We Can Work It Out

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"We Can Work It Out"
"We Can Work It Out" and "Day Tripper" (Beatles single - cover art).jpg
US picture sleeve
Single by the Beatles
A-side "Day Tripper"
Released 3 December 1965
Format 7"
Recorded 20 and 29 October 1965
EMI Studios, London
Genre Folk rock[1]
Length 2:15
Label Parlophone (UK), Capitol (US)
Songwriter(s) Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s) George Martin
The Beatles UK singles chronology
"Help!"
(1965)
"We Can Work It Out" / "Day Tripper"
(1965)
"Paperback Writer"
(1966)
"Help!"
(1965)
"We Can Work It Out"/
"Day Tripper"
(1965)
"Paperback Writer"
(1966)
The Beatles US singles chronology
"Yesterday"
(1965) Yesterday1965
"We Can Work It Out"/
"Day Tripper"
(1965) We Can Work It OutDay Tripper1965
"Nowhere Man"
(1966) Nowhere Man1966
Audio sample

"We Can Work It Out" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles, written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon. It was first issued as a double A-side single with "Day Tripper" in December 1965. The release marked the first time in Britain that both tracks on an artist's single were promoted as joint A-sides.[2] The song was recorded during the sessions for the band's Rubber Soul album.

"We Can Work It Out" is a comparatively rare example of a Lennon–McCartney collaboration from this period in the Beatles' career,[3] in that it recalls the level of collaboration the two songwriters had shared when writing the group's hit singles of 1963. This song, "A Day in the Life", "Baby, You're a Rich Man" and "I've Got a Feeling", are among the notable exceptions.[4]

Composition[edit]

McCartney wrote the words and music to the verses and the chorus, with lyrics that "might have been personal", probably a reference to his relationship with Jane Asher.[5] McCartney then took the song to Lennon:

I took it to John to finish it off, and we wrote the middle together. Which is nice: 'Life is very short. There's no time for fussing and fighting, my friend.' Then it was George Harrison's idea to put the middle into 3/4 time, like a German waltz. That came on the session, it was one of the cases of the arrangement being done on the session.[5]

With its intimations of mortality, Lennon's contribution to the twelve-bar bridge contrasts typically with what Lennon saw as McCartney's cajoling optimism,[4] a contrast also seen in other collaborations by the pair, such as "Getting Better" and "I've Got a Feeling". As Lennon told Playboy in 1980:

In We Can Work It Out, Paul did the first half, I did the middle eight. But you've got Paul writing, 'We can work it out / We can work it out' – real optimistic, y'know, and me, impatient: 'Life is very short, and there's no time / For fussing and fighting, my friend.'[6]

Based on those comments, some critics overemphasised McCartney's optimism, neglecting the toughness in passages written by McCartney,[4] such as "Do I have to keep on talking until I can't go on?". Lennon's middle shifts focus from McCartney's concrete reality to a philosophical perspective in B minor, illustrating this with the waltz-time section suggested by George Harrison that leads back to the verse,[5] possibly meant to suggest tiresome struggle.[4]

Music critic Ian MacDonald said:

[Lennon's] passages are so suited to his Salvation Army harmonium that it's hard to imagine them not being composed on it. The swell-pedal crescendos he adds to the verses are, on the other hand, textural washes added in the studio – the first of their kind on a Beatles record and signposts to the enriched sound-palette of Revolver.[7]

Recording[edit]

The Beatles recorded "We Can Work It Out" at EMI Studios (later Abbey Road Studios) in London on 20 October 1965,[8] during the sessions for their Rubber Soul album. Along with Lennon's "Day Tripper", the song was earmarked for the non-album single that would accompany the release of the new LP.[9] The band taped a satisfactory basic track in just two takes.[10] With nearly eleven hours dedicated to the song, however, it was by far their longest expenditure of studio time up to that point.[11] A vocal overdubbing session took place on 29 October.[9][12]

No record exists of the band members' exact contributions to the recording, leading to uncertainty regarding the playing of some of the instruments.[13] Reduced to a single track in the final mix, where it was placed hard left in the stereo image, the group's initial performance consisted of acoustic guitar, bass, tambourine and drums.[14][15] While musicologist Walter Everett credits these parts to Lennon, McCartney, Harrison and Ringo Starr, respectively,[14] authors Jean-Michel Guesdon and Philippe Margotin suggest that McCartney, as the song's main composer, was the acoustic guitarist and Lennon instead played bass.[13] Two harmonium parts were overdubbed,[16] using EMI's Mannborg harmonium.[17]

Promotional films[edit]

For the first time for one of their singles, the Beatles filmed promotional clips for "We Can Work It Out" and "Day Tripper". Subsequently known as the "Intertel Promos", these clips were intended as a way to save the band having to appear in person on popular British television shows such as Ready Steady Go! and Top of the Pops,[18] and also ensured that the Beatles reached their large international audience.[19]

Filming took place at Twickenham Film Studios in south-west London on 23 November 1965,[19] with Joe McGrath as director.[18] The Beatles made a total of ten black-and-white promos that day,[20][21] filming clips for the new songs as well as for their previous hit singles "I Feel Fine", "Ticket to Ride" and "Help!"[18][22][nb 1] Three of the films were mimed performances of "We Can Work It Out",[22] in all of which Lennon was seated at a harmonium.[23]

The most frequently broadcast of the three was a straightforward performance piece with the group wearing black suits. In the description of Rolling Stone journalist Rob Sheffield: "At first, they're playing it all straight in their suits, until John sets out to make Paul crack up on camera. He makes it impossible for anyone else to keep a straight face – by the end, he's playing the organ with his feet."[24] Another clip shows the group wearing the stage suits from their Shea Stadium performance on 15 August.[23] The third clip opens with a still photograph of Lennon with a sunflower[20] in front of his eye.[25]

Release[edit]

In a discussion about which of the two songs should be the A-side of the new single, Lennon had argued for "Day Tripper", differing with the majority view that "We Can Work It Out" was a more commercial song.[5] On 15 November, EMI announced that the A-side would be "We Can Work It Out", only for Lennon to publicly contradict this two days later.[26] As a result, the single was marketed as the first-ever "double A-side".[19][27] Lennon's championing of "Day Tripper", for which he was the principal writer, was based on his belief that the Beatles' rock sound should be favoured over the softer style of "We Can Work It Out".[28] Airplay and point-of-sale requests soon proved "We Can Work It Out" to be the more popular of the two sides.

The single was released on EMI's Parlophone label in Britain (as Parlophone R 5389) on 3 December 1965,[29] the same day as Rubber Soul.[19] The two releases coincided with speculation in the UK press that the Beatles' superiority in the pop world since 1963 might be coming to an end, given the customary two or three years that most acts could expect to remain at the peak of their popularity.[30] "Day Tripper" / "We Can Work It Out" entered the UK Singles Chart (at the time, the Record Retailer chart)[31] on 15 December, at number 2, before holding the top position for five consecutive weeks.[32] The single also failed to top the national chart published by Melody Maker in its first week – marking the first occasion since December 1963 that a new Beatles single had not immediately entered at number 1.[33] Although the single was an immediate number 1 on the NME's chart, the Daily Mirror and Daily Express newspapers both published articles highlighting the apparent decline.[34] The record was the Beatles' tenth consecutive chart-topping single in the UK[35] and the band's fastest-selling single there since "Can't Buy Me Love", their previous McCartney-led A-side.[7] As of 2012, it had sold 1.39 million copies in the UK, making it the group's fifth million-seller in that country.[36]

In the United States, where the single was issued by Capitol Records on 6 December (as Capitol 5555),[37] both songs entered the Billboard Hot 100 on the week ending 18 December.[38] On 8 January 1966, "We Can Work It Out" hit number 1 on the chart, while "Day Tripper" entered the top ten at number 10.[39] "We Can Work It Out" spent three non-consecutive weeks at number 1, while "Day Tripper" peaked at number 5.[39] The song was the band's eleventh US number 1, accomplished in just under two years since their debut on the Hot 100.[40][41] It was their sixth consecutive number 1 single on the American charts,[42] a record at the time.[40][nb 2] The single was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America, for sales of 1 million or over, on 6 January 1966.[44]

The Beatles performed "We Can Work It Out" on their final UK tour,[22][45] which took place on 3–12 December 1965.[46] In 1991, McCartney played an acoustic version of the song for his MTV Unplugged performance, later released on Unplugged (The Official Bootleg). One of the November 1965 promo films was included in the Beatles' 2015 video compilation 1, and two were included in the three-disc versions of the compilation, titled 1+.[47][48]

Cover versions[edit]

Deep Purple[edit]

"Exposition/We Can Work It Out"
Song by Deep Purple
from the album The Book of Taliesyn
Released December 1968
Genre Progressive rock
Length 7:06
Label Harvest
Songwriter(s) Beethoven, Ritchie Blackmore, Nick Simper, Jon Lord, Ian Paice, Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s) Derek Lawrence

Deep Purple covered it on their second album The Book of Taliesyn, from 1968. The band drastically reworked it, as they always did with covers. The first three minutes of the song is a fast, progressive instrumental jam incorporating themes from classical music (notably Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet) called "Exposition", which drifts over into the Beatles song.[49]

Such overblown arrangements and attempts at making a rather simple song sound epic was normal for Deep Purple in this period, and they had already followed the same structure on their covers on the debut album (such as The Leaves' "Hey Joe"). Reportedly, the band recorded their version of the song because McCartney had stated that he was impressed with their previous Beatles cover, "Help!", which was featured on Shades of Deep Purple.[50]

Stevie Wonder[edit]

"We Can Work It Out"
Wecanworkitout.jpg
Single by Stevie Wonder
from the album Signed, Sealed & Delivered
B-side "Never Dreamed You'd Leave in Summer"
Released March 1971
Genre R&B
Length 3:19
Label Tamla
Songwriter(s) Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s) Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder singles chronology
"Heaven Help Us All"
(1970)
"We Can Work It Out"
(1971)
"If You Really Love Me"
(1971)
"Heaven Help Us All"
(1970)
"We Can Work It Out
(1971)
"If You Really Love Me"
(1971)

In 1970, Stevie Wonder covered the song on his album Signed, Sealed & Delivered, and released it as a single in 1971. The single reached number 13 on the Billboard Hot 100. Wonder's version earned him his second Grammy Award nomination in 1972, for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance.

Wonder performed the song for McCartney after the latter was presented with a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1990. In 2010, after McCartney was awarded the Gershwin Prize by the Library of Congress, Wonder again performed his arrangement of "We Can Work It Out" at a White House ceremony held in McCartney's honour. Wonder performed it a third time in January 2014, at the 50th anniversary tribute of the Beatles' appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show.

Other artists[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Personnel[edit]

According to Walter Everett, the line-up of musicians on the Beatles' recording was as follows:[14]

In his personnel list for the song, MacDonald notes that some sources attribute the tambourine part to Harrison, yet he considers it more likely that Starr played the instrument.[4] Everett credits Harrison, citing the tambourine's placement in the stereo image with the three other instruments recorded as part of the basic track.[14] Guesdon and Margotin also credit Harrison.[54]

Charts and certifications[edit]

Beatles version[edit]

Stevie Wonder version[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Clips were made for these older songs, all of which had topped the UK charts during 1965, for inclusion in Top of the Pops' round-up of the year's biggest hits.[23]
  2. ^ It was preceded by "I Feel Fine", "Eight Days a Week", "Ticket to Ride", "Help!" and "Yesterday".[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "The Beatles 'We Can Work It Out'". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  2. ^ Hutchins, Chris (4 December 1965). "Music Capitals of the World: London". Billboard. p. 26. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Hertsgaard 1995, p. 150.
  4. ^ a b c d e MacDonald 2005, pp. 171–172.
  5. ^ a b c d Miles 1997, p. 210.
  6. ^ Sheff 2000, p. 177–178.
  7. ^ a b MacDonald 2005, p. 172.
  8. ^ Miles 2001, p. 212.
  9. ^ a b Lewisohn 2005, pp. 64, 66.
  10. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2013, p. 314.
  11. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 171.
  12. ^ Miles 2001, p. 213.
  13. ^ a b Guesdon & Margotin 2013, pp. 314–15.
  14. ^ a b c d Everett 2001, p. 321.
  15. ^ Winn 2008, p. 366.
  16. ^ Everett 2001, pp. 321–22.
  17. ^ O'Keefe, Phil (7 February 2014). "Keyboards of the Beatles Era". Harmony Central. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  18. ^ a b c Rodriguez 2012, p. 160.
  19. ^ a b c d Miles 2001, p. 215.
  20. ^ a b Winn 2008, p. 292.
  21. ^ Pieper 2017, p. 391.
  22. ^ a b c Everett 2001, p. 335.
  23. ^ a b c Winn 2008, p. 377.
  24. ^ Sheffield, Rob (6 November 2015). "The Beatles' New '+1' Video Collection: The 10 Fabbest Moments". rollingstone.com. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  25. ^ Pieper 2017, p. 392.
  26. ^ Miles 2001, p. 214.
  27. ^ Turner 2016, p. 44.
  28. ^ Miles 2001, p. 216.
  29. ^ Castleman & Podrazik 1976, p. 49.
  30. ^ Turner 2016, p. 25.
  31. ^ "Key Dates in the History of the Official UK Charts". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 10 January 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  32. ^ "Search: 'We Can Work It Out' > Day Tripper/We Can Work It Out, The Beatles > Chart Facts". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  33. ^ Turner 2016, pp. 42–43.
  34. ^ Turner 2016, pp. 43–44.
  35. ^ Womack 2014, pp. 218, 977.
  36. ^ Sedghi, Ami (4 November 2012). "UK's million-selling singles: the full list". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  37. ^ Miles 2001, p. 219.
  38. ^ Castleman & Podrazik 1976, pp. 49, 349.
  39. ^ a b Castleman & Podrazik 1976, p. 349.
  40. ^ a b Fred Bronson's Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits, 5th Edition.
  41. ^ Schaffner 1978, pp. 36, 51.
  42. ^ Womack 2014, p. 977.
  43. ^ Wallgren 1982, pp. 38–45.
  44. ^ Castleman & Podrazik 1976, p. 331.
  45. ^ Schaffner 1978, p. 51.
  46. ^ Miles 2001, pp. 216, 220.
  47. ^ Rowe, Matt (18 September 2015). "The Beatles 1 To Be Reissued With New Audio Remixes ... And Videos". The Morton Report. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  48. ^ News (15 September 2015). "The Beatles' Videos and Top Hits Come Together for the First Time". thebeatles.com. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  49. ^ Kruth 2015, pp. 125–26.
  50. ^ Robinson, Simon (2000). The Book of Taliesyn [Remastered] (CD booklet). Deep Purple. EMI. p. 4. 
  51. ^ Kruth 2015, p. 125.
  52. ^ Kruth 2015, p. 126.
  53. ^ Kruth 2015, p. 121.
  54. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2013, p. 315.
  55. ^ Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book (1940–1969). Turramurra: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-44439-5. 
  56. ^ "Ultratop.be – The Beatles – We Can Work It Out" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  57. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 5686." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  58. ^ "Search in Search for Title: 'We Can Work It Out'". irishcharts.ie. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  59. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – The Beatles – We Can Work It Out" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  60. ^ "Day Tripper/We Can Work It Out". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  61. ^ "The Beatles – Chart history (The Hot 100)". billboard.com. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  62. ^ Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950-1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 32–34. 
  63. ^ "The Beatles Single-Chartverfolgung (in German)". musicline.de. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  64. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1966/Top 100 Songs of 1966". musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  65. ^ "The Cash Box Year-End Charts: 1966". Cashbox Archives. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  66. ^ "American single certifications – The Beatles – We Can Work It Out". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 14 May 2016.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  67. ^ "RPM 100 Singles for May 15, 1971". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  68. ^ "Stevie Wonder". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  69. ^ "Stevie Wonder – Chart history (The Hot 100)". billboard.com. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  70. ^ Billboard Charts Department (1 May 1971). "Best Selling Soul Singles". Billboard. p. 38. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  71. ^ CASH BOX Top 100 Singles, May 8, 1971
  72. ^ The CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1971 Top 100 Pop Singles (As published in the December 25, 1971

Sources[edit]

  • Castleman, Harry; Podrazik, Walter J. (1976). All Together Now: The First Complete Beatles Discography 1961–1975. New York, NY: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-25680-8. 
  • Everett, Walter (2001). The Beatles as Musicians: The Quarry Men through Rubber Soul. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514105-9. 
  • Guesdon, Jean-Michel; Margotin, Philippe (2013). All the Songs: The Story Behind Every Beatles Release. New York, NY: Black Dog & Leventhal. ISBN 978-1-57912-952-1. 
  • Hertsgaard, Mark (1995). A Day in the Life: The Music and Artistry of the Beatles. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-385-31377-2. 
  • Kruth, John (2015). This Bird Has Flown: The Enduring Beauty of Rubber Soul Fifty Years On. Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-1-61713-573-6. 
  • Lewisohn, Mark (2005) [1988]. The Complete Beatles Recording Sessions: The Official Story of the Abbey Road Years 1962–1970. London: Bounty Books. ISBN 978-0-7537-2545-0. 
  • MacDonald, Ian (2005). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (2nd rev. edn). Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-55652-733-3. 
  • Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 0-8050-5249-6. 
  • Miles, Barry (2001). The Beatles Diary Volume 1: The Beatles Years. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-8308-9. 
  • "Number 1s Index". everyHit.com. 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  • Pieper, Jörg (2017). The Solo Beatles Film & TV Chronicle 1971–1980 [including The Beatles Film & TV Chronicle Updates 1961–1970]. lulu.com. ISBN 978-1-4092-8301-0. 
  • Rodriguez, Robert (2012). Revolver: How the Beatles Reimagined Rock 'n' Roll. Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-1-61713-009-0. 
  • Schaffner, Nicholas (1978). The Beatles Forever. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-055087-5. 
  • Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-25464-4. 
  • Turner, Steve (2016). Beatles '66: The Revolutionary Year. New York, NY: HarperLuxe. ISBN 978-0-06-249713-0. 
  • Wallgren, Mark (1982). The Beatles on Record. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-45682-2. 
  • Winn, John C. (2008). Way Beyond Compare: The Beatles' Recorded Legacy, Volume One, 1962–1965. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307-45239-9. 
  • Womack, Kenneth (2014). The Beatles Encyclopedia: Everything Fab Four. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-39171-2. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"The Carnival Is Over" by The Seekers
UK number one single (The Beatles version)
16 December 1965 (5 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Keep On Running" by Spencer Davis Group
Preceded by
"The Sounds of Silence" by Simon & Garfunkel
Billboard Hot 100 number one single (The Beatles version)
8–21 January 1966 (2 weeks)
29 January – 4 February 1966 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"My Love" by Petula Clark