Small nucleolar RNA SNORA44
|Small nucleolar RNA SNORA44|
|RNA type||Gene; snRNA; snoRNA; H/ACA-box|
Small nucleolar RNA SNORA44 (also known as ACA44) is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecule which functions in the biogenesis (modification) of other small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). This type of modifying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell which is a major site of snRNA biogenesis. It is known as a small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) and also often referred to as a 'guide RNA'.
ACA44 was originally cloned from HeLa cells and belongs to the H/ACA box class of snoRNAs as it has the predicted hairpin-hinge-hairpin-tail structure, has the conserved H/ACA-box motifs and is found associated with GAR1 protein. snoRNA ACA44 is predicted to guide the pseudouridylation of U822 and U686 of 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Pseudouridylation is the (isomerisation of the nucleoside uridine) to the different isomeric form pseudouridine.
- Kiss, Arnold M.; Jády, Beáta E.; Bertrand, Edouard; Kiss, Tamás (2004). "Human Box H/ACA Pseudouridylation Guide RNA Machinery". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 24 (13): 5797–5807. doi:10.1128/MCB.24.13.5797-5807.2004. PMC . PMID 15199136.
- Huttenhofer, Alexander; Kiefmann, Martin; Meier-Ewert, Sebastian; O'Brien, John; Lehrach, Hans; Bachellerie, Jean-Pierre; Brosius, Jürgen (1 June 2001). "RNomics: an experimental approach that identifies 201 candidates for novel, small, non-messenger RNAs in mouse". The EMBO Journal. 20 (11): 2943–2953. doi:10.1093/emboj/20.11.2943. PMC . PMID 11387227.
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