Turkey's membership of international organizations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Turkey is a founding member of the United Nations,[1] the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation),[2] the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development[3] and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe,[4] a member state of the Council of Europe since 1949,[5] and of NATO since 1952.[6] Since 2005, Turkey is in accession negotiations with the European Union, having been an associate member since 1963.[7] Turkey is also a member of the G20 industrial nations which brings together the 20 largest economies of the world.

Turkey entered NATO in 1952 and serves as the organization's vital eastern anchor, controlling the straits leading from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean and sharing a border with Syria, Iraq, and Iran. A NATO headquarters is located in İzmir, and the United States has maintained air forces at a Turkish base called Incirlik that is located near the Mediterranean city of Adana. Due to the 2016–17 Turkish purges and Turkey's turn to authoritarianism some consider expelling Turkey from NATO.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

Turkey is also member of the World Trade Organization (WTO). It has signed free trade agreements with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), Israel, and many other countries. In 1992, Turkey and 10 other regional nations formed the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Business Council to expand regional trade and economic cooperation.

In December 2000 Turkey became an observer state of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS).[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations (2006-07-03). "Growth in United Nations membership (1945-2005)". United Nations. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  2. ^ Organisation of the Islamic Conference (2006). "OIC Membership". OIC. Archived from the original on 2001-02-21. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  3. ^ OECD (2006). "OECD membership". OECD. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  4. ^ Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (2005). "OSCE Participating states". OSCE. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  5. ^ Council of Europe (2006-10-27). "Turkey and the Council of Europe". Council of Europe. Archived from the original on 2006-12-07. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  6. ^ NATO. "Greece and Turkey accede to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation". NATO. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  7. ^ Turkish Secretariat of European Union Affairs. "Chronology of Turkey-EU relations". Turkish Secretariat of European Union Affairs. Archived from the original on 2007-02-24. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  8. ^ "Erdogan's purge may give Nato no choice but to expel Turkey from the alliance". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  9. ^ Wintour, Patrick (28 July 2016). "Turkey officials to demand extradition of Fethullah Gülen from US". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Will Turkey be expelled from NATO?". Al-Monitor. 26 July 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "NATO and Turkey: Allies, not friends". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  12. ^ "Turkey's NATO membership and move to cement ties with Russia". DailySabah. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  13. ^ "In Opinion: Turkey should be thrown out of NATO". Newsweek. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "NATO members are supposed to be democratic. What happens when Turkey isn't?". Washington Post. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  15. ^ Weiss, Stanley (23 February 2016). "It's Time to Kick Erdogan's Turkey Out of NATO". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  16. ^ Turkey donates to ACS, 21.06.2002