Charles de Gaulle Airport

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Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport
Aéroport Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle
Roissy Airport
Aeroports de Paris logo.svg
Aeroport de Roissy.JPG
IATA: CDGICAO: LFPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Aéroports de Paris
Serves Paris, France
Location 25 km (16 mi) NE of Paris
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 119 m / 392 ft
Coordinates 49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778Coordinates: 49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778
Website aeroportsdeparis.fr
Maps
Location of Île-de-France region in France
Location of Île-de-France region in France
CDG is located in Île-de-France (region)
CDG
CDG
Location in Île-de-France
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08L/26R 4,215 13,829 Asphalt
08R/26L 2,700 8,858 Concrete
09L/27R 2,700 8,858 Asphalt
09R/27L 4,200 13,780 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft movements 497,763
Passengers 62,052,917
Economic impact $29.0 billion[2]
Social impact 250.8 thousand[2]
Sources: AIP France,[3] ACI[4][5]

Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle, IATA: CDGICAO: LFPG), also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French), is one of the world's principal aviation centres, as well as France's largest international airport. It is named after Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970), leader of the Free French Forces and founder of the French Fifth Republic, as well as the President of France from 1959 to 1969. The airport is located within portions of several communes, 25 km (16 mi)[3] to the northeast of Paris. The airport serves as the principal hub for Air France.

In 2013, the airport handled 62,052,917 passengers and 497,763 aircraft movements,[6] making it the world's eighth busiest airport and Europe's second busiest airport (after London Heathrow) in passengers served. It also is the world's tenth busiest and it is Europe's second busiest airport (after London Heathrow) in aircraft movements. In cargo traffic, the airport is the eighth busiest in the world and the busiest in Europe, having handled 2,150,950 metric tonnes of cargo in 2012.[6] On 1 March 2011, Franck Goldnadel was appointed as the director of the airport.[7][8]

Location[edit]

Paris Charles de Gaulle airport covers 32.38 square kilometres (12.50 sq mi) of land. The choice of this vast area was made based on the limited number of potential relocations and expropriations and the possibility to further expand the airport in the future. It straddles three départements and six communes:

Management of the airport is solely under the authority of Aéroports de Paris (ADP), which also manages Orly, Le Bourget, Marsa Alam in Egypt, and several smaller airports in the suburbs of Paris.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

The planning and construction phase of what was known then as Aéroport de Paris Nord (Paris North Airport) began in 1966. On 8 March 1974 the airport, renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport, opened. Terminal 1 was built in an avant-garde design of a ten-floors-high circular building surrounded by seven satellite buildings, each with six gates. The main architect was Paul Andreu, who was also in charge of the extensions during the following decades.

Corporate identity[edit]

The Frutiger typeface was commissioned for use in the airport and implemented on signs throughout the building in 1975. Initially called Roissy, it was renamed for its designer Adrian Frutiger.

Until 2005, every PA announcement made at Terminal 1 was preceded by a distinctive chime, nicknamed "Indicatif Roissy" and composed by Bernard Parmegiani in 1971. The chime can be heard in the Roman Polanski film Frantic. Although the chime was officially replaced by the "Indicatif ADP" chime in late 2005 there recently have been unconfirmed reports that Indicatif Roissy has occasionally returned.

Terminals[edit]

Aerial view of Terminal 1
Aerial view of Terminal 2A and 2B

The Airport has three terminals. Terminal 1[10] is the oldest. Terminal 2[11] was originally built exclusively for Air France, since then it has been expanded significantly and now also hosts other airlines. The third terminal (T3, formerly T9) hosts charter and low-cost airlines. The CDGVAL is a light-rail shuttle that links the terminals, railway station and parking lots. Started on 4 April 2007, the CDGVAL links all three terminals (except hall 2G). There is only a single station for Terminal 2, near the rail station, so the walk distance to the more distant halls 2A–2B is more than 500 m (1,600 ft) (and both CDGVAL and bus are needed to reach 2G from Terminal 1).

Terminal 1[edit]

The first terminal, designed by Paul Andreu, was built in the image of an octopus. It consists of a circular central part housing central functions like check-in and baggage claim. Seven satellites which are connected to the central building by underground walkways contain the gates.

The central building, with a vast skylight in its centre, sees each floor dedicated to a single function. The first floor is reserved for technical functions and is not accessible to the public. The second floor contains shops and restaurants, the CDGVAL shuttle platforms and a part of the counters from a recent renovation. The majority of check-in counters are located on the third floor, which also has access to travel by taxi, bus and special vehicles. Departing travellers can reach the fourth floor, which contains duty-free stores and border control posts, and connects, by tunnels passing under the tarmac, to satellite terminals where the boarding gates are located. Travellers arriving in these same satellites follow a path to reach the fifth floor where baggage claim and customs are located, as well as the arrival area and exit areas. The four upper floors are reserved for parking or use of administration and the airlines.

The passage between the third, fourth and fifth floors is done through a tangle of escalators arranged in the centre of the building. These escalators are suspended over the central court. Each escalator is covered with a transparent tube for cover from the weather. These escalators were often used in films (for example, in The Last Gang of Ariel Zeitoun). The Alan Parsons Project album I Robot features these escalators on its cover.

Andreu initially had envisaged building several terminals on this model. Nevertheless, the first years of operation identified several defects due to the original design of the building. While adequate for journeys originating or ending in Paris, the terminal is not very suitable as a hub since it cannot be expanded. Many passengers have been disappointed to have no view of planes from the main terminal, in contrast to the situation at the airport of Orly. It thus paved the way for a more traditional design for future terminals at CDG.

Terminal 2[edit]

This consists of seven terminals: 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, and, at a distance of 800 m (0.5 mi), 2G. The first six are joined by ground-level or below-ground passageways. K, L and M are not terminals but halls of terminal 2E, adding confusion for passengers. Terminal 2G is only reachable by a bus service from the other terminals. Terminal 2 has an RER and TGV station, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 – TGV, below the common area linking halls 2C–2F.

Collapse of Terminal 2E[edit]

Collapsed Terminal 2E, June 2004

Terminal 2E, with a daring design and wide open spaces, was CDG's newest addition. On 23 May 2004, not long after its inauguration, a portion of Terminal 2E's ceiling collapsed early in the day, near Gate E50, killing four people.[12] Two of the dead were reported to be Chinese citizens and another a Czech. Three other people were injured in the collapse. Terminal 2E had been inaugurated in 2003 after some delays in construction and was designed by Paul Andreu. Administrative and judicial enquiries were started. Andreu also designed Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport, which collapsed while under construction on 28 September 2004.

Before this accident, ADP had been planning for an initial public offering in 2005 with the new terminal as a major attraction for investors. The partial collapse and indefinite closing of the terminal just before the beginning of summer seriously hurt the airport's business plan.

In February 2005, the results from the administrative inquiry were published. The experts pointed out that there was no single fault, but rather a number of causes for the collapse, in a design that had little margin for safety. The inquiry found the concrete vaulted roof was not resilient enough and had been pierced by metallic pillars and some openings weakened the structure. Sources close to the inquiry also disclosed that the whole building chain had worked as close to the limits as possible, so as to reduce costs. Paul Andreu denounced the building companies for having not correctly prepared the reinforced concrete.

On 17 March 2005, ADP decided to tear down and rebuild the whole part of Terminal 2E (the "jetty") of which a section had collapsed, at a cost of approximately €100 million.[13] The reconstruction replaced the innovative concrete tube style of the jetty with a more traditional steel and glass structure. During reconstruction, two temporary departure lounges were constructed in the vicinity of the terminal that replicated the capacity of 2E before the collapse. The terminal reopened completely on 30 March 2008.

Terminal 2G[edit]

Terminal 2, Display Screen
Air France aircraft on stands at Terminal 2F at Charles de Gaulle Airport.
KLM Boeing 737-700 Push-back at Charles de Gaulle Airport.

Terminal 2G, dedicated to regional Air France flights and its affiliates, opened in 2008. This terminal is to the east of all terminals and can only be reached by shuttle bus. Terminal 2G is used for passengers flying in the Schengen Area (and thus has no passport control) and handles Air France regional and European traffic and provides small-capacity planes (up to 150 passengers) with a faster turnaround time than is currently possible by enabling them to park close to the new terminal building and boarding passengers primarily by bus, or walking. Its bus connection is outside the security area and a security check is needed also for transfer passengers. At least 20 minutes must be planned as time when getting from another terminal to the 2G departure area.

Hall L (Satellite 3)[edit]

The completion of 750 m (2,460 ft) long Satellite 3 (or S3) to the immediate east of Terminals 2E and 2F provides further jetways for large-capacity airliners, specifically the Airbus A380. Check-in and baggage handling are provided by the existing infrastructure in Terminals 2E and 2F. Satellite 3 was opened in part on 27 June 2007 and fully operational in September 2007. It corresponds now to gates L of terminal 2E.

Hall M (Satellite 4)[edit]

The satellite S4, adjacent to the S3 and part of terminal 2E, officially opened on 28 June 2012. It corresponds now to gates M of terminal 2E. Dedicated to long-haul flights, it has the ability to handle 16 aircraft at the same time, with an expected capacity of 7.8 million passengers per year. Its opening has led to the relocation of all Skyteam airlines to terminals 2E (for international carriers), 2F (for Schengen European carriers), and 2G.

Future[edit]

Air France has moved all of its operations previously located at 2C to 2E. In October 2012, 2F closed its international operations and became completely Schengen, allowing for all Air France flights currently operating in 2D to relocate to terminal 2F. Further, in April 2013, Terminal 2B closed for a complete renovation (all airlines relocated to 2D), and will receive upgrades including the addition of a second floor completely dedicated to arrivals. Once 2B is completed, 2D will close and receive similar upgrades, including the addition of a new floor. Low-cost carrier EasyJet has shown its interest in being the sole carrier at 2B.[14] To facilitate connections, a new boarding area between 2A and 2C was opened in March 2012. It allows for all security and passport control to be handled in a single area, allows for many new shopping opportunities as well as new airline lounges, and eases transfer restrictions between 2A and 2C.

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3 consists of separate buildings for both arrivals and departures. It is located 1 km (0.62 mi) from Terminal 1, but the walking path is 3 km (1.9 mi) long. The RER and CDGVAL trains are at a distance of 300 m (980 ft) on foot. This terminal building has no direct boarding gates, all passengers are ferried via buses to the aircraft stands.

Roissypôle[edit]

Roissypôle is a complex consisting of office buildings, shopping areas, and hotels within Charles de Gaulle Airport. The complex includes the head office of Air France,[15] Continental Square,[16] the Hilton Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport,[17] and le Dôme building. Le Dôme includes the head office of Air France Consulting, an Air France subsidiary.[18] Continental Square has the head office of XL Airways France,[19] the head office of Air France subsidiary Servair[20] and the Air France Vaccinations Centre.[21]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Countries served by flights from Charles de Gaulle Airport (includes seasonal and future destinations).
Airlines Destinations Terminal / Hall
Adria Airways Ljubljana, Tirana (begins 31 March 2015) 1
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 19 April 2015), Kalamata, Heraklion, Rhodes, Thessaloniki
1
Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 2C
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 2C
Aeroméxico Mexico City 2E
Aigle Azur Algiers 2D
Air Algérie Algiers, Constantine, Oran 2C
Air Armenia Yerevan[22] 2D
Air Astana Astana (begins 1 April 2015)[23] 2D
Air Austral Saint-Denis de la Réunion 2C
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson 2A
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong 1
Air Europa Málaga, Valencia 2F
Air France Abidjan, Abuja, Algiers, Amman–Queen Alia, Antananarivo, Atlanta, Bamako, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bangalore, Bangui, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Birmingham, Bogotá, Boston, Brasilia, Brazzaville, Bucharest-Otopeni, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Caracas, Casablanca, Conakry, Cotonou, Dakar, Delhi, Detroit, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai-International, Freetown-Lungi, Guangzhou, Havana, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg–Tambo, Kiev–Boryspil, Kinshasa–N'djili, Kuala Lumpur, Lagos, Libreville, Lima, Lomé, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Malabo, Manchester, Mauritius, Mexico City, Miami, Monrovia, Montevideo, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, N'djamena, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nouakchott, Osaka–Kansai, Ouagadougou, Panama City, Papeete, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Punta Cana, Rabat, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh, St Maarten, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tunis, Vancouver (begins 29 March 2015),[24] Washington–Dulles, Yaoundé, Wuhan, Yerevan, Zagreb
Seasonal: Cancún, Cape Town, Cayenne, Chicago–O'Hare, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Sofia
2E
Air France Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Berlin–Tegel, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hamburg, Lisbon, Lyon, Madrid, Marseille, Milan–Linate, Montpellier, Munich, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Venice–Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Zurich 2F
Air France
operated by CityJet
Dublin, Newcastle upon Tyne 2E
Air France
operated by CityJet
Hanover, Stuttgart, Turin 2G
Air France
operated by HOP!
Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Zagreb 2E
Air France
operated by HOP!
Basel/Mulhouse, Bilbao, Billund, Bremen, Brest, Clermont-Ferrand, Genoa, Gothenburg–Landvetter, Hanover, Ljubljana, Nuremberg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Pau, Rennes, Stavanger-Sola, Verona, Vigo 2G
Air India Delhi 2C
Air Lituanica Vilnius[25] 1
Air Madagascar Antananarivo 2C
Air Malta Malta 2D
Air Mauritius Mauritius 2E
Air Méditerranée Agadir, Algiers, Casablanca, Chlef, Djerba, Eilat–Ovda, Fuerteventura, Oran, Oujda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Heraklion, Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Split
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Athens, Chania, Dubrovnik, Bodrum, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Olbia, Pula
3
Air Serbia Belgrade 2D
Air Seychelles Abu Dhabi, Mahé 2A
Air Tahiti Nui Los Angeles, Papeete 2A
Air Transat Montreal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Calgary, Québec City, Vancouver
3
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn [26] 2D
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino 2F
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda,[27] Tokyo–Narita 1
American Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston
2A
Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Eilat–Ovda
3
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon 1
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 2D
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 2D
Belavia Minsk-National 2D
Blue Islands Jersey (ends 4 January 2015)[28] 1
British Airways London–Heathrow 2A
Brussels Airlines Brussels 1
Bulgaria Air Sofia 2D
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2A
Camair-Co Douala, Yaoundé 1
China Eastern Airlines Kunming,[29] Shanghai–Pudong 2E
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou 2E
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula, Split, Zadar
1
Cyprus Airways Larnaca 2D
Czech Airlines Prague 2D
Darwin Airline Leipzig/Halle[30] 2D
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Newark, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh
2E
easyJet Agadir, Ajaccio, Barcelona, Bastia, Belfast–International, Biarritz, Bologna, Bristol, Budapest, Casablanca, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Glasgow–International, Kraków, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London–Luton, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Porto, Prague, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion (begins 30 March 2015),[31] Toulouse, Venice–Marco Polo
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Split
2D
EgyptAir Cairo
Seasonal: Luxor[32]
1
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Eilat–Ovda
2A
Emirates Dubai-International 2C
Equatorial Congo Airlines Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire[33] 1
Estonian Air Seasonal: Tallinn[34] 2D
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 2A
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2C
Eurolot Wroclaw 3
Europe Airpost Seasonal: Calvi, Glasgow-International, Halifax[35]
Seasonal charter: Budapest, Dubrovnik, Porto, Seville
3
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan 1
Finnair Helsinki 2D
Flybe Birmingham, Bournemouth (begins 18 May 2015), Exeter, Manchester 2E
Freebird Airlines Seasonal Charter: Antalya, Dalaman 3
Georgian Airways Seasonal: Tbilisi[36] 2D
Germanwings Berlin–Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg 1
Gulf Air Bahrain 2C
Hainan Airlines Hangzhou, Xi'an 2A
Hunnu Air Seasonal: Ulan Bator 2D
Iberia Express Madrid (begins 7 September 2015)[37] TBA
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík 1
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 2A
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita 2E
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford, Manchester 3
Jet Airways Mumbai 2C
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Kenyatta 2C
KLM Amsterdam 2F
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon 2E
Kuwait Airways Kuwait, Rome–Fiumicino 1
La Compagnie Newark 1
Livingston Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 3
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg 2G
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 1
Middle East Airlines Beirut 2C
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Seasonal: Tivat
2D
Neos Seasonal charter: Fuerteventura 3
Nesma Airlines Seasonal charter: Taba 3
Niki Vienna 3
Oman Air Muscat 2A
Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk[38] 1
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore 1
Qatar Airways Doha 1
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 1
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia 2A
SATA International Seasonal: Ponta Delgada 1
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh 2C
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Stavanger-Sola, Tromsø
1
Singapore Airlines Singapore 1
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Ostrava, Prague 3
SriLankan Airlines Colombo-Bandaranaike 1
Sun d'Or
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 2A
SunExpress Izmir 1
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 1
Syphax Airlines Djerba, Sfax, Tunis 1
TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Sal, Sao Vicente 1
TAM Airlines São Paulo–Guarulhos 1
TAROM Bucharest-Otopeni 2E
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 1
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir 3
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 1
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat[39] 2D
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil 2D
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles 1
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 2D
US Airways Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte
2A
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 2C
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City 2E
Volotea Seasonal: Olbia 3
Vueling Barcelona,[40] Madrid
Seasonal: Santiago de Compostela
3
WOW air Reykjavík-Keflavík 3
XL Airways France Cancún, Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Punta Cana
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bastia, Catania, Dzaoudzi,[41] Figari, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Vegas, Miami,[42] New York–JFK, Palermo, Saint-Denis de la Réunion (begins 3 June 2015), San Francisco
2A, 3
Yemenia Cairo, Sana'a 1

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Algiers, Antananarivo, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bamako, Bangui, Boston,[43] Brazzaville, Casablanca, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare, Dammam, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai, Dublin, Glasgow–Prestwick, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Houston–Intercontinental, Jeddah, Kuwait, Mexico City, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, N'djamena, New York–JFK, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Porto, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis, Zaragoza
Air France Cargo
operated by Martinair Cargo
Niamey
Air France Cargo
operated by MNG Airlines
Istanbul–Atatürk
Cargo Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Cathay Pacific Cargo Delhi, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Mumbai
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation Casablanca, Leipzig/Halle, London-Heathrow
Europe Airpost Bordeaux, Brest, Lorient, Lourdes, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Pau, Toulouse
FedEx Express Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel, Birmingham, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai, Guangzhou, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Stansted, Madrid, Memphis, Milan–Malpensa, Mumbai, Munich, Narita, Newark, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Vienna
FedEx Feeder
operated by Air Contractors
Belfast, Berlin–Schönefeld, Cork, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Lyon, Manchester (UK), Newcastle (UK), Nice, Prague, Rome, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Warsaw
FedEx Feeder
operated by Swiftair
Hanover
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
MNG Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Luton[44]
Swiftair Madrid[45]
TMA Cargo Beirut, Tripoli[46]
TNT Airways Liège
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Louisville
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air
Cologne/Bonn

Ground transportation[edit]

Terminal 2, CDGVAL station
Terminal 2E, LISA station
RER station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV
Train station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV

CDGVAL[edit]

A free automatic shuttle rail service at Charles de Gaulle Airport consisting in two lines CDGVAL and LISA based on the VAL system links the three airport terminals, RER and TGV stations and main car parks within 8 minutes.

RER[edit]

CDG airport is connected to Paris by the RER B suburban route (€9.75 in 2014). In off-peak hours and during the weekend, there are two types of services:

  1. 4 trains per hour to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse calling at all stations to Cité Universitaire, then Bourg-la-Reine, La Croix de Berny, Antony, Massy–Palaiseau and then all stations to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse; and
  2. 4 trains per hour to Massy–Palaiseau (on the Saint-Rémy line), express until Gare du Nord and then all stations to Massy–Palaiseau.

The fast services take about 30 minutes to the Gare du Nord, the stopping services about 35. There are two RER B stations inside the airport:

RER B serves both CDG airport (with a travelling clientele) as well as northern suburbs of Paris. The line, operated by SNCF, suffers from slowness and overcrowding. For these reasons, French authorities started two projects: one, CDG Express,[47] is supposed to link CDG to Paris Gare de l'Est from 2016 with trains specifically designed for air travellers but seems to be delayed; the other, RER B Nord Plus,[48] will modernise and streamline the northern branches of RER B.

TGV[edit]

Terminal 2 includes a TGV station on the LGV Interconnexion Est high-speed line. SNCF operates direct TGV services to several French stations from CDG, including Lille, Strasbourg, Dijon, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nantes, Poitiers, Rennes, Toulon, as well as services to Brussels in Belgium.

Bus[edit]

Roissybus, operated by the RATP, departs from terminals 1 and 2 and goes non-stop to Paris, terminating behind the Palais Garnier.

Air France operates "Les Cars Air France" to several destinations: line 2 to Place de l'Etoile and Porte Maillot, line 3 to Paris Orly, line 4 to Gare Montparnasse, Gare de Lyon.[49]

There is a bus and coach station in Roissypôle, next to the RER B station. Buses departing from this station include RATP lines 350 and 351 going to Paris and the bus going to the Parc Astérix.

A Bus VEA Disneyland shuttle departs from the three Terminals.

After the last RER B of 23:50, the Noctilien night bus N143 and N140 departs every half-hour and hour respectively from terminal 1 door D12, terminal 2F door 2 and Roissypôle at Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 1.

iDBus[edit]

Since 17 December 2012, SNCF's national and international coach network, IDBUS, serves Charles de Gaulle Airport, by terminal 3, station CDG 1.

  • London – Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Lyon
  • Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Lyon
  • Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Lille
  • Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Brussels

Car[edit]

Charles de Gaulle Airport is directly connected to Autoroute A1 which connects Paris and Lille.

Car Rental[edit]

Alternative airports[edit]

The two other airports serving Paris are Orly Airport (the most important after CDG) and Le Bourget Airport (for general aviation and private jets). Some low-cost airlines also advertise Beauvais–Tillé Airport and Châlons Vatry Airport, respectively 85 km and 165 km from Paris proper, as serving Paris, using the names Paris–Beauvais and Paris–Vatry to designate them.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 6 January 1993, Lufthansa Flight 5634 from Bremen to Paris, which was carried out under the Lufthansa CityLine brand using a Contact Air Dash 8–300 (registered D-BEAT), hit the ground 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) short of the runway of Charles de Gaulle Airport, resulting in the death of four out of the 23 passengers on board. The four crew members survived. The accident occurred after the pilot had to abort the final approach to the airport because the runway had been closed: the aircraft immediately ahead, a Korean Air Boeing 747, had suffered a blown tire upon landing.[50]
  • On 25 May 2000, a freight-carrying Short SH36 (operated as Streamline flight 200), departing to Luton, England, collided on the runway with departing Air Liberte flight 8807, an MD-83 jet. The first officer of the SH36 was killed when the wing tip of the MD-83 tore through his side of the flight deck. The captain was slightly injured and all others aboard survived.
  • On 25 July 2000, a Concorde, Air France Flight 4590 from Charles de Gaulle to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, crashed into Les Relais Bleus Hotel in Gonesse, killing everyone on the aircraft and four people on the ground. Investigations concluded that a tire burst on take-off due to metal left on the runway from a previously departing aircraft, leading to a ruptured fuel tank and resulting in engine failure and other damage. Concorde was conducting a charter flight for a German tour company.

Theft[edit]

  • In December 2006, 20 baggage handlers were found guilty of theft.[51]
  • In 2007, 19 baggage handlers were found guilty of theft.[51]
  • In September 2008, 12 baggage handlers were arrested on suspicion of stealing goods from luggages worth 450,000 euros.[52]
  • In February 2011, 20 baggage handlers were arrested on suspicion of stealing from the luggage of passengers.[53]
  • In November 2012, 11 baggage handlers and 2 maintenance workers were arrested for stealing valuable items from luggage.[54]

Mehran Karimi Nasseri[edit]

Main article: Mehran Karimi Nasseri

On 26 August 1988, Mehran Karimi Nasseri found himself held at Charles de Gaulle airport by immigration. He claimed he was a refugee, but had had his refugee papers stolen. After years of bureaucratic wrangling, it was concluded that Nasseri had entered the airport legally and could not be expelled from its walls, but since he had no papers, there was no country to deport him to, leaving him in residential limbo. Nasseri continued to live within the confines of the airport until 2006, even though French authorities had since made it possible for him to leave if he so wished.[55] Nasseri was perhaps the inspiration for the 2004 film The Terminal. In July 2006 he was hospitalised and later taken care of by charities; he did not return to the airport.

Photography restrictions[edit]

On 7 November 2005, prefectoral decision 05-4979 was issued, relating specifically to Charles de Gaulle airport. The article 32-5 prohibits photographs being taken for private use of anything moving (e.g. aircraft) or not moving (e.g. buildings) within the "zone reservée" (the sterile area post-security) from the "zone publique" (the public area pre-security).[56]

Animals[edit]

The grassy lands on which the airport is located are notorious for rabbits and hares, which can be seen by passengers at certain times of the day. The airport organises periodic hunts and captures to keep the population to manageable levels.[57]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Newsroom – Press Kit". Delta Air Lines. 7 January 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Paris Charles de Gaulle airport – Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b LFPG – PARIS CHARLES DE GAULLE (PDF). AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 11 Dec 2014.
  4. ^ Traffic Movements 2010 Final, Airports Council International .
  5. ^ Passenger Traffic 2010 Final, Airports Council International .
  6. ^ a b "Statistiques annuelles". Union des aéroports Français. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  7. ^ (French) Franck Goldnadel
  8. ^ (French) ADP : Franck Goldnadel nommé directeur de Paris CDG
  9. ^ a b "le 5 janvier 1993 Rapport preliminaire relatif à l'accident survenu sur l'aéroport de Roissy-Charles de Gaulle." Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. 26/34. Retrieved on 14 July 2010.
  10. ^ Terminal 1 49°00′50.34″N 002°32′30.66″E / 49.0139833°N 2.5418500°E / 49.0139833; 2.5418500 (Terminal 1, Charles de Gaulle Airport)
  11. ^ Terminal 2 49°00′15.81″N 002°34′36.56″E / 49.0043917°N 2.5768222°E / 49.0043917; 2.5768222 (Terminal 2, Charles de Gaulle Airport)
  12. ^ "'Fresh cracks' at Paris airport". BBC News. 24 May 2004. 
  13. ^ Infos en direct et en vidéo, l'actualité en temps réel – tf1.fr[dead link]
  14. ^ "Le future satellite 4 de l'aéroport Paris-Charles de Gaulle" (PDF). Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  15. ^ "AIR FRANCE HEAD QUARTERS – ROISSYPOLE." Groupement d'Etudes et de Méthodes d'Ordonnancement (GEMO). Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  16. ^ "Continental Square." Seifert Architects. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  17. ^ "Hilton Paris Charles De Gaulle Airport." Hilton Hotels. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  18. ^ "Air France Consulting[dead link]." Air France. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  19. ^ "XL Airways France." BusinessWeek. Retrieved on 17 July 2010.
  20. ^ "Servair[dead link]." Air France. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  21. ^ "Prevention and Vaccinations." Air France. Retrieved on 19 June 2010.
  22. ^ "Schedule". Air Armenia CJSC. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  23. ^ L, J (14 November 2014). "Air Astana Adds Paris Service from April 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  24. ^ AIRFRANCE to Launch Vancouver Service in S15
  25. ^ http://www.airlituanica.com/en/about-us/news/new-flight-to-paris/
  26. ^ "airBaltic to Improve Service in Tallinn and Vilnius". http://airbaltic.com/. airBaltic. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  27. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/eng/aboutana/press/2013/131209.html
  28. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/245842/blue-islands-cuts-jersey-network-in-favour-of-cityjet-codeshare/
  29. ^ "China Eastern to Start Kunming - Paris Service from late-Dec 2014". Airline Route. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  30. ^ "Darwin launches Leipzig to Paris and Amsterdam". Aviationtribune.com. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  31. ^ http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-4604077,00.html
  32. ^ "EGYPTAIR Resumes Luxor – Paris Service from late-Feb 2014". Airline Route. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  33. ^ 2014 timetable, http://www.flyecair.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Proramme_Vols.pdf
  34. ^ "Estonian Air Timetable". Estonian Air. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  35. ^ europeairpost.com – The French airline Europe Airpost launches scheduled flights between Paris, Glasgow and Halifax
  36. ^ "Schedule for Summer Season". Schedule. Georgian Airways. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  37. ^ "IBERIA Express Adds Paris CDG / Manchester from Sep 2015". Airline Route. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  38. ^ Onur Air begin new service to Istanbul from October 2014
  39. ^ «Туркменские авиалинии» открывают регулярный рейс в Париж
  40. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/10/29/vy-s14update1/
  41. ^ (French)http://www.aeroport-mayotte.com/actus/XL-Airways-desservira-Paris-CDG/114/0
  42. ^ "XL Airways lancera un juin un vol vers Miami | Air Journal". Air-journal.fr. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  43. ^ "Boston Air Cargo Directory". Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  44. ^ MNG Airlines Schedule
  45. ^ http://www.swiftair.com/servicios_en/rutas.html
  46. ^ TMA Cargo schedule destinations
  47. ^ "CDG Express". Cdgexpress.equipement.gouv.fr. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  48. ^ "RER B Nord Plus". Modernisation-rerb.com. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  49. ^ "Paris–Charles de Gaulle Cars Air France – Aéroports de Paris". Aeroportsdeparis.fr. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  50. ^ Lufthansa Flight 5634 at the Aviation safety Network
  51. ^ a b "Organised Baggage Theft at Paris Airport". French Property. 1 October 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  52. ^ "Baggage-handlers at Paris airport arrested for 450m euro thefts". RFI. 1 October 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  53. ^ "20 Paris airport baggage handlers arrested". Expacitca. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  54. ^ "Baggage handlers detained over thefts at Paris airport". NDTV. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  55. ^ "Between 1988 and 2006, a man lived at a Paris airport.". Snopes.com. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  56. ^ "Sommaire Arrete De Police Cdg" (PDF). Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  57. ^ "Journal L'Alsace / Le Pays". Alsapresse.com. Retrieved 7 September 2008. 

External links[edit]

General
Collapse of Terminal 2E