Samoa national rugby union team

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Samoa
Logo Samoa Rugby.svg
Union Samoa Rugby Union
Nickname(s) Manu Samoa
Emblem(s) the Southern Cross
Coach(es) Alama Ieremia
Captain(s) Ofisa Treviranus
Most caps Brian Lima (64)
Top scorer Earl Va'a (172)
Most tries Brian Lima (29)[1]
Team kit
Change kit
First international
 Western Samoa 0 – 6 Fiji 
(18 August 1924)
Largest win
 Samoa 115 – 7 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
(11 July 2009)
Largest defeat
 New Zealand 101 – 14 Samoa 
(3 September 2008)
World Cup
Appearances 6 (First in 1991)
Best result Quarter Finals, 1991, 1995

The Samoa national rugby union team (also known as Manu Samoa) is the men's representative side of Samoa in rugby union. The Samoa Rugby Union is owned by the affiliated rugby unions of Samoa. The name Manu Samoa is in honour of a famous Samoan warrior. They perform a traditional Samoan challenge called the siva tau before each game. Samoa Rugby Union were formerly members of the Pacific Islands Rugby Alliance (PIRA) along with Fiji and Tonga.[2] They are ranked 12th in the world.[3]

Rugby was introduced to Samoa in the early 1920s and a governing body was soon formed. The first international was played as Western Samoa against Fiji in August 1924. Along with Tonga, these nations would meet regularly and eventually contest competitions such as the Pacific Tri-Nations – with Western Samoa winning the first of these. From 1924 to 1997 Samoa was known and competed as Western Samoa.

Samoa have been to every Rugby World Cup since the 1991 tournament. That tournament, along with the 1995 competition saw them make the quarter-finals. Under their new coach, the All Blacks legend Michael Jones (himself of Samoan descent and a Samoan international), Samoa competed in the 2007 Rugby World Cup. However, Samoa had a dismal World Cup campaign, winning only one match and finishing fourth in their group. Jones resigned immediately after the World Cup. Samoa showed an improved performance at the 2011 Rugby World Cup, winning two matches by comfortable margins, and losing close matches to South Africa and Wales.

Manu Samoa play in blue and white uniforms. They do not train on Sundays because many of the team are devout Christians.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Marist Brothers brought the game of rugby to Western Samoa in 1924 and The Western Samoa Rugby Football Union was formed in 1924. On 18 August 1924, Western Samoa played its first international against Fiji in the capital Apia, the visitors winning 6–0. The match was played at 7am to allow the Samoans time to get to work afterwards and was played on a pitch with a large tree on the halfway line. The return match was won 9–3 by Samoa to draw the series.

In 1954 Western Samoan visited both Pacific Island neighbors Fiji and Tonga but had to wait a further 20 years before a tour of New Zealand took place. The Samoans won one of eight matches on that tour.

The traditional tri-series between Tonga, Fiji and Western Samoa was established in 1982 with Western Samoa winning the first tournament. Wales visited Western Samoa and won the test 32–16 at Apia. The tour led to a return visit to Wales which brought Western Samoa out of International limbo, although Western Samoa were not invited to the first Rugby World Cup in 1987.

The following year a 14-match tour of Europe took place before a World Cup elimination series in Tokyo, which gave Western Samoa a place in the 1991 Rugby World Cup in Britain. They made a huge impact. After sweeping aside Wales 16–13 in Cardiff and defeating Argentina 35–12, and narrowly losing 3–9 to eventual champions Australia in their pool match, Western Samoa, a country with a population of 160,000, found itself in the quarterfinals against Scotland at Murrayfield. The Scots won comfortably 28–6, but the Samoans were clearly the personality team of the tournament.

Over the next two years the side had a number of notable wins. The most outstanding achievement were in Sevens where it won the 1993 Hong Kong and 1992 Middlesex Sevens. The 1995 Rugby World Cup in South Africa proved that the team belonged in top company. They again reached the quarterfinals after wins over Argentina and Italy, but were beaten 42–14 by the eventual winners South Africa. After the Cup, Manu Samoa made a 13-match tour of England and Scotland, drawing 15–15 with the Scots and going down 27–9 to England.

With the advent of professional rugby in 1995 it was vital for Manu Samoa to develop a new administrative structure. This was made possible with Fay Richwhite and the Western Samoan Rugby Union joining forces to form Manu Samoa Rugby Limited. Fay Richwhite invested $5 million from 1995 to 2004 into Samoan rugby.[4][5]

Samoa emerged from the 1999 World Cup with its honor intact after another shock 38–31 victory over host nation Wales in the pool stages. They again lost out to Scotland in the quarter final play-off.

Manu Samoa qualified for the 2003 World Cup with a 17–16 loss against Fiji, Earl Va'a missing an injury-time penalty. They recovered to beat Tonga both home and away and avenged that Fijian defeat with a 22–12 win in Nadi. They ultimately had to settle for second place in the round robin, behind Fiji on points difference, and a place in the tougher of the two Rugby World Cup 2003 pools alongside automatic qualifiers England and South Africa. In one of the games of the tournament, they led eventual champions England for most of the game before losing 35–22.

Samoa qualified for the 2011 World Cup after beating Papua New Guinea 73–12 in Port Moresby on 18 July 2009. They won 188–19 on aggregate over two matches against Papua New Guinea, having won 115–7 at Apia Park the previous week.[6]

Samoa began their 2011 World Cup campaign preparation with a flying start, after registering an upset against No.2 ranked Australia with a four-try-to-two win of 32–23.[7]

The New Zealand connection[edit]

Western Samoa's triumph in the 1991 Rugby World Cup was inspired by their assistant coach Bryan Williams who was a New Zealand-born (of Samoan descent) All Black great of the 1970s. The 1991 Samoan World Cup team included many New Zealand born or raised players, the catalyst was Auckland prop Peter Fatialofa, who in 1989, became the first major New Zealand-based player to decide to play for Samoa. By the time of the 1991 World Cup several other New Zealand-born Samoans like Pat Lam, Stephen Bachop, Frank Bunce and Apollo Perelini had joined him. It was around this time that players of Samoan descent, the children of the mass-migration of the 1960s and 70s, were beginning to make large waves in New Zealand rugby. Some like Michael Jones were born in New Zealand while others like Inga Tuigamala had immigrated at a young age. The number of Samoan-born players to represent New Zealand increased in the 1990s. However, many of these players have been educated in New Zealand from an early age, developing their rugby skills within the very challenging New Zealand secondary schools competition. Mils Muliaina, Jerry Collins, Isaia Toeava and Casey Laulala are just four of the many Samoan-born players who have chosen to represent New Zealand, after having been educated there.

In recent times[when?] New Zealanders of Samoan descent have been key members of the All Blacks squad, including former New Zealand captain Tana Umaga. In some Test matches on their 2005 Grand Slam tour of the Home Nations New Zealand fielded a side packed with players of Samoan descent. New Zealand born players with Samoan parentage have also played for Samoa, such as Earl Va'a, Pat Lam and Lome Fa'atau.

The rugby relationship that exists between New Zealand and Samoa is undoubtedly a complex one. Close ties exist between the two countries, these bonds first being formed with the start of mass Polynesian migration to New Zealand in the latter half of the twentieth century. Many players eligible for Samoa have chosen to play for New Zealand, recognising the obvious potential for financial and sporting rewards. Also, unfortunately, because of current international eligibility laws, many Samoans who commit themselves to playing for the All Blacks find that they are unable to play for the smaller nation when their dreams of pulling on the black shirt are unrealised.[citation needed]

In the 2007 World Cup there were 14 New Zealand-born players in the Samoan squad, and five Samoan-born players in the New Zealand squad.[8] The only team with more foreign born players in their squad was Italy who had 15.[8]

World Cup record[edit]

Samoa performing their Siva Tau before playing South Africa at the 2007 Rugby World Cup
Year(s) Result
1987 Did not participate
1991 Quarterfinals
1995 Quarterfinals
1999 Quarterfinal play-offs
2003 Pool stage
2007 Pool stage
2011 Pool stage
2015 Pool stage

In one of the scenes of the feature film, Invictus, Western Samoa can be seen playing South Africa in the 1995 Rugby World Cup.

Wins against Tier 1 nations[edit]

Samoa secured their first World Cup appearance, to RWC 1991, after defeating France in 1989 during their tour of Europe.

Overall record[edit]

Top 30 rankings as on 8 February 2016[9]
Rank Change* Team Points
1 Steady  New Zealand 96.10
2 Steady  Australia 89.33
3 Steady  South Africa 87.66
4 Steady  Wales 83.56
5 Steady  Argentina 82.59
6 Steady  Ireland 81.10
7 Increase1  England 80.89
8 Decrease1  France 79.77
9 Increase1  Japan 77.05
10 Increase1  Fiji 76.96
11 Decrease2  Scotland 76.82
12 Steady  Italy 72.74
13 Steady  Tonga 71.60
14 Steady  Georgia 71.45
15 Steady  Samoa 70.36
16 Steady  United States 68.66
17 Steady  Romania 66.59
18 Steady  Russia 64.08
19 Steady  Canada 63.62
20 Increase2  Namibia 61.75
21 Steady  Spain 61.42
22 Decrease2  Uruguay 61.14
23 Steady  Hong Kong 57.17
24 Steady  Chile 56.92
25 Steady  South Korea 56.70
26 Steady  Germany 56.69
27 Steady  Portugal 56.34
28 Steady  Kenya 55.89
29 Steady  Belgium 55.69
30 Steady  Ukraine 55.51
*Change from the previous week
Samoa's Historical Rankings
Samoa IRB World Rankings.png
Source: World Rugby - Graph updated to 1 November 2015[9]

Below is table of the representative rugby matches played by a Samoa national XV at test level up until 10 October 2015.[10]

Opponent Played Won Lost Drawn Win % For Aga Diff
 Argentina 4 3 1 0 75% 111 82 +29
 Australia 5 1 4 0 20.00% 58 204 −146
 Belgium 1 1 0 0 100.00% 37 8 +29
 Canada 5 5 0 0 100.00% 144 80 +64
 England 7 0 7 0 0.00% 100 244 -144
 Fiji 49 20 26 3 40.82% 864 951 -87
 Fiji XV 3 0 3 0 0.00% 20 58 -38
 France 3 0 3 0 0.00% 41 104 -63
 Georgia 2 1 1 0 50.00% 61 25 +36
 Ireland 6 1 5 0 16.67% 103 209 -106
 Italy 7 5 2 0 71.42% 175 109 +66
 Japan 15 11 4 0 73.33% 482 273 +209
 South Korea 1 1 0 0 100.00% 74 7 +67
 Namibia 2 2 0 0 100.00% 89 25 +64
 New Zealand 6 0 6 0 0.00% 72 333 -261
 Papua New Guinea 2 2 0 0 100.00% 188 19 +169
 Romania 1 0 1 0 0.00% 24 32 -8
 Scotland 10 1 8 1 10.00% 155 254 -99
 South Africa 9 0 9 0 0.00% 99 431 -332
 Tonga 60 32 24 4 53.33% 1040 872 +168
 United States 5 5 0 0 100.00% 117 85 +32
 Uruguay 1 1 0 0 100.00% 60 13 +47
 Wales 9 4 5 0 44.44% 163 216 -49
 West Germany 1 1 0 0 100.00% 54 9 +45
Total 214 97 109 8 45.33% 4331 4643 -312

Current squad[edit]

Samoa 31-man squad for the 2015 Rugby World Cup.[11] On 24 August, Faifili Levave was called up to replace Fa'atiga Lemalu who withdrew due to injury.[12] On 11 September, Census Johnston was called up to replace Logovi'i Mulipola.[13]

Note: Flags indicate national union for the club/province as defined by World Rugby.

Player Position Date of Birth (Age) Caps Club/province
Ole Avei Hooker (1983-06-13) 13 June 1983 (age 32) 24 France Bordeaux Bègles
Manu Leiataua Hooker (1986-12-26) 26 December 1986 (age 29) 9 France Aurillac
Motu Matu'u Hooker (1987-04-30) 30 April 1987 (age 28) 7 New Zealand Hurricanes
Viliamu Afatia Prop (1990-05-24) 24 May 1990 (age 25) 15 France Agen
Jake Grey Prop (1984-02-17) 17 February 1984 (age 31) 4 Samoa SCOPA
Census Johnston Prop (1981-05-06) 6 May 1981 (age 34) 52 France Toulouse
Anthony Perenise Prop (1982-10-18) 18 October 1982 (age 33) 28 England Bristol
Zak Taulafo Prop (1983-01-29) 29 January 1983 (age 33) 40 France Stade Français
Filo Paulo Lock (1987-11-06) 6 November 1987 (age 28) 22 Italy Treviso
Joe Tekori Lock (1983-12-17) 17 December 1983 (age 32) 34 France Toulouse
Kane Thompson Lock (1982-01-09) 9 January 1982 (age 34) 33 England Newcastle
Maurie Fa'asavalu Flanker (1980-01-12) 12 January 1980 (age 36) 27 France Oyonnax
Alafoti Faosiliva Flanker (1985-10-28) 28 October 1985 (age 30) 15 England Bath
Jack Lam Flanker (1987-11-18) 18 November 1987 (age 28) 19 England Bristol
Faifili Levave Flanker (1986-01-15)15 January 1986 (aged 29) 10 Japan Toyota Verblitz
Ofisa Treviranus (c) Flanker (1984-03-31) 31 March 1984 (age 31) 35 England London Irish
TJ Ioane Number 8 (1989-05-09) 9 May 1989 (age 26) 8 England Sale
Vavae Tuilagi Number 8 (1988-06-15) 15 June 1988 (age 27) 7 France Carcassonne
Vavao Afemai Scrum-half (1992-02-18) 18 February 1992 (age 23) 8 Samoa Vaiala
Kahn Fotuali'i Scrum-half (1982-05-22) 22 May 1982 (age 33) 28 England Northampton
Patrick Fa'apale Fly-half (1991-03-05) 5 March 1991 (age 24) 7 Samoa Vaiala
Tusi Pisi Fly-half (1982-06-18) 18 June 1982 (age 33) 25 Japan Suntory Sungoliath
Michael Stanley Fly-half (1989-12-29) 29 December 1989 (age 26) 8 Unattached
Rey Lee-Lo Centre (1987-02-20) 20 February 1987 (age 28) 6 Wales Cardiff Blues
Johnny Leota Centre (1984-01-21) 21 January 1984 (age 32) 20 England Sale
Paul Perez Centre (1986-07-26) 26 July 1986 (age 29) 15 France Stade toulousain
George Pisi Centre (1986-06-29) 29 June 1986 (age 29) 19 England Northampton
Fa'atoina Autagavaia Wing (1988-09-18) 18 September 1988 (age 27) 18 France Nevers
Ken Pisi Wing (1989-02-24) 24 February 1989 (age 26) 10 England Northampton
Alesana Tuilagi Wing (1981-02-24) 24 February 1981 (age 34) 37 England Newcastle
Tim Nanai-Williams Fullback (1989-06-12) 12 June 1989 (age 26) 5 Japan Ricoh Black Rams

Individual all-time records[edit]

Most caps[edit]

# Player Pos Span Mat Start Sub Pts Tries Conv Pens Drop Won Lost Draw %
1. Brian Lima Wing 1991–2007 64 61 3 140 29 0 0 0 31 31 2 50.00
2. To'o Vaega Centre 1986–2001 61 56 5 71 12 4 3 0 35 25 1 58.19
3. Semo Sititi Flanker 1999–2009 59 50 9 85 17 0 0 0 33 26 0 55.93
4. Census Johnston Prop 2005– 52 40 12 20 4 0 0 0 23 28 1 45.49
5. Opeta Palepoi Lock 1998–2005 43 30 13 10 2 0 0 0 24 19 0 55.81
6. David Lemi Wing 2004–2014 42 34 8 55 11 0 0 0 19 22 1 46.42
7. Mahonri Schwalger Hooker 2000–11 40 33 7 20 4 0 0 0 18 22 0 45.00
Zak Taulafo Prop 2009- 40 35 5 5 1 0 0 0 18 20 2 47.50
9. Daniel Leo Wing 2005– 39 33 6 0 0 0 0 0 22 16 1 57.69
10. Steve So'oialo Scrum-half 1998–2007 38 31 7 25 5 0 0 0 18 20 0 47.36

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[14]

Most tries[edit]

# Player Pos Span Mat Start Sub Pts Tries Conv Pens Drop
1. Brian Lima Wing 1991–2007 64 61 3 140 29 0 0 0
2. Alesana Tuilagi Wing 2002–2025 37 35 2 90 18 0 0 0
3. Semo Sititi Flanker 1999–2009 59 50 9 85 17 0 0 0
4. Afato So'oalo Wing 1996–2001 20 18 2 75 15 0 0 0
5. Lome Fa'atau Wing 2000–2007 35 31 4 70 14 0 0 0
6. To'o Vaega Centre 1986–2001 61 56 5 71 12 4 3 0
7. David Lemi Wing 2004–2014 42 34 8 55 11 0 0 0
8. George Leaupepe Centre 1995–2005 26 23 3 50 10 0 0 0
9. Elvis Seveali'i Centre 2000–2007 20 16 4 45 9 0 0 0
10. 3 players on 7 tries

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[15]

Most points[edit]

# Player Pos Span Mat Start Sub Pts Tries Conv Pens Drop
1. Earl Va'a Fly-half 1996–2003 28 24 4 174 3 36 31 0
2. Tusi Pisi Fly-half 2011– 25 23 2 172 2 13 44 2
3. Silao Leaega Fullback 1997–2002 19 16 3 145 2 21 31 0
4. Brian Lima Wing 1991–2007 64 61 3 140 29 0 0 0
5. Darren Kellett Fly-half 1993–1995 13 13 0 137 2 14 31 2
6. Roger Warren Fly-half 2004–08 12 9 3 119 0 13 29 2
7. Gavin Williams Centre 2007–10 16 14 2 106 5 18 15 0
8. Tanner Vili Fly-half 1999–2006 31 26 5 99 4 20 13 0
9. Alesana Tuilagi Wing 2002– 37 35 2 90 18 0 0 0
10. Semo Sititi Flanker 1999–2009 59 50 9 85 17 0 0 0

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[16]

Most points in a match[edit]

# Player Pos Pts Tries Conv Pens Drop Opposition Venue Date
1. Gavin Williams Centre 30 2 10 0 0  Papua New Guinea Samoa Apia 11/07/2009
2. Roger Warren Fly-half 24 0 0 8 0  Tonga Samoa Apia 29/05/2004
3. Andrew Aiolupo Fullback 23 1 8 1 0  South Korea Japan Tokyo 08/04/1990
Silao Leaega Fullback 23 1 3 4 0  Japan Wales Wrexham 03/10/1999
Toa Samania Fullback 23 1 3 4 0  Italy Samoa Apia 08/07/2000
6. Darren Kellett Fly-half 22 0 2 5 1  Tonga Samoa Moamoa 04/06/1994
7. To'o Vaega Centre 21 1 4 3 0  Fiji Samoa Apia 01/06/1991
Earl Va'a Fly-half 21 1 5 2 0  Georgia Australia Perth 19/10/2003
Roger Warren Fly-half 21 0 3 4 1  Fiji Samoa Apia 09/07/2005
10. 5 players on 20 points

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[17]

Most tries in a match[edit]

# Player Pos Pts Tries Conv Pens Drop Opposition Venue Date
1. Elvis Seveali'i Wing 20 4 0 0 0  Japan Samoa Apia 10/06/2000
Alesana Tuilagi Wing 20 4 0 0 0  Tonga Samoa Apia 02/07/2005
Esera Lauina Wing 20 4 0 0 0  Papua New Guinea Samoa Apia 11/07/2009
Robert Lilomaiava Wing 20 4 0 0 0  Canada Wales Colwyn Bay 09/11/2012
5. Tupo Fa'amasino Wing 12 3 0 0 0  South Korea Japan Tokyo 08/04/1990
Brian Lima Centre 12 3 0 0 0  Fiji Samoa Apia 01/06/1991
Afato So'oalo Wing 15 3 0 0 0  Tonga Samoa Apia 28/06/1997
Dominic Feau'nati Wing 15 3 0 0 0  Namibia Namibia Windhoek 12/07/2003
Mikaela Pesamino Wing 15 3 0 0 0  Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 18/07/2009
Alesana Tuilagi Wing 15 3 0 0 0  Namibia New Zealand Rotorua 14/09/2011

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[15]

Most matches as captain[edit]

# Player Pos Span Mat Won Lost Draw % Pts Tries Conv Pens Drop
1. Semo Sititi Flanker 2000–2007 39 19 20 0 48.71 45 9 0 0 0
2. Pat Lam Number 8 1995–1999 23 8 13 2 39.13 10 2 0 0 0
3. Peter Fatialofa Prop 1990–1995 16 11 5 0 68.75 9 2 0 0 0
4. Mahonri Schwalger Hooker 2009–2011 13 5 8 0 38.46 0 0 0 0 0
5. David Lemi Wing 2012–2014 12 7 4 1 62.50 25 5 0 0 0
6. George Stowers Number 8 2008–2009 7 4 3 0 57.14 10 2 0 0 0
7. Filipo Levi Lock 2008–2011 3 1 2 0 33.33 0 0 0 0 0
Taufusi Salesa Centre 1984–1987 3 0 3 0 0.00 10 0 2 2 0
Paul Williams Centre 2013 3 2 1 0 66.66 19 1 4 2 0
10. 9 players on 2 matches

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[18]

Youngest players[edit]

# Player Pos Age Opposition Venue Date
1. Anitele'a Tuilagi Centre 19 years and 27 days  Tonga Samoa Apia 02/07/2005
2. Carl Manu (Centre) 19 years and 59 days  Fiji Samoa Apia 01/06/2002
3. Brian Lima Centre 19 years and 123 days  Tonga Tonga Nuku'alofa 28/05/1991
4. Va'a Tasi Wing 19 years and 136 days  Fiji Fiji Suva 04/07/1981
5. Esera Puleitu Fly-half 19 years and 149 days  South Africa South Africa Johannesburg 13/04/1995
6. Na'ama Leleimalefaga (Prop) 19 years and 180 days  Fiji Samoa Apia 19/05/2007
7. Roysiu Tolufale (Prop) 19 years and 271 days  New Zealand New Zealand New Plymouth 03/09/2008
8. Lio Falaniko Flanker 19 years and 273 days  Tonga Samoa Apia 17/06/1990
Timoteo Iosua Fullback 19 years and 273 days  Japan New Zealand New Plymouth 17/06/2006
10. Mussolini Schuster Wing 19 years and 342 days  Scotland Scotland Murrayfield 18/11/2000

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[19]

Oldest players[edit]

# Player Pos Age Opposition Venue Date
1. Peter Fatialofa Prop 37 years and 85 days  Fiji Fiji Suva 20/07/1996
2. To'o Vaega (Centre) 36 years and 86 days  Ireland Republic of Ireland Lansdowne Road 11/11/2001
3. Maurie Fa'asavalu Flanker 35 years and 271 days  Scotland England Newcastle 10/10/2015
4. Brian Lima Centre 35 years and 240 days  England France Nantes 22/09/2007
5. John Schuster Centre 35 years and 160 days  United States Samoa Apia 26/06/1999
6. Semo Sititi Number 8 35 years and 134 days  Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 18/07/2009
7. Afa Leu'u Prop 34 years and 315 days  Ireland Republic of Ireland Lansdowne Road 12/11/1996
8. Jeremy Tomuli Prop 34 years and 247 days  Japan New Zealand New Plymouth 17/06/2006
9. Anitele'a Tuilagi Centre 34 years and 221 days  Japan England Milton Keynes 03/10/2015
10. Tani Fuga (Hooker) 34 years and 64 days  Tonga France Montpellier 16/09/2007

Last updated: Scotland vs Samoa, 10 October 2015. Statistics include officially capped matches only.[20]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although he has 30 total tries for Samoa, one was not against a Test side. For a more complete discussion of this issue, with sources, see List of leading Rugby union Test try scorers
  2. ^ We quit: SRU Samoa Observer
  3. ^ "World Rugby Rankings". World Rugby. 
  4. ^ "Samoa’s Prime Minister praises banker, Sir Michael Fay, for supporting Manu Samoa". Radio New Zealand International. 18 April 2004. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Fay: Samoans need change". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "Samoa qualify for 2011 World Cup". BBC Sport. 18 July 2009. Retrieved 4 August 2009. 
  7. ^ Samoa shock Australia with 32–23 win in Sydney BBC Sport, 17 July 2011
  8. ^ a b "All those born abroad". Planet Rugby. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2007. [dead link]
  9. ^ a b "World Rankings". World Rugby. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  10. ^ Samoa rugby statistics
  11. ^ "Pisi brothers make the cut for Samoa". Rugby World Cup. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "Thompson suspended, Levave plays lock". Americas Rugby News. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "Samoa draft in Census Johnston to replace injured prop". Rugby World Cup. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  14. ^ http://stats.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/records/player/most_matches.html?id=15;type=team
  15. ^ a b http://stats.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/records/player/most_tries_match.html?id=15;type=team
  16. ^ http://stats.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/records/player/most_points.html?id=15;type=team
  17. ^ http://stats.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/records/player/most_points_match.html?id=15;type=team
  18. ^ http://stats.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/records/player/most_matches_captain.html?id=15;type=team
  19. ^ http://stats.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/records/player/youngest_appearance.html?id=15;type=team
  20. ^ http://stats.espnscrum.com/scrum/rugby/records/player/oldest_appearance.html?id=15;type=team

External links[edit]