Toyota Corolla (E120)
|Manufacturer||Toyota Motor Corporation|
|Also called||Toyota Corolla EX (China)
Toyota Corolla Altis (Southeast Asia)
|Assembly||Toyota City, Japan
Fremont, United States (NUMMI)
Durban, South Africa
Burnaston, United Kingdom
Bangalore, India (Toyota India)
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Santa Rosa, Philippines
Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
Cambridge, Canada (TMMC)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
|Engine||1.4L I4 4ZZ-FE
1.6L I4 3NZ-FE
1.6L I4 1ZR-FE
1.6L I4 3ZZ-FE
1.8L I4 1ZZ-FE
1.8L I4 2ZZ-FE
1.4L I4 1ND-TV D-4D diesel
2.0L I4 1CD-FTV D-4D diesel
|Wheelbase||2,600 mm (102 in)
Verso: 2,750 mm (108.3 in)
|Length||2000–03 Corolla: 4,390 mm (173 in)
2004–2007 models: 178.3 in (4,529 mm)
Verso/Japanese models: 4,370 mm (172.0 in)
|Width||2000–03 Corolla: 66.73 in (1,695 mm)
2004–2007 models: 67.14 in (1,705 mm)
Verso: 1,770 mm (69.7 in)
|Height||2003-04 Base: 57.5 in (1,461 mm)
2003-04: 57.7 in (1,466 mm)
2005-08 CE: 58.3 in (1,481 mm)
2005-08 S & LE: 58.5 in (1,486 mm)
XRS: 58.1 in (1,476 mm)
Verso: 1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Verso Clean Power: 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
The ninth-generation Corolla (NZE120/ZZE120) first appeared in November 2000 (Japan) with edgier styling and a longer 2600 mm (102.4 in) wheelbase. It is built on a shortened Toyota Vista platform—the Vista being a mid-sized, rather than compact car. From being marketed as a premium compact sedan, to an affordable hatchback, the 9th-generation Corolla was designed as a 'Global' automobile to suit different market needs. This was one of Toyota's most versatile and most popular models ever produced.
The Corolla has also spawned another multi-purpose vehicle, the Matrix (E130), sold in Canada, Mexico and the United States, which forms the basis of the Pontiac Vibe, which was in turn sold in Japan as the Toyota Voltz.
The E120 series was replaced by the E140 or E150 series in late 2006 or early 2007 but the E120 continues to be made in China.
For the European market, the Corolla was offered as 3 door Hatchback, 5 door Hatchback, Sedan or Saloon, and Wagon or Kombi / Estate. The high performance Corolla T-Sport with 1.8 liter 2ZZ-GE engine was available in certain countries.
European/Israeli/Moroccan market engines:
- 2002–2007 — 4ZZ-FE — 1.4 L (1398 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 95 hp (71 kW)
- 2002–2007 — 3ZZ-FE — 1.6 L (1598 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 109 hp (81 kW)
- 2002–2005 — 2ZZ-GE — 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVTL-i, 189 hp (141 kW), 180 Nm (18.4 mKg) @ 6800 rpm
- 2006–2007 — 2ZZ-GE — 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, supercharged, FI, VVTL-i, 215 hp (162 kW) — Compressor
- 2004–2007 — 1ND-TV — 1.4 L (1364 cc) I4 diesel, 8-valve SOHC, turbocharged, D-4D, 89 hp (66 kW)
- 2003–2007 — 1CD-FTV — 2.0 L (1995 cc) I4 diesel, 16-valve DOHC, turbocharged without intercooler, D-4D, 90 hp (66 kW)
- 2003–2007 — 1CD-FTV — 2.0 L (1995 cc) I4 diesel, 16-valve DOHC, turbocharged with intercooler, D-4D, 116 hp (85 kW)
For the Japanese market, trim levels for the Corolla Sedan were X Assista Package(Base), X, G, and Luxel.
In 2003, the Japanese market made some special 1500 cc, 4WD sedans. The station wagon model is called the Corolla Fielder in Japan and the five-door is called the Corolla RunX, launching in 2001. The Toyota Allex is a five-door hatchback that replaced the Sprinter sedan, a badge engineered version of the Corolla RunX. The Allex was exclusive to Toyota Vista Store locations, and sold next to the WiLL VS, while the Corolla RunX was exclusive to Toyota Corolla Store locations.
The Corolla Spacio (Verso in Europe) moved on to the new platform, with later models adding a third row of fold-down seating in the back. The Corolla sedan sold in Japan also differed slightly as compared to the other markets with a slightly different headlamp and taillamp design.
Engine choices were 1.5-liter and 1.8-liter gasoline, and 2.2-liter diesel. Some cars were specially modified in 4WD layout. Most of the cars have front disc brakes and rear drums. All cars come equipped with ABS + EBD and have two front SRS air bags as standard.
The North American model is bigger compared to the Japanese Corolla, and is based on the Corolla Altis distributed in Southeast Asia. It came to the United States in March 2002 for the 2003 model year, following its unveiling at the 2002 North American International Auto Show in January. Trim levels offered are CE, LE, and S, continuing from the previous generation. Production for the ninth generation Corolla ended in 2008, with the tenth generation Corolla introduced mid-2008 as a 2009 model. The Corolla used an updated version of the 1ZZ-FE, with power increased to 130 hp. The Corolla grew in height from the previous generation, and the S trim level featured sportier front and rear bumpers and side skirts, as well as fog lights. For the 2005 model year, the styling was refreshed with a new grille, rear taillights, wheel covers, and interior accents.
This was the first generation of the Corolla to be available in Mexico, and was offered in 3 trim levels: the base CE, the mid-range LE and S, the latter only available with a manual transmission.
North American market engines:
- 2002–2008 — 1ZZ-FE — 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVT-i, 130 hp (97 kW) — CE, LE, S (TRD 1.8L Supercharger is available for this engine)
- 2005 & 2006 — 2ZZ-GE — 1.8 L (1796 cc) I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, VVTL-i, 170 hp (127 kW) — XRS
Corolla XRS (2005 & 2006)
Shown as a concept in November 2003, a sporty XRS model (ZZE131), introduced in 2004 between the 2005 and 2006 model years only, featured the high-revving 127 kW (170 bhp) at 7600 rpm, 172 N·m (127 lb·ft) at 4400 rpm 2ZZ-GE engine and 6-speed manual from the Toyota Celica GT-S and Lotus Elise. The 2ZZ-GE motor was actually developed with collaboration from Yamaha motors (like other wide-angle head GE, GTE, and GZE Toyota engines), and uses similar technologies found in its sibling motor the 1ZZ-FE. The XRS was very similar to its Corolla S cousin in appearance, however there are significant changes to the mechanical components. The 2ZZ-GE uses a cable throttle (unlike the electronic throttle control of the 2ZZ-GE in the later years of the Celica GT-S) with a lift set-point at 6700 rpm and a 8200 rpm redline. The close ratio C60 6-speed manual transmission, also found in the Toyota Matrix XRS, was the only transmission available. The sport-tuned suspension lowered the Corolla XRS by 12.7 millimetres (0.5 in). A Yamaha designed brace spans the front strut towers as well as a X-Brace for the rear towers. The steering column is thicker and the power steering system is unique.
The rear drum brakes from the S (and other Corolla trims) were replaced with the drum in disc brakes from the Celica GT-S and the ABS system was upgraded to a four-channel with EBD (Electronic Brakeforce Distribution). Absent are Traction Control and Stability Control Systems (VSC). The Corolla XRS was given 5 spoke 16 inch painted aluminum alloy wheels (similar to the Matrix) and shod with Michelin Pilot Primacy P195/55-R16 summer performance tires and equipped with a Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS). The wheels are the most noticeable difference in exterior appearance from the Corolla S that features 6 spoke 15 inch alloy wheels. Other exterior differences being the key colored grill surround (other trims have chrome), XRS badge at the back, rear discs, and the slightly lowered appearance.
The interior features a three-spoke leather wrapped steering wheel, leather shift knob, and leather shift boot from the Matrix XRS. Optitron gauges like those found in Lexus vehicles replaced the standard gauge set with white numbers and red markings and needles for a sporty appearance. The interior has dark blue plastic with silver accenting and beige pillars from the bottom of the windows to the beige headliner. The dashboard is black. The front seats were replaced with manually adjustable sports seats with more side bolster. The 4 main seats are black cloth with a blue hexagon pattern and black cloth sides. Interestingly, the front floor mats are from the Corolla S. Due to the rear X-Brace, the rear seats do not fold 60-40 like those found in the other Corolla trims. Color choices for the Corolla XRS were: Super White II, Silver Streak Mica, Phantom Gray Pearl, Black Sand Pearl, Impulse Red Pearl, and Indigo Ink Pearl.
The Corolla XRS was on sale in the USA, Canada, and Puerto Rico. Toyota estimated to sell approximately 5000 Corolla XRS per year. Production numbers have not been released, however it has been speculated that less than 7000 were produced (unofficially estimated at 6619 units). Unofficially, Toyota Canada has disclosed that 818 were sold MY (model year) 2005 and only 279 MY 2006, bringing a total of 1097 Corolla XRS being sold in the country over the 2 model years. This limited production and minimal exterior differences resulted in the Corolla XRS being a unique sleeper hiding among the extremely common Corolla S and is the final outright performance designed model from Toyota that was targeted towards "single male buyers" before the complete switch to the Toyotas' Scion youth oriented brand and the introduction of the Scion FR-S in 2012.
The Corolla XRS introduced in 2009 as a successor used the 2.4L 2AZ-FE from the Toyota Camry and Scion tC and was available with a 5 speed manual or 5 speed automatic. While the 2009 Corolla XRS caters to a greater range of customers with a more useable power-band for commuting and available automatic transmission it is also significantly slower and although its intentions are similar, it is a different car from the original 2005-2006 Corolla XRS.
Canadian 20th Anniversary Edition (2008)
To commemorate 20 years of building Toyota Corolla in Canada, Toyota Canada offered the 20th Anniversary Edition Corolla CE for the 2008 model year, which includes power door locks with keyless entry, cruise control, power windows with driver's side auto down, special edition badging, aluminium alloy wheels and power moon roof on top of Corolla CE.
Asia & Southeast Asia
An upmarket version of the ninth-generation Corolla, dubbed the Corolla Altis, is manufactured and sold in countries such as Thailand, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore and Taiwan. It debuted in late 2001 as model year 2002 as a bigger and more luxurious variant of the Japanese Corolla, featuring unique interior and exterior panels that separates it from the basic Corolla. The Corolla Altis is targeted at consumers who prefer more comfort than the standard Corolla but do not wish to buy the more luxurious Camry. Two versions of engines are available: the 81 kW (110 bhp), 1.6 L 3ZZ-FE engine and the 100 kW (134 bhp), 1.8 L 1ZZ-FE engine, both with VVT-i technology.
In 2004, the Corolla Altis received its first facelift. Changes include a new grille design, a sleeker front bumper, redesigned fog lamps, new LED tail lights, different alloy wheels and minor interior updates (auto climate control became a standard feature in lower end variants). Two years later, to keep up with its newer competitors, the Corolla Altis received its second facelift. Exterior changes include another redesigned grille, redesigned chrome rear license plate ornament, a new third LED brake light, and new audio switches on the steering wheel. A new aerokit and new wing mirrors with signal indicators (similar to the 2007 Camry) is available as an optional package in Malaysia.
A low end variant of the Corolla Altis is also branded as the Toyota Limo, featuring lower spec and intended for taxi business in Thailand. It is not to be confused with the low end taxi version of the Toyota Vios which is also called Toyota Limo in Indonesia.
In Malaysia, the eighth generation Corolla Altis was introduced in late 2002. Notably in Malaysia the models sold had tail lights that are identical to the models that are sold outside of Asia & Southeast Asia. It features three-round insets for the tail lamps instead of the standard single round inset used in other Asian markets. These were later replaced with the standard single round insets. Both the 1.6 L and 1.8 L models were sold in Malaysia.
In Singapore, Toyota's exclusive authorised dealer Borneo Motors originally sold the Japanese version of the Corolla, but later replaced it with the Corolla Altis in 2004.
In terms of product lifespan ( production lasted for seven years ) and number of units sold, the Corolla Altis easily outlived its Corolla predecessors, making it currently the most popular Corolla variant/generation in Southeast Asia.
- 3NZ-FE — 1.6 L (1598 cc) I4, 16 Valve, DOHC, VVT-i, EFI with 3 way catalytic converter, Maximum Output: 110 hp / 6,000 rpm and Maximum Torque: 150 Nm / 4,400 rpm.
- 1ZZ-FE — 1.8 L (1794 cc) I4, 16 Valve, DOHC, VVT-i, EFI with 3 way catalytic converter, Maximum Output: 134 hp / 6,000 rpm and Maximum Torque: 171 Nm / 4,200 rpm.
Rest of the world
In Brazil, the Corolla sedan and the Corolla Fielder wagon are built locally. It is available with the 1.6L 3ZZ-FE engine (sedan only) and the 1.8L 1ZZ-FE. The sedan is externally identical to both US and ASEAN (Altis) models, but the Fielder has different styling from the Japanese version. Starting from the 2008 model (released May 2007), the 1.8L engine has flexible fuel technology. Unlike most other flexible fuel vehicles in Brazilian market, the Corolla Flex has the same power ratings either with ethanol or gasoline.
The Corolla sedan, wagon and 5-door hatchback (Seca) sold in Australia were sourced from Japan, while some hatchbacks were sourced from South Africa. Trim levels offered were the Ascent, Ascent Sport, Conquest, and Ultima. The sporty Levin (hatchback and wagon) and high performance Sportivo was available in hatchback only and was built in South Africa while the Levin was primarily sourced from Japan.[clarification needed] The Sportivo was powered by the 2ZZ-GE engine and a six-speed manual gearbox (also used in the Celica), while the other models had the 1ZZ-FE. Minor changes in 2004 included the grille and replacing the headlights with a "tear drop" type. The Sportivo was discontinued in Australia from 2006 due to the prohibitive costs involved in modifying the engine to comply with Euro IV emissions. All the other models had their engine power and torque reduced to 93 kW and 161 Nm from 100 kW and 171 Nm respectively from October 2005 production to comply with Euro IV. From May 2006, the Ascent and Ascent Sport models were upgraded with standard front power windows and passenger air bag, while the Conquest models had ABS brakes as standard. The equipment upgrades were not applied to the wagon, which ceased production in August 2006.
The Corolla E120 continues to be sold in China as the Corolla EX through Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co. Ltd. alongside with the newer tenth generation Corolla. It is also known as the 花冠 (Hua Guan) which is a direct translation of 'Corolla' (crown of the flower) in Mandarin Chinese. Three trim levels are available namely: Value, Excellence & Elegance. The Excellence and Elegance editions are offered with a 5 speed manual or a 4 speed automatic gearbox while the Value edition is only available in manual transmission. The Corolla EX is powered by a 1ZR-FE dual VVT-i engine.
Corollas sold in the Middle East and Northern Africa (except Israel and Morocco) are made in Japan.[clarification needed]
The eCorolla was a fully electric conversion of the E120 Corolla shown at the 2009 European Electric Motor Show. It was built by a Finnish open source project called eCars-Now! using lithium battery. The car is powered by an Azure Dynamics AC motor and controller, the lithium batteries are from Thunder Sky and the car uses a battery management system by Lithium Balance. The aim of the project was to make an electric vehicle at the same price as an average car.
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