|Elevation||153 m (502 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Aadarsh Janpad (Awarded By Mulayam Singh)|
Mainpuri is a city and a municipal board in Mainpuri district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the Mainpuri district and is situated to the north-east of Agra. The distance from New Delhi to Mainpuri is 270 km and it takes 3 hours 44 mins to reach by road.
Sankisa is related to many Myths pertaining to Lord Buddha Shakya Muni, especially his descending from the heaven after death makes it an ideal destination for Buddhist pilgrims. The place is as interesting as the stories related to Buddha, charming, quite and enchanting. Known as Sankasya in Ramayana, this village has been an important centre in the geography of India from earlier times. Huen Tsang named this city as Kapittha in his travelogue and described it as a nice place to visit. The place is renowned for the stone statues found here during the excavations.
Sankisa, an ancient cultural center for Buddhism, is located in Basantpur village in central Uttar Pradesh, 47 km from Farrukhabad. In the village, on the top of the stupa, is a temple dedicated to Bisari Devi. Remains of very old relics, sculptures and idols have been excavated from here.
Sankisa has been mentioned in the travelogues written by Hieun Tsang and other Chinese travelers. Tradition recounts that Buddha, along with Brahma and Indra descended at this place, after giving sermons to Buddha’s mother in heaven. People from all over Uttar Pradesh come to the large fair conducted in the month of shravan (July–August) in Sankisa.
Pakhna railway station is the nearest railway station. The closest civil airport is at Agra, which is 207 km away from Sankisa. Accommodation is available at the PWD Inspection House, Fateh Garh and Government Tourist Bungalow, Sankisa. Tourist season starts from October to April.
Neebkarori, a small village near ancient Shankisa, is noted for a sage named Lakshman Das. Baba Lakshman Das was spiritual saint in 20th century. He is better known as Neem Karoli Baba.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Mainpuri urban agglomeration had a population of 133,078, out of which males were 69,788 and females were 63,290. The literacy rate was 85.66 per cent.
As of 2001[update] India census, Mainpuri had a population of 89,535. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mainpuri has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 64%. In Mainpuri, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. People speak Kannauji and Braj Bhasha in day to day communication.
The city has some very old and popular Hindu temples. Popular temples include Sheetla Devi Temple, where every year during April Rural Exhibition-cum-Trade Fair is held for 20 days. Bhimsen Mandir is an ancient Shiv temple, besides "Falahari Ashram" situated on Jyoti-Devi Road has very rare Statue of Goddess Durga with 18 Arms.Another ancient shiv temple is Chandeshwar Mandir situated on chandeshwar road,this road is begins from maharaja Tej Singh chuarah, near the bridge of river Isan, and terminates on Ashram road. Also located on Devi road are twin Shiv Temples of Kale Mahadev and Shweat Mahadev. Hanuman Temple situated at old tehsil Road is visited by thousands on every Tuesdays and Saturdays.
Places of interest
Fort of Maharaja Tej Singh Chauhan is situated at old Mainpuri at Devi Road. The Raja's palace is not a spot of tourist interest. The fort has become private property and only its remains are there. Nobody, not even locals, can visit the palace.
The Raja's palace, The Garhi, is the major point of tourist interest in the town. Modern places of attraction are Foolbagh and Lohia Park. Foolbagh is situated at Jail Chauraha while the Lohia Park is situated at District Collectrate. Both the parks have green lawn and fountains.
Mainpuri is also known for Sarus Crane, zoological name Grus antigone. The Sarus Crane is the only crane species that resides species of Sarus Crane known worldwide. This elegant bird, called Krouncha in India, is revered as a symbol of marital fidelity and is celebrated in myth and legend. There are estimated to be 8,000-10,000 Sarus Cranes in India. Two-thirds of its population resides in Karhal village anjani)
The district hospital is also named as Maharaja Tej Singh Jila Chikitsalya. Maharaja Tej Singh Jila Chikitsalya has a cancer hospital in its compound which is developed by state government with the help of World Bank.Mainpuri janch kendra is important pathology in district having 3 branches. Mainpuri District has very high number of cancer patients due to consumption of 'Kapoori' (camphor) flavoured tobacco.
Mainpuri is well connected with other parts of the state by road and broad gauge railway so one can also visit Mainpuri by train. Currently the only two train are Kalindi express, Kanpur Anand Vihar express, which connects Mainpuri to Delhi and Kanpur. The city is also linked by railways to Farrukhabad and Kanpur. Some major cities within 300 kilometre range from Mainpuri include Agra, Delhi, Bareilly, Meerut, Firozabad, Shikohabad, Etawah, Gwalior, Kanpur,
New Agra Lucknow Expressway will connect Mainpuri to Lucknow only in 4 years.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.