|Native to||Nepal, Tibet, Sikkim|
|Ethnicity||155,000 Sherpa (2001)|
|Native speakers||150,000 (2001 census)|
|Official language in||Sikkim|
Sherpa (ཤེར་པཱ།, EWTS: sher-pA, Nepali: शेर्पा; also Sharpa, Sharpa Bhotia, Xiaerba, Serwa; ISO 639-3: xsr) is a language spoken in Nepal and Sikkim mainly by the Sherpa community. About 2,00,000 speakers live in Nepal (2001 census), some 20,000 in Sikkim (1997), and some 800 in Tibet (1994).
|Sunday||Ngi`ma (Ng' is the phoneme / ŋ /.)|
Note that the above days of the week are derived from the Tibetan language ("Pur-gae").
Some grammatical aspects of Sherpa are as follows:
- Nouns are defined by morphology when a bare noun occurs in the genitive and this extends to the noun phrase. Defined by syntactic co-occurrence with the locative clitic, comes first in the noun phrase after demonstratives.
- Demonstratives are defined syntactically by first position in the NP directly before the noun.
- Quantifiers: Number words occur last in the noun phrase with the exception of the definite article.
- Adjectives occur after the noun in the NP and morphologically only take genitive marking when in construct with a noun.
- Verbs may morphologically be distinguished by differing or suppletive roots for the perfective, imperfective, and imperative. They occur last in a clause before the verbal auxiliaries.
- Verbal Auxiliaries occur last in a clause.
- Postpositions occur last in a postpositional NP.
Other typological features: 1. Split Ergativity based on Aspect 2. SO & OV (SOV) 3. N-A 4. N-Num 5. V-Aux 6. N-Post
|Sherpa language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
- Himali Sherpa:sherpa Culture dictionary
- Sherpa-English and English-Sherpa Dictionary available online
- Sherpa dictionary Print edition
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