] Ramsey Lake State Recreation Area is located in the northwest part of this county.

History[edit]

Fayette County was formed in 1821 out of Bond, Clark, and Crawford counties. It was named in honor of the Marquis de LaFayette, French hero of the American Revolutionary War.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 716 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather[edit]

Vandalia, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.5
 
 
35
18
 
 
2.4
 
 
41
23
 
 
3.7
 
 
52
32
 
 
3.6
 
 
64
43
 
 
4.1
 
 
74
53
 
 
3.9
 
 
83
62
 
 
3.6
 
 
88
67
 
 
2.8
 
 
86
64
 
 
3
 
 
79
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
67
43
 
 
3.7
 
 
53
34
 
 
2.8
 
 
40
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Vandalia have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.41 inches (61 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Fayette County, skewed toward the male side by the Vandalia Correctional Center, an Illinois State prison, located in the county.[1]
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,704
1840 6,328 134.0%
1850 8,075 27.6%
1860 11,189 38.6%
1870 19,638 75.5%
1880 23,241 18.3%
1890 23,367 0.5%
1900 28,065 20.1%
1910 28,075 0.0%
1920 26,187 −6.7%
1930 23,487 −10.3%
1940 29,159 24.1%
1950 24,582 −15.7%
1960 21,946 −10.7%
1970 20,752 −5.4%
1980 22,167 6.8%
1990 20,893 −5.7%
2000 21,802 4.4%
2010 22,140 1.6%
Est. 2013 22,060 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,140 people, 8,311 households, and 5,648 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 30.9 inhabitants per square mile (11.9/km2). There were 9,302 housing units at an average density of 13.0 per square mile (5.0/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% white, 4.4% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 27.5% were German, 10.5% were English, 9.4% were American, and 9.3% were Irish.[12]

Of the 8,311 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families, and 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.9 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,269 and the median income for a family was $51,216. Males had a median income of $38,257 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,663. About 10.8% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Vandalia, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 

Coordinates: 39°00′N 89°01′W / 39.00°N 89.02°W / 39.00; -89.02