Akeu language

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Akeu
Ake
Native toChina, Burma, Laos
Native speakers
ca. 14,000 (1996–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3aeu
Glottologakeu1235  Akeu[2]

Akeu is a Loloish language mainly spoken in Jinghong and Mengla County, China, with smaller populations of speakers in Burma, Laos, and Thailand. Gokhy may be related.

Distribution[edit]

Akeu (Ake 阿克; autonym: Gouke 勾克) is spoken in the following locations of Yunnan (You 2013:172).[3] The Akeu migrated from Mojiang County to the Xishuangbanna (西双版纳, Sipsongpanna) area 8 generations ago (about 300 years ago).

  • Ganlanba 橄榄坝, Menghan Townshp 勐罕镇, Jinghong City 景洪市;
  • Menglong Township 勐龙镇, Jinghong City 景洪市;
  • Sanda Mountain 三达山, Jinghong City 景洪市;
  • Menglun Township 勐仑镇, Mengla County 勐腊县;
  • Yiwu District 易武乡, Mengla County 勐腊县.

Dialects[edit]

The Akeu dialects of Kyaingtong, Myanmar and Menglun 勐仑镇, Mengla County, China are similar. The following words from these two Akeu dialects are from Hayashi (2015).[4]

Gloss Kyaingtong Akeu Menglun Akeu
tea lɔ˥bo˨˩ lɔ˥bɔ˨˩
pig wa̠˨˩ wa̠˨˩
bird kɛ˨˩a˨˩ kja̠˨˩
salt tsa̠˨˩dɤ̠˨˩ tsa̠˨˩dɤ̠˨˩
buffalo u˧na˥ mo˨˩na˧
four li˨˩ li˨˩
to fly bɛ˧ bɛ˧

Vocabulary[edit]

The Akeu numerals are:[5]

  • 1. tɯʔ˨
  • 2. ɲ̩ʔ˨
  • 3. hɛ˦
  • 4. li˨
  • 5. ŋa˨
  • 6. koʔ˨
  • 7. siʔ˨
  • 8. eʔ˨
  • 9. ɡy˨
  • 10. tsʰə˦

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akeu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Akeu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ You Weiqiong [尤伟琼]. 2013. Classifying ethnic groups of Yunnan [云南民族识别研究]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社].
  4. ^ Hayashi, Norihiko. 2015. Two Akeu Dialects in Myanmar and China. Paper presented at SEALS 25, Payap University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
  5. ^ Kosonen, Tuula. 2015. Akeu numerals.