Al Jazeera English
|Al Jazeera English|
|Launched||15 November 2006|
|Owned by||Al Jazeera Media Network|
|Picture format||HDTV 1080i25|
|Slogan||"Setting The News Agenda"
"Every Story, Every Side"
"Hear The Human Story"
|Sister channel(s)||Al Jazeera Arabic
Al Jazeera America
Al Jazeera Balkans
Al Jazeera Turk
|Website||Al Jazeera English[note 1]|
|Channel 108 (HD)
|Freeview|HD (New Zealand)||Channel 16|
|Tata Sky (India)||Channel 533|
|Dish TV (India)||Channel 618|
|12633 H 22000 5/6|
|G-23 (IA 13)
|3900 V / 27684 / 3/4|
|12152 H / 20000 / 3/4|
|12092 V / 27500 / 3/4|
|Eutelsat Hot Bird 13A
|11034 V / 27500 / 3/4|
|12015 V / 27500 / 3/4|
|12367 V / 27800 / 3/4
PID: video=1121, audio=1122
|3840 H / 27690 / 7/8|
|4064 H / 19850 / 7/8|
|12398 H / 28000 / 7/8|
|3760 H / 26000 / 7/8|
|11508 V / 22000 / 5/6|
|Globecast||Channel 463 (FTA)|
UK & Ireland
|SKY Italia||Channel 522|
|12139 H / 2222 / 3/4|
|TV Vlaanderen||Channel 54|
|Cignal Digital TV
|Virgin Media UK
|Cable Star Iloilo
|Channel 152 (digital CH-D)|
|Elisa||(digital tuner required)|
|Full Channel||Channel 168|
|Channel 22 (Analog)
Channel 151 (Digital)
|Parasat Cable TV
|Royal Cable||Channel 65|
|Shaw Exo TV
|Clix SmarTV||Channel 97|
|Club Internet||Channel 59|
|HKBN bbTV||Channel 735|
|Neuf TV||Channel 47|
|Movistar TV||Channel 136|
|Bell Fibe TV
|Al Jazeera||Watch (Free, 56 Kbit/s)(Geo-Blocked in the United States)|
|iWanTV! (Philippines)||Watch (Premium)|
|Livestation||Watch (Free, 502 Kbit/s)|
|TVCatchup||Watch live (UK only)|
|Vingo.tv Alpha||Watch (Subscription)|
|YouTube||Watch (Live stream and video segments) (Geo-Blocked in the United States)|
|Zattoo||Watch (Where available)|
|The Feed||Watch (Works in U.S.)|
Al Jazeera English (AJE) is an international 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel owned and funded by the House of Thani's Al Jazeera Media Network and is headquartered in Doha, Qatar.
It is a sister channel of the U.S.-based English-language channel Al Jazeera America (AJAM), the Bosnia and Herzegovina-based multi-language Al Jazeera Balkans, and the original, Arabic-language, Al Jazeera (sometimes referred to as Al Jazeera Arabic). The station broadcasts news features and analysis, documentaries, live debates, current affairs, business, technology, and sports, and claims to be the first global high-definition television network. Al Jazeera English is the world's first English-language news channel to be headquartered in the Middle East. The channel aims to provide both a regional voice and a global perspective for a potential world audience of over one billion English speakers who do not share the Anglo-American worldview.
Instead of being run under one central command, news management rotates between broadcasting centers in Doha and London. At its launch, the station actually had four news centres in the world, in: Washington, D.C., London, Doha, and Kuala Lumpur. Complete news bulletins from Kuala Lumpur stopped on 30 September 2010 and from Washington DC on 28 January 2011; they were replaced by news from Doha. All news inserts from Kuala Lumpur ceased in early 2011 and from Washington DC they ceased on 15 April 2012. By contrast, Al Jazeera English is one of the few global media outlets to maintain an agency in Gaza, and in Harare.
The network's stated objective is "to give voice to untold stories, promote debate, and challenge established perceptions."
- 1 Philosophy
- 2 Launch and reach
- 3 Programmes
- 4 International bureaus
- 5 Staff
- 6 Availability
- 7 Criticism
- 8 Awards
- 9 See also
- 10 Further reading
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Al Jazeera English has stated objectives of emphasizing news from the developing world, of "reversing the North to South flow of information" and of "setting the news agenda" (also the channel's slogan). Some observers, including media scholar Adel Iskandar, have commented that this focus can be seen, in the eyes of Western viewers, as casting Al Jazeera English as a global "alternative" news network, though the entire Al Jazeera brand has been heavily mainstream in many parts of the world. Other Al Jazeera English slogans and catchphrases include: "All the News | All the Time", "Fearless Journalism" and "If it's newsworthy, it gets on air, whether it's Bush or Bin Laden". Al Jazeera's Code of Ethics mirrors some of these statements. Award-winning creative teams shaped the English brand identity, the on-air studios and its "EVERY ANGLE | EVERY SIDE" promotional positioning, led by Director of Creative, Morgan Almeida, "to extend the Arabic heritage in a language familiar to diverse global audiences".
Launch and reach
The channel was launched on 15 November 2006 at 12:00 GMT (19:00 WIB). It had aimed to begin global broadcasting in June 2006 but had to postpone its launch because its HDTV technology was not ready. The channel was due to be called Al Jazeera International, but the name was changed nine months before the launch because "one of the Qatar-based channel's backers decided that the broadcaster already had an international scope with its original Arabic outlet".
The channel had expected to reach around 40 million households, but it far exceeded that launch target, reaching 80 million homes. As of 2009, Al Jazeera's English-language service can be viewed in every major European market and is available to 130 million homes in over 100 countries via cable and satellite, according to Molly Conroy, a spokeswoman for the network in Washington.
The channel is noted for its poor penetration in the American market, where it was carried by only one satellite service and a small number of cable networks. Al Jazeera English later began a campaign to enter the North American market, including a dedicated website. It became available to some cable subscribers in New York in August 2011, having previously been available as an option for some viewers in Washington DC, Ohio and Los Angeles. It is readily available on most major Canadian television providers including Rogers and Bell TV after the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved the channel for distribution in Canada on 26 November 2009.
Al Jazeera English and Iran's state-run Press TV were the only international English-language television broadcasters with journalists reporting from inside both Gaza and Israel during the 2008–2009 Israel-Gaza conflict. Foreign press access to Gaza has been limited via either Egypt or Israel. However, Al Jazeera's reporters Ayman Mohyeldin and Sherine Tadros were already inside Gaza when the conflict began and the network's coverage was often compared to CNN's initial coverage from inside Baghdad in the early days of the 1991 Gulf War.
The channel may also be viewed online. It recommends online viewing either via Livestation, a free site (live, high quality), at its own website (live, low quality), or at its channel on YouTube. Although Al Jazeera English is produced in High Definition (HD), the output is converted to 14:9 SD similar to BBC World News. Programs are shown on the Al Jazeera English YouTube channel in their original 16:9 format. Al Jazeera English HD launched in the United Kingdom on Freeview on 26 November 2013.
Al Jazeera America / United States
On 3 January 2013, Al Jazeera Media Network announced that it had purchased Current TV in the United States and would be launching an American news channel. 60% of the channel's programming would be produced in America while 40% would be from Al Jazeera English. That was later changed at the request of the cable and satellite providers to almost 100% American programing. Regardless Al Jazeera America maintains a close working relationship with Al Jazeera English. The channel airs Newshour in the morning and midday hours and will cut to live Al Jazeera English coverage of large breaking international news stories outside of that. Al Jazeera English programmes Witness, Earthrise, Listening Post, Talk To Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Corespondent and 101 East along with Al Jazeera Investigates regularly air on Al Jazeera America.
Al Jazeera UK / Europe
In 2013 Al Jazeera Media Network began the planning stages of a new channel called Al Jazeera UK. The British channel will broadcast for five hours during prime time as cut-in UK content aired on Al Jazeera English. It would in effect function much like RT UK and RT America does in the United States. The channel is planned to launch some time in the future. In 2014, Al Jazeera moved its UK London operations including its newsroom, studios and shows from Knightsbridge to its new space in The Shard. The last day of broadcasting from the Knightsbridge studios was on September, 12th 2014. The grand opening of the new Shard hub was on November 3rd, 2014 with the first Newshour broadcast on October 10th, 2014.
The new facility which houses all operations for Al Jazeera Media Network in London was built capable of running an entire channel independent from the other hubs. The London Shard hub is the second biggest hub in the Al Jazeera network after Doha.
Current programmes on the channel are: In addition to those listed below, Al Jazeera English runs various programmes that are either entirely non-recurrent or consist of just a limited number of parts (miniseries format known as special series). All programmes, including former shows are shown in their entirety on Al Jazeera's website and YouTube.
- 101 East — the weekly documentary series for issues of particular importance in Asia. Presenters or hosts have included Teymoor Nabili and Fauziah Ibrahim
- Al Jazeera Investigates — documentaries arising from the work of the Al Jazeera Investigative Unit.
- The Café — a discussion programme, hosted by Mehdi Hasan.
- Counting the Cost — the weekly look at business and finance. Hosted by Kamahl Santamaria.
- Empire — a monthly programme exploring global powers and their policies. A discussion with host Marwan Bishara and his guests
- Fault Lines — the documentary series focused on the forgotten and the unreported aspects of life in the United States. Presented by: Josh Rushing, Sebastian Walker, Wab Kinew and formerly by Zeina Awad. It is produced by Al Jazeera America.
- The Frost Interview (previously Frost Over The World) — this was hosted by David Frost. Frost died in 2013, and show still aired posthumously with the family's consent.
- Inside Story — the daily investigation and analysis of a topical issue, with the aid of three guests from within and without the country in question. Jane Dutton and Shiulie Ghosh are regular hosts, but most of the Doha-based news-presenters have also taken the chair, including: Dareen Abughaida, Stephen Cole, Adrian Finighan, David Foster, Divya Gopalan, Veronica Pedrosa, Kamahl Santamaria, Folly Bah Thibault.
- Listening Post — analysis of how the other news organizations are covering the stories of the week, plus examination of viewer-submitted news. Hosted from London by Richard Gizbert.
- World news live from Al Jazeera's Doha broadcast centre
- World news live from Al Jazeera's London broadcast centre
- Newshour — an hour of world news and sport hosted from both of Al Jazeera's broadcast centres.
- People & Power — a biweekly programme, originally hosted by Dr. Shereen El Feki.
- The Stream — a discussion programme focused on social media, daily from Monday to Thursday. Hosted by Femi Oke and Malika Bilal, usually with one guest in the studio and a couple on Skype. An issue, itself often viewer-generated, is discussed by the team and viewers can contribute with comments on Twitter or Facebook, with some occasionally invited to join in on Skype.
- Talk to Al Jazeera — extended studio interviews with people of influence from around the world:
- Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra of Thailand talked to: Veronica Pedrosa
- Witness — the daily documentary-slot for films by the best of the world's independent film-makers. The strand aims to shine a light on the events and people long-forgotten by the global media and on those which never merited a mention in the first place.
- TechKnow — weekly show showcasing bright spots and innovations in the world of science and technology in the United States and how they are changing lives. Segments are recorded in the field by a group of young, tech-savvy contributors with diverse backgrounds in science and technology. The show is hosted by Phil Torres and co-hosted depending on the episode by Cara Santa Maria. Presented from Los Angeles, it is produced by Al Jazeera America.
- The Fabulous Picture Show — hosted by Amanda Palmer, offers some interviews and reports on movies, actors and directors.
These include programmes that have not had a new episode announced since 2011.
- 48 — weekly show hosted by Teymoor Nabili; Asian politics, business and current affairs
- Everywoman — hosted by Shiulie Ghosh
- Inside Iraq — coverage of the Iraq War, hosted by Jasim Al-Azzawi
- Riz Khan — daily (Mon-Thu) viewer participation show, hosted by Riz Khan. Similar to CNN's Larry King Live
- Riz Khan One on One — Riz Khan sits down with a single guest for an extended interview
- Africa Investigates — African journalists risk their lives in order to reveal the truth about corruption and abuse across the continent
- Sportsworld — a daily sports programme hosted on rotation by members of Al Jazeera's sports team
- Inside Story America — version of Inside Story focused on the United States.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2014)|
In addition to its four main broadcast centres, Al Jazeera English itself has 21 supporting bureaux around the world which gather and produce news. It also shares resources with its Arabic-language sister channel's 42 bureaus, Al Jazeera America's 12 bureau, Al Jazeera Balkan's bureaus and Al Jazeera Turk's bureau for a grand total of 83 bureaus and is planning to add further bureaus, to be announced as they open. After it began broadcasting in Canada in May 2010, the network announced plans to open a Canadian bureau office in June 2010 in Toronto. This is a significant difference from the present trend:
"The mainstream American networks have cut their bureaus to the bone.... They’re basically only in London now. Even CNN has pulled back. I remember in the '80s when I covered these events there would be a truckload of American journalists and crews and editors and now Al Jazeera outnumbers them all.... That's where, in the absence of alternatives, Al Jazeera English can fill a vacuum, simply because we’re going in the opposite direction."
-Tony Burman, Former Managing Director, AJE (quoted in Adbusters)
Also Al Jazeera presenters can alternate between broadcast centres. Al Jazeera also shares English-speaking correspondents with Al Jazeera Arabic, Al Jazeera America, Al Jazeera Turk and Al Jazeera Balkans and vice versa.
Middle East and the Maghreb
||The neutrality of this section is disputed. (December 2014)|
Broadcast Centre: Doha: Al Jazeera English Headquarters
Anchors: Jane Dutton, Adrian Finighan, Martine Dennis, Fauziah Ibrahim, Folly Bah Thibault, Dareen Abughaida, Shiulie Ghosh, Divya Gopalan, Darren Jordon, Rob Matheson, Kamahl Santamaria, Shakuntala Santhiran, Sherine Tadros, Veronica Pedrosa
Sports Desk: Andy Richardson
Countries and Bureaus:
- Tunis, Tunisia
- Tripoli, Libya
- Ramallah (Palestine - West Bank)
- Jerusalem (Israel/Palestine)
- Tel Aviv, Israel
- Amman, Jordan
- Beirut, Lebanon
- Antakya, Turkey
- Baghdad, Iraq
- Tehran, Iran
The Al Jazeera bureaus in Egypt were one of the very first targets for the Armed Forces, when they took back power through the putsch against the elected government. The studios and offices themselves were ransacked and the journalists and their teams were taken into custody.
The journalists for Al Jazeera English, Wayne Hay and his colleagues, were soon expelled, as the groundless detention of Western journalists undermined the notion both that the putsch was democratic in aspiration plus that it had the support of the people, as should have been reflected in interviews with the crowds. The journalists from the Arabic-language service, Al Jazeera ('Al Jazeera Arabic'), several of whom are themselves Egyptian, were until June 2014 with the release of Abdullah Elshamy being detained without cause.
As a result, Al Jazeera English sent in new journalists, rotated periodically. They were not named, in order to make it harder for the putschists - 'the interim government' - to identify them and detain them, and were addressed as either 'Our Correspondent' or 'Our Special Correspondent'.
- Al Jazeera English Journalists Egyptian Detainment
Beginning in October 2013, a number of correspondents again reported from the country openly until December 2013 when three Al Jazeera English journalists Peter Greste, Mohamed Fahmy, and Baher Mohamed were arrested in their hotel rooms in a Cairo Marriott arrested on charges of delivering "false news" and "aiding a terrorist organization" by being part of Al Jazeera Media Network in Egypt following the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état and the shutdown in Egypt of Al Jazeera Mubasher Misr.
The crew has had court trials that have been adjourned over 10 times where questionable evidence including video from other news organizations claimed to be from Al Jazeera English, inaudible audio recordings, pictures from a family vacation, a music video and video of sheep had been presented as evidence. The trial has been called out by free press groups and rights groups as a sham. The former Cairo Bureau chief from Al Jazeera English now works for sister channel AJ+ after the shutdown of the bureau. During the detainment of the journalists Al Jazeera along with the BBC and other major news organizations launched the Twitter and social media campaign #FreeAJStaff. The campaign included moments of silence while holding the hashtag as well as protesting at Egyptian embassies in various countries among other things. Calls from the United Nations, European Union and the United States for the journalists to be released were ignored.
On 23 June 2014 in a shocking ruling the journalists were found guilty. Greste and Fahmy were sentenced to 7 years in prison while Muhammad was sentenced to 10 years. The ruling sparked outrage among fellow journalists including those at BBC, CNN, ABC Australia and most other major news outlets along with world leaders from Australia, Canada, The United States, United Nations, Switzerland and the United Kingdom primarily because they were found guilty based on no actual evidence in a case that has been deemed politically motivated and also because the ruling was seen as an attack on press freedom. The response was especially negative on the part of United States Secretary of State John Kerry who a day earlier was in Egypt and was made a promise of press freedom by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. The ruling has resulted in many negative stories in print, online and on television by various news outlets around the world calling the Egyptian justice system a kangaroo court and calling the Egyptian government authoritarian.
There have been various calls for amnesty, clemancy and pardons by various governments and news agencies all of which have been declined by the Egyptian government who claims that their justice system is independent and to respect the courts decision and stay out of Egyptian affairs. There are also calls for the United States to end or hold funding for the Egyptian military in response to the case. Attempts to free the journalists are still ongoing. Peter Greste was released from prison and deported back to Australia on 1 February 2015.
Countries and Bureaus:
Broadcast Centre: London: The Shard
Programme Host: Richard Gizbert
- Dublin, Ireland
- Paris, France
- Berlin, Germany
- Moscow, Russia
- Kyiv, Ukraine
- Istanbul, Turkey with Al Jazeera Turk
- Athens, Greece
- Rome, Italy
- Sarajevo, (Bosnia-Herzegovina) with Al Jazeera Balkans
- Belgrade, Serbia with Al Jazeera Balkans
Broadcast Centre: Washington, D.C.: Newseum New York is the headquarters of the sister channel: Al Jazeera America. This station obviously has an extensive network of bureaus and correspondents within the United States, many of whom will also appear on Al Jazeera English.
Countries and Correspodents:
New York (NY) AJAM: Roxana Saberi
US Sports-correspondents: John Henry Smith
Washington D.C. [DC] Bx.: Shihab Rattansi, Alan Fisher, Casey Kauffman
San Francisco [Ca] Bx.: AJAM: Melissa Chan, Jacob Ward (science & technology)
Buenos Aires Bx.: (Argentina): Lucia Newman
- Chicago, Illinois
- Detroit, Michigan
- Nashville, Tennessee
- Los Angeles, California
- Seattle, Washington
- New Orleans, Louisiana
- Dallas, Texas
- Denver, Colorado
- Miami, Florida
- San Francisco, California
- Toronto, Canada
- Mexico City, Mexico
- Guatemala City, Guatemala
- Caracas, Venezuela
- Bogotá, Colombia
- Lima, Perú
- Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- São Paulo, Brazil
- Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Kabul, Afghanistan
- Islamabad, Pakistan
- New Delhi, India
- Kathmandu, Nepal
- Dhaka, Bangladesh
- Colombo, Sri Lanka
North East Asia
Al Jazeera English's longtime China correspondent Melissa Chan was expelled from the country in 2012. The Chinese government did not provide any public reasons but was known to have been unhappy over a documentary the channel had aired on China's prison system. On 8 May 2012, reporters from the Beijing press corps asked about the expulsion at the Chinese Foreign Ministry's daily press briefing. Officials did not provide an explanation, and censored most of the questions when they published their official transcript. Chan now works at Al Jazeera America.
- Managing Director
- 2008-2010: Tony Burman
In common with most broadcasters, Al Jazeera English uses a combination of full-time 'staffers' and local freelancers. So long as the journalists are appearing - or are providing credited commentaries - regularly on-air, no distinction has been made as to their contractual arrangements. However, those who have received a recent on-air profile and whose names therefore appear in bold, may well be assumed to be on the staff.
On-air staff currently working for the station (previous employer in brackets) include:
- Al Jazeera Media Network correspondents also appearing on AJ.E:
AJ.IU – Al Jazeera Investigative Unit
Names in Bold – subject, in 2013, of an on-air Al-Jazeera 'Profile', or puff; in the case of the programme hosts, this is in conjunction with a plug for the strand itself.
Former presenters and correspondents
Former Al Jazeera English presenters and correspondents still within the network on other channels
Now with Al Jazeera America
With other Al Jazeera Media Network outlets
Other presenters and correspondents
Those who have retired, died, left, or resigned from Al Jazeera Media Network completely.
- Jasim Al-Azzawi
- Laila Al Shaikhli
- Derrick Ashong
- Zeina Awad
- Stephen Cole
- Brendan Connor
- Franc Contreras
- Dr. Shereen El Feki
- Elizabeth Filippouli
- Sir David Frost (1939–2013)
- Avi Lewis
- Hamish Macdonald
- Supa Mandiwanzira
- Dave Marash
- Ayman Mohyeldin
- Teymoor Nabili
- Anand Naidoo (quitted over Al Jazeera English)
- Arthur Neslen
- Rageh Omaar
- Shahnaz Pakravan
- Amanda Palmer
- Cal Perry
- Mark Seddon
- Mónica Villamizar
Former U.S. Marine Josh Rushing joined Al Jazeera in September 2005. He had been the press officer for the United States Central Command during the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, and in that role had been featured in the documentary Control Room. When subsequently joining Al Jazeera, Rushing commented that "In a time when American media has become so nationalized, I'm excited about joining an organization that truly wants to be a source of global information...." Rushing worked from the Washington DC broadcasting centre until the formation of Al Jazeera America, he now works from AJAM's San Francisco hub.
Former CNN and BBC news anchorwoman and award winning journalist Veronica Pedrosa also joined the team, along with CNN producer James Wright, and Kieran Baker, a former editor and producer for CNN, who had been Acting General Manager, Communications and Public Participation for ICANN. On 2 December 2005, Stephen Cole, a senior anchor on BBC World and Click Online presenter, announced he was joining Al Jazeera International.
The network announced on 12 January 2006 that former Nightline correspondent Dave Marash would be the co-anchor from their Washington studio. Marash described his new position as "the most interesting job on Earth." On 6 February 2006, it was announced that the former BBC reporter Rageh Omaar would host the weeknight documentary series, Witness.
In mid 2014 Al Jazeera English froze employment of both permanent and freelance staff for its Qatar network and cut freelance pay rates by 30-40% with out warning, while at the same time Al Jazeera lodged a $150m claim for compensation against Egypt, arguing that by arresting and attacking Al Jazeera journalists, seizing the broadcaster’s property and jamming its signal, arguing that the Egyptian government has violated its rights as a foreign investor in the country and put the $90m it has invested in Egypt since 2001 at risk.
Al Jazeera Investigative Unit
Formed in 2010, in its own words: the role of Al Jazeera Investigations is not to report the news, but to make the news.
The Unit, also known as 'the Investigations Team' or, simply, 'Al Jazeera Investigations' is based at the Network headquarters in Doha, but also has representation in London, Washington, DC and San Francisco. The unit is an Al Jazeera Media Network asset and its reports will appear equally on the other channels, tailored appropriately for the relevant language and audience.
The Unit's investigations resulted, amongst others, in the documentary What Killed Arafat? This film won a CINE Golden Eagle Award. In 2013, the Arafat findings were indeed reported as a news-item on other networks. The documentaries are often presented under their own strand, as: Al Jazeera Investigates. It will reveal secrets and expose truths surrounded by silence.
The original Unit chief was Ahmad Ibrahim, but the current Manager of Investigative Journalism for the Al Jazeera Media Network is Clayton Swisher. Other leading figures include: Ed Pound, Karen Wightman, Trevor Aaronson, Frank Bass, Josh Bernstein, Simon Boazman, Will Jordan, Phil Rees, Ken Silverstein. At its launch, the unit had three separate teams.
The channel is available in many countries, mostly via satellite, sometimes via cable. The channel is also available online. Al Jazeera English provides a free HD stream on its website for unlimited viewing. It is available for free worldwide. They also provide a free stream on their YouTube page. It can also be streamed in lower quality live worldwide for free through Livestation. Previously, before Al Jazeera provided an official stream, a low quality RealVideo stream was available for viewing. Al Jazeera news segments are frequently included on the American public television program Worldfocus. Al Jazeera can also be streamed on any iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch with a 3G or wifi connection using a free application.
Along with a free unlimited high-quality stream on the official Al Jazeera English website, Online subscriptions allowing unlimited viewing may be purchased from Jump TV, RealPlayer, and VDC. Headlines from Al-Jazeera English are available on Twitter.
Al Jazeera English's website also contains news reports and full episodes of their programs that can be viewed for free on their website. The videos are hosted by YouTube, where viewers can also go to find the videos.
The channel initially began test streaming Al Jazeera English (then called "Al Jazeera International") in March 2006 on Hot Bird, Astra 1E, Hispasat, AsiaSat3S, Eutelsat 28A and Panamsat PAS 10. Telenors Thor, Türksat and Eutelsat 25A were added to the satellites carrying it. Eutelsat 28A carried the test stream on frequency 11.681 under the name "AJI".
In New Zealand, Al Jareera English is available 24 hours a day on the Korida operated free-to-air DVB-T terrestrial network since October 2013. Prior to the December 2012 analog switchoff Triangle TV re-broadcast various Al Jazeera programmes in Auckland on its free-to-air UHF channel. TV One was going to replace BBC World with this service during their off-air hours of 01:30 to 06:00 from 1 April 2013, however opted to run infomercials instead.
In April 2010, Al Jazeera English was taken off air in mio TV Singapore with unspecified reasons, according to the official Al Jazeera English website.
On 7 December 2010, Al Jazeera said its English language service has got a downlink license to broadcast in India. Satellite and cable companies would therefore be allowed to broadcast Al Jazeera in the country. The channel launched on Dish TV in November 2011, and is considering a Hindi-language channel.
On 26 November 2009, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved "a request to add Al Jazeera English (AJE) to the lists of eligible satellite services for distribution on a digital basis and amends the lists of eligible satellite services accordingly." Al Jazeera English became available on Rogers Cable, Videotron and Bell TV on 4 May 2010.
Al Jazeera English is available via satellite across all of North America free to air via Globecast on Galaxy 19 on the Ku band in DVB format. As of 2011, only a small number of Americans were able to watch the channel on their televisions. Among the markets where it was available was were Bristol County, Rhode Island, Toledo and Sandusky, Ohio, Burlington, Vermont, Houston, Texas, and Washington, DC. Industry giant Comcast originally planned to carry Al Jazeera English in 2007, but reversed its decision shortly before the channel's launch, citing "the already-saturated television market". The two major American satellite providers, DirecTV and Dish Network, had similar plans but also changed their minds, with speculation that the decision may have been influenced by allegations by the Bush administration of "anti-American bias" in the channel.
With Al Jazeera's coverage of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, the channel drew acclaim and received renewed attention. The New York Times reported on 1 February 2011 that 1.6 million U.S. viewers had tuned in via Internet stream, and stated that new discussions were underway with carriers. The following month, it was announced that Al Jazeera entered carriage negotiations with Comcast and Time Warner Cable. Salon.com described the channel's English-language coverage as "mandatory viewing for anyone interested in the world-changing events currently happening in Egypt", while Huffington Post contributor Jeff Jarvis claimed it was "un-American" for operators to not carry the network. When Al Jazeera covered the Libyan Civil War, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton noted an increasing American audience for the network, saying that "viewership of Al Jazeera is going up in the United States because it’s real news. You may not agree with it, but you feel like you’re getting real news around the clock instead of a million commercials and—you know—arguments between talking heads and the kind of stuff that we do on our news which—you know—is not particularly informative to us, let alone foreigners."
On 1 February 2011, Internet appliance Roku posted on its Facebook page that the English-language Al Jazeera Live would be streaming on Roku devices through a private channel called Newscaster and also through the BBC channel. It permitted the announcement following unrest in Egypt so American viewers can watch the latest events going on in the Middle East. A Roku user must add the private channel Newscaster from the Roku website.
On 1 August 2011, Al Jazeera English began airing 23 hours a day in New York City as part of a sublet agreement with cable channel RISE, a former Spanish-language network, which is carried on WRNN-TV's DT2 subchannel (the other hours were used to meet FCC E/I and local programming guidelines). The network aired on Time Warner Cable on channel 92 and on Verizon FiOS on channel 481.
On 2 January 2013, Al Jazeera announced that it had acquired the U.S.-based cable TV channel Current TV for a reported $500 million. With this acquisition, Al Jazeera launched a new channel, called Al Jazeera America, with a heavy dose of U.S. domestic news along with Al Jazeera English programming and news, to an estimated 40 million U.S. households—putting it in direct competition with CNN, MSNBC and Fox News Channel.
Due to contracts with U.S. cable and satellite carriers for Al Jazeera America the official Al Jazeera English live stream was censored in the United States on 18 August 2013. With the launch of Al Jazeera America, Al Jazeera English was censored on all US services carrying or providing the channel, including YouTube, with Al Jazeera America material replacing all Al Jazeera English video content and live streams. Most Al Jazeera English video content is no longer officially available in the United States.
In April, 2014 the Al Jazeera English show Empire was uncensored in the United States. Shortly after the programs Indian Hospital, Viewfinder, Lifelines and Head to Head were uncensored. These programs are currently the only AJE shows officially uncensored for American viewing.
As with Al Jazeera's Arabic counterpart, the network has received criticism from having bias from several sides.
Al-Jazeera English has frequently been criticized for having an anti-American bias, although some commentators[who?] have asserted that this has been lessened over time.
Emmy award winning journalist Dave Marash, who served as a veteran correspondent for ABC's Nightline, resigned from his position as Washington anchor for Al Jazeera English in 2008. Marash cited "reflexive adversarial editorial stance" against Americans and "anti-American bias".
It is often unclear whether recent discussions of anti-American bias at Al Jazeera are referring also to Al Jazeera English or only to Al Jazeera's Arabic-language channel. There are significant differences in tone between the English and Arabic-language channels. (According to bilingual Palestinian journalist Daoud Kuttab, "The English channel uses more neutral terminology; the Arab channel is much harsher.") An example of this is a 2011 claim by Bill O'Reilly that Al Jazeera is "anti-Semitic" and "anti-American" and a subsequent defense of Al Jazeera against these claims made by former Al Jazeera English anchor Dave Marash on the O'Reilly Factor. Another example concerns statements by former US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, who in April 2004 denounced Al-Jazeera's Arabic-language coverage of the Iraq War as "vicious, inaccurate and inexcusable," but took a more conciliatory tone in a 2011 interview for Frost Over The World, Al Jazeera English's news and public affairs program hosted by David Frost, praising the network as "an important means of communication in the world."
On 12 October 2008, Al Jazeera English broadcast interviews with people attending a Sarah Palin United States presidential election rally in St. Clairsville, Ohio, with interviewees making comments about Barack Obama such as "he regards white people as trash" and "I'm afraid if he wins, the blacks will take over". The report received over 2 million views on YouTube. Following this the Washington Post ran an op-ed, claiming the news channel was deliberately encouraging "anti-American sentiment overseas", which was criticized by Al Jazeera as "a gratuitous and uninformed shot at Al Jazeera's motives", as the report was just one of "hundreds of hours of diverse coverage". Criticism of an Anti-American bias has been dwindling as their coverage of the Arab Spring received wide acclaim and calls for the network to be added to U.S. television.
Subsequent endeavours have been seen as tests by Al Jazeera to see whether it can get rid of the hostility Americans feel toward it. One example was a day's worth of special coverage marking the 10th anniversary of the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. Al Jazeera has also launched The Stream, a show based in Washington D.C. that discusses social media, which targets an American audience. On 2 January 2013, Al Jazeera purchased the American channel Current TV and rebranded as Al Jazeera America in August 2013.
Since 2006, Al Jazeera English has won 45 prizes, medals and awards.
- Abdul-Mageed, MM, (2008) TripleC: Cognition, Communication, Co-operation, 6(2), 59–76 Online News Sites and Journalism 2.0: Reader Comments on Al Jazeera Arabic Muhammad Abdul-Mageed, 10 April 2009
- Abdul-Mageed, MM, and Herring, SC, (2008) In: F. Sudweeks, H. Hrachovec, and C. Ess (Eds.), Proceedings of Cultural Attitudes Towards Technology and Communication 2008 (CATaC'08), Nîmes, France, 24–27 June Arabic and English News Coverage on Al Jazeera.NET Muhammad Abdul-Mageed, 10 March 2008
- Philip Seib (ed.): Al Jazeera English. Global News in a Changing World. Palgrave Macmillan, April 2012, ISBN 9780230340206
- Josh Rushing: Mission Al-Jazeera: Build a Bridge, Seek the Truth, Change the World. Palgrave Macmillan, 2007
- Tine Ustad Figenschou: Al Jazeera and the Global Media Landscape: The South is Talking Back. Routledge, 2013
- "Al Jazeera International Commissioning"
- "Al-Jazeera Says Its English-Language News Channel Will Launch November 15"[dead link] The Post-Star, 1 November 2006
- Linda Tischler, "Al Jazeera's (Global) Mission", Fast Company, 1 April 2006
- Corporate Profile Al Jazeera English, 5 December 2010
- Adel Iskandar, "Is Al Jazeera Alternative? Mainstreaming Alterity and Assimilating Discourses of Dissent", Transnational Broadcasting Studies Journal, 2005
- Code of Ethics[dead link] Al Jazeera English
- "Al Jazeera English wins creative awards", MediaME,1 April 2007
- "Al Jazeera International targets June launch", The Star, Kuala Lumpur, 12 April 2006
- "The Challenges of Working at Al-Jazeera", National Public Radio, Talk of the Nation, 26 June 2006
- Leigh Holmwood, "Al-Jazeera Renames English-Language Channel", MediaGuardian, 14 November 2006
- "Al-Jazeera English hits airwaves", BBC News, 15 November 2006
- Noam Cohen, Al Jazeera provides an inside look at Gaza conflict, The New York Times, 1 January 2009
- "Al-Jazeera English Struggles For U.S. Audience", National Public Radio, 24 February 2009
- Demand Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera English
- "Al Jazeera English launches on New York cable". The Spy Report. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
- "Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2009-725: Addition of Al Jazeera English to the lists of eligible satellite services for distribution on a digital basis". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. 26 November 2009. Archived from the original on 29 November 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
- DeMara, Bruce (26 November 2009). "Al Jazeera in Canada on Brink of Approval". Toronto Star. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "Al-Jazeera becomes the face of the frontline", Financial Times, 13 January 2009
- "Israel pushes further into Gaza", Al Jazeera, 13 January 2009
- Ahmed Shihab-Eldin, "Al Jazeera English Beats Israel's Ban on Reporters in Gaza with Exclusive Coverage" The Huffington Post, 5 January 2009
- Al Jazeera English: Live Stream Al Jazeera English
- Al Jazeera English's Channel YouTube
- "BBC World News goes widescreen". YouTube. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
- Al Jazeera buys Al Gore's Current TV CNN.com, 3 January 2013
- Al Jazeera buys Current TV in bid for US airtime RT USA, 3 January 2013
- "Al Jazeera buys US channel Current TV". Al Jazeera. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Al Jazeera targets US expansion after buying Current TV BBC News, 3 January 2013
- Stelter, Brian (26 May 2013). "American Al Jazeera Channel Shifts Focus to U.S. News". The New York Times.
- Programmes Al Jazeera English
- Programme Schedule Al Jazeera English
- Counting the Cost Al Jazeera English
- About Empire Al Jazeera English
- Al Jazeera International reveals global line-up of bureaus AMEInfo.com, 10 October 2006
- DeMara, Bruce (4 May 2010). "Al Jazeera English on the air in Canada". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 8 May 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Guill, Greg (23 May 2010). "Al Jazeera – the world through a new lens". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 26 May 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- Broadcaster of the Year Adbusters, 7 January 2010
- Loveluck, Louisa. "David Cameron 'appalled' as Egypt sentences Al Jazeera journalists to seven years in prison". The Telegraph.
- "Secretary Kerry: Prison sentences for Al Jazeera reporters 'deeply disturbing set-back' for Egypt". Big News Network. 23 June 2014.
- "Slavery: A 21st Century Evil" Al Jazeera English 25 March 2012
- Michael Wines (7 May 2012). "China Expels Al Jazeera Channel". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
- "Al Jazeera English to close China bureau" Al Jazeera English 8 May 2012
- Chinese Official Questioned About Al Jazeera Reporter's Expulsion Voice of America, 8 May 2012
- News anchors: Doha, Kuala Lumpur, London, Washington[dead link] Al Jazeera English
News presenters – Doha[dead link] Al Jazeera
Doha-based news presenters; press release with additional information[dead link] Al Jazeera
News presenters – Kuala Lumpur[dead link] Al Jazeera
News presenters – London[dead link] Al Jazeera
News presenters – Washington[dead link] Al Jazeera
Programme presenters[dead link] Al Jazeera
Other news and programme presenters[dead link] Al Jazeera
- "David Frost Joins al-Jazeera TV" BBC News, 7 October 2005
- Nick Madigan and Annie Linskey Mission of Former Marine: Arab TV MediaChannel.org via Wayback Machine, 18 August 2005
- "Josh Rushing, Former U.S. Marine, Joins Al Jazeera International" AMEInfo, 22 September 2005
- "Veronica Pedrosa joins Al Jazeera". 20 November 2005. Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 3 June 2006.
- Chris Tryhorn BBC's "'Peter Pan' Joins al-Jazeera" MediaGuardian, 2 December 2005
- "Former 'Nightline' Reporter Joins English-Language Al Jazeera" Los Angeles Times, 13 January 2006
- Whitworth, Damien "Farewell to the Front Line (For Now)" The Times, 7 February 2006 (subscription required)
- Chris Tryhorn "Burman Named al-Jazeera English MD" guardian.co.uk, 14 May 2008
- How to watch Al Jazeera English[dead link] Al Jazeera
- Al Jazeera English[dead link]
- Al Jazeera[dead link] Jump TV
- Al Jazeera[dead link] RealPlayer
- "VDC Corporation". VDC. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2011.[dead link]
- Al Jazeera English Twitter
- Now on YouTube: The Latest News From Al Jazeera, in English The New York Times, 16 April 2007
- Al Jazeera English YouTube
- Machado, Kenan (7 December 2010). "Al Jazeera English to Broadcast in India". The Wall Street Journal.
- Al Jazeera English begins broadcasting in India via Dish TV MediaME, 18 November 2011
- Al Jazeera English to be available in India IBN Live, 17 November 2011
- Sirota, David (28 January 2011). "Why can't we watch Al Jazeera?". Salon.com. Salon Media Group. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- "Burlington One of Few Places to Air Al Jazeera"[dead link] Associated Press, 22 April 2007
- "Al Jazeera Meets American Resistance". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. 3 April 2006. Archived from the original on 11 August 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2007.
- Americans Should Be Able to See al-Jazeera English TV Global Policy Forum, 30 November 2006
- Stelter, Brian (31 January 2011). "Al Jazeera English Finds an Audience". The New York Times (The New York Times Company).
- Al Jazeera in Talks With Comcast, Time Warner, Fast Company, 2 March 2011
- Sirota, David (28 January 2011). "Al Jazeera's Egypt coverage embarrasses U.S. cable news channels". Salon.com. Salon Media Group. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- We Want Our Al Jazeera English Now The Huffington Post, 30 January 2011
- Bauder, David. "Clinton Media Criticism Buoys Al-Jazeera". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- Add newscaster Roku
- THR Staff (1 August 2011). "Al Jazeera English Begins Airing in New York City". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved $1 $2.
Al Jazeera English began airing in New York City 23 hours a day Monday in a sublet agreement on cable channel RISECheck date values in:
- "Dave Marash: Why I Quit" Columbia Journalism Review, 4 April 2008
- "Anchor Quits Al Jazeera, Cites Anti-American Tone" Ynetnews, 28 March 2008
- Sherry Ricchiardi (March and April 2011). "The Al Jazeera Effect". American Journalism Review. Retrieved 28 July 2012. Check date values in:
- "The O'Reilly Factor – Monday, February 14, 2011". BillOReilly.com. Bill O'Reilly. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- "Donald Rumsfeld Tells Al Jazeera 'I Am Delighted You Are Doing What You Are Doing'". Huffington Post UK. 30 September 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- Kauffman, Casey (13 October 2008). "Misconceptions of Obama fuel Republican campaign – 13 Oct 08". YouTube. Al Jazeera.
- King, Colbert I. (18 October 2008). "A Rage No One Should Be Stoking". The Washington Post.
- Tony Burman, Managing Director of Al Jazeera English (25 October 2008). "Letter to The Washington Post".
- "Al-Jazeera goes from bad guy to good guy in the US". DW.DE. Deutsche Welle. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- David Bauder (8 September 2011). "Al Jazeera English maps out 9/11 coverage". Bloomberg BusinessWeek (Bloomberg L.P.). Associated Press. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Teemu Henriksson (19 April 2011). "Al Jazeera takes social media to the airwaves, targeting US audiences in particular". EditorsWebLog.org. World Editors Forum. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- CyberJournalist Editor (19 April 2011). "Al Jazeera launches ‘The Stream’ social media experiment online". CyberJournalist.net. Jonathan Dube. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- AlJazeera.com - Official Al Jazeera English Website[note 1]
- AlJazeera.net - Official Al Jazeera Website
- Al Jazeera English Pre-Launch Promo (2006)
- Media Blackout in Egypt and the U.S.: Al Jazeera Forced Off the Air by Mubarak, Telecommunications Companies Block Its Expansion in the United States Democracy Now, 1 February 2011