Ali ibn al-Athir

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Muslim historian
Izz ad-Dīn Abu al-Hassan Ibn al-Athīr
Title ibn al-Athir
Born 1160 CE, Jazirat Ibn Umar, Great Seljuq Empire/present-day Cizre, Turkey
Died AH 630 (1232/1233), Mosul, Iraq[1]
Ethnicity Arab
Era Islamic golden age
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Sunni
Creed Ash'ari
Main interest(s) History
Notable work(s) The Complete History and The Lions of the Forest and the knowledge about the Companions

Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ash-Shaybani, better known as Ali 'Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (Arabic: عز الدین بن الاثیر الجزري) (1233–1160) was an Arab[2][3] or Kurdish[4][5][6][7][8] historian and biographer who wrote in Arabic and was from the Ibn Athir family. According to the 1911 Edition of Encyclopædia Britannica, he was born in Jazirat Ibn Umar, Great Seljuq Empire.[9]


Ibn al-Athir belonged to the large and influential Arab tribe Banu Bakr, who lived across upper Mesopotamia, and gave their name to the city of Diyar Bakr. Al-Athir lived a scholarly life in Mosul, often visited Baghdad and for a time traveled with Saladin's army in Syria. He later lived in Aleppo and Damascus. His chief work was a history of the world, al-Kamil fi at-Tarikh (The Complete History). He included some information on the Rus' people in his chronology.[citation needed] He died in the city of Mosul.

Modern age[edit]

According to Reuters, his tomb was desecrated in Mosul by members of the al-Qaeda offshoot the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in June 2014.[10]


  • Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh: "The Complete History"
  • Al-Tārīkh al-bāhir fī al-Dawlah al-Atābakīyah bi-al-Mawṣil
  • Usd al-ghābah fi ma‘rifat al-ṣaḥābah: "The Lions of the Forest and the knowledge about the Companions"
  • Al-Lubāb fī tahdhīb al-ansāb

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Fourth to Seventh century
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2014. Ibn al-Athīr
  3. ^ 1. Historiography of the Ayyubid and Mamluk epochs, Donald P. Little, The Cambridge History of Egypt, Vol.1, ed. M. W. Daly, Carl F. Petry, (Cambridge University Press, 1998), 415.
    2. Ibn al-Athir, The A to Z of Islam, ed. Ludwig W. Adamec, (Scarecrow Press, 2009), 135.
    3. Peter Partner, God of Battles: Holy wars of Christianity and Islam, (Princeton University Press, 1997), 96.
    4. Venice and the Turks, Jean-Claude Hocquet, Venice and the Islamic world: 828-1797, edited by Stefano Carboni, (Editions Gallimard, 2006), 35 n17.
    5. Marc Ferro, Colonization: A Global History, (Routledge, 1997), 3.  – via Questia (subscription required)
    6. Martin Sicker, The Islamic World in Ascendancy: From the Arab Conquests to the Siege of Vienna, (Praeger Publishers, 2000), 69. – via Questia (subscription required)
  4. ^ Philip G. Kreyenbroek , Oral Literature of Iranian Languages al-Athir..a historian and biographer of Kurdish origin
  5. ^ the Kurdish Islamic scholar, Majd od-Din Mubarak Ibn Mohammad Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari, passed away in Mosul... Today in Islamic History (30th of Zil-Hijjah)
  6. ^ Michael M. Gunter, "The A to Z of the Kurds", Scarecrow Press Inc, 2003, ISBN 9780810863347, p. 127. Kurdish historian and biographer Ibn al-Athir wrote in Arabic...
  7. ^ Yasir Suleiman, "Language and identity in the Middle East and North Africa", Curzon Press, 1996, ISBN 0700704108, p. 154. Ibn al-Athir, (d.1233), a Kurdish historian and biographer...
  8. ^ Mohammed M. A. Ahmed, Michael M. Gunter, "The evolution of Kurdish nationalism", Mazda Publishers, 2007, p. 6. Kurdish historian and biographer Ibn al-Athir wrote in Arabic
  9. ^ IBN ATHTR - Online Information article about IBN ATHTR
  10. ^ Isra' al-Rubei'i. "Iraqi forces ready push after Obama offers advisers." Reuters, June 20, 2014.[1]

External links[edit]