Place of origin
Pirog or pyrih (Russian: пиро́г; IPA: [pʲɪˈrok] ( ), pl. pirogi пироги; Belarusian: пірог; Northern Sami: pirog; Ukrainian: пиріг, pl. pyrohy пироги) is a pie that can have either a sweet or savoury filling. The name is derived from the ancient Proto-Slavic word pir, meaning "banquet" or "festivity". Pirogi or pyrohy are full-sized pies, while pirozhki (Russian: пирожки) or pyrizhky (Ukrainian: пиріжки) are individual-sized buns that can be eaten with one hand.
The standard shape for pirogi is oblong with tapering ends, but circular or rectangular pirogi are also common. They can be closed or open-faced with no crust on top (like a tart). In Sweden they can be triangular.
The filling for pirogi may be sweet and contain quark or cottage cheese, fruits like apples, plums or various berries, as well as honey, nuts or poppy seeds. Savoury versions may consist of meat, fish, mushrooms, cabbage, rice, buckwheat groats or potato. In Ukrainian and Russian cuisines, pyrohy with a savoury filling are traditionally served (like pirozhki) as an accompaniment with clear borscht, broth or consommé.
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- Ushakov Dictionary of Russian language, Moscow, 1935-1940
- Etymological dictionary of Ukrainian language (2003), vol 4. (in Ukrainian), Naukova Dumka, Kiev. ISBN 966-00-0590-3(4)
- Stechishin, S. (1989). Traditional Ukrainian Cookery. Trident Press, Canada. ISBN 0-919490-36-0