Sila language (Sino-Tibetan)
|Native to||Laos, Vietnam|
|Ethnicity||Si La people|
|2,500 (1995 & 2009 censuses)|
Sila (also called Sida) is a Loloish language spoken by 2,000 people in Laos and Vietnam (Bradley 1997). Sila speakers are an officially recognized group in Vietnam, where they are known as the Si La.
According to Edmondson (2002), the Sila number about 700 people in Vietnam and live in the following 3 villages.
- Seo Hay, Can Hồ Commune, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam
- Xì Theo Chai, Can Hồ Commune, Lai Châu Province, Vietnam
- Nậm Sín, Mường Nhé Commune, Điện Biên Province, Vietnam
According to the elderly Sila, seven Sila families had emigrated from Mường U and Mường Lá of Phongsaly Province, Laos 175 years ago. They initially arrived at a location called Mường Tùng, and relocated several times before arriving at their present locations.
In Laos, Sila is spoken in:
- Naahok Village, Nyot U District, Phongsaly Province
- Ban Ban Sida, Muang Namtha, Luang Namtha Province (autonym: vɛ˧ɲɯ˧)
- Chaohoi village, Nyot U District; Phongsai village, Bun Neua District (autonym: go˥ɯ˥ a˩ma˩) (Kingsada 1999)
- Longthang village, Nyot U District; Sida village, Luang Namtha District, Luang Namtha province (autonym: si˧la˧) (Shintani 2001)
- Namsing village, Nyot U District (autonym: ko˥ɯ˨˩) (Kato 2008)
- Sila at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sila". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Badenoch, Nathan; Norihiko, Hayashi. 2017. Phonological Sketch of the Sida Language of Luang Namtha, Laos. JSEALS Volume 10.1 (2017).
- Kingsadā, Thō̜ngphet, and Tadahiko Shintani. 1999 Basic Vocabularies of the Languages Spoken in Phongxaly, Lao P.D.R. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
- Shintani, Tadahiko, Ryuichi Kosaka, and Takashi Kato. 2001. Linguistic Survey of Phongxaly, Lao P.D.R. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
- Kato, Takashi. 2008. Linguistic Survey of Tibeto-Burman languages in Lao P.D.R. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
- Edmondson, Jerold A. 2002. "The Central and Southern Loloish Languages of Vietnam". Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society: Special Session on Tibeto-Burman and Southeast Asian Linguistics (2002), pp. 1–13.
- Ma Ngọc Dung. 2000. Văn hóa Si La. Hà Nội: Nhà xuất ban văn hóa dân tôc.