Wadjkare

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Wadjkare was an Ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 8th dynasty who reigned ca. 2150 BC during the First Intermediate Period. He is considered to be an very obscure figure in Egyptian history.[1]

Identity[edit]

Wadjkare is mentioned only once: In a royal limestone tablet known as Coptos Decree R (Cairo museum; obj. JE 41894), which is said to be created by the king himself. It contains a list of punishments for everyone who dares to damage or plunder a certain shrine dedicated to the god Min-of-Coptos.[2] However, from an archaeological standpoint there is nothing otherwise known about this king and his existence is questioned by some scholars, because he is not mentioned in any Ramesside king list.[3]

A rock inscription in Nubia mentions a king that in the past was tentatively readed as Wadjkare;[4][5] nowadays is believed that the royal name on the inscription is instead a Menkhkare which is the throne name of Segerseni, a local ruler during the late 11th Dynasty.[6]

Scholars such as Farouk Gomaà and William C. Hayes identify the Horus name Djemed-ib-taui with a ruler named Neferirkare and equate Wadjkare with an obscure ruler named Hor-Khabaw.[7] Hans Goedicke sees in Wadjkare the predecessor of Djemed-ib-taui and place both rulers chronologically into the 9th dynasty.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Schneider: Lexikon der Pharaonen. Albatros, Düsseldorf 2002, ISBN 3-491-96053-3, p. 170 - 171.
  2. ^ Nigel C. Strudwick: Texts from the Pyramid Age. BRILL, Leiden 2005, ISBN 9004130489, p. 123 - 124.
  3. ^ Margaret Bunson: Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Infobase Publishing, 2009, ISBN 1438109970, p. 429.
  4. ^ Henri Gauthier, "Nouvelles remarques sur la XIe dynastie". BIFAO 9 (1911), p. 136.
  5. ^ Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs: an introduction, Oxford University Press, 1964, p. 121.
  6. ^ Jürgen von Beckerath, Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen (MÄS 49), Philip Von Zabern, 1999, pp. 80-81.
  7. ^ Farouk Gomaà: Ägypten während der Ersten Zwischenzeit (= Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Reihe B: Geisteswissenschaften, vol. 27). Reichert, Wiesbaden 1980, ISBN 3-88226-041-6. p. 57, 59, 127.
  8. ^ Hans Goedicke: Königliche Dokumente aus dem Alten Reich (= Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, Bd. 14). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1967, p. 215.