List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a complete List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine. The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] The state of Maine is home to 43 of these landmarks, displaying the state's maritime heritage, as well as literary, archeological, religious, and a wide array of other themes.

One site in the state, Wickyup, had its landmark designation withdrawn after it was destroyed by fire. The state is also the location of the National Park Service's only International Historic Site, the St. Croix Island International Historic Site, important in both U.S. and Canadian history as the site of the first French settlement of Acadia in 1603.

National Historic Landmarks[edit]

Landmark name Image Date designated Locality County Description
1 American Eagle (Schooner) American Eagle NHL.jpg December 4, 1991 Rockland
44°6′41.33″N 69°6′11.64″W / 44.1114806°N 69.1032333°W / 44.1114806; -69.1032333 (American Eagle (Schooner))
Knox This is one of the last two-masted schooners built in Gloucester, Massachusetts. It is presently used for tourist cruises.
2 James G. Blaine House Photograph of the James G. Blaine House on a sunny summer day, surrounded by lawn and garden plantings. January 29, 1964 Augusta
44°18′28″N 69°46′53″W / 44.30778°N 69.78139°W / 44.30778; -69.78139 (James G. Blaine House)
Kennebec Built in 1833 for a ship's captain, this has been the official residence of the state's governor since 1919.
3 Bowdoin (Arctic Exploration Schooner) Bowdoin at anchor, sails furled, in calm seas. December 20, 1989 Castine
44°23′12″N 68°47′48″W / 44.38667°N 68.79667°W / 44.38667; -68.79667 (Bowdoin (Arctic Exploration Schooner))
Kennebec This schooner was purpose built for Arctic exploration in 1921, and is currently used as a training ship.
4 Camden Amphitheatre and Public Library Camden Public Library March 11, 2013 Camden
44°12′40″N 69°03′52″W / 44.211°N 69.0645°W / 44.211; -69.0645 (Camden Amphitheatre and Public Library)
Knox The Camden Library building was designed in the 1920s by architect Charles F. Loring, and its grounds, including an amphitheatre, represent one of the few public works of landscape architect Fletcher Steele.
5 Parker Cleaveland House Parker Cleaveland House May 16, 2000 Brunswick
43°54′38″N 69°57′35.77″W / 43.91056°N 69.9599361°W / 43.91056; -69.9599361 (Parker Cleaveland House)
Cumberland Home of Parker Cleaveland who conducted some of the earliest studies of mineralogy in the US. Known as the "Father of American Mineralogy", Cleaveland lived in this house from 1806 to 1858.
6 Cushnoc Archeological Site Cushnoc Site April 12, 1993 Augusta
44°18′54″N 69°46′15.6″W / 44.31500°N 69.771000°W / 44.31500; -69.771000 (Cushnoc Archeological Site)
Kennebec Located near Fort Western, this site encompasses the remains of a 17th-century Plymouth Colony trading post.
7 Neal Dow House DowHouse.JPG May 30, 1974 Portland
43°39′11″N 70°16′12″W / 43.65306°N 70.27000°W / 43.65306; -70.27000 (Neal S. Dow House)
Cumberland Home of Portland mayor and 1880 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. president Neal S. Dow.
8 Fort Halifax 1936 HABS photo November 24, 1968 Winslow
44°32′5″N 69°37′47″W / 44.53472°N 69.62972°W / 44.53472; -69.62972 (Fort Halifax)
Kennebec Part of a 1750s colonial fort, the surviving element is the oldest blockhouse in the United States.
9 Fort Kent Fort Kent November 7, 1973 Fort Kent
47°15′9″N 68°35′27″W / 47.25250°N 68.59083°W / 47.25250; -68.59083 (Fort Kent)
Aroostook This is the only surviving fortification of the Aroostook War, the nonviolent confrontation over the border between Maine and New Brunswick.
10 Fort Knox Painting of Fort Knox in the 1870s, with small boats in the foreground and forest behind. December 30, 1970 Prospect
44°33′58″N 68°48′9″W / 44.56611°N 68.80250°W / 44.56611; -68.80250 (Fort Knox)
Waldo Built in the aftermath of the 1830s border disputes, this granite fort, built but not finished between 1844 and 1869, is a fine mid-19th-century fortification.
11 Fort Western AugustaME FortWestern Blockhouse 2.jpg November 7, 1973 Augusta
44°18′59″N 69°46′16″W / 44.31639°N 69.77111°W / 44.31639; -69.77111 (Fort Western)
Kennebec Built in 1754 in what was then a frontier area, this is the oldest wooden fort in the nation.
12 Daniel Coit Gilman Summer House December 21, 1965 Northeast Harbor
44°17′30″N 68°16′56″W / 44.29167°N 68.28222°W / 44.29167; -68.28222 (Daniel Coit Gilman Summer House)
Hancock Summer home of Daniel Coit Gilman, president of Johns Hopkins University and a leader in the development of graduate-level education in the United States.
13 Governor's House Governor's House, Togus, Maine May 30, 1974 Togus
44°16′48″N 69°42′8″W / 44.28000°N 69.70222°W / 44.28000; -69.70222 (Governor's House)
Kennebec This building from 1869 was part of the first veterans' ("old soldiers") home in the United States.
14 Grace Bailey (Schooner) Grace Bailey.jpg December 4, 1991 Camden
44°12′36″N 69°3′50″W / 44.21000°N 69.06389°W / 44.21000; -69.06389 (Grace Bailey (Schooner))
Knox This two-masted schooner was built in 1882 for the coasting trade, in which it carried lumber and other supplies for many years. It now serves the tourist trade as a windjammer.
15 Hamilton House Hamilton House December 30, 1970 South Berwick
43°12′46″N 70°48′56″W / 43.21278°N 70.81556°W / 43.21278; -70.81556 (Hamilton House)
York This 1788 house was the setting for a novel by local author Sarah Orne Jewett, who was instrumental in its preservation.
16 Harpswell Meetinghouse HarpswellME MeetingHouse.jpg November 24, 1968 Harpswell Center
43°47′56″N 69°59′15″W / 43.79889°N 69.98750°W / 43.79889; -69.98750 (Harpswell Meetinghouse)
Cumberland This building is an outstanding example of a mid-18th century clapboard church. It was also used as a town meeting hall.
17 Winslow Homer Studio ScarboroughME WinslowHomerStudio FrontView 2.jpg December 21, 1965 Scarborough
43°31′42″N 70°19′13″W / 43.52833°N 70.32028°W / 43.52833; -70.32028 (Winslow Homer Studio)
Cumberland This remodeled carriage house served as the studio of artist Winslow Homer from 1884 until is death. It is now a property of the Portland Museum of Art, which seasonally offers tours.
18 Isaac H. Evans (Schooner) Schooner Isaac H Evans.jpg December 4, 1991 Rockland
44°6′32″N 69°6′32″W / 44.10889°N 69.10889°W / 44.10889; -69.10889 (Isaac H. Evans (schooner))
Knox This 1886 schooner was built to serve as an oyster ship. It is now part of the Maine windjammer tourist fleet.
19 J. & E. Riggin (Schooner) J&ERiggin.jpg December 4, 1991 Rockland
44°6′26″N 69°6′23″W / 44.10722°N 69.10639°W / 44.10722; -69.10639 (J. & E. Riggin (Schooner))
Knox This 1920s schooner is one of the last generation of oyster schooners. Eventually motorized, it was converted back to sailing, and is now a Maine windjammer.
20 Sarah Orne Jewett House Post card photograph of the Sarah Orne Jewett House in about 1910. July 17, 1991 South Berwick
43°14′5″N 70°48′13″W / 43.23472°N 70.80361°W / 43.23472; -70.80361 (Sarah Orne Jewett House)
York This 1774 house was the longtime home of author Sarah Orne Jewett. Active in historical conservation, she gave the house to the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, now known as Historic New England.
21 Kennebec Arsenal Kennebec Arsenal February 16, 2000 Augusta
44°18′30″N 69°46′10″W / 44.30833°N 69.76944°W / 44.30833; -69.76944 (Kennebec Arsenal)
Kennebec A munitions depot that built in the 1830s during border tensions, this is the finest surviving example of a military installation from that time.
22 Lady Pepperrell House Lady Pepperrell House October 9, 1960 Kittery Point
43°4′53″N 70°43′0″W / 43.08139°N 70.71667°W / 43.08139; -70.71667 (Lady Pepperrell House)
York This magnificent High Georgian mansion was built in the early 1760s by the widow of Sir William Pepperrell, a leading businessman and politician of the era.
23 Lewis R. French (Schooner) Lewis R. French NHL.jpg December 4, 1991 Rockland
44°12′38″N 69°3′46″W / 44.21056°N 69.06278°W / 44.21056; -69.06278 (Lewis R. French (Schooner))
Knox This 1871 schooner is the oldest known schooner built in Maine. Used mostly in the coasting cargo trade, it now serves the tourist trade as a windjammer.
24 McIntire Garrison House McIntire Garrison House October 18, 1968 York
43°10′5″N 70°42′49″W / 43.16806°N 70.71361°W / 43.16806; -70.71361 (McIntire Garrison House)
York This house, built in the late 17th or early 18th century, is a fine example of vernacular log architecture of the period.
25 McLellan-Sweat Mansion McLellan House, Portland ME.jpg December 30, 1970 Portland
43°39′12″N 70°15′45″W / 43.65333°N 70.26250°W / 43.65333; -70.26250 (McLellan-Sweat Mansion)
Cumberland Built in 1800 for a shipping merchant, this mansion has been a part of the Portland Museum of Art for many years.
26 Mercantile (Schooner) TheMercantile.jpg December 4, 1991 Camden
44°12′36″N 69°3′46″W / 44.21000°N 69.06278°W / 44.21000; -69.06278 (Mercantile (Schooner))
Knox This 1916 schooner was used in the coast trade until the 1940s. It has been restored and is now part of the Maine windjammer fleet.
27 Morse-Libby Mansion Low-angle photograph of Victoria Mansion in urban surroundings. December 30, 1970 Portland
43°39′5.4″N 70°15′38.5″W / 43.651500°N 70.260694°W / 43.651500; -70.260694 (Morse-Libby Mansion)
Cumberland This mansion, built in 1860 for a hotelier as a summer house, is recognized as one of the finest and least-altered examples of a large Italianate Villa-styled brick and brownstone town house in the United States. It is known locally as the Victoria Mansion.
28 Nickels-Sortwell House Nickels Sortwell House, Wiscasset, Maine, USA 2012.jpg December 30, 1970 Wiscasset
44°0′10.6″N 69°39′56″W / 44.002944°N 69.66556°W / 44.002944; -69.66556 (Nickels-Sortwell House)
Lincoln Originally built for a ship's captain in 1807, this house saw multiple uses before being purchased for use as a summer residence. It is now a house museum operated by Historic New England.
29 Norridgewock Archeological District View of Old Point from the Hill.jpg April 12, 1993 Madison
44°45′54″N 69°52′59″W / 44.76500°N 69.88306°W / 44.76500; -69.88306 (Norridgewock Archeological District)
Somerset This archaeological district encompasses the village of the Norridgewock Abenaki, central Maine's native inhabitants. They were pushed out of the area in a series of conflicts with colonists in the first half of the 18th century.
30 Old York Gaol Old York Gaol October 18, 1968 York
43°8′37.5″N 70°39′6″W / 43.143750°N 70.65167°W / 43.143750; -70.65167 (Old York Gaol)
York This building was used as a jail from 1719 to 1879, and was built using architectural elements of an even older jail. It saw other uses afterward, and is now a local museum.
31 Olson House ME18 Olson House, Maine.jpg June 23, 2011 Cushing
43°58′54″N 69°16′7″W / 43.98167°N 69.26861°W / 43.98167; -69.26861 (Olson House)
Knox Andrew Wyeth spent 30 summers at the house and is buried on the grounds. The house is depicted in many of his paintings including Christina's World.
32 Pemaquid Archeological Site Fort William Henry, built 1692, destroyed 1696, reconstructed 1908. April 12, 1993 Bristol
43°52′41″N 69°31′17″W / 43.87806°N 69.52139°W / 43.87806; -69.52139 (Pemaquid Archeological Site)
Lincoln This site, located on the central coast of Maine, encompasses fortifications and colonial communities dating back before King William's War in the 1690s.
33 Pentagoet Archeological District Castine from Fort George.jpg April 12, 1993 Castine
44°23′4.5″N 68°48′12″W / 44.384583°N 68.80333°W / 44.384583; -68.80333 (Pentagoet Archeological Site)
Hancock This archaeological site covers extended colonial history dating to the early 17th century. In addition to trade with the native inhabitants, it was also the site of intercolonial (French-English and French-French) conflict until the mid-18th century.
34 Portland Observatory Portland Observatory in 2005, a tall, red, lighthouse-like structure with a windowed dome on top. February 17, 2006 Portland
43°39′55″N 70°14′54″W / 43.66528°N 70.24833°W / 43.66528; -70.24833 (Portland Observatory)
Cumberland This 1807 wooden tower is the oldest maritime signal tower in the United States; it was capable of sending and receiving signals to and from ships entering Portland Harbor.
35 Thomas B. Reed House 30-32 Deering Street, Portland ME.jpg May 15, 1975 Portland
43°39′15″N 70°16′3″W / 43.65417°N 70.26750°W / 43.65417; -70.26750 (Thomas B. Reed House)
Cumberland This house was built in 1888 as the home of Thomas Brackett Reed (1839–1902), Speaker of the House of Representatives (1889–1891 and 1895–1899).
36 Edwin Arlington Robinson House GardinerME EdwinArlingtonRobinsonHouse.jpg November 11, 1971 Gardiner
44°13′20″N 69°46′25″W / 44.22222°N 69.77361°W / 44.22222; -69.77361 (Edwin Arlington Robinson House)
Kennebec Home of Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Edwin Arlington Robinson.
37 Roseway (Schooner) 060612roseway3.jpg September 25, 1997 Camden
44°12′36″N 69°3′46″W / 44.21000°N 69.06278°W / 44.21000; -69.06278 (Roseway (Schooner))
Knox Launched on November 24, 1925 in Essex, Massachusetts, this wooden gaff-rigged schooner was used primarily for competitive racing.
38 Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village 1962 HABS photo May 30, 1974 New Gloucester
43°59′22″N 70°21′59″W / 43.98944°N 70.36639°W / 43.98944; -70.36639 (Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village)
Cumberland Founded in 1783, organized in 1794, this is the last active Shaker community in the United States. A representative collection of Shaker implements and furniture is housed in the buildings.
39 Stephen Taber (Schooner) StephenTaber.jpg December 4, 1991 Rockland
44°6′20″N 69°6′25″W / 44.10556°N 69.10694°W / 44.10556; -69.10694 (Stephen Taber (Schooner))
Knox A two-masted schooner currently operated as a windjammer, this 1871 ship is the oldest of its type with a documented history of continuous service.
40 Harriet Beecher Stowe House Harriet Beecher Stowe House December 29, 1962 Brunswick
43°54′46″N 69°57′39″W / 43.91278°N 69.96083°W / 43.91278; -69.96083 (Harriet Beecher Stowe House)
Cumberland This house was home to abolitionist writer Harriet Beecher Stowe, where she wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin.
41 Tate House PortlandME TateHouse 01.jpg November 11, 1971 Stroudwater
43°39′26.5″N 70°18′44.5″W / 43.657361°N 70.312361°W / 43.657361; -70.312361 (Tate House)
Cumberland This 1750s house was built for George Tate, a British Royal Navy agent in charge of procuring ship masts. It is the only pre-Revolutionary house in the Portland area that is open to the public.
42 Victory Chimes (Schooner) Victory Chimes September 25, 1997 Rockland
44°6′41″N 69°6′14″W / 44.11139°N 69.10389°W / 44.11139; -69.10389 (Victory Chimes (Schooner))
Knox A cargo schooner built in Delaware in 1900, this ship now serves as part of Maine's windjammer fleet. The ship on Maine's State Quarter resembles her.
43 Wadsworth-Longfellow House Photograph of the tree-shaded front entrance of the three-story, brick Wadsworth-Longfellow House. December 29, 1962 Portland
43°39′25″N 70°15′37″W / 43.65694°N 70.26028°W / 43.65694; -70.26028 (Wadsworth-Longfellow House)
Cumberland Home of Revolutionary War General Peleg Wadsworth, it was the childhood home of his grandson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
Table data other than descriptions is from the official National Park Service list of NHLs unless otherwise specified, and are ordered as presented in that document.[2] Descriptions are sourced from the Park Service's NHL database unless otherwise cited.[3] Column colorings, defined here, differentiate National Monuments, National Historic Sites, and National Historic Landmark Districts from standard NHL designations.

Former National Historic Landmarks[edit]

Landmark name[4] Image Date designated Date withdrawn Locality County Description
Wickyup (Richard E. Byrd House)[5] Photograph of Wickyup, showing one of the cobble chimneys and the log construction. 1970[5] 1986[5] East Sullivan[5] Hancock[5] This house was the summer home of pioneer aviator and explorer Admiral Richard E. Byrd from 1937 until his death in 1957. Here he planned three Antarctic expeditions, wrote, and drafted what became the 1959 Antarctic Treaty. Wickyup was destroyed by fire in 1984.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]