Toyota Land Cruiser (J40)

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Toyota Land Cruiser 40 series
TBJ40.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called
Production
  • 1960–1984
  • 1968–2001 (Brazil)
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine
  • 3.8L F I6
  • 4.2L 2F I6
  • 3.0L B I4 diesel
  • 3.2L 2B I4 diesel
  • 3.4L OM324 I4 diesel
  • 3.4L 3B I4 diesel
  • 3.6L H I6 diesel
  • 3.7L 14B I4 diesel
  • 3.8L OM314 I4 diesel
  • 4.0L OM364 I4 diesel
  • 4.0L 2H I6 diesel
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,285 mm (90 in)
  • 2,430 mm (96 in)
  • 2,650 mm (104 in)
  • 2,950 mm (116 in))
Chronology
Predecessor Toyota J20 series
Successor Toyota J55 and J70 series

The Toyota J40 is the model designation for a Toyota Land Cruiser 40 series made from 1960 until 1984 (in Brazil, where it was known as the Toyota Bandeirante, it was made from 1968 until 2001). Most 40 series Land Cruisers were built as two-door vehicles with slightly larger dimensions than a Jeep CJ.

The model was available as the FJ40 series (with F engines) and also BJ40/41/42 (short wheelbase), BJ43/44/46 (middle wheelbase) or HJ45/47 (long wheelbase) designation where it had a Diesel engine. Land Cruisers built in Brazil from 1968 to 1993 - with Mercedes-Benz engines - received OJ40/45 (OJ50/55 from 1973) series chassis codes and those built from 1994 to 2001 - with Toyota engines - have BJ50/55 series model codes.

References to the series in this article will be to the J40 series unless referring to one of the petrol (FJ40/42 – 2WD) or diesel (BJ4#/HJ4#) models specifically.

History[edit]

For the history of the J series from the original 1951 Toyota Jeep BJ through the J20 series see Land Cruiser History from 1950 to 1955.

  • 1960: J40 series launched (wheelbase 2,285 mm (90 in)/2,430 mm (96 in)/2,650 mm (104 in)).
  • 1963: Longer wheelbase (2,950 mm (116 in)), FJ45-B, pickup and cab-chassis were added).
  • 1967: End of four-door FJ45V (I) (w/b 2,650 mm (104 in)) production, replaced by FJ55 Station wagon).
2-door FJ45-B renamed FJ45 (II) (w/b 2,950 mm (116 in)).
  • 1968 40-series production commences in Brazil, with local Mercedes-Benz diesel engine[1]
  • 1973?: HJ45 launched with the H, 3.6-litre inline 6-cylinder diesel engine.
  • 1974: BJ40/43 launched with the B, 3.0-litre inline 4-cylinder diesel engine. A factory-fitted roll bar becomes standard in the United States (FJ40).
  • 1975: Rear ambulance doors are added to US model FJ40s. The lift gate remains available as an option in other countries.
  • 1976: Disc brakes on the front axle.
  • 1977: Front door vent windows, removed, vent windows on the hard top in the United States
  • 1979: Power steering (only F models) and air conditioning added to the options, gear ratios modified from 4:10 to 3:70 in the United States to be more freeway friendly
  • 1980: HJ47 launched with a 4.0-liter six-cylinder diesel engine. End of HJ45 production.
BJ42/46 and BJ45 launched with a 3.4-liter four-cylinder diesel engine.
  • 1981: Power steering added on the BJ models to the options, disk brakes added in Australia.
  • 1984: End of J40 series production (replaced by J70 series).
  • 1993: Five-speed transmission becomes available for the Toyota Bandeirante.[2]
  • 1994: In Brazil, the Mercedes-Benz OM-364 engine is replaced by the Toyota 14B unit.
  • 2001: End of Bandeirante production.

Models[edit]

1975 Land Cruiser FJ45 pickup
A ZPU-2 set on a Toyota 40 series belonging to the Iranian Army during the Iran-Iraq War
  • The J40/41/42 was a two-door short wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, with either a soft or a hardtop (V). It was available with various petrol or diesel (from 1974) engines over its lifetime. It was replaced on most markets from 1984 by the J70 series (70/71).
  • The J43/J44/46 was an extremely rare two-door medium wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, with either a soft or a hard-top (V). It was replaced on most markets from 1984 by the J70 series (73/74).
  • The J45/47 was a long-wheelbase four-wheel-drive vehicle, available in two-door hardtop, three-door hardtop, four-door station wagon and two-door pickup models. The four-door station wagon model (FJ45V-I) was the shortest-lived of the J40 series, as it was replaced by the FJ55G/V in 1967.
  • The Bandeirante TB25/TB41/TB51 Series are J25 series Land Cruisers built in Brazil by Toyota do Brasil Ltda from 1962 to 1968. In 1966 they were replaced by the OJ32 (soft top) and OJ31 (hard top) for the TB25, and the TB81 for the TB51; for an unknown reason the TB41 would keep its J2 code until 1968 when Toyota do Brasil switched to the J40 series.
  • The second generation Bandeirante OJ40/OJ45 Series (1968 to 1973), OJ50/OJ55 Series (1973 to 1994) and BJ50/BJ55 Series (1994 to 2001) are J40 series cars built in Brazil by Toyota do Brasil Ltda from 1968 to 2001. Identical to the BJ40 in almost every respect, it had a few stylistic modifications to the grille (models produced from 1989 on featured square headlights, instead of the round ones used before) and used Mercedes-Benz OM-314/OM-324/OM-364 diesel engines (replaced by Toyota 14B inline 4 direct injection Diesel engine in 1994) for much of its production life; another visible mayor characteristic are the entire hind doors (like at Land Rover) rather than the traditional Toyota two-wing hind doors at the Bandeirante's hard top models.


The Bandeirante Models[edit]

  • 1968:
    • OJ40L - Short soft top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (September 1968 to January/February 1973) - replaces the OJ32L
    • OJ40LV - Short hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (October 1968 to January/February 1973) - replaces the OJ31L
    • OJ40LV-B - Long hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (October 1968 to January/February 1973) - replaces the TB41L
    • OJ45LP-B - Short pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-324 (September 1968 to January/February 1973) - replaces the TB81L
  • 1973:
    • OJ50L - Short soft top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) - replaces the OJ40L
    • OJ50LV - Short hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) - replaces the OJ40LV
    • OJ50LV-B - Long hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) - replaces the OJ40LV-B
    • OJ55LP-B - Short pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (February 1973 to November 1989) - replaces the OJ45LP-B
  • between 1973 and 1989:
    • OJ55LP-B3 - Short chassis-cab pickup - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) - new in 19??
    • OJ55LP-BL - Long pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) - new in 19??
    • OJ55LP-BL3 - Short chassis-cab pickup - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) - new in 19??
    • OJ55LP-2BL - Long 2-door double cabin pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-314 (19?? to November 1989) - new in 19??
  • 1989:
    • OJ50L - Short soft top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to April 1994) - replaces the OJ50L with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
    • OJ50LV - Short hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) - replaces the OJ50LV with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
    • OJ50LV-B - Long hard top bushdrive car - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) - replaces the OJ50LV-B with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
    • OJ55LP-B - Short pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) - replaces the OJ55LP-B with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
    • OJ55LP-B3 - Short chassis-cab pickup - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) - replaces the OJ55LP-B3 with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
    • OJ55LP-BL - Long pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) - replaces the OJ55LP-BL with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
    • OJ55LP-BL3 - Long chassis-cab pickup - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) - replaces the OJ55LP-BL3 with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
    • OJ55LP-2BL - Long 2-door double cabin pickup with native bed - motor Mercedes-Benz OM-364 (November 1989 to Abril 1994) - replaces the OJ55LP-2BL with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
  • 1994:
    • BJ50L - Short soft top bushdrive car - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ50L
    • BJ50LV - Short hard top bushdrive car - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ50LV
    • BJ50LV-B - Long hard top bushdrive car - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ50LV-B
    • BJ55LP-B - Short pickup with native bed - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ55LP-B
    • BJ55LP-B3 - Short chassis-cab pickup - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ55LP-B3
    • BJ55LP-BL - Long pickup with native bed - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ55LP-BL
    • BJ55LP-BL3 - Long chassis-cab pickup - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ55LP-BL3
    • BJ55LP-2BL - Long 2-door double cabin pickup with native bed - motor Toyota 14B - April 1994 to November 2001 - replaces the OJ55LP-2BL
  • 1999:
    • BJ55LP-2BL4 - Long 2-door double cabin pickup with native bed - motor Toyota 14B - 1999 to November 2001 - new in 1999

Paint color codes[edit]

A BJ40 in the Gibson Desert in 2006
Code Color
012 Cygnus White
031 White (?-'80)
033 White ('80-)
113 Health Grey
309 Freeborn Red
414 Buffalo Brown
415 Pueblo Brown
416 Dune Beige
464 Beige
Traditional Beige
474 Dark Copper
532 Mustard Yellow
611 Dark Green
621 Rustic Green
622 Nebula Green
653 Sicilian Olive
681 Green
(Nicknamed "John Deere Green")
808 Horizontal Blue
822 Royal Blue
854 Sky Blue
857 Nordic Blue
Feel Like Blue

Engines[edit]

Over the years Toyota has changed the engines used in the J40 series. The B series motor is a 4-cylinder diesel, and the H series a 6-cylinder diesel. The diesel-engined trucks were never sold to the general public in the USA, though some found their way in as mine trucks. The engines are similar, within the series. For example, the F and 2F engines share many of the same parts. However the H and 2H engines have almost nothing in common. There are individual models within the engine series, for example, there is an F125 engine, and an F155 engine, all in the F series with different power ratings. Here is a list of some of them (the power and torque figures may vary depending on the market):

Petrol
Engine Capacity (l) Power (hp) Torque Used
F 3.8 105/125 189 lb·ft (256 N·m)/209 lb·ft (283 N·m) 1960–1975
2F 4.2 135 210 lb·ft (285 N·m) 1975–1984
Diesel
Engine Capacity (l) Power (hp) Torque Used
B 3.0 85 141 lb·ft (191 N·m) 1974–1979
2B 3.2 93 159 lb·ft (216 N·m) 1979–1981
3B 3.4 98 167 lb·ft (226 N·m) 1979–1984
H 3.6 90 151 lb·ft (205 N·m) 1972–1980
2H 4.0 105 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) 1980–1984
OM324 3.4 78 193 lb·ft (262 N·m) 1961–1973 (Bandeirante)
OM314 3.8 85 235 lb·ft (319 N·m) 1973–1989 (Bandeirante)
OM364 4.0 90 235 lb·ft (319 N·m) 1989–1994 (Bandeirante)
14B 3.7 96 177 lb·ft (240 N·m) 1994–2001 (Bandeirante)

Features[edit]

A 45 Troop Carrier (II) in action
  • While not legal in some countries, most J40 series vehicles could have their roof and doors removed. With a folding windshield this allowed for complete open-air experience.
  • The J40 Series also featured folding jump seats behind the passenger and drivers seats. These folding seats not only made carrying another 2 passengers possible, but also allowed for maximum cargo space, as opposed to the folding rear seat in the Jeep CJ series.
  • Original factory winches were driven directly from the transfer case (known as P.T.O. or power take off) powered by the engine. Later models had an optional electric winch.

Future[edit]

Toyota FJ Cruiser

There is a good sized following of people that collect, maintain, and drive their J-series truck off road.[3] Toyota still offers many replacement parts, [dated info] available through Toyota parts departments worldwide. Many of these trucks find their home in places with severe road conditions as work trucks, where they are used daily by their owners. Its essence lives on in the J70 series, which is essentially a J40 with an updated front half and slightly different engine offerings, such as a turbo charged diesel. It sells in many countries, but was never for sale in the USA.[4]

For 2006, Toyota introduced the FJ Cruiser, a modern SUV styled after the original FJ40. The FJ Cruiser (FJC) went on sale in the spring of 2006.

Diesel Toys have a popular conversion on the Toyota FJ using the Diesel engine from the Toyota Fortuner 4WD, the Toyota 1KD-FTV D4D Diesel Engine it's been a popular conversion for those who want the low torque grunt and great fuel economy of a diesel.

Even though its production ended in Brazil many years ago, the Toyota Bandeirante is still very sought after, due to its good off-road performance. Thus Bandeirantes reach high prices in the Brazilian used car market, especially the rare 1993 models which were the only ones fitted with a Mercedes-Benz engine married to a five-speed transmission.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Toyota's first production outside Japan at Toyota do Brasil". 75 years of Toyota: Expansion into Latin America. Toyota Motor Corporation. Retrieved 2014-12-19. 
  2. ^ Felipe Cavalcante Bitu. "E o Toyota passou" (in Portuguese). Best Cars Web Site. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  3. ^ "TLCA: Chapters and clubs". Toyota Land Cruiser Association. USA. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  4. ^ Burdick, Chris (2009-10-07). "The Infamous Toyota FJ40". Automoblog.net. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Boltrek, Josh. The History of the Toyota Land Cruiser.