Nedjemibre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Nedjemibre was an ephemeral Egyptian pharaoh of the 13th Dynasty of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period reigning c. 1780 BC[1] or 1736 BC.[2]

According to egyptologists Kim Ryholt and Darell Baker he was the twelfth pharaoh of the dynasty,[1][4] while Detlef Franke and Jürgen von Beckerath see him as the eleventh ruler.[5][6][7][8]

Nedjemibre is known solely from the Turin canon, a king list compiled in the early Ramesside period.[4] The canon gives his name on the 7th column, line 14 (Gardiner entry 6.14 [9]) and credits him with a very short reign of "7 months and [lost days]".[1][4] The fact that Nedjemibre's successor, Khaankhre Sobekhotep, is well attested and never mentions his parentage led Ryholt to propose that Khaankhre Sobekhotep was not of royal birth and usurped the throne at the expense of Nedjemibre.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e K.S.B. Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, c.1800–1550 BC, Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, vol. 20. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997, excerpts available online here.
  2. ^ a b Thomas Schneider: Lexikon der Pharaonen, Albatros, Düsseldorf 2002, ISBN 3-491-96053-3
  3. ^ See Ryholt p.216
  4. ^ a b c Darrell D. Baker: The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I - Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC, Stacey International, ISBN 978-1-905299-37-9, 2008, p. 248-249
  5. ^ Thomas Schneider: Ancient Egyptian Chronology - Edited by Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, And David a. Warburton, available online, see p. 176
  6. ^ Detlef Franke: Zur Chronologie des Mittleren Reiches (12.-18. Dynastie) Teil 1 : Die 12. Dynastie, in Orientalia 57 (1988)
  7. ^ Jürgen von Beckerath: Untersuchungen zur politischen Geschichte der Zweiten Zwischenzeit in Ägypten, Glückstadt, 1964
  8. ^ Jürgen von Beckerath: Chronologie des pharaonischen Ägyptens, Münchner Ägyptologische Studien 46. Mainz am Rhein, 1997
  9. ^ Alan H. Gardiner: The Royal Canon of Turin, Oxford 1959, Vol. III, 6.14, Warminster 1987, ISBN 0-900416-48-3.
Preceded by
Sewadjkare I
Pharaoh of Egypt
Thirteenth Dynasty
Succeeded by
Khaankhre Sobekhotep