Bangladeshi name

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Personal names in Bangladesh may depend generally on the person's religion. Names in Bangladesh generally have origins from other languages like Arabic, Sanskrit and Pali, but they are used and pronounced as according to the native Bengali language.

Given names (first name)[edit]

Many people in Bangladesh have two given names: a "good name" (ভাল নাম bhalo nam), which is used on all legal documents, and a "call name" or "Nick Name" (ডাক নাম dak nam), which is used by family members and close friends.

The two names may or may not be at all related; for example, a man named Sumon Saha (সুমন সাহা) may be called by his dak nam (e.g. Bubai বুবাই) at home and by his bhalo nam (Sumon সুমন) elsewhere. Many people also have a shortened version of their bhalo nam (e.g. Dipu for Deepak, Faru for Farhana, etc.) in addition to their full bhalo nam and their dak nam.

Middle names[edit]

Middle names are though very common in Bangladesh, it may still not be necessary for a person to have a middle name. Recently, many people have begun to add their dak nam to the middle or end of their full official name, resulting in names like "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" (সাইফুদ্দীন কাঞ্চন চৌধুরী), where "Saifuddin" would be the man's bhalo nam, "Kanchon" would be his dak nam and "Choudhuri" would be his family name. "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" could also be written as "Saifuddin Choudhuri Kanchon" dak nam in the end, depending on the choice of the person, how he/she displays their name. In these situations, this man would be correctly addressed "Mr. Choudhuri", not "Mr. Kanchon".

Family names (last name)[edit]

Majority of the people of Bangladesh are adherents of Islam, and because of this, they mostly use names of Arabic origins, followed by Sanskrit and Pali origins. Among Muslims of Bangladesh, there are several different naming conventions. There is no fixed scheme for the structure of names.[1] Many people do not really use a family name, so members of a family can have different last names. The system of usage of different family names in the same family may also be followed by non-Muslims due to the dominating name style of not having same family names in a family by Muslims in Bangladesh. Some family names may be common between all religions like: চৌধুরী (Choudhuri / Chowdhury), সরকার (Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar) and বিশ্বাস (Bishwas).

List of common family names by a person's religion[edit]

Islamic (Muslim) family names[edit]

Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
আহমেদ Ahmed
আলী Ali
আক্তার Aktar / Akter
আবেদিন Abedin
আলাম Alam
আমীন Amin / Ameen
আজাম Azam
আজিম Azim
বিশ্বাস Bishwas
বেগম Begom / Begum
চৌধুরী Choudhuri / Chowdhury
দেওয়ান Dewan
ফারুক Faruk / Farouk / Farooq
গাজী Gazi
হক Hok / Hoque / Haque
হাফিজ Hafiz
হাসান Hasan
হোসেন / হোসেইন / হুসেইন Hosen / Hossain / Hussain / Husein
ইসলাম Islam
ইমান Iman
ইমাম Imam
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
ইশতিয়াক Ishtiak / Ishtiaque
কাজী Kazi
খান Khan
মাহমুদ Mahmud
মুনতাসির Muntasir
মিঞা Mina / Miah
মির্জা Mirza
মোল্লা Mulla / Mullah
মোহাম্মদ Mohammod / Muhammod / Mohamed
পারভীন Parbhin / Parveen
পাটোয়ারী Patoyari / Patwary
রহমান Rohoman / Rohman / Rahman
রহিম Rohim / Rahim
রফিক Rofik / Rofique / Rafique
শেখ Shekh / Sheikh
শাহ Shah
শারমিন Sharmin
সৈয়দ Soiyod / Syed
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
উদ্দীন Uddin
উল্লাহ Ullah

Hindu Family names[edit]

Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
ভট্টাচার্য্য / ভট্টাচার্য Bhottacharjyo / Bhottacharjo / Bhattacharya
বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় (ব্যানার্জী) Bondyopadhyay (Banerjee)
বনিক Bonik / Banik
ব্যাপারী Byapari / Bapary
বিশ্বাস Bishwas
ভৌমিক Bhoumik / Bhowmik
বসু Bosu
চক্রবর্তী Chokroborti / Chakraborty
চট্টপাধ্যায় (চ্যাটার্জী) Chottopadhyay (Chatterjee)
চৌধুরী Choudhuri / Chowdhury
দাস Das
দেব Deb
দে De / Dey
দত্ত Dotto / Datta / Dutta
গুহ Guho / Guha
গঙ্গোপাধ্যায় (গাঙ্গুলী) Gongopadhyay / Gangopadhyay (Ganguly)
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
গুপ্ত Gupto / Gupta
ঘোষ Ghush / Ghosh
গোস্বামী Goswami / Gushami
প্রভুপাদ Probhupado / Prabhupada
মজুমদার Mozumdar / Majumder
মিত্র Mitro / Mitra
মুখোপাধ্যায় (মুখার্জী) Mukhopadhyay (Mukherjee)
মুন্সী Munsi / Munshi
নাথ Nath
পুরকায়স্থ Purokayostho / Purakayastha / Purkait
পাল Pal / Paul
রায় Ray / Roy
সাহা Saha
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
সেন Sen
ঠাকুর Thakur

Buddhist family names[edit]

Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় Bondyopadhyay
চট্টপাধ্যায় Chottopadhyay
বনিক Bonik / Banik
ব্যাপারী Byapari / Bapary
বড়ুয়া Boruya / Borua / Baruah
চাকমা Chakma
গঙ্গোপাধ্যায় Gonggopadhyay
মুখোপাধ্যায় Mukhopadhyay
মুৎসুদ্দি Mutsuddi
পাটোয়ারী Patoyari / Patwary
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
পাল Pal / Paul
রায় Ray / Roy
তালুকদার Talukdar / Talukder
তনচংগা Tonchongga / Tanchangya
ত্রিপুরা Tripura
মারমা Marma
মুরং Murong / Murung / Mrung / Mru
মহাথের Mohathero / Mahathero
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
লারমা Larma

Initials and prefixes[edit]

Mohammod, Muhammod or Muhammad (মোহাম্মদ) is also a common prefix used before the name of many Muslim males, and it is not considered as the name used to refer to the person. In many cases, the "Muhammad" prefix is shortened to মোঃ ("Md.", or "MD."). Other common prefixes are not systematic. The prefix often serves as the first name and the given name appears as the last name/surname.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Understanding Communities:Bangladeshi Community, Cheshire County Council, October 2003.