What a Cartoon!
|What A Cartoon!|
Intertitle for What A Cartoon! in its original incarnation designed by Jesse Stagg (1995–96).
|Also known as||
|Created by||Fred Seibert|
|Theme music composer||
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||48 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Buzz Potamkin
|Running time||21–23 minutes|
|Distributor||Cartoon Network Worldwide Distribution|
|Picture format||SD (480i/576i)|
|Original release||February 20, 1995– November 28, 1997|
|Related shows||Oh Yeah! Cartoons|
What A Cartoon! (later known as The What A Cartoon! Show and The Cartoon Cartoon Show) is an American animation showcase series created by Fred Seibert for Hanna-Barbera Cartoons which aired on Cartoon Network. The project consisted of 82 short cartoons, intended to return creative power to animators and artists, by recreating the atmospheres that spawned the iconic cartoon characters of the mid-20th century. Each of the shorts mirrored the structure of a theatrical cartoon, with each film being based on an original storyboard drawn and written by its artist or creator.
The series first aired on February 20, 1995, and the shorts were promoted as World Premiere Toons. During the original run of the shorts, the series was retitled to The What a Cartoon! Show and later to The Cartoon Cartoon Show until the final short aired on August 23, 2002. The project served as the launching point for multiple Cartoon Network series, including The Powerpuff Girls, Dexter's Laboratory, Johnny Bravo, Cow and Chicken, Courage the Cowardly Dog, Mike, Lu & Og, Sheep in the Big City, Whatever Happened to... Robot Jones?, Codename: Kids Next Door, Grim and Evil as well as Fox's Family Guy.
The series is influential for birthing a slew of original Cartoon Network hits and helping to revive television animation in the 1990s. Once it had several original shorts, those became the first Cartoon Cartoons (a collective term for retro Cartoon Network original series). In its final years, The Cartoon Cartoon Show became a block for reruns of older Cartoon Cartoons that had been phased out by the network.
Origins and production
Fred Seibert became president of Hanna-Barbera Cartoons in 1992 and helped guide the struggling animation studio into its greatest output in years with shows like 2 Stupid Dogs and SWAT Kats: The Radical Squadron. Seibert wanted the studio to produce short cartoons, in the vein of the Golden Age of American animation. Although a project consisting of 48 shorts would cost twice as much as a normal series, Seibert's pitch to Cartoon Network involved promising 48 chances to "succeed or fail", opened up possibilities for new original programming, and offered several new shorts to the thousands already present in the Turner Entertainment library. According to Seibert, quality did not matter much to the cable operators distributing the struggling network, they were more interested in promising new programs.
With Turner Broadcasting CEO Ted Turner and Seibert's boss Scott Sassa on board, the studio fanned out across the world to spread the word that the studio was in an "unprecedented phase", in which animators had a better idea what cartoons should be than executives and Hanna-Barbera supported them. The company starting taking pitches in earnest in 1993 and received over 5,000 pitches for the 48 slots. The diversity in the filmmakers included those from various nationalities, race, and gender. Seibert later described his hope for an idealistic diversity as "The wider the palette of creative influences, the wider and bigger the audiences."
Seibert's idea for the project was influenced heavily by Looney Tunes. Hanna-Barbera founders and chairmen William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, as well as veteran animator Friz Freleng, taught Seibert how the shorts of the Golden Age of American animation were produced. John Kricfalusi, creator of The Ren and Stimpy Show, became a teacher of sorts for Seibert and was the first person Seibert called while looking for new talent for the project.
As was the custom in live action film and television, the company did not pay each creator for the storyboard submitted and pitched. For the first time in the studio's history, individual creators could retain their rights, and earn royalties on their creations. While most in the industry scoffed at the idea, encouragement, according to Seibert, came from the cartoonists who flocked to Hanna-Barbera with original ideas.
The format for What a Cartoon! was ambitious, as no one had ever attempted anything similar in the television animation era. The shorts produced would be a product of the original cartoonists' vision, with no executive intervention: for example, even the music would be an individually crafted score. Each "Looney Tunes length" (7 minutes) short would debut, by itself, as a stand-alone cartoon on Cartoon Network. Seibert explained the project's goal in a 2007 blog post: "We didn’t care what the sitcom trends were, what Nickelodeon was doing, what the sales departments wanted. [...] We wanted cartoons."
|"On top of [a research and development program], I reinvigorated the 'who comes in the studio' equation. Now talented people wanted to show up. Some 5,000 people pitched us cartoons from all over the world. We got into business with Ralph Bakshi, with Bruno Bozzetto; we got into business with a broad range of people who never would've given Hanna-Barbera a passing chance. We worked with people who were 70 years old, who were 20 years old. We turned on its head the perception the people in the community had of us."|
|— Creator Fred Seibert on the variety of directors for What a Cartoon!|
The What a Cartoon! staff had creators from Europe and Canada (Bruno Bozzetto), Asia (Achiu So), and the United States (Jerry Reynolds and colleague Seth MacFarlane). The crew also contained young series first timers (like Genndy Tartakovsky, Craig McCracken, Rob Renzetti, Butch Hartman, and John Dilworth), but veterans as well (like Don Jurwich, Jerry Eisenberg, and Ralph Bakshi). In addition to the veterans, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera each produced two shorts each for What a Cartoon!. Many of the key crew members from previous Hanna-Barbera series 2 Stupid Dogs joined the team of What a Cartoon! as well.
Many of the crew members of What a Cartoon! later went on to write and direct for Dexter's Laboratory, Johnny Bravo, Cow and Chicken, I Am Weasel, and The Powerpuff Girls, including those named above. The Kitchen Casanova director John McIntyre is particularly known for directing several Dexter episodes. Ralph Bakshi's two shorts (Malcom and Melvin and Babe! He... Calls Me) were considered too risqué to be shown. It has been rumored that John Kricfalusi was slated to direct several new What a Cartoon! shorts of his own (produced by his production company, Spümcø). However, both Yogi Bear-influenced cartoons were commissioned separately by Seibert, and instead premiered as their own: Boo Boo Runs Wild and A Day in the Life of Ranger Smith both premiered in 1999.
Inspired by Seibert's interest in the modern rock posters of Frank Kozik, each of the shows' creators worked with the internal Hanna-Barbera Creative Corps Creative Director Bill Burnett, and Senior Art Director Jesse Stagg to craft a series of high quality, limited edition, fluorescent art posters. The Corps launched a prolonged Guerrilla mailing campaign, targeting animation heavyweights and critics leading up to the launch of World Premiere Toons. The first poster campaign of its kind introduced the world to the groundbreaking new stable of characters.
The first cartoon from the What a Cartoon! project broadcast in its entirety was The Powerpuff Girls in Meat Fuzzy Lumkins, which made its world premiere on Monday, February 20, 1995, during a television special called the World Premiere Toon-In (termed "President's Day Nightmare" by its producers, Williams Street). The special was hosted by Space Ghost and the cast of Space Ghost Coast to Coast, and featured comic interviews and a mock contest with the creators of the various cartoons. The Toon-In was simulcast on Cartoon Network, TBS Superstation, and TNT. To promote the shorts, Cartoon Network's marketing department came up with the concept of "Dive-In Theater" in 1995 to showcase the 48 cartoon shorts. The cartoons were shown at water parks and large municipal swimming pools, treating kids and their parents to exclusive poolside screenings on 9' x 12' movie screens.
Beginning February 26, 1995, each What a Cartoon! short began to premiere on Sunday nights, promoted as World Premiere Toons. Every week after the premiere, Cartoon Network showcased a different World Premiere Toons made by a different artist. After an acclimation of cartoons, the network packaged the shorts as a half-hour show titled World Premiere Toons: The Next Generation, featuring reruns of the original shorts but also new premieres.
Eventually, all of the cartoons were compiled into one program which was used the name World Premiere Toons: The Show until the summer of 1996 when it started bearing the name of the original project: The What a Cartoon! Show. The show's initial premieres for each short preceded Cartoon Network's Sunday night movie block, Mr. Spim's Cartoon Theatre. The shorts continued to air on Sundays until 1997, when the network moved the shorts to Wednesdays at 9pm. Following the premiere of Johnny Bravo, Cow and Chicken and I Am Weasel as full series in July 1997, the series shifted to Thursday nights, where it remained.
The What a Cartoon! Show continued airing new episodes on Thursdays until November 28, 1997, when the final short of the 48 contracted during Seibert's era aired. In 1998, Cartoon Network debuted two new short pilots and advertised them as World Premiere Toons: Mike, Lu & Og and Kenny and the Chimp in "Diseasy Does It!", both of which were produced by outside studios. The two pilots were later compiled into The Cartoon Cartoon Show, while both shorts eventually garnered their own series, Mike, Lu & Og in 1999 and Codename: Kids Next Door in 2002. Two pilots entitled King Crab: Space Crustacean and Thrillseeker, respectively dated 1999 and 2000, was also retconned into The Cartoon Cartoon Show anthology.
On June 9, 2000, The What a Cartoon! Show was relaunched as The Cartoon Cartoon Show. In this new format, it aired reruns and new episodes of the full-series Cartoon Cartoons, as well as new Cartoon Cartoon shorts and old WAC! shorts. From 2000 to 2001, the pilot shorts appearing on the network's viewer's poll that lost to The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy and Codename: Kids Next Door were added to the anthology. The show continued to air until October 9, 2003, when it was temporarily dropped from the network's schedule.
On September 12, 2005, The Cartoon Cartoon Show was revived, this time as a half-hour program featuring segments of older Cartoon Cartoons that were no longer shown regularly on the network, such as Cow and Chicken, I Am Weasel, and others. Some Cartoon Cartoons were moved exclusively to this show and the Top 5, though there was also some overlap with shows that already had regular half-hour slots outside the series. In 2006, the programming was expanded to also include non-Cartoon Cartoons that were regularly shown on the network, such as Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends, Camp Lazlo, My Gym Partner's a Monkey, and Squirrel Boy. The show ended on June 1, 2008.
Dexter's Laboratory was the most popular short series according to a vote held in 1995 and eventually became the first spin-off of What a Cartoon! in 1996. Two more series based on shorts, Johnny Bravo and Cow and Chicken, premiered in 1997, and The Powerpuff Girls became a weekly half-hour show in 1998. Courage the Cowardly Dog (spun off from the Oscar-nominated short The Chicken from Outer Space) followed as the final spin-off in 1999. In addition, the Cow and Chicken short I Am Weasel eventually was also spun off into a separate series: in all, six cartoon series were ultimately launched by the What a Cartoon! project, any one of which earned enough money for the company to pay for the whole program. In addition to the eventual spin-offs, the What a Cartoon! short Larry and Steve by Seth MacFarlane featured prototypes of characters that would later go on to become MacFarlane's massively successful Family Guy.
The What a Cartoon! project and its assorted spin-offs brought Cartoon Network more commercial and critical success, and the network became an animation industry leader as the 1990s drew to a close. In 2001, coinciding with the death of William Hanna, Hanna-Barbera Productions merged with Warner Bros. Animation and Cartoon Network opened its own production arm, Cartoon Network Studios, in Burbank, as the rightful Hanna-Barbera successor to produce original programming for the network and future projects. Two What a Cartoon! shorts, Windup Wolf and Hard Luck Duck, were the last cartoon shorts directed and produced by co-founder and co-chairman William Hanna. In addition, What a Cartoon! and spin-offs were the final original productions released by Hanna-Barbera.
Creator of the What a Cartoon! Show, Fred Seibert, left Hanna-Barbera in late 1996 to open up his own studio, Frederator Studios, and has persistently continued in the tradition of surfacing new talent, characters, and series with similar shorts “incubators,” including (as of 2015) Oh Yeah! Cartoons (Nickelodeon, 1998), The Meth Minute 39 (Channel Frederator, 2008), Random! Cartoons (Nickelodeon/Nicktoons, 2008), Too Cool! Cartoons (Cartoon Hangover, 2012), and GO! Cartoons (Cartoon Hangover, 2016). Oh Yeah! Cartoons. showcased What a Cartoon! alumni (Butch Hartman, Rob Renzetti) and launched several successful Nickelodeon series, including The Fairly OddParents, ChalkZone and My Life as a Teenage Robot. Frederator Studios launched another animation showcase in 2006, titled Random! Cartoons, which in turn produced Nickelodeon's Fanboy and Chum Chum in 2009, Cartoon Network's Adventure Time in 2010, and Cartoon Hangover's Bravest Warriors in 2012.
A sequel-of-sorts to the What a Cartoon! project, a Cartoon Network project titled The Cartoonstitute, was announced in April 2008. Created by Cartoon Network executive Rob Sorcher and headed by The Powerpuff Girls creator Craig McCracken, the project was to "establish a think tank and create an environment in which animators can create characters and stories", and also create new possible Cartoon Network series. However, the project was eventually scrapped as a result of the late 2000s recession and only 14 of the 39 planned were completed. Nevertheless, J. G. Quintel's Regular Show short and Pete Browngardt's Secret Mountain Fort Awesome were greenlit to become full series. A recurring character on the show, Uncle Grandpa, would get his own series two years later. The Big Cartoon DataBase cites What a Cartoon! as a "venture combining classic 1940s production methods with the originality, enthusiasm and comedy of the 1990s".
List of shorts
Original 48 shorts (1995–97)
|No.||Title||Episode||Created by||Hanna-Barbera||Cartoon Network Studios||Short summary||Original air date|
|1||The Powerpuff Girls||"Meat Fuzzy Lumkins"||Craig McCracken||Yes||No||The Powerpuff Girls fight to stop Fuzzy Lumkins' plot to turn everything into meat.
Note 1: This episode was included as a bonus toon on various Cartoon Network Video releases throughout the series run.
Note 2: First pilot to The Powerpuff Girls.
|February 20, 1995|
|2||Dexter's Laboratory||N/A||Genndy Tartakovsky||Yes||No||Dee Dee and Dexter battle turning each other into animals, using Dexter's latest invention.
Note 1: First short to become a series after being deemed most popular through a vote held in 1995.
Note 2: First pilot to Dexter's Laboratory.
|February 26, 1995|
|3||Yuckie Duck||"Short Orders"||Pat Ventura||Yes||No||Yuckie Duck works as a cook and waiter in a dirty restaurant, and delivers unappealing orders to the demanding customers.||March 5, 1995|
|4||Dino||"Stay Out!"||Joseph Barbera||Yes||No||The Flintstones' pet, Dino, tries to keep the house cat outside for the night.
Note: First spin-off episode to The Flintstones.
|March 19, 1995|
|5||Johnny Bravo||N/A||Van Partible||Yes||No||Johnny Bravo tries to score with a zookeeper girl by capturing a runaway gorilla.
Note: First pilot to Johnny Bravo.
|March 26, 1995|
|6||Sledgehammer O'Possum||"Out and About"||Patrick Ventura||Yes||No||A trouble-making possum named Sledgehammer frustrates a dog's plans to enjoy a quiet summer day out.||April 2, 1995|
|7||George and Junior||"Look Out Below"||Pat Ventura||Yes||No||Classic duo George and Junior attempt to fix a lightbulb an angry pigeon keeps breaking.
Note: This short was a re-imagining of the original George and Junior cartoons.
|April 9, 1995|
|8||Hard Luck Duck||N/A||William Hanna||Yes||No||After venturing away from Harley Gators watch, Hard Luck Duck is a hungry fox's target to be cooked.||April 16, 1995|
|9||Shake & Flick||"Raw Deal in Rome"||Michael Rann,
and George Johnson
|Yes||No||A flea named Flick has a personal agenda with a local performer, a poodle named Shake, in an anachronistic Rome setting where the two constantly try to one up each other.
Note: This short was nominated to be adapted into a series but it lost to Johnny Bravo.
|June 18, 1995|
|10||The Adventures of Captain Buzz Cheeply||"A Clean Getaway"||Meinert Hansen||Yes||No||Captain Buzz Cheeply and his robot sidekick, Slide, must escape a planet full of "Blubnoids" who have abnormally sized foreheads but small-sized brains whilst trying to do their laundry.||June 25, 1995|
|11||O. Ratz with Dave D. Fly||"Rat in a Hot Tin Can"||Jerry Reynolds and Russ Harris||Yes||No||A rat named O. Ratz and his fly companion, Dave D. Fly, try to find a place to stay for the night during winter in the city.||July 2, 1995|
|12||Pfish and Chip||"Short Pfuse"||Butch Hartman,
and Eugene Mattos
|Yes||No||Pfish (a shark) and Chip (a short-tempered lynx) attempt to stop the squeaky-laughing Mad Bomber while the Chief naps.||July 9, 1995|
|13||The Fat Cats||"Drip Dry Drips"||Jon McClenahan||Yes||No||Brothers Louie and Elmo set a laundry business, expecting to earn some cash. They get a request from the President, but accidentally destroy his suit.||July 16, 1995|
|14||George and Junior (uncredited)||"George and Junior's Christmas Spectacular"||Patrick A. Ventura||Yes||No||George and Junior are forced to deliver one of Santa's presents after they fail to mail in one of his letters.||July 23, 1995|
|15||Yoink! of the Yukon||N/A||Don Jurwich,
and Jim Ryan
|Yes||No||The mounted police has its uniforms stolen, so Yoink and Sergeant Farnsworth Farflung are sent to retrieve them.||July 30, 1995|
|16||Yuckie Duck||"I'm on My Way"||Patrick A. Ventura||Yes||No||Yuckie Duck works as a paramedic, but does more harm than good to his patients.||August 6, 1995|
|17||Mina and the Count||"Interlude with a Vampire"||Rob Renzetti||Yes||No||Vlad the Count is forced to play with Mina after a mix-up in the schedule with his victims.
Note: Pilot to the Mina and the Count shorts which are featured on Season 2 of Oh Yeah! Cartoons, making it the only short to appear in both cartoon variety shows.
|November 5, 1995|
|18||Cow and Chicken||"No Smoking"||Dave Feiss||Yes||No||The Devil (later known as the Red Guy) kidnaps Chicken, who must be saved from damnation of smoking by Super Cow. (who is his sister, Cow)
Note 1: This episode has been nominated for an Emmy.
Note 2: Pilot to Cow and Chicken.
|November 12, 1995|
|19||Boid 'n' Woim||N/A||C. Miles Thompson||Yes||No||A worm named Mr. Woim hitchhikes in the middle of the California desert alongside a bird named Mr. Boid. While driving there, Woim crashes Boid's car and they begin to hallucinate.||January 1, 1996|
|20||Jof||"Help?"||Bruno Bozzetto||Yes||No||A cat that pricks his finger while sewing asks for help at the hospital, but its personnel do more harm then good.||January 14, 1996|
|21||Podunk Possum||"One Step Beyond"||Joe Orrantia and
|No||Yes||A possum acquires an abandoned farm with three chickens to lay eggs for him, and has to defend them from a fried chicken titan, Major Portions.||January 21, 1996|
|22||The Powerpuff Girls||"Crime 101"||Craig McCracken||Yes||No||The Powerpuff Girls aid the bumbling Amoeba Boys in becoming able criminals.
Note: Second pilot to The Powerpuff Girls.
|January 28, 1996|
|23||Wind-Up Wolf||N/A||William Hanna||Yes||No||The Big Bad Wolf creates a robot minion wolf to attempt to finally get the Three Little Pigs.
Note: William Hanna's final cartoon short.
|February 4, 1996|
|24||Hillbilly Blue||N/A||Michael Ryan||Yes||No||Crawdad Eustace is fed-up with being treated as food and goes with possum pal Mordechai on a cross-country trip to New Orleans.||February 11, 1996|
|25||Courage the Cowardly Dog||"The Chicken from Outer Space"||John R. Dilworth||Yes||No||Courage tries to stop an alien chicken's plans to invade Earth while in his owners' farm.
Note 1: This short was nominated for an Oscar.
Note 2: Pilot to Courage the Cowardly Dog.
|February 18, 1996|
|26||Pizza Boy||"No Tip"||Robert Alvarez||Yes||No||Pizza Boy must deliver a pizza to Antarctica safe and sound under five minutes, or else he will receive no tip.||February 25, 1996|
|27||Gramps||N/A||Mike Ryan and Butch Hartman||Yes||No||Gramps tells his grandchildren about his battle against invading aliens.||March 3, 1996|
|28||Dexter's Laboratory||"The Big Sister"||Genndy Tartakovsky||Yes||No||Dexter prevents giantess Dee Dee from attacking the whole city.
Note: Second pilot to Dexter's Laboratory.
|March 10, 1996|
|29||Bloo's Gang||"Bow-Wow Buccaneers"||Mike Milo and Harry McLaughlin||Yes||No||Bloo and his dog friends sneak out of their owner's houses at midnight to set on a pirate adventure in the city.||March 17, 1996|
|30||Jungle Boy||"Mr. Monkeyman"||Van Partible||Yes||No||Jealous King Raymond attempts to taint hero Jungle Boy's reputation after he begins to lose fame.||October 9, 1996|
|31||Godfrey & Zeek||"Lost Control"||Jason Butler Rote
and Zac Moncrief
|No||Yes||A giraffe (Godfrey) and a pig (Zeek) leave their zoo home and visit a residual water treatment plant to retrieve the remote control they accidentally flushed down the toilet.||October 16, 1996|
|32||Tumbleweed Tex||"School Daze"||Robert Alvarez||No||Yes||A Wild West outlaw needs to finish the fourth grade and deal with his obnoxious class rival, Little Timmy.||October 23, 1996|
|33||Buy One Get One Free||N/A||Charlie Bean,
and Don Shank
|No||Yes||A man named Reilly gets a cat named Flinch in order to impress a female cat lover named Sofie and threatens the cat that if there is a scratch on anything while he's away, he will send him to the violin factory. It won't be easy when Sophie leaves Flinch a feline playmate named Fix that only wants to party.||October 30, 1996|
|34||The Kitchen Casanova||N/A||John McIntyre||No||Yes||A first-time cook is preparing a dinner for his date. Trouble arises when the wind flips the pages from his cookbook.||November 6, 1996|
|35||The Ignoramooses||N/A||Mike Milo and Harry McLaughlin||No||Yes||Two moose believe they are going to be adopted by a rich hunter due to tracking collars that a biologist put on them (they think they are pet collars), and wreak havoc in his mansion.||November 13, 1996|
|36||Johnny Bravo (uncredited)||"Johnny Bravo and the Amazon Women"||Van Partible||Yes||No||Johnny Bravo is left stranded in an island filled with beautiful giant women.
Note: Second pilot to Johnny Bravo.
|January 1, 1997|
|37||Pfish and Chip||"Blammo the Clown"||Butch Hartman,
and Eugene Mattos
|No||Yes||The bomb squad, Pfish and Chip, face yet another clown bomber, Blammo. It isn't easy when they have to watch and protect the chief's teddy bear whilst trying to stop the clown.||January 8, 1997|
|38||Awfully Lucky||N/A||Davis Doi||No||Yes||A greedy guy named Luther discovers the Paradox Pearl, which brings him good luck, but not without consequences. When Luther tries to turn it in to the city museum for ten million dollars, he finds out just how harsh the consequences are.||January 15, 1997|
|39||Strange Things||N/A||Mike Wellins||No||Yes||A robot finds a job as a janitor. He must remember that if it says "Don't Touch", don't touch.
Note: The series' only computer-animated short.
|January 22, 1997|
|40||Snoot's New Squat||N/A||Jeret Ochi and Victor Ortado||No||Yes||Snoot, the flea-like alien, finds a new home on a neurotic neat-freak dog, Al.
Note: A reference to the popular movie Forrest Gump is made by Snoot when Al runs away. Snoot morphs into a girl and shouts the same way as Jenny does to Forrest.
|January 29, 1997|
|41||Larry and Steve||N/A||Seth MacFarlane||No||Yes||Steve, a homeless dog, is adopted by dimwit Larry (the only man to understand dog) and lives disaster after disaster when Larry takes him shopping.
Note: Episode's style developed into MacFarlane's Family Guy.
|February 5, 1997|
|42||Sledgehammer O'Possum||"What's Goin' on Back There?!"||Patrick A. Ventura||Yes||No||Sledgehammer O'Possum takes shelter from the cold in a mailbox, much to the dismay of a mailman named Ethel who will stop at nothing to make him leave.||February 12, 1997|
|43||The Zoonatiks||"Home Sweet Home"||Paul Parducci,
and R.J. Reiley
|No||Yes||A bear named Bill, a monkey named Knuckles and a turtle named Shelby try to enter the all-star Hackensack Zoo after feeling unwanted at the circus.||February 19, 1997|
|44||Swamp and Tad||"Mission Imfrogable"||John Rice and Achiu So||Yes||No||Swamp and Tad, two frog guards who work on Planet Marsh, are sent by the King to get a package on Earth.||February 26, 1997|
|45||Dino||"The Great Egg-Scape"||Joseph Barbera||Yes||No||Dino takes care of a baby dinosaur and tries to prevent him from growing.
Note: Second and final spin-off episode to The Flintstones.
|March 5, 1997|
|46||Malcom and Melvin||N/A||Ralph Bakshi||No||Yes||Melvin is an alienated loser until he meets Malcom, a trumpeter cockroach who has a huge talent.
Note: The creator Bakshi disowned both shorts upon release.
|November 26, 1997|
|47||Tales of Worm Paranoia||N/A||Eddie Fitzgerald||No||Yes||Johnny is a peaceful and forgiving worm until a human steps on him repeatedly. As a result, the worm becomes paranoid and angered at the human race, seeking revenge.
Note: Style reminiscent of John Kricfalusi's The Ren & Stimpy Show; he is listed with a "Special Thanks" credit.
|November 27, 1997|
|48||Malcom and Melvin (uncredited)||"Babe! He... Calls Me"||Ralph Bakshi||No||Yes||Melvin's saga continues as his partnership with Malcom is compromised by an urban superhero's intrusion. Meanwhile, Melvin's mother aids a criminal after being unable to meet with her son.
Note: The creator Bakshi disowned both shorts upon release.
|November 28, 1997|
Cartoon Cartoon shorts (1998–2002)
Two Cartoon Cartoon shorts were produced in 1998 and one in 1999. All Cartoon Cartoon shorts produced between 2000 and 2001 were entered in The Big Pick, a contest to choose the newest Cartoon Cartoon. The shorts premiered on Cartoon Cartoon Fridays in the weeks leading up to "The Big Pick" and the winner was revealed during the actual event. The winners were The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, in 2000, and Codename: Kids Next Door, in 2001.
In 2002, 8 new shorts premiered during the Cartoon Cartoon Weekend Summerfest, only this time, they weren't competing against one another. These were the final Cartoon Cartoon shorts before the brand name was dropped. One short, LowBrow, was given its own series called Megas XLR.
|Title||Created by||Co-production(s)||Original air date|
|"Kenny and the Chimp: Diseasy Does It! or Chimp -n- Pox"||Mr. Warburton||Hanna-Barbera||November 6, 1998|
|A boy named Kenny, and his pet chimpanzee, Chimpy, must watch Professor XXXL's disease laboratory while he's away. However, Chimpy causes trouble for Kenny.
Note: The style of the short and the character Professor XXXL would be used on Codename: Kids Next Door.
|"Mike, Lu & Og: Crash Lancelot"||Mikhail Aldashin, Mikhail Shindel,
and Charles Swenson
|Kinofilm||November 7, 1998|
|A cast away girl named Mike asks for native inventor Og to build a car to get across the island. He also builds a specially improved model for princess Lu, which runs too fast for her.
Note: Pilot to Mike, Lu & Og.
|"King Crab: Space Crustacean"||Bill Wray||Hanna-Barbera||August 21, 1999|
|The youngest crew member of King Crab's intergalactic space cruiser has his body invaded by a life-sucking outer space parasite.|
|"The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy: Meet the Reaper"||Maxwell Atoms||Hanna-Barbera||June 9, 2000|
|Billy and Mandy are paid a visit by the Grim Reaper when he comes to collect the soul of Billy's hamster, Mr. Snuggles. Mandy then makes a bet with him in the form of a game: if Grim loses, he lets them keep Mr. Snuggles AND become their "best friend".
Note 1: Winner of Cartoon Network's Big Pick marathon (2000).
Note 2: Pilot to The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy and Grim & Evil.
|"Whatever Happened to Robot Jones?"||Greg Miller||Hanna-Barbera||June 16, 2000|
|Robot Jones learns that he has been put into a human public school that he must now attend.
Note: Pilot to Whatever Happened to... Robot Jones?.
|"Trevor!: Journey to Sector 5-G"||Adam Shaheen and Jeff Rockburn||Cuppa Coffee Studios||June 23, 2000|
|This cartoon follows the wild world of Trevor Braithwaite whose doodles dance right off the page.|
|"Nikki"||Debra Solomon and Todd Kessler||Sea Monkey Productions||June 30, 2000|
|Two friends find unusual responses to their on-line postings after they try to cheer up a broken-hearted woman in the park.|
|"Foe Paws"||Chris Savino||Hanna-Barbera||July 7, 2000|
|This cartoon follows the misadventures of an eccentric old woman who tries to replace her long lost children by dressing up her cat and dog in human clothes.|
|"Prickles the Cactus"||Denis Morella||Curious Pictures||July 14, 2000|
|Its plot follows the mishaps of a clumsy water-phobic cactus who helps save her family from a deadly drought at Cyclone Ranch.
Note: This pilot was later adapted in the homonym interactive short from Cartoon Network Video's anthology Web Premiere Toons.
|"Lucky Lydia: Club Lydia"||Arthur Filloy and Bob Camp||FilmGraphics Entertainment
Bob Camp Productions, Inc.
|July 21, 2000|
|This cartoon follows the unwittingly lucky Lydia Lucas, who is raised by half-crazy parents and narrowly misses her demise at the hands of the Baxter Boys again and again.|
|"Longhair and Doubledome: Good Wheel Hunting"||Gavrilo Gnatovich||Knock-Knock Cartoons Ltd., LLC||July 28, 2000|
|This cartoon follows two philosophical cavemen who just don't fit into their prehistoric surroundings.|
|"Lost Cat"||David Feiss||David Feiss, Inc.||August 4, 2000|
|A homeless purple cat attempts to scam his way into cozy new digs by passing himself off as someone else's lost cat.|
|"Uncle Gus: For the Love of Monkeys"||Lincoln Peirce||Hanna-Barbera||August 11, 2000|
|This cartoon follows the journey of a wily unemployed geezer and his rag-tailed bunch of friends as they travel to the zoo to reunite Uncle Gus with his AWOL fiancée.|
|"Sheep in the Big City: In the Baa-ginning"||Mo Willems||Curious Pictures||August 18, 2000|
|Sheep leaves Farmer John's farm in pursuit of a happy life in the city.
Note: Pilot to Sheep in the Big City.
|"Thrillseeker: Putt 'n' Perish"||Deborah Cone||Hanna-Barbera||TBA 2000|
|"Captain Sturdy: Back in Action!"||William Waldner, Ashley Postlewaite,
and Darrell Van Citters
|Renegade Animation||June 8, 2001|
|The long-retired Captain Sturdy must return to action when the Union of Super Heroes cancels his pension. Upon returning to duty, he discovers that the organization has lost sight of what it means to be a superhero and has become more concerned with political correctness and marketing deals than saving the world from the evil Moid's clutches.|
|"Yee Hah & Doo Dah: Bronco Breakin' Boots"||Kenny Duggan||Pitch Production||June 15, 2001|
|A cowboy and his horse, Yee Hah and Doo Dah, reside in Manhattan's Central Park. Yee Hah enjoys the city life until he discovers that the city pavement is giving him a dreadful blister. Much to Doo Dah's dismay, he decides to stop walking and ride his horse everywhere, thereby cramping Doo Dah's power-lunching lifestyle. Eventually, Doo Dah finds the real culprit behind Yee Hah's sore feet: the branding iron, tractor, etc. that Yee Hah has been hiding in his boots.|
|"IMP Inc."||Chris Reccardi and Charlie Bean||Cartoon Network Studios||June 22, 2001|
|Travelling in an orbiting meteor, three Imps are up for review and are offered the opportunity to help a poor farm couple by granting them their wish for desperately needed rain to help their crops. They manage to deliver rain, but their hopes for promotion come crashing down when their meteor smashes the couple's crops.|
|"My Freaky Family: Welcome to My World"||John McIntyre||Cartoon Network Studios||June 29, 2001|
|It's Nadine's first day of school, a significant historical event considered by her mother to be one of many "milestone days" which must be documented with a photo. She manages to make it onto the school bus without being photographed, but her "freaky" family grabs the camera and jumps on the family multi-seater bicycle for a mortifying chase to catch up with her.|
|"Major Flake: Soggy Sale"||Adam Cohen and Casper Kelly||Kurtz + Friends Animation||July 6, 2001|
|Major Flake, a frenetic French cereal mascot, and his grim sidekick, Sparkles must find a way to sell their rather unappealing Major Flake cereal before their boss, Sylvia Soggy, pulls the breakfast treat from store shelves.|
|"Utica Cartoon: Hotdog Champeen"||Fran Krause and Will Krause||Animation Cowboys||July 13, 2001|
|When Dan Bear and Micah Monkey learn that they can get free hot dogs by beating the current hot dog eating record at their local diner, they are up for the challenge. Dan Bear reigns as hot dog champ by consuming loads of free hot dogs, continually beating his own record. For awhile he enjoys the free franks until beating the record becomes too much even for him.|
|"Codename: Kids Next Door —No P in the OOL"||Mr. Warburton||Cartoon Network Studios||July 20, 2001|
|When the villainous Mr. Wink and Mr. Fibb extend the adult swimtime to extreme lengths at the neighborhood pool, the Kids Next Door plan to strike back with vengeance.
Note 1: Winner of Cartoon Network's Big Pick marathon (2001).
Note 2: Pilot for the show of the same name.
|"Swaroop: Bovine Bliss"||Mike Milo||Warner Bros. Animation||July 27, 2001|
|Swaroop and his family are trying to assimilate their Indian heritage with modern American culture. The differences become glaringly apparent when their neighbor brings home a cow to throw on the barbecue. Swaroop decides to hide the sacred cow before the neighbors can cook it for dinner.|
|"Ferret and Parrot"||Scott Morse||Cartoon Network Studios||August 3, 2001|
|A ferret and parrot fight for the affection of a comic strip character. Meanwhile, their owner tries to get rid of ants that have infested the house.|
|"A Kitty Bobo Show: Cellphones"||Kevin Kaliher and Meg Dunn||Cartoon Network Studios||August 17, 2001|
|Kitty Bobo wants to prove that he's cool by getting a cell phone. Unfortunately, he doesn't seem to be receiving many important calls, thereby reducing his cool factor, so he begins to fake incoming calls. It's only a matter of time before everyone catches on to the farce.|
|"Uncle Gus: Not So Fast!"||Lincoln Peirce||Red Sky Brand||November 2001|
|In the second Uncle Gus short, Gus enters his loyal horse, Flapjack, in a horse race to win a bet with mysterious paperboy Ali Ali.|
|"Commander Cork: Space Ranger"||Mike Bell||Cartoon Network Studios||August 23, 2002|
|Commander Cork is an enthusiastic and overzealous, though not very bright, do-gooder. When he meets Peggy and Petey Paddle, a brother and sister duo who share a fascination with outer space, he decides to bring them with him on his wacky space adventures.|
|"LowBrow: Test Drive"||Jody Schaeffer and George Krstic||Cartoon Network Studios||August 23, 2002|
|During a routine trip to the garbage dump, suburban misfit Coop discovers an advanced robot from the future. Coop brings the treasure home and retools it to suit his modern-day slacker needs.
Note: Pilot to Megas XLR.
|"Longhair and Doubledome: Where There's Smoke... There's Bob!"||Gavrilo Gnatovich||Knock-Knock Cartoons Ltd., LLC||August 23, 2002|
|In their second animated cartoon outing, Longhair and Doubledome discover fire. Having never before seen fire, Doubledome concludes that the blaze must be his son, Bob.|
|"Jeffrey Cat: Claw and Order — All Dogs Don't Go to Heaven"||Mark O'Hare||Cartoon Network Studios||August 23, 2002|
|Jeffrey Cat has never met a crime he couldn't lick. A surge in the pet population raises the need for a pet investigator. Jeffrey Cat, the sergeant on all pet-related cases, makes it his mission to safeguard the rights of all of the pets in the community. When a friendly dog is accused of attacking a neighbor, Jeffrey Cat smells a rat.|
|"Fungus Among Us"||Wes Archer||Rough Draft Studios, Inc.||August 23, 2002|
|Keeping clean is a dirty business, as the animated mascots from cleaning product commercials well know. Fungus Among Us follows the trials and tribulations of the fungus who must coexist with the cleaning agents that have been created to destroy them.|
|"Colin Versus the World: Mr. Lounge Lizard"||Stu Gamble||Square Centre Pictures Limited
Cartoon Network Europe
|August 23, 2002|
|Colin is a color-blind chameleon whose life is full of mishaps and blunders. While working as a shelf stocker at Cheapway's Supermarket, Colin passes the days with dreams of becoming a Lounge Lizard in Las Vegas.|
|"Maktar"||Gavrilo Gnatovich||Knock-Knock Cartoons Ltd., LLC||August 23, 2002|
|Slashing through our gassy universe, hurtling through our own Milky Way, an invader from the far reaches of Space comes knocking upon our atmospheric door. Sent by Zen and his Space Council, Maktar's mission is to conquer Earth. But, Maktar, a sniveling middle manager and galactic pushover, couldn't invade someone's privacy let alone conquer our Great Blue Planet.|
|"Bagboy!"||John Mathot and Ken Segall||Cartoon Network Studios||August 23, 2002|
|Parker is a typical 14-year-old with the usual adolescent trials, except when he is a Bagboy. Carefully selected by the elite intergalactic council, known as the Bagi, Parker moonlights as a powerful superhero.|
Cartoon Cartoon segments
|This section requires expansion. (November 2014)|
From 2000 to 2003, The Cartoon Cartoon Show featured new episodes and reruns of the full-series Cartoon Cartoons, interspersed with premieres and reruns of the Cartoon Cartoon shorts (some of which were retconned WAC! shorts). From 2005 to 2008, the block was revived, this time dropping the shorts. Episodes from each show were anthologized into 7 or 11-minute segments.
This is a list of shows that were presented on the block:
- Dexter's Laboratory (2000–2003; 2005–2008)
- Johnny Bravo (2000–2003; 2005–2008)
- The Powerpuff Girls (2000–2003; 2005–2008)
Cartoon Network Studios only
- Time Squad (2001–2003)
- Samurai Jack (2001–2004)
- Grim & Evil (2001–2003; 2005–2008)
- Whatever Happened to... Robot Jones? (2002–2003; 2005)
- The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy (2003; 2005–2008)
- Evil Con Carne (2003; 2005–2008)
- Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends (2006–2008)
- Hi Hi Puffy AmiYumi (2004–2006; 2008)
- The Life and Times of Juniper Lee (2005–2007)
- Camp Lazlo (2005–2008)
- My Gym Partner's a Monkey (2006–2008)
- Squirrel Boy (2006–2008)
- Mike, Lu & Og (2000–2003)
- Oh Yeah! Cartoons on Nickelodeon
- Random! Cartoons on Nicktoons Network
- Shorty McShorts' Shorts - A Disney Channel Original Series of shorts on Disney Channel.
- Raw Toonage - Created by Disney and originally aired as part of CBS's Saturday Morning Line-up.
- Sunday Pants
- The Cartoonstitute - A cancelled spiritual successor that would have continued the What a Cartoon! format.
- Fred Seibert (December 30, 2006). "Blog History of Frederator's original cartoon shorts. Part 15.". FrederatorBlogs.com. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Fred Seibert (September 1, 2007). "Blog History of Frederator's original cartoon shorts. Part 17.". FrederatorBlogs.com. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Fred Seibert (September 16, 2007). "Blog History of Frederator's original cartoon shorts. Part 20.". FrederatorBlogs.com. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Fred Seibert (October 25, 2009). "Blog History of Frederator's original cartoon shorts. Part 22.". FrederatorBlogs.com. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Joe Strike (July 15, 2003). "The Fred Seibert Interview — Part 1". AWN (Animation World Network). Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Fred Seibert (September 2, 2007). "Blog History of Frederator's original cartoon shorts. Part 18.". FrederatorBlogs.com. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Harvey Deneroff. "Where the Action Is". AWN (Animation World Network). Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- "Animation World News – Television: Cartoon Network". Animation World Magazine. Animation World Network (3.8). November 1998. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- "Tooning in the Fall Season". AWN (Animation World Network). July 1998. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- A poster gallery of What a Cartoon!/World Premiere Toons
- "Cartoon Network's Dive-In Theater: A Floating Cinema". AWN (Animation World Network). 1997. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Lewis Bleale (February 17, 1995). "Network A Boon To New Toons". Daily News. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- Larry Doyle (January 22, 1997). "Changing Their Toons". Slate. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Hal Boedeker (July 14, 1997). "Cartoon Network Zany Relief". Reading Eagle. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "CN Schedule". tvschedulearchive.com. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- "Cartoon Network Schedule — Boomerang". Cartoon Network. Time Warner. June 3, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-06-03.
- The Meth Minute 39 on YouTube
- Sony, Channel Frederator Launch Online Animation Incubator, by David Bloom, Deadline Hollywood, November 3, 2014
- Joe Strike (August 4, 2003). "The Fred Seibert Interview — Part 2". AWN (Animation World Network). Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Ed Liu (April 3, 2008). "Cartoon Network Creates The Cartoonstitute". Toon Zone. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Aaron H. Bynum (April 3, 2008). "CN Upfront 2008: 'The Cartoonstitute' Announcement". Animation Insider. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- "Comments on Craig McCracken's DeviantArt profile". deviantArt. June 6, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Mike Reynolds (August 13, 2009). "Cartoon Greenlights 'Regular Show,' 'Horrorbots'". Multichannel News. Retrieved November 20, 2010.
- Winfrey, Lee (December 27, 1994). "From Hanna-Barbera, 8 New Cartoons for Cable The Cartoon Network's New Stable of Stars Includes Two Ducks, Two Bears, and Even Dino of "Flintstones" Fame.". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved 2013-05-12.
- Moore, Scott (February 26, 1995). "Creative 'World Premiere Toons'". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Yuckie Duck in Short Orders / Created, Written and Directed by Pat Ventura.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Dino in Stay Out / Story and Direction by Joseph Barbera.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon : Episode Ti., Johnny Bravo / Directed by Van Partible.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Sledgehammer O'Possum in Out and About / Created, Written and Directed by Patrick Ventura.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon : Episode Ti., Look Out Below / Written and Directed by Patrick A. Ventura.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Hard Luck Duck / Created, Written & Directed by William Hanna.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Shake and Flick in Raw Deal in Rome / Directed by Eugene Mattos.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "The Adventures of Captain Buzz Cheeply in : A Clean Getaway / Created, Written & Directed by Meinert Hansen.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "O. Ratz in Rat in a Hot Tin Can / Written & Directed by Jerry Reynolds.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Pfish and Chip in Short Pfuse / Directed by Butch Hartman.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon : Episode Ti., The Fat Cats in Drip Dry Drips / Directed by Jon McClenahan.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "George and Junior's Christmas Spectacular / Written and Directed by Patrick A. Ventura.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Yoink! of the Yukon / Directed by Don Jurwich & Jerry Eisenberg.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Yuckie Duck in I'm on My Way / Created, Written and Directed by Patrick A. Ventura.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Mina and the Count in Interlude with a Vampire.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Cow and Chicken in No Smoking.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Boid 'n' Woim.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- Kleid, Beth (December 31, 1995). "Focus : Midnight Express : A Guide to New Year's Eve Programming". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- "Help?". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : Episode Ti., Podunk Possum in "One Step Beyond."". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Powderpuff Girls in Crime 101". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- http://articles.latimes.com/2001/mar/23/local/me-41620. Missing or empty
- "Wind-up Wolf.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Hillbilly Blue.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- Mendoza, N.F. (February 18, 1996). "SHOWS FOR YOUNGSTERS AND THEIR PARENTS TOO : Cartoon Network stars a hen from outer space; 'Human Animal' explores our needs on TLC". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- Mendoza, N.F. (February 25, 1996). "SHOWS FOR YOUNGSTERS AND THEIR PARENTS TOO : Lions of Botswana roam TBS; 'Old Yeller' comes home to Disney; in orbit with Nick's 'Space Cases'". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- "Gramps.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. 00615-94012, Dexter's Laboratory "The Big Sister" / Created, Written and Directed by Genndy Tartakovsky.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Bloo's Gang in Bow Wow Buccaneers.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Jungleboy in Mr. Monkeyman.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Godfrey and Zeek in Lost Control.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : Episode Ti., Tumbleweed Tex in "School Daze."". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "The Kitchen Casanova.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "The Ignoramooses.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. H00615-94052, Johnny Bravo and the Amazon Women / Created, Written and Directed by Van Partible.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. 00615-94028, Pfish and Chip in "Blammo the Clown" / Directed by Eugene Mattos.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Awfully Lucky.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. H00615-94081, Strange Things / Created, Written and Directed by Mike Wellins.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "Snoot's New Squat". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. H00615-94032, Larry and Steve / Created, Written & Directed by Seth MacFarlane.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. 00615-94013, Sledgehammer O'Possum "What's Goin' on Back There?" / Created, Written and Directed by Patrick A. Ventura.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : Episode Ti., The Zoonatiks in "Home Sweet Home."". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. 00615-94025, Dino "The Great Egg-scape" / Written and Directed by Joseph Barbera.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. H00615-94071, Malcom and Melvin / Written and Directed by Ralph Bakshi.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. H00615-94010, Tales of Worm Paranoia / Written and Directed by Eddie Fitzgerald.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- "What a Cartoon! : No. H00615-94072, Babe, He Calls Me / Written and Directed by Ralph Bakshi.". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
- Kilmer, David (August 5, 1999). "Cartoon Network offers sneak peeks". Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- DeMott, Rick (May 10, 2000). "Cartoon Network Navigates 10 New Pilots". Animation World Network. Retrieved 2013-06-06.
- Prickles the Cactus