Tamang language

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Tamang
तामाङ
Native to Nepal, India, Bhutan
Ethnicity Tamang
Native speakers
1.1 million  (2001)[1]
Tibetan script, Devnagari
Official status
Official language in

Nepal Tamsaling Region of Nepal,

Sikkim Sikkim
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
taj – Eastern Tamang
tdg – Western Tamang
tmk – Northwestern Tamang (not distinct)
tsf – Southwestern Tamang (not distinct)
tge – Eastern Gorkha Tamang
Glottolog nucl1729[2]
Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali, Gurung, Kirant, Rai, Limbu, Nepal Bhasa, Pahari, Tamang

Tamang (Devnagari: तामाङ; tāmāng) is a term used to collectively refer to a dialect cluster spoken mainly in Nepal, Sikkim, West Bengal (Mainly Darjeeling Districts - पश्चिम बङ्गाल राज्यको दार्जीलिङ जिल्लाको बिभिन्न भूभाग), Some parts of Assam and North East Region. It comprises Eastern Tamang, Northwestern Tamang, Southwestern Tamang, Eastern Gorkha Tamang, and Western Tamang. Lexical similarity between Eastern Tamang (which is regarded as the most prominent) and other Tamang languages varies between 81% to 63%. For comparison, lexical similarity between Spanish and Portuguese, is estimated at 89%.[3]

Dialects[edit]

The Tamang language has further been subdivided into the following dialects-

  • Eastern Tamang: 759,000 in Nepal (2000 WCD). Population total all countries: 773,000;
  • Western Tamang: 323,000 (2000 WCD);
  • Eastern Gorkha Tamang: 4,000 (2000 WCD).

Tamang language is the most widely spoken Sino-Tibetan language in Nepal.

Grammar[edit]

Some grammatical features of the Tamang languages include:

Phonetically Tamang languages are tonal.

Writing system[edit]

Tamang languages use Tam-Yig which is similar to Tibetan scripts and Devanāgarī. In many situations, however, Tamang is written in Devanāgarī proper.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eastern Tamang at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Western Tamang at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Northwestern Tamang (not distinct) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Southwestern Tamang (not distinct) at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Eastern Gorkha Tamang at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Nuclear Tamang". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Ethnologue report for Spanish

External links[edit]