||This article has been nominated to be checked for its neutrality. (April 2013)|
|Initial release||September 2008|
|Stable release||2.2.3 (June 13, 2013) [±]|
|Preview release||2.3.14 (June 10, 2013) [±]|
|Operating system||Microsoft Windows
Mac OS 10.4 and later
MeeGo Harmattan (Nokia N9)
|Type||Online backup service|
|License||Proprietary software (Windows & Mac clients and Linux Dropbox daemon), GPLv2 (Linux Nautilus)|
|Alexa rank||134 (May 2013[update])|
Dropbox is a file hosting service operated by Dropbox, Inc., that offers cloud storage, file synchronization, and client software. Dropbox allows users to create a special folder on each of their computers, which Dropbox then synchronizes so that it appears to be the same folder (with the same contents) regardless of which computer is used to view it. Files placed in this folder also are accessible through a website and mobile phone applications.
According to Dropbox, founder Drew Houston conceived the idea after repeatedly forgetting his USB flash drive while he was a student at MIT. He says that existing services at the time "suffered problems with Internet latency, large files, bugs, or just made me think too much." He began making something for his personal use, but then realized that it could benefit others with the same problems. Houston founded Dropbox, Inc. in June 2007, and shortly thereafter secured seed funding from Y Combinator. Dropbox officially launched at 2008's TechCrunch50, an annual technology conference.
Due to trademark disputes between Proxy, Inc. and Evenflow (Dropbox's parent company), Dropbox's official domain name was "getdropbox.com" until October 2009, when they acquired their current domain, "dropbox.com".
In May 2010, Dropbox users in China were unable to access Dropbox. Later, Dropbox confirmed they had been blocked by the Chinese government. Due to the fact that the censorship usually focuses on popular services only, many considered this evidence of Dropbox's rapidly rising popularity and international user base. As of January 2013[update], the website is still blocked in China, but locally installed applications are usable with some ISPs.
In April 2012, Dropbox announced a new feature allowing users to automatically upload photographs or videos from camera, tablet, SD card, or smartphone. Users will be given up to 3 GB (initially 5 GB) extra space to accommodate the photographs and videos uploaded in this fashion, but the space is permanently added to the user's allowance and is not restricted to pictures. It is viewed as a move against Google's recently launched Google Drive and Microsoft's SkyDrive.
As of 26 September 2012[update], Facebook and Dropbox integrated to allow group users to share files to Facebook Groups using Dropbox’s cloud-based storage system. The feature allows users to directly share inside Facebook's group pages without exiting the Facebook domain. This did not replace the built in Facebook uploading feature, but added to it for any files that were already uploaded to their Dropbox storage account.
On 12 November 2012, Dropbox announced it had reached 100 million users.
On December 19, 2012 Dropbox acquired the photo cloud storing giant Snapjoy. Snapjoy allows users aggregate, archive and view all digital photographs taken from cameras, phones or popular photo apps and view them online, or via an app, in one location. Financial terms were not released at the time of the acquisition.
As of February 2013, Dropbox was responsible for 0.29% of all worldwide internet bandwidth.
In 2011 it was speculated that Dropbox's valuation was more than $1 billion. TechCrunch, VentureBeat, Business Insider and Financial Post speculated that Dropbox's valuation could be up to $5 to $10 billion.
Dropbox's 2011 revenue was expected to be $240 million.
Dropbox is based in San Francisco, and is funded by Sequoia Capital, Accel Partners, and Amidzad. Starting in mid-2009, they began releasing new features gradually to help measure customer interest, a Lean Startup technique.
The desktop client has no restriction on individual file size; files uploaded via the web site are limited to not more than 300 MB per file. To prevent free users from creating multiple linked free accounts, Dropbox includes the content of shared folders when totaling the amount of space used on the account.
||This section reads like a review rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (February 2013)|
Both the Dropbox server and desktop client software are primarily written in Python. The desktop client uses GUI toolkits such as wxWidgets and Cocoa. Other notable Python libraries include Twisted, ctypes, and pywin32. Dropbox ships and depends on the librsync binary-delta library (which is written in C).
The Dropbox client enables users to drop any file into a designated folder that is then synchronized with Dropbox's Internet service and to any other of the user's computers and devices with the Dropbox client. Users may also upload files manually through a web browser.
Dropbox client supports synchronization and sharing along with personal storage. It supports revision history, so files deleted from the Dropbox folder may be recovered from any of the synced computers. Dropbox supports multi-user version control, enabling several users to edit and re-post files without overwriting versions. The version history is by default kept for 30 days, with an unlimited version called "Pack-Rat" available for purchase.
The version history is paired with the use of delta encoding technology. When a file in a user's Dropbox folder is changed, Dropbox only uploads the pieces of the file that are changed when synchronizing, when possible.
Dropbox uses Amazon's S3 storage system to store the files; though Houston has stated that Dropbox may switch to a different storage provider at some point in the future. It also uses SSL transfers for synchronization and stores the data via AES-256 encryption, though this is done with Dropbox's own encryption keys, and not the users'.
Dropbox also provides a technology called LANSync, which allows computers on a local area network to securely download files locally from each other instead of always hitting the central servers. LANSync was developed by Dropbox Engineer Paul Bohm.
Power users have devised a number of uses for and mash-ups of the technology that expand Dropbox's functionality. These include: sending files to a Dropbox via Gmail; using Dropbox to sync IM chat logs; BitTorrent management; password management; remote application launching and system monitoring; and as a free Web hosting service.
There are official and unofficial Dropbox addons, mostly created by the Dropbox community. These addons are both in the form of web services such as SendToDropbox (which allows users to email files to their Dropboxes), Backup Box (which facilitates online backup of FTP, Git, MySQL, and other services to Dropbox accounts), and desktop applications such as MacDropAny (which allows users to sync any folder on their computer with Dropbox). There is also a web service and browser extension called cloudHQ for Dropbox which allows Dropbox users to synchronize Google Docs with files in Dropbox storage and also to edit Dropbox documents in the browser.
An open source tool called Dropship provided unauthenticated access to Dropbox-hosted files by using the Dropbox API to access files by their hash. Dropbox attempted to suppress this project by requesting its suspension where it was being hosted, and by issuing an erroneous DMCA takedown notice, later said by Dropbox co-founder Arash Ferdowsi to have been incorrectly auto-generated by a support tool used to ban the public links.
Dropbox has been praised by many publications—including The Economist, The New York Times, PC Magazine, and The Washington Post—for its simple design and ease of use. It has also received several awards, including the Crunchie Award in 2009 for Best Internet Application, and Macworld's 2009 Editor's Choice Award. It was nominated for a 2010 Webby Award, and for the 2010 Mac Design Awards by Ars Technica.
Dropbox has been named as the world's fifth most valuable web startup after Facebook, Twitter, Zynga and Groupon, has been described as Y Combinator's most successful investment to date, and is among the top 10 iPhone most popular apps of all time, according to TechCrunch. It was voted among the top 10 Android apps of all time, according to ZDNet, said to be one of the top 50 emerging companies by TIEcon, and called one of the 20 best startups of Silicon Valley. Drew Houston was called the best young tech entrepreneur by Business Week, and he and co-founder Arash Ferdowsi were named among the top 30 under 30 entrepreneurs by inc.com. In January 2012, the company was named startup of the year by TechCrunch.
In May 2011, a complaint was filed with the US FTC alleging Dropbox misled users about the privacy and security of their files. At the heart of the complaint was the policy of "deduplication", where the system checks if a file has been uploaded before by any other user, and links to the existing copy if so; and the policy of using a single AES-256 key for every file on the system so Dropbox can (and does, for deduplication) look at encrypted files stored on the system, with the consequence that any intruder who gets the key (as well as Dropbox employees) could decrypt any file if they had access to Dropbox's backend storage infrastructure.
On June 20, 2011, TechCrunch reported that all Dropbox accounts could be accessed without password for 4 hours. This was later widely reported in the mainstream press and caused some doubt about Dropbox's 'cloud' technology model. The error was caused by an authentication code update made at 1:54 p.m. Pacific Time; it was detected at 5:41 p.m. and immediately fixed. About 1 percent of Dropbox's users were logged in at that time; all sessions were immediately terminated. All users with compromised accounts were notified by email.
On July 31, 2012, Dropbox announced that an employee's account had been hacked, resulting in a number of Dropbox users being spammed by email. In March 2013, users reported additional spam resulting from the July email leakage.
On June 6th, 2013, The Guardian and The Washington Post publicized confidential documents suggesting DropBox was being considered for inclusion in the National Security Agency's classified PRISM program of internet surveillance.
- Cloud storage
- Comparison of file hosting services
- Comparison of online backup services
- Remote backup service
- Google Drive
- Ubuntu One
- Yandex Disk
- Dropbox - Release Notes
- "6 Lessons From Dropbox – One Million Files Saved Every 15 Minutes". Retrieved March 25, 2011.
- "Dropbox.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "About Dropbox". Dropbox, Inc. Retrieved 2013-06-03. "Dropbox was founded by Drew Houston and Arash Ferdowsi in 2007, and received seed funding from Y Combinator."
- Ying, Jon (February 5, 2009). "Meet the Team! (Part 1)". The Dropbox Blog. Dropbox, Inc. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
- Kincaid, Jason (October 13, 2009). "Dropbox Acquires The Domain Everyone Thought It Had: Dropbox.com". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- "OPSWAT's December 2011 Market Share Report".
- Levy, Ari (May 30, 2011). "Dropbox Partners With Softbank, Sony Ericsson for Growth in Asia, Europe". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "dropbox banned". techwhack. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "dropbox blocked". neowin. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "dropbox blocked". geek.com. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "dropbox blocked". shanghaiist. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "dropbox blocked in china". mingtiandi. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- Barret, Victoria (October 18, 2011). "Dropbox: The Inside Story Of Tech's Hottest Startup". Forbes. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
- "Dropbox Gets Automatic Photo Uploads, Offers 3 GB Incentive". TIME. April 27, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- "Integrates With Dropbox To Power File-Sharing Within Facebook Groups". TechCrunch. September 26, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- Schramm, Mike. "Dropbox hits 100 million users, looking for great Dropbox stories". The Unofficial Apple Weblog. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- Lunden, Ingrid (December 19, 2012). "Dropbox Acquires Snapjoy And Puts Photos Into Its Focus". Techcrunch.com.
- Application Usage & Threat Report
- Darrell Etherington (2013-03-15). "Dropbox Buys Mailbox, All 13 Employees Joining And App Will Remain Separate". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- Todd Wasserman (2013-03-15). "Dropbox Buys Mailbox". Mashable. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- Jon Fingas (2013-03-15). "Dropbox acquires Mailbox, teases an email and cloud collaboration". Engadget. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- "Dropbox". CrunchBase. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "cnn.com". CNN. March 16, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Lacy, Sarah (July 12, 2011). "Dropbox Raising Massive Round at a $5B-Plus Valuation". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Tam, Pui-Wing (May 20, 2010). "Philosophy Helps Start-Ups Move Faster". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
- O'Carroll, Lisa (April 3, 2012). "U2's Bono and the Edge invest in Dropbox". The Guardian.
- Gannes, Liz (March 26, 2010). "Case Studies in Freemium: Pandora, Dropbox, Evernote, Automattic and MailChimp". GigaOm. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "Is there a limit or maximum to how big my files can be?". Dropbox FAQ. Dropbox, Inc. "Files uploaded to Dropbox via the desktop application have no file size limit. There is, however, a 300MB cap on files transferred via the website."
- "Will joining someone else's shared folder use my quota?". Dropbox FAQ. Dropbox, Inc. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "PyCon 2011: How Dropbox Did It and How Python Helped". Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Ryan Paul. "How Dropbox ended my search for seamless sync on Linux". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- Scott Dunn. "Dropbox File Sync Service". PC World. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
- "Can I undelete files and recover old versions of files?". Dropbox FAQ. Dropbox, Inc. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
- Adam Pash. "Dropbox Syncs and Backs Up Files Between Computers Instantaneously". Lifehacker. Retrieved September 22, 2008.
- Jason Snell. "Throw your stuff in Dropbox". Macworld. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- "What is Pack-Rat?". Dropbox. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- "Does Dropbox always upload/download the entire file any time a change is made?". Dropbox FAQ. Retrieved February 9, 2010. "Before transferring a file, we compare the new file to the previous version and only send the piece of the file that changed."
- "Where are my files stored?". Dropbox FAQ. Dropbox, Inc. "All files stored online by Dropbox are encrypted and kept securely on Amazon's Simple Storage Service (S3) in data centers located along the east coast of the United States."
- Drager, Dave (March 17, 2010). "DropBox : Review, Invites, and 7 Questions with the Founder". MakeUseOf.com. Retrieved May 7, 2010. "We may not be on s3 forever, and will build our own store in addition, but for now this lets us focus on both the client software and the performance of the layer we’ve developed on top of s3."
- "Dropbox Features". Retrieved January 1, 2010.
- "Dropbox Privacy". Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- "IANA Port Numbers". Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- Alex Castle. "15 Hacks Every Dropbox User Should Know". Maximum PC. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "15 Advanced Dropbox Hacks". StoreCrowd. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- Pash, Adam (October 14, 2008). "How to Use Dropbox as the Ultimate Password Syncer". LifeHacker. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Gordon, Whitson (May 25, 2010). "Launch Applications Remotely with Dropbox and AutoHotkey". LifeHacker. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- Ho, Erica (May 18, 2010). "Use Dropbox to Monitor Your Computer Remotely". LifeHacker. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- tehdavid (April 30, 2010). "Use Dropbox to Share and Host Your Web Site". LifeHacker. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- "Send to Dropbox". Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- "Backup Box". Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- "DropboxAddons/MacDropAny – Dropbox Wiki". Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- "cloudHQ for Dropbox – Integrate Dropbox and Google Docs". Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- DeFelippi, Dan (April 25, 2011). "Dropbox Attempts to Kill Open Source Project". Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Ferdowsi (April 26, 2011). "Hacker News comment by Arash". Retrieved August 26, 2012.
- "There's room yet in the cloud". The Economist. August 24, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- Eisenberg, Anne (January 18, 2009). "Digital Storage Options for Workers on the Go". The New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- Dunn, Scott (August 1, 2008). "Dropbox File Sync Service". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- Mendelson, Edward (March 25, 2009). "Dropbox". PC World. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- Kincaid, Jason (January 8, 2010). "Congratulations Crunchies Winners! Facebook Takes Best Overall For The Hat Trick". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- "25th annual Editors' Choice Awards: the complete list". Macworld. December 10, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- "14th Annual Webby Awards Nominees". International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- Foresman, Chris (May 25, 2010). "Reader's Choice poll for 2010 Ars Design Awards: Mac OS X". Ars Technica. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- By Richard MacManus / October 3, 2011 10:20 pm / 0 Comments (October 3, 2011). "readwriteweb.com". readwriteweb.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- SAI (October 7, 2011). "businessinsider.com". businessinsider.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- SAI (October 7, 2011). "businessinsider.com". businessinsider.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Schonfeld, Erick (June 17, 2011). "Who Is In The New Billion Dollar Valuation Club?". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Ahlund, Alex (December 26, 2010). "The Top 40 iPhone Apps of 2010". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Hiner, Jason (July 29, 2010). "Top 25 Android apps: The best of the best". Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "Drew Houston, 28 Year Old Founder & CEO Of Dropbox, One Of The Fastest Growing Companies, To Deliver Keynote At TiEcon 2011". May 10, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "Silicon Valley Startups". Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "Drew Houston". Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "The 2011 Honorees". Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Tuesday, January 31, 2012 (January 31, 2012). "Congratulations Crunchies Winners! Dropbox Is The Best Overall Startup". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
- Newton, Derek. "Dropbox authentication: insecure by design". Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- de Icaza, Miguel (April 19, 2011). "Dropbox Lack of Security". Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Mathew J. Schwarz (May 16, 2011). "Dropbox Accused Of Misleading Customers On Security". InformationWeek. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
- "Dropbox's password nightmare highlights cloud risks". "Any trust in the cloud is too much trust in the cloud -- it's as simple as that"
- "Dropbox confirms security glitch--no password required".
- Jason Kincaid (June 20, 2011). "Dropbox Security Bug Made Passwords Optional For Four Hours". TechCrunch. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- "dropbox.com". Blog.dropbox.com. June 20, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- "Dropbox confirms it got hacked, will offer two-factor authentication". ArsTechnica. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
- Dropbox users claim email addresses leaked to spammers, company blames 2012 security breach | The Verge
- Greenwald, Glenn (6 June 2013). "NSA taps in to internet giants' systems to mine user data, secret files reveal". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
- Gellman, Barton (6 June 2013). "Documents: U.S. mining data from 9 leading Internet firms; companies deny knowledge". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Dropbox (service)|