Sankhenre Sewadjtu

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Sankhenre Sewadjtu
S'ankhre'enswadtju, Sewadjtew
Pharaoh of Egypt
Reign 3 Years, 2 to 4 Months, from 1675 BC until 1672 BC[1] or in 1694 BC or in 1654 BC [2], 13th dynasty
Predecessor Merhotepre Ini
Successor Mersekhemre Ined

Sankhenre Sewadjtu was the thirty-fourth pharaoh of the 13th dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period.[3] Sewadjtu reigned from Memphis, starting in 1675 BC and for a period of 3 years and 2 to 4 months.[1]


Attestions[edit]

Sankhenre Sewadjtu is unknown from contemporary historical records, and is exclusively attested by the Turin canon. This may be because he ruled Egypt at a time when the 13th Dynasty's control over Egypt was receding. He is listed as the successor of Ini in the Turin Canon, on column 7 line 5, and is given a reign of 3 years and 2 to 4 months in this document.[1]

Kim Ryholt proposes that Sankhenre Sewadjtu is attested on the Karnak king list under a different name owing to a scribal error. Indeed two prenomina Sewadjenre and two prenomina Snefer[...]re are recorded in this list but Ryhold points that, in each case, only one king with such prenomen is known. Ryholt thus proposes that the two remaining names refer to Sankhenre Sewadjtu and Seankhenre Mentuhotepi. Indeed Ryholt notes that wadj, nfr and ankh resemble each other in hieratic.[1][3]

Chronological position[edit]

The exact chronological position of Sankhenre Sewadjtu in the 13th dynasty is not known for certain owing to uncertainties affecting earlier kings of the dynasty. Darell Baker makes him the thirty-fourth pharaoh of the dynasty, Kim Ryholt sees him as the thirty-fifth king and Jürgen von Beckerath places him as the twenty-ninth pharaoh of the dynasty.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c. 1800–1550 B.C.. Museum Tuscalanum Press, 1997 (ISBN 87-7289-421-0)
  2. ^ Thomas Schneider: Lexikon der Pharaonen, Albatros, 2002
  3. ^ a b Darell D. Baker: The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I - Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300 - 1069 BC, Stacey International, ISBN 978-1-905299-37-9, 2008, p. 419
Preceded by
Merhotepre Ini
Pharaoh of Egypt
Thirteenth Dynasty
Succeeded by
Mersekhemre Ined