List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the list[edit]

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of military and paramilitary personnel, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.
  • These numbers are largely sourced from the 2012 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.
  • As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 174 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

The list[edit]

Flag State Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Total per 1000 capita Active per 1000 capita
Afghanistan Afghanistan[1] 170,700 0 136,100 306,800 9.9 5.5
Albania Albania[2] 14,245 0 500 14,745 4.1 3.9
Algeria Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 187,200 467,200 13.7 3.8
Angola Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 9.1 8.4
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[5] 170 75 0 245 2.9 2
Argentina Argentina[6] 73,100 0 31,240 104,340 2.6 1.8
Armenia Armenia[7][Note 1] 48,834 210,000 6,964 265,798 89.6 16.5
Australia Australia[8] 56,552 20,440 0 76,992 3.6 2.7
Austria Austria[9] 25,758 187,886 0 213,644 26 3.1
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[10] 66,940 300,000 15,000 381,940 46.4 8.1
The Bahamas Bahamas[11] 860 0 0 860 2.8 2.8
Bahrain Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 26.7 11.3
Bangladesh Bangladesh[13] 157,053 0 63,900 220,953 1.4 1
Barbados Barbados[11] 610 430 0 1,040 3.7 2.1
Belarus Belarus[14] 72,940 289,500 110,000 472,440 49 7.6
Belgium Belgium[15] 34,336 1,400 0 35,736 3.4 3.3
Belize Belize[16] 1,050 700 0 1,750 5.7 3.4
Benin Benin[17] 4,750 0 2,500 7,250 0.8 0.5
Bhutan Bhutan 8,000 0 1,000 9,000 12.7 11.3
Bolivia Bolivia[18] 46,100 0 37,100 83,200 8.5 4.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina[19] 9,656 0 0 9,656 2.1 2.1
Botswana Botswana[20] 9,000 0 1,500 10,500 5.3 4.5
Brazil Brazil[21] 318,480 1,340,000 395,000 2,053,480 10.3 1.6
Brunei Brunei[22] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 25.6 18
Bulgaria Bulgaria[23] 31,315 303,000 34,000 368,315 51.1 4.3
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso[24] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.7 0.7
Burma Burma[25] 406,000 0 107,250 513,250 10.7 8.4
Burundi Burundi[26] 20,000 0 31,050 51,050 5.4 2.1
Cambodia Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 13.2 8.6
Cameroon Cameroon[28] 14,100 0 9,000 23,100 1.2 0.7
Canada Canada[29] 65,700 33,950 4,500 104,150 3.1 2
Cape Verde Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.8 2.8
Central African Republic Central African Republic[31] 2,150 0 1,000 3,150 0.7 0.5
Chad Chad[32] 25,350 0 9,500 34,850 3.4 2.5
Chile Chile[33] 59,059 40,000 44,712 143,771 8.7 3.6
China People's Republic of China[34][Note 2] 2,285,000 510,000 1,132,000 3,927,000 2.9 1.7
Colombia Colombia[35] 449,415 790,000 144,097 1,383,512 29.2 9.5
Costa Rica Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2.3 0
Croatia Croatia[37] 18,600 21,000 3,000 42,600 9.5 4.1
Cuba Cuba[38][Note 3] 49,000 39,000 1,146,500 1,234,500 107.8 4.3
Cyprus Cyprus[39] 12,000 50,000 750 62,750 57.8 11.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic[40] 25,421 0 2,100 27,521 2.7 2.5
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire[41] 17,050 10,000 1,500 28,550 1.4 0.8
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 144,000 0 1,400 145,400 2.1 2.1
North Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea[43][Note 4] 1,190,000 600,000 5,889,000 7,679,000 312.7 48.5
Denmark Denmark[44] 18,628 53,507 0 72,135 13.1 3.4
Djibouti Djibouti[45] 10,450 0 2,500 12,950 14 11.3
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[46] 24,500 0 15,000 39,500 4.1 2.5
Ecuador Ecuador[47] 58,483 118,000 500 176,983 12.1 4
Egypt Egypt[48] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 16.7 5.6
El Salvador El Salvador[49] 15,500 9,900 17,000 42,400 5.9 2.2
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea[50] 1,320 0 2,000 3,320 5.2 2.1
Eritrea Eritrea[51] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 52.9 33.1
Estonia Estonia[52] 5,750 30,000 12,000 47,750 36.7 4.4
Ethiopia Ethiopia[53] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.6 1.6
Fiji Fiji[54] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.1 3.7
Finland Finland[55] 22,100 340,000 13,375 375,475 71.5 4.2
France France[56][Note 5] 222,215 93,099 98,155 413,469 6.4 3.4
Gabon Gabon[57] 4,700 2,000 6,700 4.4 3.1
The Gambia Gambia[58] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
Georgia (country) Georgia[59][60][61] 37,825 140,000 11,700 189,525 42.2 8.4
Germany Germany[62][63] 182,620 40,369 0 222,989 2.7 2.2
Ghana Ghana[64] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
Greece Greece[65] 144,567 216,650 4,000 365,217 33.8 13.4
Guatemala Guatemala[66] 15,212 63,863 19,000 98,075 7.4 1.1
Guinea Guinea[67] 12,300 0 7,000 19,300 1.9 1.2
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau[68] 4,450 0 2,000 6,450 4.2 2.9
Guyana Guyana[69] 1,100 670 1,500 3,270 4.3 1.5
Haiti Haiti[70] 0 0 2,000 2,000 0.2 0
Honduras Honduras[71] 12,000 60,000 8,000 80,000 10.2 1.5
Hungary Hungary[72] 22,587 44,000 12,000 78,587 7.9 2.3
Iceland Iceland[73] 0 0 130 130 0.4 0
India India[74][Note 6] 1,325,000 1,155,000 2,288,407 4,768,407 3.9 1.1
Indonesia Indonesia[75] 302,000 400,000 280,000 982,000 4.1 1.2
Iran Iran[76][Note 7] 523,000 350,000 1,490,000 2,363,000 35.6 7.9
Iraq Iraq[77] 271,400 0 531,000 802,400 27.7 9.4
Republic of Ireland Ireland[78] 9,650 14,875 0 24,525 5.3 2.1
Israel Israel[79] 176,500 565,000 8,000 749,500 94.4 22.2
Italy Italy[80][81][Note 8] 179,155 41,867 186,007 407,029 6.8 3
Jamaica Jamaica[82] 2,830 953 0 3,783 1.3 1
Japan Japan[83] 247,764 56,378 12,250 316,392 2.5 1.9
Jordan Jordan[84] 100,500 65,000 10,000 175,500 28 16
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[85] 49,000 0 31,500 80,500 5.2 3.2
Kenya Kenya[86] 24,120 0 5,000 29,120 0.7 0.6
Kosovo Kosovo[87][88][89] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.9 1.4
Kuwait Kuwait[90] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 17.2 5.8
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[91] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.8 2
Laos Laos[92] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.9 4.3
Latvia Latvia[93] 4,600 10,666 0 15,266 6.8 2.1
Lebanon Lebanon[94] 59,100 200,000 20,000 279,100 69.5 14.7
Lesotho Lesotho[95] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.9 0.9
Liberia Liberia[96] 2,400 0 0 2,400 0.7 0.7
Libya Libya[97] 76,000 40,000 0 116,000 18.3 12
Lithuania Lithuania[98] 10,640 6,700 14,600 31,940 9 3
Luxembourg Luxembourg[99] 900 0 612 1,512 3.1 1.8
Madagascar Madagascar[100] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 1 0.7
Malawi Malawi[101] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.5 0.4
Malaysia Malaysia[102][Note 9] 109,000 516,000 269,300 894,300 34.8 4.2
Mali Mali[103] 7,350 0 7,800 15,150 1.1 0.5
Malta Malta[104] 1,954 173 0 2,127 5.2 4.8
Mauritania Mauritania[105] 15,870 0 5,000 20,870 6.7 5.1
Mauritius Mauritius[106] 0 0 2,000 2,000 1.6 0
Mexico Mexico[107] 280,000 87,344 51,500 418,844 3.8 2.5
Moldova Moldova[108] 5,354 57,971 2,379 65,704 15.2 1.2
Mongolia Mongolia[109] 10,000 137,000 7,200 154,200 50.7 3.3
Montenegro Montenegro[110] 2,984 0 10,100 13,084 19.5 4.4
Morocco Morocco[111] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 12.7 6.3
Mozambique Mozambique[112] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.5 0.5
Namibia Namibia[113] 9,200 0 6,000 15,200 7.2 4.4
Nepal Nepal[114] 95,753 0 62,000 157,753 5.5 3.4
Netherlands Netherlands[115] 37,365 3,189 5,911 46,465 2.8 2.2
New Zealand New Zealand[116] 9,637 2,314 0 11,951 2.8 2.3
Nicaragua Nicaragua[117] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
Niger Niger[118] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.7 0.3
Nigeria Nigeria[119] 80,000 0 82,000 162,000 1.1 0.5
Norway Norway[120] 24,450 45,250 0 69,700 15 5.2
Oman Oman[121] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.8 12.5
Pakistan Pakistan[122] 642,000 500,000 304,000 1,446,000 8.3 3.7
State of Palestine Palestine[123][Note 10] 0 0 56,000 56,000 14 0
Panama Panama[124] 0 0 12,000 12,000 3.6 0
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea[125] 3,100 0 0 3,100 0.5 0.5
Paraguay Paraguay[126] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.2 1.5
Peru Peru[127] 115,000 188,000 77,000 380,000 12.9 3.9
Philippines Philippines[128] 125,000 131,000 80,500 336,500 3.4 1.3
Poland Poland[129] 120,000 515,000 21,400 656,400 17.1 3.1
Portugal Portugal[130] 42,634 211,957 47,700 302,291 28.2 4
Qatar Qatar[131] 11,800 0 0 11,800 13.4 13.4
Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia[132] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.2 3.9
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo[133] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 3 2.5
Romania Romania[134] 73,900 45,000 79,900 198,800 8.9 3.3
Russia Russian Federation[135][136][Note 11] 766,000 2,000,000 474,000 3,240,000 22.6 5.3
Rwanda Rwanda[137] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 3.3 3.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[138] 233,500 0 15,500 249,000 8.7 8.1
Senegal Senegal[139] 13,620 0 5,000 18,620 1.4 1
Serbia Serbia[140] 28,184 50,171 10,000 88,355 12 3.8
Seychelles Seychelles[141] 200 0 450 650 7.4 2.3
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone[142] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2 2
Singapore Singapore[143][Note 12] 72,500 356,500 119,100 548,100 117.7 15.6
Slovakia Slovakia[144] 15,799 0 0 15,799 2.9 2.9
Slovenia Slovenia[145] 7,600 1,700 4,500 13,800 6.9 3.8
Somalia Somalia[146] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.2 0.2
South Africa South Africa[147] 62,082 15,071 12,382 89,535 1.8 1.3
South Korea Republic of Korea[148][Note 13] 655,000 4,500,000 4,500 5,159,500 103.1 13.1
Spain Spain[149] 123,300 16,000 80,210 219,510 4.7 2.6
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[150] 160,900 5,500 92,600 259,000 12.1 7.5
Sudan Sudan[151] 109,300 85,000 17,500 211,800 5.2 2.7
South Sudan South Sudan[152] 140,000 0 0 140,000 3.4 3.4
Suriname Suriname[153] 1,840 0 0 1,840 3.8 3.8
Sweden Sweden[154][Note 14] 20,363 200,000 800 221,163 24.4 2.2
Switzerland Switzerland[155] 25,287 172,330 76,000 273,617 36 3.3
Syria Syria[156] 295,000 314,000 108,000 717,000 32.9 13.6
Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan)[157] 290,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,964,000 85.5 12.6
Tajikistan Tajikistan[158] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2.2 1.2
Tanzania Tanzania[159] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.6 0.7
Thailand Thailand[160][Note 15] 305,860 200,000 158,700 664,560 10.1 4.6
East Timor Timor Leste[161] 1,332 0 0 1,332 1.3 1.3
Togo Togo[162] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.5 1.4
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[163] 4,063 0 0 4,063 3.3 3.3
Tunisia Tunisia[164] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.6 3.4
Turkey Turkey[165][166][167] 610,525 378,700 45,181 1,034,406 13.5 8
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[168] 22,000 0 0 22,000 4.5 4.5
Uganda Uganda[169] 45,000 0 1,800 46,800 1.4 1.4
Ukraine Ukraine[170] 129,925 1,000,000 84,900 1,214,825 26.6 2.8
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[171] 51,000 0 0 51,000 10.6 10.6
United Kingdom United Kingdom[172][Note 16] 198,810 172,550 0 371,360 5.8 3.1
United States United States of America[175] 1,369,532 850,880 11,035 2,231,447 7.1 4.4
Uruguay Uruguay[176] 24,621 0 818 25,439 7.3 7
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[177] 67,000 0 20,000 87,000 3.2 2.4
Vatican City Vatican City 110 0 0 110 130.6 130.6
Venezuela Venezuela[178] 115,000 8,000 0 123,000 4.6 4.3
Vietnam Vietnam[179][Note 17] 482,000 5,000,000 40,000 5,522,000 62.3 5.4
Yemen Yemen[180] 66,700 0 71,200 137,900 6 2.9
Zambia Zambia[181] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.6 1.3
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe[182] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 4.5 2.5

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus, Monaco, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ The paramilitary forces of China listed here does not include some 3,000,000 PLA Militia.
  3. ^ The paramilitary forces of Cuba consist of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia.
  4. ^ The paramilitary forces of North Korea largely consists of the Worker-Peasant Red Guards.
  5. ^ The paramilitary forces of France consist of the National Gendarmerie.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of India includes 987,821 personnel from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  9. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 244,700 personnel from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of Singapore includes 44,000 paramilitary from Singapore Police Force and Civil Defence Force.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea predominantly consists of ex-conscripts with an obligation to undertake 3 days per year training.
  14. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 42,000 paramilitary from the Home Guard.
  15. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  16. ^ The United Kingdoms Regular Reserve is separated into two categories: 45,110 personnel serving under a fixed-term reserve contract[173] and 127,440 personnel liable to be recalled in "a time of need" under the 1996 Reserve Forces Act.[174]
  17. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 5,000,000 paramilitary from People's Public Security and Civil Defense.

References[edit]

  1. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 225–226
  2. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 88–89
  3. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 316–318
  4. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 421–422
  5. ^ IISS 2012, p. 370
  6. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 370–373
  7. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 89–90
  8. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 226–229
  9. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 90–92
  10. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 92–93
  11. ^ a b IISS 2012, p. 373
  12. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 318–319
  13. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 229–231
  14. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 93–95
  15. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 95–97
  16. ^ IISS 2012, p. 374
  17. ^ IISS 2012, p. 422
  18. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 374–376
  19. ^ IISS 2013, pp. 179–180
  20. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 422–423
  21. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 376–378
  22. ^ IISS 2012, p. 231-231
  23. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 98-100
  24. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 423–424
  25. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 268–270
  26. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 424–425
  27. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 232–233
  28. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 425–426
  29. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 51–53
  30. ^ IISS 2012, p. 426
  31. ^ IISS 2012, p. 427
  32. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 427–428
  33. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 379–381
  34. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 233–242
  35. ^ "Military Personnel, 2014" (in Spanish). mindefensa.gov.co. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  36. ^ IISS 2012, p. 384
  37. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 100–102
  38. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 384–386
  39. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 102–104
  40. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 104–105
  41. ^ IISS 2010, pp. 302–303
  42. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 430–432
  43. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 256–259
  44. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 105–107
  45. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 432-433
  46. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 386–387
  47. ^ IISS 2011, pp. 387–389
  48. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 319–323
  49. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 389–390
  50. ^ IISS 2012, p. 433
  51. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 433–434
  52. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 107–108
  53. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 434–435
  54. ^ IISS 2012, p. 242
  55. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 109–110
  56. ^ Ministère de la Défense - Key Defence Figures, December 2013 (French)
  57. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 435–436
  58. ^ IISS 2012, p. 436
  59. ^ [1], 2013(German)
  60. ^ [2], 2014(German)
  61. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 116–117
  62. ^ Federal Ministry of Defence - Military Personnel, June 2014 (German)
  63. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 117–121
  64. ^ IISS 2012, p. 437
  65. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 121–124
  66. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 390–391
  67. ^ IISS 2012, p. 438
  68. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 438–439
  69. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 391–392
  70. ^ IISS 2012, p. 392
  71. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 392–393
  72. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 124–125
  73. ^ IISS 2012, p. 125
  74. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 243–248
  75. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 248–50
  76. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 323–326
  77. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 327-328
  78. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 122-127
  79. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 328-331
  80. ^ Ministero della Difesa - Nota aggiuntiva allo stato di previsione per la Difesa per l'anno 2013, April 2013 (Italian)
  81. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 127-131
  82. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 393–87
  83. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 251–255
  84. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 331–333
  85. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 255–256
  86. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 439–440
  87. ^ "Kosovo's security force launched". BBC News. 21 January 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  88. ^ "Kosovo: Security or militarisation?". B92. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  89. ^ "Bush OKs supplying arms to Kosovo". AFP. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  90. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 333–335
  91. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 262–263
  92. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 263-264
  93. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 131–132
  94. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 335–337
  95. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 440-441
  96. ^ IISS 2012, p. 441
  97. ^ IISS 2010, pp. 262–263
  98. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 132–133
  99. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 133–134
  100. ^ IISS 2012, p. 442
  101. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 442-443
  102. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 264–267
  103. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 443–444
  104. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 135–136
  105. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 338–339
  106. ^ IISS 2012, p. 444
  107. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 394–396
  108. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 136–137
  109. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 267–268
  110. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 137-138
  111. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 339–341
  112. ^ IISS 2012, p. 444-445
  113. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 445-446
  114. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 269-270
  115. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 138–140
  116. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 270–271
  117. ^ IISS 2012, p. 397
  118. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 446-447
  119. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 447–448
  120. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 141–142
  121. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 342–343
  122. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 272–275
  123. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 343-344
  124. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 397-398
  125. ^ IISS 2012, p. 275
  126. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 398–399
  127. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 399–402
  128. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 276–277
  129. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 143–145
  130. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 145–147
  131. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 344–345
  132. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 134–135
  133. ^ IISS 2010, pp. 301–302
  134. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 147–149
  135. ^ RIA Novosti via - Audit Chamber, 2013 (Russian)
  136. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 192–203
  137. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 448–449
  138. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 346–348
  139. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 449–450
  140. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 149–152
  141. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 450-451
  142. ^ IISS 2012, p. 451
  143. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 278–280
  144. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 152–153
  145. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 153–154
  146. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 451-452
  147. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 452–454
  148. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 259–262
  149. ^ Ministerio de Defensa - Military Budget 2012, page 451 (Spanish)
  150. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 281–282
  151. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 455-456
  152. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 454–455
  153. ^ IISS 2012, p. 402
  154. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 158–160
  155. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 160–162
  156. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 349–351
  157. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 282–285
  158. ^ IISS 2012, p. 285
  159. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 456–457
  160. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 286–289
  161. ^ IISS 2012, p. 289
  162. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 457–458
  163. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 402-403
  164. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 351–352
  165. ^ "TSK Mevcut Personel Sayısını açıkladı". Turkish Armed Forces. Aktif Haber. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  166. ^ IISS 2010, pp. 164–168
  167. ^ Turkish Paramilitary - Village Guards (In Turkish), trthaber.com, 6 September 2014
  168. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 289–290
  169. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 458–459
  170. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 165–167
  171. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 352–354
  172. ^ Ministry Of Defence - Quarterly Personnel Report, Table 1, Page 6. 1 April 2014.
  173. ^ Ministry of Defence - Reserve Forces, Table 1a, Page 10. 1 April 2014.
  174. ^ Ministry of Defence - Reserve Forces, Table 2, Table 3 and Table 4. 1 April 2012.
  175. ^ "Armed Forces Strength Figures for December 31, 2013". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  176. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 403–404
  177. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 290-291
  178. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 404-407
  179. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 292–293
  180. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 354–356
  181. ^ IISS 2012, pp. 459–460
  182. ^ IISS 2012, p. 461

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]