From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1983:
January [ edit ]
France agrees to supply Iraq with five Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard strike fighters capable of firing the Exocet anti-ship missile. [1 ] January 1 –
Eastern Air Lines makes its first Boeing 757 revenue flight. January 2 – In the
Iran-Iraq War, Iraqi Air Force aircraft in the Persian Gulf attack a convoy of merchant ships from the Iranian port of Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, setting fire to the Singaporean cargo ship Eastern and the Liberian cargo ship Orient Horizon, forcing them both to run aground. [2 ] January 5 –
United Airlines begins the first scheduled nonstop service between the continental United States and Maui. [3 ] January 16 – The
Turkish Airlines Boeing 727-2F2 Afyon, operating as Flight 158, lands short of the runway in driving snow at Esenboğa International Airport in Ankara, Turkey. The plane breaks up and catches fire, killing 47 of the 67 people on board. January 18 – The Iraqi Air Force conducts a major raid against civilian and economic targets in Iran, claiming to have dispatched 66 sorties but actually sending more. The raid is made with inadequate fighter escort for attack aircraft and poor crew training in evading Iranian ground antiaircraft defenses, and some aircraft are lost due to insufficient maintenance or because they have been sent to targets that are too far away, causing them to run out of fuel on the way home.
[4 ] January 25–30 – The
Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force attacks civilian and economic targets in Iraq. January 30 –
Sun Country Airlines begins operations. January 31
February [ edit ]
May 5 –
Eastern Air Lines Flight 855, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar with 172 people on board, experiences the involuntary shutdown of all three engines in mid-air over the Atlantic Ocean during a flight from Miami International Airport to Nassau International Airport in the Bahamas. The pilot, Richard Boddy, barely avoids disaster when he is able to restart one engine and land safely at Miami International Airport. May 15 – Iraqi aircraft make a missile attack on the
Panamanian oil tanker Pan Oceanic Sane, setting her on fire. Her crew abandons her in the channel at Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, Iran. [2 ] May 22 – During an
air show at Rhein-Main Air Base in Frankfurt-am-Main, West Germany, a Canadian Forces CF-104 Starfighter (serial number 104813) of 439 Squadron explodes in mid-air. Although its pilot ejects safely, its wreckage falls on a nearby road and hits a car carrying five people, killing three adults and two children. The sixth passenger in the car dies months later of burns suffered in the accident. [7 ] May 25 – Iraqi aircraft attack the Panamanian
platform supply vessel Seatrans-21 in the Persian Gulf, inflicting slight damage on her. [2 ] May 26
May 31 – A missile attack by Iraqi aircraft in the Persian Gulf near the Iranian port of Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni seriously damages the
Indian bulk carrier Ati Priti. [2 ]
June 1 –
Singapore Airlines announces it has bought six Boeing 747s and four Boeing 757s, making it the first Asian airline to buy the 757. June 2 –
Air Canada Flight 797, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, experiences an in-flight fire and makes an emergency landing at Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport in Hebron, Kentucky. When the plane's doors are opened on the ground, a fire flashover occurs, killing 23 and injuring 16 of the 46 people on board. The accident prompts the installation of smoke detectors and emergency lighting leading to exits aboard airliners, as well as increased firefighting training and equipment for airline crews. June 6 – Flying a
Sea Harrier with a defective radio, dangerously low on fuel, and unable to find his way back to his aircraft carrier, HMS , Illustrious Royal Navy Sub-Lieutenant Ian Watson makes an emergency landing on the Spanish cargo ship Alraigo in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Portugal, with his Sea Harrier coming to rest partly on a shipping container but with its tail on Alraigo 's deck. After Alraigo arrives at Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Canary Islands on 10 June, her crew and owners file a salvage claim, and they later are awarded £570,000 ( $1,140,000). [8 ] June 11 – The first aircraft carrier designed as such to be built in
Italy, , is Giuseppe Garibaldi launched by Italcantieri at Monfalcone. June 24 – The
Space Shuttle glides to a landing at Challenger Edwards Air Force Base, California, bringing the first American woman in space, astronaut Sally K. Ride, back to Earth. [9 ] June 27 – Ballooning record-setter
Maxie Anderson and his co-pilot Don Ida die in a balloon accident near Bad Brückenau, West Germany, during the 1983 Gordon Bennett Cup balloon race.
July 7 – A standard production
Learjet 55 sets six time-to-climb records. July 8 –
General Dynamics rolls out the 1,000th F-16 Fighting Falcon. [10 ] July 11 – The
TAME Boeing 737-2V2 Advanced Ciudad de Loja, flying over a mountainous region in heavy fog with an unqualified flight crew, crashes into a mountain while on final approach to a landing at Mariscal Lamar Airport in Cuenca, Ecuador, killing all 119 people on board. It is TAME 's first crash and remains its deadliest; the crash also remains the deadliest aviation accident in the history of Ecuador. July 15 – A bomb planted in a
suitcase by the Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA) explodes at the Turkish Airlines check-in counter at Paris-Orly Airport in Paris, France, killing eight people and injuring 55. July 16 – A
British Airways Sikorsky S-61 helicopter crashes in thick fog in the southern Celtic Sea near St Mary's in the Isles of Scilly, killing 20 of the 26 people on board in the deadliest civilian helicopter accident in the United Kingdom prior to 1986. July 22 –
Dick Smith achieves the first solo circumnavigation of the globe in a helicopter. Smith makes the 56,742-kilometre (35,258 mi) journey in stages using a bell Jetranger III named Australian Explorer. [11 ] July 23 –
Air Canada Flight 143, a Boeing 767-200 with 69 people on board, runs out of fuel over Canada at an altitude of 41,000 feet (12,497 m) during a flight from Ottawa, Ontario, to Edmonton, Alberta. Its flight crew glides the aircraft to a landing at Gimli, Manitoba. All on board survive, and only 10 suffer minor injuries. The aircraft involved returns to service and is nicknamed the " ." Gimli Glider
August 1 –
America West Airlines begins flying, operating from Phoenix, Arizona. August 12 –
Iraq declares a formal "exclusion zone" in the Persian Gulf in which ships are subject to attack by the Iraqi Air Force and Iraqi Navy. [1 ] August 15 – Iraq warns foreign
merchant ships to keep clear of Iranian waters or risk attack. [1 ] August 24 – A
Canadair Challenger 601 business jet arrives at London, England, from Calgary, Alberta, Canada, setting a world non-syop distance record for a business jet of 4,364.2 miles (7,023.5 km). [12 ] August 30 –
Aeroflot Flight 5463, a Tupolev Tu-134A ( NATO reporting name "Crusty"), crashes into Dolan Mountain while approaching the Almaty airport in the Soviet Union 's Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, killing all 90 people aboard.
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
Trans World Airlines is spun off from Trans World Corporation as a new public company. [16 ] November 8 – A
TAAG Angola Airlines Boeing 737-200 crashes just after take off from Lubango Airport in Lubango, Angola, killing all 130 people on board. Angolan authorities identify technical failure as the cause, but the UNITA guerrilla group claims to have shot down the airliner with a surface-to-air missile. November 9–11 – During the last three days of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization 's Able Archer 83 command post exercise, the Soviet Union places its forces on alert – including Sukhoi Su-24 ( NATO reporting name "Fencer") bombers of the Soviet Air Force 's 4th Air Army at cockpit readiness – out of fear that NATO is about to attack the Warsaw Pact. It is the closest that the world comes to the outbreak of a nuclear war between the Cuban Missile Crisis on 1962 and the end of the Cold War in 1991. [17 ] November 18–19 – Seven young
Georgians hijack Aeroflot Flight 6833, a Tupolev Tu-134A with 57 people on board, in an attempt to force it to fly them to Turkey. The aircraft's pilot and co-pilot refuse to meet their demands and use sharp maneuvers to spoil the hijackers' aim and force them out of the cockpit, and several people are injured in a clash between the hijackers and the other people on the plane. The plane circles, then lands at Tbilisi in the Soviet Union, where on the next day the KGB 's counterterrorist Spetsnaz Alpha Group storms it, killing three crew members, two passengers, and three hijackers. November 21 – Iraqi aircraft make a missile attack against a
convoy of merchant ships escorted by Islamic Republic of Iran Navy vessels in the Persian Gulf near the Iranian port of Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, sinking the 13,000- gross-ton Greek bulk carrier Antigoni. [2 ] November 27 –
Avianca Flight 011, a Boeing 747-283B, crashes into a hill while descending for a landing at Madrid, Spain, killing 181 of the 192 people on board.
December [ edit ]
December 4 – In reprisal for an attack on
United States military bases in Beirut, Lebanon, 28 United States Navy A-6 Intruders attack suspected terrorist bases in Libya. December 8 – Iraqi aircraft make a missile attack in the
Persian Gulf, damaging the 16,000- gross-ton Greek bulk carrier Iapetos near the Iranian port of Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni. The crew of Iapetos abandons her, but she later is repaired. [2 ] December 9 –
Delta Air Lines receives the 1,000th production Boeing 737 at Boeing 's headquarters. December 20 –
Ozark Air Lines Flight 650, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31, strikes on snow plow on the runway while landing during a snowstorm at Sioux Falls Regional Airport at Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The collision rips off the airliner 's right wing and starts a fire, causing a fireball to engulf the snow plow, killing its driver. No one aboard the airliner dies, although two flight attendants suffer minor injuries during the emergency evacuation of the aircraft. December 24 –
Aeroflot Flight 601 crashed at Leshukonskoye Airport, killing 44 people on board.
First flights [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
Entered service [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 171.
^ a b c d e f g Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 534.
^ Aviation Hawaii: 1980-1989 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 158.
^ "Airport History". George Best Belfast City Airport . Retrieved . 2012-04-04
^ Taylor 1983, p. 28.
^ Washington, D.C., " 5 Die When Jet Crashes at Air Show", Washington Post, Monday 23 May 1983, Page A-22, Column 1.
^ Fleet Air Arm Officers Association: On this day 6 June 1983
^ Anonymous, "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, June 24, 2013, p. 26.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 43.
^ Taylor 1984, pp. 43–44.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 44.
^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 173.
^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 175.
^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 176.
^ TWA History Timeline
^ Raffensperger, Todd Avery, "How Close Did the World Come to a Nuclear War in 1983? The Fierce Rhetoric of President Ronald Reagan Certainly Rattled the Russians," Military Heritage, June 2012, p. 21.
^ Taylor 1983, p. 24.
^ Taylor 1983, p. 88
^ a b Taylor 1983, p. 91.
^ Taylor 1983, p. 92.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 79.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 80.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 81.
^ a b Taylor 1984, p. 83.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 84.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 30.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 86.
^ David, Donald, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Nobles Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 112.
^ Taylor 1984, p. 87.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 35.
Taylor, Michael J.H.
Jane's 1983–84 Aviation Review. London: Jane's Publishing Company, 1983. ISBN 0-7106-0285-5. Taylor, Michael J.H.
Jane's Aviation Review. Fourth edition. London: Jane's Publishing Company, 1984. ISBN 0-7106-0333-9.