List of United States Senators from Alabama

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Alabama was admitted to the Union on December 14, 1819, and elects senators to Class 2 and Class 3. Its Senate seats were declared vacant from March 1861 to July 1868 due to its secession from the Union during the American Civil War. Alabama's current senators are Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby.

Class 2[edit]

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 William Rufus DeVane King 1839 portrait.jpg William R. King Democratic-
Republican
December 14, 1819 –
April 15, 1844
1 Elected in 1819
Jacksonian
Democrat
2 Re-elected in 1822
3 Re-elected in 1828
4 Re-elected in 1834
5 Re-elected in 1840
6 Resigned
Vacant April 15, 1844 –
April 22, 1844
2 DixonHallLewis.jpg Dixon Hall Lewis Democratic April 22, 1844 –
October 24, 1848
Appointed to finish King's term
7 Re-elected in 1846

Died
Vacant October 24, 1848 –
November 25, 1848
3 BenFitz.jpg Benjamin Fitzpatrick Democratic November 25, 1848 –
November 30, 1849
Appointed to continue Lewis's term

Successor elected
4 Jeremiah Clemens.jpg Jeremiah Clemens Democratic November 30, 1849 –
March 4, 1853
Elected to finish Lewis's term

Retired
5 Clement C Clay.png Clement Claiborne Clay Democratic November 29, 1853 –
January 21, 1861
8 Elected late in 1853
9 Re-elected in 1858

Withdrew[1]
Vacant January 21, 1861 –
July 13, 1868
American Civil War and Reconstruction
10
6 Willard Warner.jpeg Willard Warner Republican July 13, 1868 –
March 4, 1871
Lost re-election
7 George Goldthwaite.jpg George Goldthwaite Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1877
11 Retired
8 John t morgan.jpg John Tyler Morgan Democratic March 4, 1877 –
June 11, 1907
12 Elected in 1876
13 Re-elected in 1882
14 Re-elected in 1888
15 Re-elected in 1894
16 Re-elected in 1900
17 Re-elected in 1906

Died
Vacant June 11, 1907 –
June 18, 1907
9 JohnHBankhead.jpg John H. Bankhead Democratic June 18, 1907 –
March 1, 1920
Appointed to finish Morgan's term
18 Re-elected in 1912
19 Re-elected in 1918

Died
Vacant March 1, 1920 –
March 5, 1920
10 Braxton Bragg Comer.jpg B. B. Comer Democratic March 5, 1920 –
November 2, 1920
Appointed to continue Bankhead's term

Successor elected
11 Cottontom.jpg James Thomas Heflin Democratic November 3, 1920 –
March 4, 1931
Elected to finish Bankhead's term
20 Re-elected in 1924

Disqualified from running
12 John H Bankhead II.jpg John H. Bankhead II Democratic March 4, 1931 –
June 12, 1946
21 Elected in 1930
22 Re-elected in 1936
23 Re-elected in 1942

Died
Vacant June 12, 1946 –
June 15, 1946
13 George Robinson Swift.jpg George R. Swift Democratic June 15, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
Appointed to continue Bankhead's term

Successor elected
14 John J. Sparkman, c 1950.jpg John Sparkman (1899-1985) Democratic November 6, 1946 –
January 3, 1979
Elected to finish Bankhead's term
24 Re-elected in 1948
25 Re-elected in 1954
26 Re-elected in 1960
27 Re-elected in 1966
28 Re-elected in 1972

Retired
15 Howell Heflin.jpg Howell Heflin (1921-2005) Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1997
29 Elected in 1978
30 Re-elected in 1984
31 Re-elected in 1990

Retired
16 Jeff Sessions official portrait.jpg Jeff Sessions (1946- ) Republican January 3, 1997 –
Present
32 Elected in 1996
33 Re-elected in 2002
34 Re-elected in 2008
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

Class 3[edit]

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 John Williams Walker.jpg John Williams Walker Democratic-
Republican
December 14, 1819 –
December 12, 1822
1 Elected in 1819

Resigned
2 William Kelly Democratic-
Republican
December 12, 1822 –
March 4, 1825
Elected to finish Walker's term

Retired
Jacksonian
Democrat
3 Henry H. Chambers.jpg Henry H. Chambers Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1825 –
January 24, 1826
2 Elected in 1825

Died
Vacant January 24, 1826 –
February 17, 1826
4 Pickensisrael.jpg Israel Pickens Jacksonian February 17, 1826 –
November 27, 1826
Appointed to continue Chambers's term

Successor elected
5 John McKinley.jpg John McKinley Jacksonian November 27, 1826 –
March 4, 1831
Elected to finish Chambers's term

Lost re-election
6 Gabrielmoore.jpg Gabriel Moore Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1831 –
March 4, 1837
3 Elected in 1831

Lost re-election
7 John McKinley.jpg John McKinley Democratic March 4, 1837 –
April 22, 1837
4 Elected in 1837

Resigned to become U.S. Supreme Court justice
Vacant April 22, 1837 –
June 19, 1837
8 Clement C Clay.png Clement Comer Clay Democratic June 19, 1837 –
November 15, 1841
Appointed to finish McKinley's term

Resigned
9 Arthur bagby.jpg Arthur P. Bagby Democratic November 24, 1841 –
June 16, 1848
Elected to finish Clay's term
5  ?Re-elected in 1843
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Resigned to become Minister to Russia
Vacant June 16, 1848 –
July 1, 1848
10 William Rufus DeVane King 1839 portrait.jpg William R. King Democratic July 1, 1848 –
December 20, 1852
Appointed to continue Bagby's term

Elected to finish Bagby's term
6  ?Re-elected in 1849
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Resigned due to poor health
Vacant December 20, 1852 –
January 14, 1853
11 BenFitz.jpg Benjamin Fitzpatrick Democratic January 14, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vacant March 4, 1855 –
November 26, 1855
7 Legislature failed to elect
BenFitz.jpg Benjamin Fitzpatrick Democratic November 26, 1855 –
January 21, 1861
Elected late

Withdrew[1]
Vacant January 21, 1861 –
July 13, 1868
American Civil War and Reconstruction
8
12 George E. Spencer - Brady-Handy.jpg George E. Spencer Republican July 13, 1868 –
March 4, 1879
Elected in 1868
9 Re-elected in 1872

Retired
13 George S. Houston - Brady-Handy.jpg George S. Houston Democratic March 4, 1879 –
December 31, 1879
10 Elected in 1878

Died
Vacant December 31, 1879 –
January 7, 1880
14 Luke Pryor.jpeg Luke Pryor Democratic January 7, 1880 –
November 23, 1880
Appointed to continue Houston's term

Successor qualified
15 James Lawrence Pugh.jpg James L. Pugh Democratic November 24, 1880 –
March 4, 1897
Elected to finish Houston's term
11 Re-elected in 1884
12 Re-elected in 1892

Retired
16 Edmund Pettus-photo portrait.jpeg Edmund Pettus Democratic March 4, 1897 –
July 27, 1907
13 Elected in 1896
14 Re-elected in 1902

Died
Vacant July 27, 1907 –
August 6, 1907
17 Joseph F Johnston-photo portrait.jpg Joseph F. Johnston Democratic August 6, 1907 –
August 8, 1913
Elected to finish Pettus's term
15 Re-elected in 1908

Died
Vacant August 8, 1913 –
May 11, 1914
18 Francis S. White.jpeg Francis S. White Democratic May 11, 1914 –
March 4, 1915
Elected to finish Johnston's term

Retired
19 OWUnderwood.jpg Oscar Underwood Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 4, 1927
16 Elected in 1914
17 Re-elected in 1920

Retired
20 HugoLaFayetteBlack.jpg Hugo Black Democratic March 4, 1927 –
August 19, 1937
18 Elected in 1926
19 Re-elected in 1932
20 Re-elected in 1938

Resigned to become U.S. Supreme Court justice
21 SenatorDixieBibbGraves.jpg Dixie Bibb Graves (1882-1965) Democratic August 20, 1937 –
January 10, 1938
Appointed (by her husband, the Governor) to finish Black's term

Resigned
22 Listerhill.jpg J. Lister Hill (1894-1984) Democratic January 11, 1938 –
January 3, 1969
Appointed to finish Graves's term
21 Elected in 1938
22 Re-elected in 1944
23 Re-elected in 1950
24 Re-elected in 1956
25 Re-elected in 1962

Retired
23 JamesAllenVA.jpg James Allen (1912-1978) Democratic January 3, 1969 –
June 1, 1978
26 Elected in 1968
27 Re-elected in 1974

Died
24 Maryon pittman allen.jpg Maryon Pittman Allen (1925- ) Democratic June 8, 1978 –
November 7, 1978
Appointed to continue her husband's seat

Lost nomination for special election to finish the term
25 S000907.jpg Donald W. Stewart (1940- ) Democratic November 7, 1978 –
January 2, 1981
Elected to finish James Allen's term

Lost renomination; resigned one day early to give successor advantageous seniority
26 JeremiahDentonSenate.jpg Jeremiah Denton (1924-2014) Republican January 2, 1981 –
January 3, 1987
Appointed to finish Stewart's term, having already been elected to the next term
28 Elected in 1980

Lost re-election
27 Richard Shelby, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Richard Shelby (1934- ) Democratic January 3, 1987 –
November 9, 1994
29 Elected in 1986
30 Re-elected in 1992
Republican November 9, 1994 –
Present
31 Re-elected in 1998
32 Re-elected in 2004
33 Re-elected in 2010
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Clay and Fitzpatrick along with several other senators announced they were withdrawing from the Senate on January 21, 1861, due to their states' decisions to secede from the Union. Clay's seat was declared vacant by the Senate on March 14, 1861, but Fitzpatrick's was vacant because his term ended on March 4, 1861.

See also[edit]