|Sekhemre Sankhtawi Neferhotep III|
|Pharaoh of Egypt|
|Successor||Sankhenre Mentuhotep VI|
Sekhemre Sankhtawy Neferhotep III was the third or fourth ruler of the Theban 16th dynasty, reigning after Djehuti and Sobekhotep VIII according to Kim Ryholt. He is assigned a reign of 1 year in the Turin Canon and is known primarily by a single stela from Thebes. Von Beckerath dates Neferhotep III to the end of the Thirteenth dynasty of Egypt.,
In the stela (Cairo JE 59635), Neferhotep III repeatedly calls Thebes "my city" and praises himself as "the guide of victorious Thebes"  This emphasis on Thebes is understood by Ryholt as showing that Neferhotep III reigned exclusively over the Theban region. This is further strengthened by a stela of Neferhotep's successor Mentuhotep VI where Mentuhotep states "I am the king within Thebes, this is my city".
In his Theban stela, Neferhotep III also emphasize his role as provider of food for his people stating that "he who nourishes his city, saving it from famine". This, together with his royal name Sekhemre Sanhktawi, The might of Ra, who nourishes the two lands is a strong sign that Upper Egypt suffered from famines during the late 16th dynasty. Another king of the period, Senusret IV, adopted a similar royal name.
The stela is thought to be the first depiction of the Khepresh crown. Neferhotep is said to be "Adorned with the Khepresh, the living image of Re, lord of terror". After his short reign, he was succeeded by king Mentuhotep VI.
- Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C, Museum Tusculanum Press, (1997), p.202
- Jürgen von Beckerath: Untersuchungen zur politischen Geschichte der zweiten Zwischenzeit in Ägypten, Glückstadt 1964, S. 67-68, 259 (XIII J.)
- W. V. Davies, The Origin of the Blue Crown, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 68, (1982), pp. 69-76
- Ryholt, p.160
- Ryholt, p.306
- Ebba Kerrn Lillesø, Two Wooden Uræi, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 61, (1975), pp. 137-146
|Pharaoh of Egypt
Sixteenth dynasty of Egypt
|This Ancient Egypt biographical article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|