List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado

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This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado. A list of National Park Service administered areas in Colorado that have a historic focus is also included. There are 24 National Historic Landmark sites in Colorado.[1]

National Historic Landmarks in Colorado[edit]

[2] Landmark name Image Date designated[3] Location County Description
1 Bent's Old Fort
Bent's Old Fort.
December 19, 1960
(#66000254)
La Junta
38°02′34″N 103°25′51″W / 38.042886°N 103.430786°W / 38.042886; -103.430786 (Bent's Old Fort)
Otero Adobe fort built in 1833 to trade with Plains Indians and trappers, on Santa Fe Trail
2 Central City/Black Hawk Historic District
Restored historic buildings in downtown Black Hawk
July 4, 1961
(#66000246)
Central City and Black Hawk
39°48′04″N 105°30′27″W / 39.801111°N 105.5075°W / 39.801111; -105.5075 (Central City/Black Hawk Historic District)
Gilpin Former gold mining camps in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, once known as the 'Richest Square Mile on Earth
3 Colorado Chautauqua
The Chautauqua Academic Hall
February 10, 2006
(#78000830)
Boulder
39°59′52″N 105°16′50″W / 39.997778°N 105.280556°W / 39.997778; -105.280556 (Colorado Chautauqua)
Boulder This 1898 Chautauqua is the only one West of the Mississippi, one of only four continuously operating since its inception, and the only one open year round.
4 Cripple Creek Historic District
Cripple Creek, 1957
July 4, 1961
(#66000939)
Cripple Creek
38°45′07″N 105°10′31″W / 38.751944°N 105.175278°W / 38.751944; -105.175278 (Cripple Creek Historic District)
Teller The gold mining town of Cripple Creek and the surrounding hills
5 Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension(Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad)
Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension
October 16, 2012
(#73000462)
Antonito, CO and Chama, NM
37°00′22″N 106°17′44″W / 37.006048°N 106.295485°W / 37.006048; -106.295485 (Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension)
Archuleta, CO, Conejos, CO, and Rio Arriba, NM Longest & most complete representation of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century railroading.
6 Denver Civic Center
Colorado State Capitol, part of the historic district
October 16, 2012
(#12001017)
Denver
39°44′21″N 104°59′12″W / 39.739237°N 104.986753°W / 39.739237; -104.986753 (Denver Civic Center)
Denver City Beautiful-era civic center.
7 Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad
A steam locomotive of the D&SNG
July 4, 1961
(#66000247)
Durango to Silverton
37°17′51″N 107°42′39″W / 37.2975°N 107.710833°W / 37.2975; -107.710833 (Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad)
San Juan and La Plata Narrow gauge mining railroad which has continued to serve as a tourist line between Durango and Silverton
8 Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District
The historic Alpine Hose Firehouse No. 2 in Georgetown.
November 13, 1966
(#66000243)
Georgetown and Silver Plume
39°41′55″N 105°42′48″W / 39.698611°N 105.713333°W / 39.698611; -105.713333 (Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District)
Clear Creek Historic district which includes the silver mining towns of Georgetown and Silver Plume as well as the 1884 railway engineering marvel which connects them, the Georgetown Loop.
9 Granada Relocation Center
Japanese evacuees on August 30, 1942, arrive by train, wait for the bus ride to Camp Amache, Granada Relocation Center, southeastern Colorado.
February 10, 2006
(#94000425)
Granada
38°02′58″N 102°19′43″W / 38.049444°N 102.328611°W / 38.049444; -102.328611 (Granada Relocation Center)
Prowers World War II Japanese American internment center
10 Leadville Historic District
Leadville in the 1950s
July 4, 1961
(#66000248)
Leadville
39°14′39″N 106°13′42″W / 39.244167°N 106.228333°W / 39.244167; -106.228333 (Leadville Historic District)
Lake Historic Leadville, Colorado mining district and village area
11 Lindenmeier Site
Lindenmeier Site
January 20, 1961
(#66000249)
Norfolk
40°58′48″N 105°03′44″W / 40.979898°N 105.062256°W / 40.979898; -105.062256 (Lindenmeier Site)
Larimer The only extensive Folsom culture campsite yet found with artifacts dating from approximately 11200 BCE to 3000 BCE.
12 Lowry Ruin
Lowry Pueblo
July 19, 1964
(#66000253)
Pleasant View
37°35′04″N 108°55′11″W / 37.584531°N 108.919647°W / 37.584531; -108.919647 (Lowry Ruin)
Montezuma Ancient Pueblo Peoples archaeological site from 1060 with a very large kiva
13 Ludlow Tent Colony Site
Ludlow Tent Colony Site
January 16, 2009
(#85001328)
Ludlow
37°20′00″N 104°35′00″W / 37.333333°N 104.583333°W / 37.333333; -104.583333 (Ludlow Tent Colony Site)
Las Animas Site of 1914 miners' strike that culminated in Ludlow Massacre
14 Mesa Verde Administrative District
Mesa Verde Administrative District
May 29, 1987
(#87001410)
Mesa Verde National Park
37°10′53″N 108°29′26″W / 37.181264°N 108.490654°W / 37.181264; -108.490654 (Mesa Verde Administrative District)
Montezuma First buildings built by the National Park Service with intent to reflect cultural traditions in the park area, built in 1921
15 Philadelphia Toboggan Company Carousel No. 6
The carousel at Elitch Gardens in 2009
February 27, 1987
(#78000861)
Burlington
39°18′26″N 102°16′13″W / 39.307102°N 102.270324°W / 39.307102; -102.270324 (Philadelphia Toboggan Company Carousel No. 6)
Kit Carson Carousel built for Elitch Gardens in 1905. In 1928 it moved to Kit Carson County fairgrounds where it remains open today. It is the only antique carousel in America retaining its original paint on both the scenery panels and the animals, and it is the only surviving Philadelphia Toboggan Company menagerie carousel.
16 Pikes Peak
Pikes Peak
July 4, 1961
(#66000245)
Colorado Springs
38°50′26″N 105°02′39″W / 38.840556°N 105.044167°W / 38.840556; -105.044167 (Pikes Peak)
El Paso Pike's Peak (everything above 14,000 feet (4,300 m) elevation). This mountain was inspiration for "America the Beautiful" as well as the motto "Pike's Peak or Bust"
17 Pike's Stockade
Pike's Stockade
July 4, 1961
(#66000244)
Sanford
37°17′30″N 105°48′36″W / 37.291792°N 105.809944°W / 37.291792; -105.809944 (Pike's Stockade)
Conejos Explorer Zebulon Pike set up a fort here.
18 Raton Pass
Raton Pass
December 19, 1960
(#66000474)
Trinidad, CO and Raton, NM
36°59′25″N 104°29′17″W / 36.9903°N 104.488°W / 36.9903; -104.488 (Raton Pass)
Las Animas, CO and Colfax, NM Mountain pass between New Mexico and Colorado
19 Rocky Mountain National Park Administration Building
Rocky Mountain National Park Administration Building
January 3, 2001
(#01000069)
Estes Park
40°21′58″N 105°33′39″W / 40.366111°N 105.560833°W / 40.366111; -105.560833 (Rocky Mountain National Park Administration Building)
Larimer Also known as the Beaver Meadows Visitor Center, it was designed by Taliesin Associated Architects, their first major work after Frank Lloyd Wright had died. It demonstrated modern architecture could be successful inside the National Parks and was the last significant project in Mission 66.
20 Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill
Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill
February 16, 2000
(#00000262)
Silverton
37°49′44″N 107°37′42″W / 37.828972°N 107.628207°W / 37.828972; -107.628207 (Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill)
San Juan Only surviving example of a selective flotation mill in Colorado.
21 Silverton Historic District
Grand Imperial Hotel
July 4, 1961
(#66000255)
Silverton
37°48′45″N 107°39′47″W / 37.812545°N 107.662994°W / 37.812545; -107.662994 (Silverton Historic District)
San Juan Former silver mining town, home of the Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill and one end of the Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad
22 Telluride Historic District
Telluride Main Street
July 4, 1961
(#66000256)
Telluride
37°56′14″N 107°48′29″W / 37.937222°N 107.808056°W / 37.937222; -107.808056 (Telluride Historic District)
San Miguel Former gold mining boomtown, it is now an artistic retreat and a ski resort town
23 Trujillo Homestead
Trujillo Homestead
February 1, 2012
(#03001544)
Mosca
37°44′00″N 105°44′09″W / 37.7333°N 105.7358°W / 37.7333; -105.7358 (Trujillo Homestead)
Alamosa Early ranch settlement (1880s) in the San Luis Valley, with a surviving period ranch house; located on a Nature Conservancy property near Great Sand Dunes National Park.
24 United States Air Force Academy, Cadet Area
United States Air Force Academy Cadet Area.
April 1, 2004
(#04000484)
Colorado Springs
39°00′30″N 104°53′26″W / 39.008333°N 104.890417°W / 39.008333; -104.890417 (United States Air Force Academy, Cadet Area)
El Paso Bold use of Modern architecture at the United States Air Force Academy, especially with the Cadet Chapel

Historic areas of the NPS in Colorado[edit]

National Historical Parks, some National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are four of these in Colorado. The National Park Service lists these four together with the NHLs in the state,[4]

Bent's Old Fort is a National Historic Site as well as a National Historic Landmark. The others are:

Landmark name
Image Date established[5] Location County Description
1 Hovenweep National Monument Hovenweep.jpg March 2, 1923 Cortez, CO and Blanding, UT Montezuma,CO and San Juan,UT Six clusters of Native American ruins; shared with Utah
2 Mesa Verde National Park Round tower, Cliff Palace. Photo by Ansel Adams, 1941 June 29, 1906 Cortez Montezuma Numerous ruins of homes and villages built by the ancient Pueblo people; known for cliff dwellings; Mesa Verde translates into English as "green table"
3 Yucca House National Monument Unexcavated mound at Yucca House National Monument December 19, 1919 Cortez Montezuma Unexcavated Ancestral Puebloan archaeological site

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  2. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  3. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  4. ^ These are listed on p.111 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State", November 2007 version.
  5. ^ Date of listing as National Historic Site or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.

External links[edit]