List of National Historic Landmarks in Connecticut

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This article describes National Historic Landmarks in the United States state of Connecticut. These include the most highly recognized historic sites in Connecticut that are officially designated and/or funded and operated by the U.S. Federal Government. There are no UNESCO-designated World Heritage Sites in Connecticut. There are many additional historic sites in Connecticut that are federally recognized by listing on the National Register of Historic Places, but only those NRHP-listed sites meeting particularly higher standards are further designated as National Historic Landmarks.

Current National Historic Landmarks[edit]

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Richard Alsop IV House
center
January 16, 2009
(#70000686)
Middletown
41°33′30″N 72°39′22″W / 41.5583°N 72.6561°W / 41.5583; -72.6561 (Richard Alsop IV House)
Middlesex This distinctive house was built in the late 1830s in a transitional Greek-Italianate style. It now belongs to Wesleyan University.
2 A. Everett Austin, Jr., House
center
April 19, 1994
(#94001189)
Hartford
41°46′51″N 72°42′33″W / 41.7807°N 72.7092°W / 41.7807; -72.7092 (A. Everett Austin, Jr., House)
Hartford Social hotspot and home of innovative Wadsworth Atheneum director Arthur Everett Austin, Jr..
3 Henry Barnard House
center
December 21, 1965
(#66000803)
Hartford
41°45′25″N 72°40′33″W / 41.7569°N 72.6757°W / 41.7569; -72.6757 (Henry Barnard House)
Hartford Home of educator instrumental in the development of the American public school system.
4 Birdcraft Sanctuary
center
April 19, 1993
(#82004371)
Fairfield
41°08′39″N 73°15′31″W / 41.1443°N 73.2587°W / 41.1443; -73.2587 (Birdcraft Sanctuary)
Fairfield Oldest bird sanctuary in the U.S., where Mabel Osgood Wright originated "birdscaping".
5 Henry C. Bowen House (Roseland)
Roseland Cottage entryway detail
October 5, 1992
(#77001414)
Woodstock
41°56′50″N 71°58′36″W / 41.9472°N 71.9768°W / 41.9472; -71.9768 (Henry C. Bowen House (Roseland))
Windham Gothic revival summer cottage visited by three U.S. presidents.
6 Bush-Holley House
The Bush-Holley House
July 17, 1991
(#88002694)
Greenwich
41°02′05″N 73°35′53″W / 41.0348°N 73.5980°W / 41.0348; -73.5980 (Bush-Holley House)
Fairfield Home of Cos Cob Art Colony, c.1890-1920.
7 Buttolph-Williams House
Buttolph-Williams House
November 24, 1968
(#68000048)
Wethersfield
41°42′37″N 72°39′02″W / 41.7103°N 72.6505°W / 41.7103; -72.6505 (Buttolph-Williams House)
Hartford Exemplifies traditional early New England design.
8 Charles W. Morgan (Bark)
The Charles W. Morgan, moored at Mystic Seaport
November 13, 1966
(#66000804)
Mystic
41°21′39″N 71°57′55″W / 41.3609°N 71.9652°W / 41.3609; -71.9652 (Charles W. Morgan (Bark))
New London Only surviving wooden ship from the nineteenth-century American whaling fleet.
9 Cheney Brothers Historic District
Cheney Brothers Mills, 1920
June 2, 1978
(#78002885)
Manchester
41°45′52″N 72°31′32″W / 41.764500°N 72.525500°W / 41.764500; -72.525500 (Cheney Brothers Historic District)
Hartford A nineteenth century silk mill and traditional company town.
10 Russell Henry Chittenden House
Russell Henry Chittenden House
May 15, 1975
(#75001944)
New Haven
41°18′48″N 72°55′23″W / 41.3134°N 72.9231°W / 41.3134; -72.9231 (Russell Henry Chittenden House)
New Haven Home of Russell Henry Chittenden, the "father of American biochemistry".
11 Coltsville Historic District
Armsmear
November 13, 1966
(#66000802)
Hartford
41°45′13″N 72°40′28″W / 41.7536°N 72.6745°W / 41.7536; -72.6745 (Coltsville Historic District)
Hartford Original designated solely to encompass Armsmear, the home of arms maker Samuel Colt, this historic district was expanded in 1988 to include the Colt Armory, as well as worker housing and Colt Park.
12 Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station
center
July 19, 1964
(#66000805)
New Haven
41°19′44″N 72°55′11″W / 41.3288°N 72.9196°W / 41.3288; -72.9196 (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station)
New Haven Home of the first state agricultural experiment station
13 Connecticut Hall, Yale University
center
December 21, 1965
(#66000806)
New Haven
41°18′22″N 72°55′46″W / 41.3062°N 72.9295°W / 41.3062; -72.9295 (Connecticut Hall, Yale University)
New Haven Oldest building at Yale University
14 Connecticut State Capitol
center
December 30, 1970
(#70000834)
Hartford
41°45′44″N 72°40′58″W / 41.7622°N 72.6828°W / 41.7622; -72.6828 (Connecticut State Capitol)
Hartford Designed by Richard Upjohn in Gothic and French Renaissance styles topped by gold leaf dome
15 Prudence Crandall House
center
July 17, 1991
(#70000696)
Canterbury
41°41′46″N 71°58′19″W / 41.6961°N 71.9719°W / 41.6961; -71.9719 (Prudence Crandall House)
Windham Home of the abolitionist and educator Prudence Crandall
16 James Dwight Dana House
center
January 12, 1965
(#66000874)
New Haven
41°18′48″N 72°55′25″W / 41.3132°N 72.9237°W / 41.3132; -72.9237 (James Dwight Dana House)
New Haven Home of Yale geologist James Dwight Dana, designed by Henry Austin.
17 Silas Deane House
center
November 28, 1972
(#70000835)
Wethersfield
41°42′42″N 72°39′10″W / 41.7116°N 72.6529°W / 41.7116; -72.6529 (Silas Deane House)
Hartford Home of Silas Deane, member of the Continental Congress and America's first diplomat
18 Oliver Ellsworth Homestead
center
December 20, 1989
(#70000707)
Windsor
41°52′43″N 72°37′29″W / 41.8787°N 72.6247°W / 41.8787; -72.6247 (Oliver Ellsworth Homestead)
Hartford Home of Oliver Ellsworth, the second Chief Justice of the United States.
19 Emma C. Berry
center
October 12, 1994
(#94001649)
Mystic
41°21′35″N 71°57′59″W / 41.3598°N 71.9665°W / 41.3598; -71.9665 (Emma C. Berry)
New London One of the oldest surviving commercial vessels in the United States.
20 First Church Of Christ
center
May 15, 1975
(#75002056)
Farmington
41°43′17″N 72°49′48″W / 41.7214°N 72.8300°W / 41.7214; -72.8300 (First Church Of Christ)
Hartford Church of the La Amistad freed slaves.
21 Fort Shantok Archeological District
Glade in Fort Shantok Park
April 12, 1993
(#86000469)
Montville
41°28′40″N 72°04′40″W / 41.4778°N 72.0778°W / 41.4778; -72.0778 (Fort Shantok Archeological District)
New London Mohegan settlement and home of the seventeenth century sachem Uncas.
22 Florence Griswold House and Museum
center
April 19, 1993
(#93001604)
Old Lyme
41°19′31″N 72°19′35″W / 41.3254°N 72.3265°W / 41.3254; -72.3265 (Florence Griswold House and Museum)
New London Boarding house frequented by American impressionist artists such as Henry Ward Ranger, Childe Hassam, and Willard Metcalf.
23 Grove Street Cemetery
The Egyptian Revival entry gateway to Grove Street Cemetery
February 16, 2000
(#97000830)
New Haven
41°18′49″N 72°55′39″W / 41.3136°N 72.9275°W / 41.3136; -72.9275 (Grove Street Cemetery)
New Haven Final resting place of many Yale and New Haven notables including Roger Sherman, Noah Webster and Eli Whitney.
24 Hill-Stead
center
July 17, 1991
(#91002056)
Farmington
41°43′11″N 72°49′29″W / 41.7197°N 72.8248°W / 41.7197; -72.8248 (Hill-Stead)
Hartford Colonial revival house and art museum located in the Farmington Historic District
25 Samuel Huntington Birthplace
center
November 11, 1971
(#71001009)
Scotland
41°41′55″N 72°05′08″W / 41.6986°N 72.0856°W / 41.6986; -72.0856 (Samuel Huntington Birthplace)
Windham Boyhood saltbox home of the American statesman Samuel Huntington, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Connecticut and first presiding officer of the Congress of the Confederation
26 Philip Johnson Glass House
center
February 18, 1997
(#97000341)
New Canaan
41°08′33″N 73°31′46″W / 41.1424°N 73.5294°W / 41.1424; -73.5294 (Philip Johnson Glass House)
Fairfield Modern masterpiece of glass and steel; designed and occupied by architect Philip Johnson.
27 Kimberly Mansion
Kimberly Mansion
May 30, 1974
(#74002178)
Glastonbury
41°41′21″N 72°36′22″W / 41.6893°N 72.6060°W / 41.6893; -72.6060 (Kimberly Mansion)
Hartford Home of Abby and Julia Smith, suffragists who successfully fought the town of Glastonbury on the issue of taxation without representation.
28 L. A. Dunton (schooner)
center
November 4, 1993
(#93001612)
Mystic
41°21′23″N 71°57′58″W / 41.3565°N 71.9661°W / 41.3565; -71.9661 (L. A. Dunton (schooner))
New London Classic fishing schooner and one of the last sail-powered fishing vessels built.
29 Litchfield Historic District
center
November 24, 1968
(#68000050)
Litchfield
41°44′51″N 73°11′25″W / 41.7474°N 73.19015°W / 41.7474; -73.19015 (Litchfield Historic District)
Litchfield Well-preserved late 18th-early 19th century New England town that was the state's first historic district.
30 Lockwood-Mathews Mansion
center
November 30, 1970
(#70000836)
Norwalk
41°06′36″N 73°25′05″W / 41.1100°N 73.4180°W / 41.1100; -73.4180 (Lockwood-Mathews Mansion)
Fairfield Second Empire style mansion built in 1864.
31 Othniel C. Marsh House
1967 HABS photo
January 12, 1965
(#66000875)
New Haven
41°19′18″N 72°55′24″W / 41.3218°N 72.9233°W / 41.3218; -72.9233 (Othniel C. Marsh House)
New Haven Home of Yale paleontologist Othniel Marsh; now part of the Yale School of Forestry.
32 Mashantucket Pequot Reservation Archeological District
center
April 12, 1993
(#86001323)
Ledyard
New London Expansive district on the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation containing archaeological remains relevant to Pequot history.
33 Stephen Tyng Mather Home
center
November 27, 1963
(#66000877)
Darien
41°06′45″N 73°28′27″W / 41.1126°N 73.4743°W / 41.1126; -73.4743 (Stephen Tyng Mather Home)
Fairfield Home of conservationist Stephen Tyng Mather, who was instrumental in the formation of the National Park Service and served as its first director.
34 Lafayette B. Mendel House
center
January 7, 1976
(#76002138)
New Haven
41°18′40″N 72°55′06″W / 41.3112°N 72.9182°W / 41.3112; -72.9182 (Lafayette B. Mendel House)
New Haven Home of Yale biochemist Lafayette Mendel; designed by Henry Austin
35 Monte Cristo Cottage(Eugene O'Neill House)
center
July 17, 1971
(#71001010)
New London
41°19′56″N 72°05′45″W / 41.3322°N 72.0959°W / 41.3322; -72.0959 (Monte Cristo Cottage)
New London Home of the Nobel prize-winning playwright Eugene O'Neill.
36 Edward W. Morley House
center
May 15, 1975
(#75002057)
West Hartford
41°45′27″N 72°45′12″W / 41.7575°N 72.7532°W / 41.7575; -72.7532 (Edward W. Morley House)
Hartford Home of physicist Edward W. Morley, known for the Michelson-Morley experiment and for his work on the atomic weights of hydrogen and oxygen.
37 USS NAUTILUS (nuclear submarine)
center
May 20, 1992
(#79002653)
Groton
41°23′13″N 72°05′17″W / 41.387°N 72.088°W / 41.387; -72.088 (USS NAUTILUS (nuclear submarine))
New London The world's first operational nuclear-powered submarine.
38 New Haven Green Historic District
center
December 30, 1970
(#70000838)
New Haven
41°18′29″N 72°55′37″W / 41.3080°N 72.9270°W / 41.3080; -72.9270 (New Haven Green Historic District)
New Haven Large town green includes three historic churches.
39 Charles H. Norton House
Charles H. Norton House
May 11, 1976
(#76002139)
Plainville
41°39′37″N 72°53′07″W / 41.6603°N 72.8852°W / 41.6603; -72.8852 (Charles H. Norton House)
Hartford Home of Charles H. Norton, the inventor of precision grinding equipment.
40 Old New-Gate Prison
center
November 28, 1972
(#70000839)
East Granby
41°57′36″N 72°44′44″W / 41.9600°N 72.7456°W / 41.9600; -72.7456 (Old New-Gate Prison)
Hartford Colonial prison; Loyalists were held here during the American Revolutionary War
41 Old State House
center
December 18, 1960
(#66000878)
Hartford
41°45′57″N 72°40′24″W / 41.7658°N 72.6733°W / 41.7658; -72.6733 (Old State House)
Hartford Federal style building designed by Charles Bulfinch and completed in 1796.
42 Capt. Nathaniel B. Palmer House
center
June 19, 1996
(#96000971)
Stonington
41°20′34″N 71°54′23″W / 41.3427°N 71.9064°W / 41.3427; -71.9064 (Capt. Nathaniel B. Palmer House)
New London Home of the pioneering Antarctic explorer and seal hunter Nathaniel Palmer.
43 Portland Brownstone Quarries
center
May 16, 2000
(#00000703)
Portland
41°34′32″N 72°38′36″W / 41.5756°N 72.6433°W / 41.5756; -72.6433 (Portland Brownstone Quarries)
Middlesex These quarries, active since 1690, were the source of vast quantities of brownstone for New York City, Philadelphia, Boston, other urban areas' buildings.
44 Tapping Reeve House and Law School
center
December 21, 1965
(#66000879)
Litchfield
41°44′31″N 73°11′20″W / 41.7419°N 73.1888°W / 41.7419; -73.1888 (Tapping Reeve House and Law School)
Litchfield First law school in the United States separate from a college or university, its influential graduates included Aaron Burr, Jr. and John C. Calhoun.
45 Frederic Remington House
1967 HABS photo
December 21, 1965
(#66000880)
Ridgefield
41°17′05″N 73°30′59″W / 41.2848°N 73.5165°W / 41.2848; -73.5165 (Frederic Remington House)
Fairfield Home of painter and sculptor Frederic Remington, famous for his depictions of the American West.
46 John Rogers Studio
1967 HABS photo
December 21, 1965
(#66000881)
New Canaan
41°09′00″N 73°29′51″W / 41.1499°N 73.4975°W / 41.1499; -73.4975 (John Rogers Studio)
Fairfield Studio of the popular nineteenth century sculptor John Rogers.
47 Samuel Wadsworth Russell House
Russell, Samuel Wadsworth, House
August 7, 2001
(#70000688)
Middletown
41°33′37″N 72°39′20″W / 41.5602°N 72.6556°W / 41.5602; -72.6556 (Samuel Wadsworth Russell House)
Middlesex Greek Revival mansion, designed by Ithiel Town; now part of Wesleyan University.
48 Sabino (Passenger Steamboat)
center
October 5, 1992
(#92001887)
Mystic
41°21′32″N 71°58′02″W / 41.3590°N 71.9673°W / 41.3590; -71.9673 (Sabino (Passenger Steamboat))
New London One of only two surviving members of the American "mosquito fleet", small steamers that served the inland waters of the United States.
49 Stanley-Whitman House
1967 HABS photo
October 9, 1960
(#66000882)
Farmington
41°43′23″N 72°49′25″W / 41.7230°N 72.8236°W / 41.7230; -72.8236 (Stanley-Whitman House)
Hartford Classic seventeenth century New England saltbox.
50 Harriet Beecher Stowe House
center
February 27, 2013
(#70000710)
Hartford
41°46′01″N 72°42′03″W / 41.767°N 72.7008°W / 41.767; -72.7008 (Harriet Beecher Stowe House)
Hartford Home of 19th century abolitionist writer and reform advocate Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.
51 Jonathan Sturges House (The Cottage)
2012 photo
April 19, 1994
(#84000247)
Fairfield
41°08′47″N 73°16′00″W / 41.1465°N 73.2668°W / 41.1465; -73.2668 (Jonathan Sturges House (The Cottage))
Fairfield Early Gothic-revival cottage
52 Ida Tarbell House
center
April 19, 1993
(#93001602)
Easton
41°17′12″N 73°19′35″W / 41.2868°N 73.3263°W / 41.2868; -73.3263 (Ida Tarbell House)
Fairfield Home of the muckraking journalist and author Ida Tarbell.
53 John Trumbull Birthplace
Governor Jonathan Trumbull House a.k.a. John Trumbull Birthplace
December 21, 1965
(#66000883)
Lebanon
41°38′03″N 72°12′56″W / 41.6343°N 72.2156°W / 41.6343; -72.2156 (John Trumbull Birthplace)
New London Home of Connecticut Governor Joseph Trumbull and birthplace of his son John Trumbull, the "painter of the Revolution"
54 Mark Twain Home
center
December 29, 1962
(#66000884)
Hartford
41°46′03″N 72°42′05″W / 41.7675°N 72.7013°W / 41.7675; -72.7013 (Mark Twain Home)
Hartford Home of author, lecturer, and satirist Mark Twain from 1871 to 1891.
55 Joseph Webb House
2008 photo
January 20, 1961
(#66000885)
Wethersfield
41°42′43″N 72°39′10″W / 41.7120°N 72.6528°W / 41.7120; -72.6528 (Joseph Webb House)
Hartford Site of the 1781 American Revolutionary War conference between General George Washington and French General Rochambeau.
56 Noah Webster Birthplace
center
December 29, 1962
(#66000886)
West Hartford
41°44′50″N 72°44′45″W / 41.7473°N 72.7457°W / 41.7473; -72.7457 (Noah Webster Birthplace)
Hartford Home of the American lexicographer Noah Webster.
57 Henry Whitfield House
center
September 25, 1997
(#72001327)
Guilford
41°16′39″N 72°40′35″W / 41.2775°N 72.6765°W / 41.2775; -72.6765 (Henry Whitfield House)
New Haven The oldest house in Connecticut, built in 1639
58 Austin F. Williams Carriagehouse and House
center
August 6, 1998
(#98001190)
Farmington
41°43′04″N 72°50′02″W / 41.7178°N 72.8339°W / 41.7178; -72.8339 (Austin F. Williams Carriagehouse and House)
Hartford Temporary quarters for the Amistad Africans and a "station" on the Underground Railroad
59 William Williams House
William Williams House
November 11, 1971
(#71001012)
Lebanon
41°38′03″N 72°12′46″W / 41.6342°N 72.2128°W / 41.6342; -72.2128 (William Williams House)
New London Home of William Williams, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
60 Oliver Wolcott House
Oliver Wolcott House
November 11, 1971
(#71001011)
Litchfield
41°44′36″N 73°11′16″W / 41.7433°N 73.1878°W / 41.7433; -73.1878 (Oliver Wolcott House)
Litchfield Home of the soldier and politician Oliver Wolcott, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and Governor of Connecticut
61 Yale Bowl
Yale-Harvard game, at Yale Bowl
February 27, 1987
(#87000756)
New Haven
41°18′47″N 72°57′38″W / 41.3131°N 72.9605°W / 41.3131; -72.9605 (Yale Bowl)
New Haven Bowl stadium, model for Rose Bowl and others. Home of the Bulldogs and The Game.

Former Connecticut National Historic Landmarks[edit]

Two landmarks, a sloop and a lightship, that were located in Connecticut when they were first designated have since moved out of the state.

Landmark name Image Date listed Locality County Description
1 Christeen (sloop)
Oyster Bay The Christeen.jpg
December 4, 1992 Essex Middlesex The oldest oyster sloop in the United States. She is now located in Oyster Bay, New York.
2 Lightship No. 112, "Nantucket"
Nantucket-lightship.jpg
December 20, 1989 Bridgeport Fairfield The largest lightship ever built. She is now located in Boston, Massachusetts.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.

External links[edit]