Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
|Toyota Land Cruiser Prado|
|Body and chassis|
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is a mid-size four-wheel drive vehicle in the Toyota Land Cruiser range produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota Motor Corporation. The Prado is one of the smaller vehicles in the range.
In Europe it is sold as simply the Toyota Land Cruiser LC3, LC4 or LC5 (depending on the generation) or with the number series designation (LC 70, LC 90 and LC 120). In North America it is not part of the Land Cruiser range, as the Toyota 4Runner replaces the Land Cruiser Prado's affordable trim levels, while the expensive trim levels are instead sold as the Lexus GX 470, with nearly identical body panels and a V8 engine.
The current Prado is based on Toyota's J150 platform. Previous models were based on the J70, J90 and J120 platforms. All models designated Prado feature front independent suspension, ladder frame and a two-speed transfer case except the J70 which had beam axles front and rear.
The Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is available in GX, GXL, VX and Grande spec versions. The GX is the entry level model, while the Grande is the more luxurious version. In most markets it is available with either a 4.0 L petrol V6 or a 3.0 L Diesel engine. In some European countries there are commercial van variants, based on the short-wheelbase chassis.
Predecessor (J70: 1984–1990)
First developed as the light-duty of the 70 Series, in November 1984. Available only in short body, and there were options for soft top or hard top (metal top). Names like Land Cruiser II, Land Cruiser, and Bundera were made for these 'Light Duty' Land Cruisers. The Bundera was a medium wheelbase two-door with a plastic top and barn doors at the rear. There were three engine options, the 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R petrol engine and 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L and 2L-T diesel and turbo diesel engines. Transmission for the gasoline engine is the G52 type while the diesels used the R150 and R151 types. These were the same engines and transmission used in 4Runner, in cooperation with Hino.
First generation (J70: 1990–1996)
In April 1990, a new type was introduced. The front grille, front fenders and engine hood were redesigned. The head lamp design changed as well. At the same time the sub name Prado was attached, but names like Land Cruiser and Land Cruiser II were still used in other parts of the world besides Japan. Meaning plain or field in Portuguese, Prado the new line from Land Cruiser was marketed toward more on-road purposes, despite a body on frame design which was highly capable off-road.
In Japan it came with electronic fuel injection and a four speed automatic transmission. The 2.4 L turbo diesel engine with 71 kW (97 PS; 95 hp) and 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) high torque unit was installed. The line up included 2-door and 4-door versions available in SX, LX or EX (4 door only) grades of trim.
The front suspension was changed to a "shock absorber through spring" design to improve handling. With the touch of a button you could switch between stages of absorber. The 22R gasoline engine was upgraded to the 22R-E (electronic fuel injection) engine, the diesel engines were replaced by the 2.8 L (2776 cc) 3L engine, and the 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L-T turbo diesel engine was replaced by the electronically injected 2L-TE turbo diesel engine. In 1993, the 22R-E gasoline engine was replaced by the 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE gasoline engine and the 2L-TE turbo diesel engine was replaced by the 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with aluminium cylinder head. The 1KZ-TE was able to reduce NOx and soot. The dash board was replaced with a new design with minor changes to suspension, brakes, and trim details.
Second generation (J90: 1996–2002)
|Also called||Toyota Merú (Venezuela 2-door)|
|Assembly||Japan: Tahara, Aichi
Colombia: Envigado (Sofasa)
|Engine||2.7 L 3RZ I6 (petrol)
3.0 L 5L I4 (turbocharged diesel)
3.0 L 1KZ I4 (turbocharged diesel)
3.4 L 5VZ V6 (petrol)
In May 1996, the J70 series underwent a makeover and emerged as the J90 series Prado, an independent series. The body was lengthened. The design remained medium duty, like the J70. The front suspension was replaced with an independent design, shared with Tacoma and Hilux Surf, made by Hino. The J90 was made by Tahara Plant, available as a three-door short wheelbase and five-door long wheelbase version.
In Japan, the 3-door series started with an R in the series ranging from RZ, RX, RS to RJ while the 5-door line-up started with T in the series ranging from TZ, TX, TS, to TJ. All models came with front double wishbone and 4 linked suspension as well as full-time 4WD. ABS and a Field Monitor showing altimeter, thermometer and pressure were standard in all the models. The field monitor was not available as standard equipment in South Africa. Television display and audio set was optional.
Gasoline engines included the 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE and, new in Prado models, the 3.4 L (3378 cc) V6 5VZ-FE. Diesel engines were the 2.8 L (2776 cc) 3L engine, the 3.0 L (2986 cc) 5L engine and the 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE.
By June 1999, minor changes were made. In order to follow new laws, fog-lamps were added to the bumper, except in South Africa. In July 2000, a new diesel engine, the 3.0 L (2982 cc) Common Rail Diesel Injection (D-4D) 1KD-FTV was introduced into this model. To reduce theft, an engine immobilizer was available. TX Limited with 8 seats used TX base with roof rail, rear under mirror, wood panel finish, arm rest, optitron meter, base cooling as well as rear heater was introduced into this series.
The Prado was assembled by Sofasa in Colombia from 1999 until 2009 without significant changes. There were two versions, a 3-door with a 2.7 L engine and 5-door with a 3.4 L V6 engine with either a 5-speed manual or a 4-speed automatic. Between 2005 and 2009 they offered an optional armoured version of the 5-door version.
When the Prado was launched in the UK in 1996, it was called the Land Cruiser Colorado and replaced the 4Runner, which had been discontinued from sale. It was called this to distinguish it from the larger Land Cruiser – renamed as the Land Cruiser Amazon – which was already on sale. It dropped the Colorado name tag in 2003, when it was renamed simply Land Cruiser. In the Republic of Ireland most Land Cruisers were sold as commercials with the side windows and seats removed for tax reasons.
Third generation (J120: 2002–2009)
|Also called||Lexus GX
|Assembly||Japan: Tahara, Aichi
Philippines: Santa Rosa City
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door wagon
First appeared in 2002, this model included a re-designed front suspension to address reliability concerns of the previous generation, and an all new body designed at the Toyota ED2 design studio in France from 1998 to early 2000.
Engines include the 2.7 L (2693 cc) straight-4 3RZ-FE, 3.4 L (3378 cc) V-6 5VZ-FE and 3.0 L (2982 cc) straight-4 Turbo diesel 1KZ-TE. In countries like China, a newly developed engine 1GR-FE V6 is available. The engine immobilizer became standard equipment in some markets.
In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE was replaced by 2.7 L (2694 cc) 2TR-FE and in July 2005, 5VZ-FE was replaced by 4.0 L (3955 cc) V6 1GR-FE with 5-speed automatic transmission available in late 2005. In North America, this model is known as the Lexus GX 470 with the 4.7 L (4663 cc) V8 2UZ-FE engine.
Diesel models have had the 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with maximum output rating 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) as well as the 5L-E natural aspirated diesel engine rating 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp). In November 2006, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV Turbo Diesel (D-4D engine to meet Euro IV emission standards. This engine delivers 127 kW (173 PS; 170 hp) of power and 410 N·m (300 lb·ft) of torque. The upgrade to the D-4D engine was also matched with transmission upgrades to the diesel range, with the 5-speed automatic and 6-speed manual transmissions added in line with the petrol powered range. From August 2007 the Prado received several equipment and safety upgrades. The car has won 3 awards for the best performance on a SUV type vehicle in Australia and US.
There is a shorter three door version of the 120-series, with a 125-code instead of 120. Engines are the same, most features are the same; just the 1KZ-TE was only available in five door version. The three door wagon features only two seat rows. The fuel tank is limited to 87 L, no sub-fuel-tank system available.
Fourth generation (J150: 2009–present)
|Also called||Lexus GX 460|
|Assembly||Japan: Tahara, Aichi
Russia: Vladivostok (2013–)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door SUV|
|Layout||Front engine / four-wheel drive|
|Engine||I4 1KD-FTV diesel turbo 170hp|
|Wheelbase||2,850 mm (112.2 in)|
|Length||4,820 mm (189.8 in)|
|Width||1,885 mm (74.2 in)|
|Height||1,845 mm (72.6 in)|
This generation was available in some markets since October 2009. There are two base versions: a five-door variant and a three-door variant. The five door variant in the general market is offered in TXL & VXL grades – which are much more option packed. This generation of Prado features advanced 4WD capabilities and an array of electronic gadgets.
This generation Prado(Luxury trims) is offered in the US badged as the 2010 model year Lexus GX 460.
For dual tank configuration vehicles, the fuel tank capacity was reduced from 179 L to 150 L compared to the J120. The removable third row three-seaters of the J120 were replaced by fold-into-floor seats which seat only two people – which is also responsible for a loss of cargo capacity and usable height in the cargo compartment. On the higher end VX and Kakadu models, there are six camera positions enabling viewing to the front and down, to the side both front and rear, and to the rear. The engine remained the same, although the gear change points were altered for maximum fuel economy rather than maximum performance, even in Sports mode.
This model is available with a rear mounted spare tire or under-floor mounted spare wheel, depending on the market. For example, UK market vehicles have the spare wheel mounted under-floor, while in Australia or Argentina the spare wheel is mounted on the rear door. Having the spare wheel mounted on the rear door allows the addition of an auxiliary fuel tank, which is desirable in countries like Australia or Argentina where long distance journeys are common.
The new model was released onto the Australian market on 16 November 2009. Five-door models include the GX, GXL, Altitude, VX and the high-end Kakadu. The Altitude model was introduced in 2012, is priced between the GXL and VX, and comes standard with Satellite Navigation, two-way moon roof, leather accented trim and 7" Fujitsu-Ten touch-screen/multimedia center. Three-door shorter wheelbase models include the SX and ZR.
Engines and trim levels are: 
|4.0 L 1GR-FE 202 kW (275 PS; 271 hp), 381 N·m (281 lb·ft)||TZ-G|
|2.7 L 2TR-FE 120 kW (160 PS; 160 hp), 246 N·m (181 lb·ft)||TX L Package|
|TX 5 seat|
Monthly sales target for Japan is 1,000 units.
- [http://www.toyota.com.ve/cars/new_cars/land_cruiser_90 /index.asp "Toyota Merú"] (in Spanish). Toyota Venezuela. Retrieved 2010-01-10.
- "Land Cruiser Prado Now Assembled in Russia". Wroom.ru. 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- "Toyota Prado: Specification Summary (Australia)". 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
- "Land Cruiser specs (Japan)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-11-24.
- "2010 Toyota Land Cruiser Prado Review". Taume News. 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-11-24.