Al-Sha'rani

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'Abd al-Wahhab al-Sha'rani
عبد الوهاب ابن أحمد الشعرانى
Born Saqiyat Abu Sha'ra[1]
Died AH 973 (1565/1566)[1]
Era Medieval philosophy
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Shafi'i
Creed Ashari[1]
Main interest(s) History

'Abd al-Wahhab al-Sha'rani (1492/3–1565, AH 898–973, full name Arabic: عبد الوهاب ابن أحمد الشعرانى‎‎ ʿAbd al-Wahhāb ibn Aḥmad ash-Shaʿrānī) was an Egyptian Shafi'i scholar and mystic, founder of an Egyptian order of Sufism, eponynously known as Šaʿrāwiyyah. The order gradually declined after Shaʿrani's death, although it remained active until the 19th century. Sharani's master was the prominent Shaykh Ali al-Khawas.[3]

Besides voluminous mystic writings, he also composed an epitome of a treatise by as-Suwaydī (1204–1292; AH 604–690).[4]

His seminal work Al-Mizan al-Kubra (The Supreme Scale) compares the rulings of all four Sunni schools of sharia as if they were a single school. He considered the differences, according to their difficulty, as either strictness ('azima) or dispensation (rukhsa).[citation needed]

Works[edit]

  • Al-Ajwibath al-Marziyya الأجوبة المرضية
  • Al-Kibreet al-Ahmer الكبريت الأحمر
  • Al-Mizan al-Kubra الميزان الكبرى
  • Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra الطبقات الكبرى (The supreme levels)
  • Lata 'if al-minan wa al-akhlaq لطائف المنن والأخلاق (Subtleties of gifts and character)
  • Lawaqih ai-an war al-qudsiyya لواقح الأنوار القدسية (The fecundating sacred illuminations)
  • Kitab al-yawaqit wa al-jawahir fi bayan 'aqa'id al-akabir كتاب اليواقيت والجواهر في بيان عقائد الأكابر (The book of rubies and jewels: an explanation of the tenets of faith of mystic luminaries).
  • Al-Javahir va al-Durar الجواهر والدرر (The jwels and pearls)
  • Durar al-Ghawas li sayyidi Ali al-Khawas درر الغواص لسيدي علي الخواص
  • Al-Kawkab al-shahiq fi al-farq byn al-Mureed al-sadiq va Ghayri sadiq الكوكب الشاهق في الفرق بين المريد الصادق وغير الصادق
  • Mawazin al-qaswirin min shuyukhin wa muridin موازين القاصرين من شيوخ ومريدين
  • Muẖtaṣar taḏkira-t as-Suwaydī fī l-ṭibb[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Spevack, Aaron (2014). The Archetypal Sunni Scholar: Law, Theology, and Mysticism in the Synthesis of Al-Bajuri. State University of New York Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-4384-5370-5. 
  2. ^ a b Spevack, Aaron (2014). The Archetypal Sunni Scholar: Law, Theology, and Mysticism in the Synthesis of Al-Bajuri. State University of New York Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-1-4384-5370-5. 
  3. ^ Woodhead, Christine, ed. (15 December 2011). "The Ottoman World". Routledge – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ a b Muẖtaṣar taḏkira-t as-Suwaydī fī l-ṭibb / lil Imām aš-Šaʿrānī ; wa bi-hāmiš-i-hā taḏkira-t aš-Šayẖ ʾAḥmad al-Qalyūbī fī l-ṭibb ed. Cairo, 1302 [1885]/1316 [1899]; ed. Aḥmad Farīd al-Mazīdī, Beirut (1998). MS A 45 in the US National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.
  • C. Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (GAL), 1st edition, 2 vols. (Leiden: Brill, 1889–1936), vol. 2, pp. 335–8.
  • M. Winter, 'Shaʿrānī' in Gibbs et al. (eds.), The Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edition, 11 vols. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1960–2002), vol. 9, p. 316.