Toyota Camry (XV10)

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For a complete overview of all Camry models, see Toyota Camry.
Toyota Camry (XV10)
1994-1995 Toyota Camry Vienta (VDV10) CSX sedan (2011-04-02).jpg
Overview
Also called Holden Apollo
Toyota Scepter (Japan)
Toyota Vienta
Production June 1991 – July 1996 (Japan)
3 September 1991 – June 1996 (US)
1993–July 1997 (Australia)
Assembly Japan: Toyota, Aichi (Tsutsumi plant)
Australia: Port Melbourne, Victoria (1993–1994); Altona, Victoria (1994–1997)
United States: Georgetown, Kentucky
Designer Osamu Shikado (1988)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive layout
Related Lexus ES/Toyota Windom
Toyota Avalon
Powertrain
Engine 2.2 L 5S-FE I4
3.0 L 3VZ-FE V6
3.0 L 1MZ-FE V6
Transmission 5-speed E53 manual
4-speed A140E automatic
4-speed A540E automatic
4-speed A541E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,619 mm (103.1 in)
Length Sedan: 4,770 mm (188 in)
Station wagon: 4,811 mm (189.4 in)
Width 1,770 mm (70 in)
Height Coupé: 1,394 mm (54.9 in)
Sedan: 1,400 mm (55 in)
Station wagon: 1,430 mm (56 in)
Chronology
Predecessor Toyota Camry (V20)
Successor Toyota Camry (XV20)

The Toyota Camry (XV10) is a mid-size car that was produced by Toyota between 1991 and 1996 in Japan and North America, and 1993 and 1997 in Australia. The XV10 series represented the third generation of the Toyota Camry in all markets outside of Japan, which followed a different generational lineage. The XV10 Camry range is split into different model codes indicative of the engine. Four-cylinder models utilize the SXV10/SDV10 codes, with VCV10 designating the six-cylinder versions, and MCV10 the later six-cylinder cars in North America only.

In its home market of Japan, the XV10 Camry iteration was known as the Toyota Scepter. This was due to the Camry name being adopted by a smaller version of the same car in Japan, similar in size the previous generation compact-sized Camry sold globally.

In Australia, the third generation Camry was sold under three names. Along with the Camry itself, a version badged as the Holden Apollo was also sold as a result of a model sharing arrangement between GM Holden and Toyota at the time. Toyota from 1995 onwards, also began badging the six-cylinder versions of the Camry as the Toyota Vienta in the Australian-market.

Exports from Australia to Thailand commenced in August 1993; Middle Eastern models began export from Australia in February 1996.[1]

Classification[edit]

1994–1996 Toyota Scepter 2.2 station wagon (Japan)
1991–1994 Toyota Scepter 2.2 sedan (Japan)

In 1990, Toyota replaced the compact V20 Camry with an all-new V30 series exclusive to Japan. While marginally larger than the V20, the V30 had to comply with Japanese tax legislation. To meet the "number five" compact car tax bracket, the Camry V30 had to adhere to the 1,700-millimetre (66.9 in) width and 4,700-millimetre (185.0 in) length limit. Particularly in the United States, this narrower model would not generate enough sales, as proved by its V20 Camry forerunner. Concurrently, the "wide-body" Camry (XV10) was developed from 1989 and the final design frozen that same year.[2] Introduced to North America on September 9, 1991, the XV10 Camry was sold alongside the V30 in Japan, badged as the Toyota Scepter.[3] Toyota chose the name "Scepter" as a reference to the Camry/Crown naming tradition, as a "scepter" is a symbolic ornamental staff held by a ruling monarch, a prominent item of royal regalia.

The smaller V30 Camry varied in other areas besides the size. Although the underpinnings, doors and fenders, and overall basic design cues were common between the two cars, the smaller Camry sported harder, more angular front- and rear-end styling treatment, with the wide-body model presenting a more curvaceous silhouette. This was a departure from the V20 generation Camry which, although had many more rounded panels than the V10 series, was nevertheless generally slab-sided in shape.

The XV10 is regarded as the first Camry to break into the mid-size car market, the market Toyota billed as "world-sized". At the same time, the once subcompact Corolla was moved to the compact class, and the Camry moved to the mid-size class. This Scepter model marked the transition away from a smaller vehicle into a larger, more luxurious family car. The first U.S.-built XV10 Camry rolled off the Georgetown, Kentucky plant on Tuesday, September 3, 1991 and the last in June 1996.[4]

The Japanese market received a new V40 series Camry in 1994, yet the XV10 lived on until 1996, before being replaced by the XV20 Camry. Once the Japan-only V40 Camry ended production in 1998, this marked the cessation of separate Camrys—a global Camry—and a smaller Japanese domestic market version. In Japan after 1998, the smaller Vista V50 took up the former V40 Camry.

Powertrains[edit]

Body code Engine Equation Model code[5]
XV10 2.2 L 5S-FE S + X = SX (S + XV = SXV) SXV10/SDV10
3.0 L 3VZ-FE Z + X = C (VZ + XV = VCV) VCV10
3.0 L 1MZ-FE Z + X = C (MZ + XV = MCV) MCV10

The XV10, at its most basic level, offered a 2.2 liter 5S-FE four-cylinder engine, up from 2.0 liters in the V20 and V30 Camrys. This unit produced 97 kilowatts (130 hp) of power and 197 newton metres (145 ft·lbf) of torque, although the exact figures varied slightly depending on the market.[6] Power and displacement increases were also received for the V6 engine. The 3.0 litre 3VZ-FE unit was rated at 138 kilowatts (185 hp) and 264 newton metres (195 ft·lbf).[6] An all-new aluminium 1MZ-FE V6 debuted in North American models from 1994, with other markets retaining the 3VZ-FE V6. Power and torque rose to 140 kilowatts (190 hp) and 275 newton metres (203 ft·lbf), respectively.[6][7]

Market[edit]

North America[edit]

1992–1994 Toyota Camry LE wagon (U.S.).

For the North American market, Camrys were produced in Georgetown, Kentucky by Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky.[8] Introduced in 1991 as a 1992 model year, automatic transmission became the only option on all but the base and sport model Camrys, whereas previously, a manual transmission was available on the majority of trim levels. In addition to the DX and LE trims, 1992 saw the addition of an XLE luxury trim and the SE sport trim.[9] The SE model differs from the LE and XLE in appearance with the addition of a standard V6 engine, alloy wheels, a rear spoiler, and black side mirrors as well as the sports suspension from the Lexus ES 300.[10] The range-topping XLE was equipped with leather upholstery along with an electric sunroof and power adjustable driver's seat. The station wagon body styles were offered in a new seven-seat guise, compared to five in the regular wagon and sedan. These station wagon body variants were also made in right-hand drive configuration for export to Japan, badged as Scepter.[11] Wagons were also produced in Australia. This generation of Camry was featured on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1992 and 1993.

1995–1996 Toyota Camry sedan (US)
1994 Toyota Camry coupé (U.S.).

Differences between the North American Camry and the Scepter were few. While the North American versions received a revised V6 engine (1MZ-FE) in 1994, the Scepter used the same 3VZ-FE V6 over the entire model cycle. The Scepter headlamps were a wraparound design (1992–1994 models), utilising a dual-filament bulb along with integrated fog lights. Unlike the North American Camry, the 1992–1994 model taillamps did not include red reflectors or side markers. The Scepter also included an updated climate control unit with an LCD display in some models. Other differences include the "SCEPTER" trunk garnish, fender marker lights, some options, and interior trim.

Toyota released a coupé version of the Camry in 1993, for the 1994 model year with styling very similar to the four-door version, stimulating modest sales.[12] This vehicle would be dropped for the next generation, although it would later be replaced by the Camry Solara.[13] Also in this year, the 3VZ-FE V6 departed in favour of the new aluminium 1MZ-FE V6.[7] This new engine coincided with the standard fitment of dual front air bags, whereas the 1991 to 1993 Camrys only has driver's air bag.[14]

The Camry was given a facelift in 1994 for the 1995 model year. Minor exterior changes included a revised front fascia with different front turn signals and reshaped headlamps.[15] Additionally, the rear fascia was updated, now with body-coloured plastic between the tail lamps where the model name "CAMRY" was printed. This was instead of the red plastic on higher trim levels and black plastic on lower trim levels of the 1992 to 1994 models. The tail lamps themselves were also slightly different.[citation needed] Another change, this time mechanical came in 1996; the 2.2 litre engine was detuned slightly to 93 kilowatts (125 hp) to meet stricter emissions standards.[6][7] Additionally, in 1996 the cam angle sensor in the distributor was also replaced with a crank angle sensor to achieve a smoother idle.

Japan[edit]

Toyota in Japan originally released the Scepter as a station wagon imported from the United States in September 1992. Japanese manufacture of the sedan occurred soon after, coming to the market in November 1992. From November 1993, Toyota began importing the coupe model from the United States. Scepters were phased out in 1996, starting with the coupe (April), wagon (June), and sedan (December). The large and spacious wagon, when fitted with third row seating that stowed away under the cargo floor could accommodate seven passengers. All three body variants were available with either the 2.2- and 3.0-liter engines.[16][17][18][19]

Australia[edit]

1993–1994 Toyota Camry (SDV10) Executive wagon, Australia
1993–1995 Toyota Camry (VDV10) Ultima sedan, Australia
1995–1997 Toyota Vienta (VCV10R) CSi sedan, Australia
1994–1995 Toyota Camry (SDV10) CSi sedan, Australia

The range of Camrys in Australia consisted of both four-cylinder and V6 sedans and station wagons. These were built at Toyota's Altona, Victoria facility from February 1993. The four-cylinder Camrys consisted of the Executive, CSi and Ultima sedan models teamed with either a four-speed automatic or a five-speed manual transmission. The V6 range was the same but was known as the Camry Vienta. Like the four-cylinder variant, Camry Vientas were available exclusively in automatic guise and could be distinguished by their colour-coded front grille. In October 1993, a new V6 sedan model called the Touring Series was launched, fitted with sports suspension.[20] In April 1994, the range was revised slightly, where the Executive model was renamed CSi and the previous CSi was renamed the CSX. At the same time, the four-cylinder model code was changed from XV10 to SDV10.[21]

1991–1993 Toyota Camry 2.2 GL (Europe)

In July 1995, the facelifted model was launched in Australia, although this differed to the update applied to the North American variants.[22] The update also marked the beginning of Australian-made left-hand drive Camrys exports to the Middle East.[23] Unlike before, the V6 models were simply known as the Vienta—losing the Camry identity altogether.[24] The availability of manual transmission on the CSi and Touring Series V6 sedan variants coincided with the update, while the V6 Grande superseded the V6 versions of the Ultima. An integrated alarm and immobiliser and upgraded audio system were implemented across the board, along with new upholstery trims for the interior. This included optional leather and wood grain trim on the Grande.[25] Towards the end of the model run, special edition Getaway (October 1996) and Intrigue (April 1997) sedan models were launched.[26]

As a result of the Australian Government-backed Button car plan, both four- and six-cylinder sedan and station wagon version of the Camry were sold at Holden dealerships as the Holden Apollo from March 1993. These models lasted until 1997, replaced by the Holden Vectra.

Europe[edit]

In Europe, the Camry range was more limited, compared with Japan, Australia and the United States.

Launched in October 1991, European versions featured the registration plate mount situated between the two tail light assemblages as opposed to the bumper-mounted cavity used in all other markets.

The range consisted of the 2.2 GL and 3.0 GX (V6) models in sedan and station wagon form. In the UK the GX version was available with an automatic transmission only, although both manual and automatic options were offered in continental Europe for the 2.2 and 3.0 litre model.

Versions[edit]

Model Years
2.2 GL sedan 1991–1993
2.2i sedan 1993–1996
3.0 V6 sedan Automatic 1993–1994
3.0 V6 GX sedan Automatic 1994–1996
2.2 GL estate (station wagon) 1991–1993
2.2i estate 1993–1996
3.0 V6 estate Auto 1993–1994
3.0 V6 GX estate Auto 1994–1996

Safety[edit]

Both the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) published crash information for the Camry. The Camry was tested for only frontal (NHTSA) and frontal offset (IIHS) crashes. NHTSA gave the 1994–1996 Camry four stars for the driver and three stars for the passenger.[27] The IIHS scored the same car "acceptable" overall, with three out of six categories listed as "acceptable" and the other three listed as "good".[28]

The Used Car Safety Ratings, published in 2008 by the Monash University Accident Research Centre in Australia found that 1993–1997 Scepter-based Camrys and Holden Apollos provide an "average" level of occupant safety protection in the event of an accident.[29]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Overview of Overseas Production Affiliates: Oceania". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "3rd-generation Camry took Toyota to a new level in '92". Automotive News. 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2013-08-17. 
  3. ^ . 1991-09-09 http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=LH&s_site=kentucky&p_multi=LH&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB73D7894CBA7DC&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ . 1991-07-27 http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=LH&s_site=kentucky&p_multi=LH&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB73D5D898579A7&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Camry". Toyota Reference. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  6. ^ a b c d Power figures measured in accordance with the SAE standard, as quoted for the North American models.
  7. ^ a b c "1992–1996 Toyota Camry Full Review". HowStuffWorks. Publications International. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  8. ^ Levin, Doron (1992-03-25). "Company News; Car Sales Fell in Mid-March; Trucks Rose". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  9. ^ "How the Toyota Camry works". HowStuffWorks. Publications International. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  10. ^ Russ, Bill (1993). "1994 Toyota Camry SE V-6 Coupe". The Auto Channel. Gorilla Nation. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  11. ^ DiPietro, John (2003-01-20). "Toyota Camry". Edmunds. Archived from the original on 2008-04-16. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  12. ^ "1992–96 Toyota Camry". VMR International. 2000. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  13. ^ McHugh, Bob. "1997–2001 Toyota Camry". CanadianDriver. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  14. ^ McHugh, Bob. "1992–96 Toyota Camry". CanadianDriver. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  15. ^ "1995 Toyota Camry Review". Auto Mall USA. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  16. ^ "Scepter". Toyota Motor Corporation. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  17. ^ "Toyota Scepter Stationwagon". Goo-net Exchange. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  18. ^ "Toyota Scepter Sedan". Goo-net Exchange. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  19. ^ "Toyota Scepter Coupe". Goo-net Exchange. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  20. ^ "Car review – Toyota Camry Vienta Touring sedan". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  21. ^ "Vehicle Comparison: 1993 Toyota Camry XV10 and 1994 Toyota Camry SDV10". Red Book. Automotive Data Services. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  22. ^ "Vehicle Comparison: 1995 Toyota Camry CSi and 1995 Toyota Camry CSX". Red Book. Automotive Data Services. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  23. ^ "Toyota Exports 100,000th Camry To Saudi Arabia". AutoWeb. Web Publications. 2001-05-05. Retrieved 2007-03-13. 
  24. ^ "NRMA Used Car Review – Toyota Camry (1993–1997)". NRMA. August 2002. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  25. ^ "NRMA Car Review – Toyota Camry Vienta". NRMA. September 1995. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 
  26. ^ "Car review – Toyota Camry CSi sedan". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  27. ^ "1994 Toyota Camry 4-dr". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  28. ^ "Toyota Camry: 1994–96 models". Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. 2005-09-02. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  29. ^ "Used Car Safety Ratings 2008" (PDF). Monash University. Retrieved 2009-03-18.