Presse quotidienne nationale française
Presse quotidienne nationale française is a group of eighteen paid-for French daily newspapers, of which six have circulations in excess of 100,000, and four free newspapers, which have a much larger circulation: not only is the paid-for press more expensive, but there are fewer outlets from which to buy newspapers. In recent years many newsstands and newsagents in Paris that sold newspapers have closed, and customers would need to travel far to get some titles.
|Name||Founded||Founder||Replaced/merged||Group||Major shareholders||Circulation (2013)||Remarks|
|Le Parisien / Aujourd'hui en France||22 August 1944||Émilien Amaury||Le Parisien Libéré||Groupe Amaury||411,003||Quality general and popular paper. Centre-left politics. Circulation figures for Le Parisien and 'Aujourd'hui en France are combined here.|
|Le Figaro||Weekly: 15 January 1826
|Étienne Arago and Maurice Alhoy||L'Aurore||Socpresse||Groupe Industriel Marcel Dassault (Serge Dassault)||317,225||General newspaper, right-wing politics.|
|Le Monde||18 December 1944||Hubert Beuve-Méry||Le Temps||Groupe Le Monde||Pierre Bergé, Matthieu Pigasse, Xavier Niel||275,310||Known as the "journal of reference". Politically independent, it often leans to centre-left views. Le Monde is the only evening newspaper in this list.|
|L'Équipe (general edition)||28 February 1946||Jacques Goddet||L'Auto||Groupe Amaury||243,580||Sports newspaper|
|Les Échos||Monthly: 1908
|Émile Servan-Schreiber||Les Échos de l’Exportation||DI Group||LVMH (Bernard Arnault)||123,636||Primarily financial. Takes a liberal-conservative editorial stance, leaning to the right.|
|Libération||22 May 1973||Jean-Paul Sartre and Serge July||SARL Libération||Patrick Drahi and Bruno Ledoux||101,616||Left-wing newspaper, aligned with the Parti socialiste.|
|La Croix||1883||Assumptionist||Bayard Presse||94,673||Roman-Catholic newspaper and centre-right conservative.|
|Le Petit Quotidien||1998||Play Bac Presse||Play Bac Presse||53,807||For 6- to 10-year-olds.|
|Mon quotidien||1995||Play Bac Presse||Play Bac Presse||47,358||For 10- to 14-year-olds.|
|Paris Turf||1946||Turf Éditions||41,393||Horse racing.|
|L'Humanité||18 April 1904||Jean Jaurès||Société nouvelle du journal l'Humanité||40,562||Organ of the French Communist Party from 1920 to 1994; it remains close but has flirted with other left-wing bodies.|
|Paris Courses||1994||Jean Claude Seroul||Turf Éditions||20,653||Horse racing.|
|International New York Times||1887||James Gordon Bennett, Jr.||New York Herald Tribune||New York Times Company||17,167||English language newspaper.|
|Tiercé Magazine||1978||Jean Claude Seroul||Turf Éditions||13,952||Horse racing.|
|Week End||1962||Leo Zitrone||Turf Éditions||13,859|
|La Gazette des Courses||13,847||Horse racing.|
|Bilto||1985||Les Editions de la Bulle||Turf Éditions||10,405|
- 20 minutes: Schibsted, a Norwegian group, launched this in France at the start of 2002. It has a circulation of 870,000 in France (over 8 editions) of which 510,000 is in Paris. With 2,160 million readers, 20 Minutes is the largest general-readership newspaper in France.
- Metronews: Circulation of over 800,000.
- Direct Matin: Published by a partnership of Bolloré and Le Monde. It produces its own content, and also republishes articles from Le Monde and Courrier international.
- Direct Soir: Published by Bolloré between 2006 and 2010. The group also publish the morning free newspaperMatinPlus in partnership with the press group La Vie-Le Monde.
- Les Échos Bought by LVMH in the fourth quarter of 2007.
- Le Monde Management struggles in 2007 and 2008. Groupe Le Monde was replaced in 2010 by financiers Xavier Niel, Pierre Bergé and Matthieu Pigasse.
- Le Figaro: Socpresse, publishers of Le Figaro, sold this in 2004 to Serge Dassault.
- Libération: Édouard de Rothschild pushed money into the title in 2005 when it found itself in financial difficulty. In 2006, Serge July (one of the founders of Libération with Jean-Paul Sartre), managing edior, was forced to resign. He was replaced by Laurent Joffrin, late of Libération and previous director of production at Le Nouvel Observateur, a magazine that was relaunched in March 2011. He was himself replaced by Nicolas Demorand. Businessman Bruno Ledoux became the second-largest shareholder in 2011. A rescue plan was launched in 2014 by Ledoux and Patrick Drahi, parting company with Rothschild; Joffrin resumed the leadership.
- France-Soir : Bought by Egyptian businessman Raymond Lakah. After another financial crisis, on 12 April 2006, it was relaunched by journalist Olivier Rey and businessman Jean-Pierre Brunois. It was re-relaunched in 2009 by Alexander Pougatchev, who closed it down in 2012.
- La Tribune was relaunched by Alain Weill in 2007, who sold 80% to the managing director Valérie Decamp. In 2012 the newspaper later sacked him and changed from a daily to weekly format.
- In May 2013, the weekday liberal-leaning L'Opinion was launched by Nicolas Beytout.
The storm of new free titles, together with the expansion of Internet use and the closure of so many points of sale, a turndown in advertising revenue after the World financial crisis of 2007, the L'irruption des gratuits, l'expansion d'Internet, la fermeture de nombreux points de vente, la baisse des revenus publicitaires à la suite de la crise économique de la fin des années 2000, the high cost of printing and other phenomena significantly affected the print media, especially dailies, which underwent a severe crisis.
- French newspapers
- Online newspaper
- Presse quotidienne régionale française, the equivalent organisation for the regional press
- "CLASSEMENT PRESSE QUOTIDIENNE NATIONALE 2013–2014". OJD France (in French). Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Reitzaum, Hélène; Derreumaux, Olivia (21 December 2011). "NextRadio TV doit croître face aux chaînes historiques" [NextRadio TV breaks its historical chains]. Le Figaro (in French). Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- "Alain Weill cède 80% de "La Tribune"". 20 Minutes (in French). 20 May 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Santi, Pascale (31 August 2008). "Presse quotidienne nationale : les raisons d'une crise très française". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Bajos, Sandrine; Cassini, Sandrine (30 January 2012). "La fin d'un quotidien national, symptôme d'une presse malade". La Tribune (in French). Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Anizon, Emmanuelle; Sénéjoux, Richard; Tesquet, Olivier (12 January 2013). "Qu'arrive-t-il à la presse écrite? L'abécédaire de la crise". Télérama (in French). Retrieved 22 February 2014.