Alandi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Alandi
Aalandi
City
Aalandi river.JPG
Alandi is located in Maharashtra
Alandi
Alandi
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°40′37″N 73°53′49″E / 18.677°N 73.897°E / 18.677; 73.897Coordinates: 18°40′37″N 73°53′49″E / 18.677°N 73.897°E / 18.677; 73.897
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Elevation 577 m (1,893 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 28,576
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 412105 412201

Alandi is a town and a municipal council in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India. The town is popular as a place of pilgrimage for being the resting place or (Samadhi) of the 13th century Marathi Bhakti saint, Sant Dnyaneshwar

Geography[edit]

Alandi (18°40′37.42″N 73°53′47.76″E / 18.6770611°N 73.8966000°E / 18.6770611; 73.8966000[1]) is located on the bank of the Indrayani River, 18.8 km (11.7 mi) in Khed Taluka of Pune District, India.The town lies close to the northern edge of city of Pune. It has an average elevation of 577 metres (1,893 feet).

Pilgrimage center[edit]

Alandi is one of the most well known places of pilgrimage for Hindu Marathi people because of the town's association with the 13th century Varkari Saint Dnyaneshwar. Saint Dnyaneshwar, after translating the Hindu scripture, Bhagavad Gita from Sanskrit into Marathi attained sanjivan Samadhi [note 1]under the Siddheshwar temple in Alandi.[4] A temple complex has been built at the spot of Sant Dnyaneshwar's samadhi. It is visited by hundreds thousands of pilgrims, and in particular, those of the Varkari Sect. The Ekadashi of the dark half of each month attracts a greater number of devotees to the town.[5]

Every year,in the Shaka month of Jeshtha (June- July), a procession carrying Paduka (symbolic sandals) of Dnyaneshwar on a Palkhi starts from Alandi to reach Pandharpur on Ashadhi Ekadashi. The procession is joined by tens of thousands of Varkari devotees for the 150 km journey on foot.[6]

The biggest festival in Alandi is held every year on Kartika Vadya Ekadashi (eleventh day of the dark fortnight of Hindu month of Kartik). The festival falls close to the day Dnyaneshwar entered Samadhi. This festival or yatra is attended by hundreds of thousands of Dnyaneshwar devotees and has a great economic significance to the local population.

The Indrayani River is a Perennial River, and bathing in the river has special significance for pilgrims to Alandi. However, the river is heavily polluted because of sewage discharge by different towns along its course and has high amount of Faecal coliform in the water.[7]

Pilgrims perform Circumambulation around the whole town during their visit.

The places of interest to pilgrims in and around Alandi include:

  1. The Dnyaneshwar Samadhi Complex that includes the Samadhi,the Shri Sidheshwar templeand the famed Ajanvriksha tree[8]
  2. The Ghats on the banks of the Indrayani river.
  3. Ram Mandir close to the banks of the Indrayani River, located south of the Samadhi mandir, is one of the many large temples in Alandi
  4. Laxmi Narayan Mandir - is smaller, located Southeto Samadhi mandir, adjacent to Ram mandir, near to ghats
  5. Vitthala-Rakhumai Temple
  6. Dnyaneshwari Mandir - modern temple nearing completion, located little to the west of Dnyaneshwar Samadhi Complex
  7. Narsinha Sawaswati Math - is locate west of Dnyaneshwar Samadhi Complex en route to Dnyaneshwari Mandir
  8. Shree Gajanan Maharaj Temple complex, Alandi – located south of Dnyaneshwar Samadhi Complex, nearing completion
  9. Dnyaneshwar's Wall - Legend says that when the formerly arrogant Sant Changdev came to visit Dnyaneshwar on a tiger, Dnyaneshwar and his siblings went to meet him riding on a wall that moved.
  10. Sant Jalaram Temple: This temple was built in 1960s with the same architectural design as the one in Virpur Gujarat, which is very popular. There is also a temple of Santoshi Mata in the same temple complex.

Nearby places:

  1. Siddhabet - This is a place outside the town where Dnyaneshwar's family was exiled after being ex-communicated.
  2. Sambhaji Raje Bhosle Memorial: Tulapur village is also located near to Alandi (6 km) where a memorial to the son of Shivaji and the second Chhatrapati of Maratha Empire is located.
  3. Dehu: , which is the Birth, work & worship place of Sant Tukaram and from where the Sant Tukaram flied to Vaikuntha on Eagle, the convey of Shree Vishnu is located a few Km west of Alandi.[2]: The town of Dehu
Aalandi laxmi narayan mandir

The town also has dozens of dharmshalas catering for different communities such as the Padmashali community.[9] A number of these places also have their own shrines to different deities and Varkari Saints.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[10] Alandi had a population of 28,576. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. The lingua franca is Marathi. Alandi has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 82% of the males and 68% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. All castes are represented in the town. The closely related Maratha clans, Kurhade-Patil and Ghundare-Patil dominate civic life of the town.

Traditionally many Hindu widows used to come to reside in places of pilgrimage such as Pandharpur and Alandi[11]

Economy[edit]

Place of pilgrimage[edit]

Since Alandi is a major place of pilgrimage, the economy of the town revolves around that activity. Although the major festivals are held only twice a year, pilgrims from all over Maharashtra come to Alandi throughout the year. The different needs of the pilgrims are catered for by different groups of Brahmins who officiate at the samadhi, or weddings or at the religious services to the bereaved respectively. There are a large number of vendors outside the main temple complex that offer materials for worshipping at the samadhi such as garlands, turmeric etc. These vendors also do good business in religious Souvenirs and books. Most Marathi Hindu castes have built Dharmashalas (Pilgrim rest houses) that offer accommodation to pilgrims of their respective castes. The temple holds its biggest festival in the second half of the Shaka month of Kartik. This festival attracts hundreds of thousands of devotees to the town. It is also a great seasonal opportunity for the local population to earn extra income by offering accommodation and catering services to the visitors. The local Municipal council also collects pilgrim tax or Goods tax to pay for public health provision. The tax has generated resentment amongst the devotees in the past.

Agriculture[edit]

Being a rural place, farming is still an important part of the economy. Traditionally, Groundnut cultivation has been important around Alandi. Most of that produce is sent to oil pressing mills in the nearby industrial town of Chakan.

Pune suburb[edit]

Alandi is close to the cities of Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad and belongs to the Pune Metropolitan Area.Historically, a number of local people commuted to city of Pune and Industrial areas around Pimpri for employment. The close proximity to these places also has for decades attracted new immigrants to the town who can not afford to live in the more expensive Pune. A number of the local population also find employment with Indian army bases that are a few miles from Alandi. In recent decades, villages around Alandi have attracted light manufacturing Industry.

Education center[edit]

A more recent addition to the economy of Alandi has been an engineering college called MIT Academy of Engineering. It has spawned a large number of lodgings for students, eating places, markets, and shops. An entire part of Alandi is built around the college.

Education[edit]

  • Maharashtra Academy of Engineering
  • Sant Dnyaneshwara Vidyalaya
  • Sharadchandra Pawar Chitrakala Mahavidyalaya
  • Dnyanganga English Medium School and Ramchandra International School

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ With Sanjivan samadhi,Dnyaneshwar attained deep state of meditation in an underground chamber which was then closed. Devotees still believe that he is alive after 700 years in this state.[2][3]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. - Alandi
  2. ^ Novetzke, C.L., 2009. History, Memory, and Other Matters of Life and Death. Shared Idioms, Sacred Symbols, and the Articulation of Identities in South Asia, pp.212-232.
  3. ^ Bahirat 2000, pp. 15.
  4. ^ Bahirat, B.P. (1998). The philosophy of Jñānadeva : as gleaned from the Amṛtānubhava. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 15. ISBN 978-8120815742. 
  5. ^ Glushkova, Irina. "6 Object of worship as a free choice." Objects of Worship in South Asian Religions: Forms, Practices and Meanings 13 (2014).
  6. ^ "Maharashtra Tourism". Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "Palkhis ahead, high pollution levels in Indrayani river raise fears" (27 June 2013). Indian express. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  8. ^ Novetzke, C.L., 2009. History, Memory, and Other Matters of Life and Death. Shared Idioms, Sacred Symbols, and the Articulation of Identities in South Asia, pp.212-232.[1]
  9. ^ Kumaran, K.P. (1992). Migration settlement and ethnic associations. New Delhi: Concept Pub. Co. p. 78. ISBN 9788170223900. 
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  11. ^ Reddy, P. Adinarayana, ed. (2004). Problems of widows in India (1st ed.). New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. pp. 42,119. ISBN 9788176254793. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]