Montgomery County, Illinois
|Montgomery County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Richard Montgomery|
|• Total||710 sq mi (1,839 km2)|
|• Land||704 sq mi (1,823 km2)|
|• Water||6.0 sq mi (16 km2), 0.8%|
|• Density||43/sq mi (17/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Montgomery County was formed in 1821 out of Bond and Madison counties. It was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada. Perrin's 1882 History of Montgomery County relates that the County was named in honor of Gen. Montgomery, but goes on to say that "others are dubious as to whence it received its name."
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Hillsboro have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 91 °F (33 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.00 inches (51 mm) in February to 4.31 inches (109 mm) in May.
- Sangamon County - north
- Christian County - northeast
- Shelby County - east
- Fayette County - southeast
- Bond County - south
- Madison County - southwest
- Macoupin County - west
- Interstate 55
- Illinois Route 16
- Illinois Route 48
- Illinois Route 108
- Illinois Route 127
- Illinois Route 185
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 30,652 people, 11,507 households, and 7,928 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 12,525 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.88% White, 3.73% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.7% were of German, 19.3% American, 12.6% English and 9.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 11,507 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,123, and the median income for a family was $39,923. Males had a median income of $30,657 versus $20,563 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,272. About 10.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.
- Audubon Township
- Bois D'Arc Township
- Butler Grove Township
- East Fork Township
- Fillmore Township
- Grisham Township
- Harvel Township
- Hillsboro Township
- Irving Township
- Nokomis Township
- North Litchfield Township
- Pitman Township
- Raymond Township
- Rountree Township
- South Fillmore Township
- South Litchfield Township
- Walshville Township
- Witt Township
- Zanesville Township
- Otto Funk (1868–1934) Violinist who achieved fame (and a Guinness Book of Records entry) by walking from New York to San Francisco in the depression-era, "playing the fiddle every step of the way." When he died in 1934 at the age of 65, he was accorded the biggest funeral in the history of Montgomery County.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Hillsboro Illinois". City of Hillsboro. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Hillsboro, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- History of Montgomery County, Illinois, Perrin, 1882
||Sangamon County||Christian County|
|Macoupin County||Shelby County|
|Madison County||Bond County||Fayette County|