|Transit type||Rapid Transit|
|Line number||2(phase 1)|
|Number of stations||31(phase 1)|
|Daily ridership||5,71,883 (phase 1)(2018 estd.)|
|Operation will start||2021(estd.)|
|Operator(s)||Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MAHA-METRO)|
|Number of vehicles||26(phase 1)|
|Train length||4 coaches|
|System length||31.25 km (phase 1)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (Standard gauge)|
|Electrification||25 kV AC through overhead catenary|
Pune Metro (Marathi: पुणे मेट्रो) is a metro rail based rapid transit system under construction to serve the city of Pune, India. It is estimated to cost ₹114.20 billion (US$1.73 billion). On 7 December 2016, the Government of Maharashtra gave approval for the project, while the Ministry of Urban Development had already given approval for the project. On 7 December 2016, the Union Cabinet gave approval for the project, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone on 24 December 2016 on his visit to the city. The project is expected to be completed by December 2021.
- 1 History
- 2 PMRDA's Role
- 3 Cost
- 4 Plan
- 5 Line 1 (Pimpri-Chinchwad – Swargate)
- 6 Line 2 (Ramwadi – Vanaz)
- 7 Line 3 (Deccan Gymkhana - Bund Garden)
- 8 Line 4 (Hinjawadi – ASI)
- 9 Future Lines
- 10 Technical side
- 11 Rolling Stock
- 12 Ticket Fares
- 13 Project Status
- 14 Project-Related Concerns
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Pune has witnessed enormous industrial growth since 2000. Rapid urbanization in the recent past has put the city’s travel infrastructure to stress. With a large number of units have come up both in small scale as well as in heavy & medium scale industry etc., traffic in the city is rising at alarming rates. As the population of a city grows, share of public transport, whether road or rail-based, should increase. Experience has shown that, in cities like Pune where roads do not have adequate width and which cater to mixed traffic conditions comprising slow and fast moving vehicles, road transport can optimally carry 8,000 persons per hour per direction (phpdt). Being a thickly populated area, Pune’s traffic needs cannot be met by road-based system and additional flyovers. When traffic density increases beyond this level, average speed of vehicles comes down, journey time increases, air pollution goes up and commuters are put to increased level of inconvenience. The existing urban transport system of Pune City which is road-based has already come under stress leading to longer travel time, increased air pollution and rise in number of road accidents. Public Transport System is an efficient user of space and with reduced level of air and noise pollution. Thus when on a corridor, traffic density during peak hours crosses this figure, provision of rail-based mass transport should be considered. The preparation of detailed project report (DPR) work was undertaken by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation and submitted their report on 15 August 2008. In 2010, the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) delayed submitting the proposal to the Union government to make provisions in the annual budget for the project.
The Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority (PMRDA) had proposed to take over the Metro project, which was declined by the PMC and PCMC. The opposing representatives said that the Metro rail is going to be implemented by Special Purpose Vehicle. Instead, the Corporations suggested inclusion of PMRDA in the SPV to increase the reach of the Metro rail.
The estimated project cost for Phase I and II are INR 69.6bn and INR 32.24bn respectively. The project cost will be funded by the PMC and PCMC together bearing 10% of this cost, the state government 20% and the central government will bear 20% of this cost. The remaining 50% will be obtained from loans. The state government's share of 20% includes the expenses of acquiring land, including government land, at market price.
The Pune metro project will now cost Rs 11, 522 crores, a hike of Rs 653 crore from the 2014 estimate.
The delay in the execution of the project has resulted in an upward revision of Rs 1,700 crores in the draft civic budget for 2015-16 presented by municipal commissioner Kunal Kumar.
For the financial year 2015–16, the Union government made an allocation of Rs 126.58 crores and the State government allocated Rs 174.99 crores. The budget allocation raised high hopes for the city's most awaited project but failed to keep the momentum, since apart from re-assurance nothing major happened that year.
For the financial year 2016–17, the Union government made an allocation of Rs 10.2 crores and the State government allocated Rs 45 crores off the total 180 crores allocated for Pune and Nagpur metro projects. The citizens of Pune were disappointed with the budget, stating that the government had no interest in addressing Pune's needs. The opposition protested against the State government for sidelining Pune, and that the Nagpur metro was being carried out speedily while Pune project has not even started.
|Phase||Line||Terminals||Length (km)||Opening date|
|Phase I||Line 1||Pimpri||Swargate||16.59||2021|
|Phase II||Line 3||Deccan Gymkhana||Bund Garden||11||2021|
The two routes that have been identified for the first phase are:
- Line 1: Chinchwad – Pimpri – Swargate, via Agriculture college (16.5 km, elevated/underground from Range Hills)
- Line 2: Vanaz – Ramwadi, via Deccan Gymkhana, Yerwada (14.9 km, elevated)
Depots for the routes will come up at the following places:
- Line 1: Range Hills.
- Line 2: Kothrud.
The second phase of the project will contain two lines and the extension of first phase:
- Line 3: ASI to Hinjawadi via Aundh (18 km elevated)
- Extension of lines from Pimpri-Chinchwad to Nigdi and Swargate to Katraj (11.5 km elevated)
- Extension of lines from Aundh to Hinjawadi and Ramwadi to Kharadi Naka (13 km elevated)
- Extension of lines from Ramwadi to Vimannagar Airport (elevated)
Line 1 (Pimpri-Chinchwad – Swargate)
Line 1: Pimpri-Chinchwad – Swargate
The first line of the Pune Metro will run from Pimpri-Chinchwad to Swargate. This line will be elevated till Range Hills and further underground up to Swargate. In phase II this line will be further extended to Nigdi and Katraj/Hadapsar. This route will go via Bhosari, Khadki and Shivajinagar.
- Sant Tukaram Nagar
- Range Hills
- Shivajinagar (underground)
- ASI (underground)
- PMC (underground)
- Budhwar Peth (underground)
- Mandai (underground)
- Swargate (underground
- First corridor.
- Second corridor
Line 2 (Ramwadi – Vanaz)
Line 2: Vimannagar/Kharadi – Vanaz
Line 2 will be the first line to be built. It will connect Ramwadi to Vanaz via Mangalwar Peth and Deccan Gymkhana. The line will be 15 km long and elevated. It is expected to cost ₹25.93 billion (US$400 million). The main depot will be at Kothrud.
The line will be extended to Chandannagar and a separate line will go to the Pune airport.
- First corridor.
- Second corridor.
In November 2015, a revised proposal submitted to the PMC by the DMRC suggested realigning the route along the Mutha river as against the earlier alignment along the Jangli Maharaj Road to reduce the project cost. The route length now is 14.665 km, reducing the length by 260 metres. The first corridor would remain same with length of 11.57 km.
Line 3 (Deccan Gymkhana - Bund Garden)
- Deccan Gymkhana
- Hadapsar Road
- Golf Course
- Koregaon Park
- Bund Garden
Line 4 (Hinjawadi – ASI)
Line 4: ASI – Hinjawadi
- Agriculture College
- Pune University
- Pimple Saudagar
- Pimple Nilakh
- Wakad Mankar Chowk
- Bhumkar Chowk
In June 2015, CM Devendra Fadnavis announced that the Shivajinagar-Hinjawadi route will be studied to provide direct connectivity and to reduce travelling time. In August 2015, the Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority (PMRDA) suggested a metro route between Shivajinagar and Hinjawadi in place of the earlier proposed LRT. Preliminary study suggests the route will pass through PMC and PCMC to end up at the Information Technology park of Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC). The decision was unanimously approved by all members, and the LRT plan was scrapped. Preliminary report for the line is underway.
The following routes and extensions have been proposed:
- Agriculture college – Warje via JM road and Karve road (9 km elevated)
- Extension from Bund Garden to Vishrantwadi (underground)
- Extension from Race Course to Hadapsar (elevated)
The proposed routes are to be built mostly on elevated rails, with underground routes and extensions to follow in future phases.
The proposed fare structure in 2013–14 is to be a minimum of ₹ 7 for distances less than 2 km, and a maximum of ₹ 24 for distances above 30 km.
Rolling Stock for the metro rail will be procured by floating competitive international tenders. The company bidding the lowest will be awarded the contract. The company will manufacture 104 coaches to form 26 4-coach trains.
The rolling stock will have the following specifications:
|Driver Trailer coach (DTC) length||21.64 m|
|Motor coach (MC)/Trailer coach (TC) length||21.34 m|
|Axle load||16 T|
The capacity of rolling stock will be as follows:
|Coach/Train Formation||Total Capacity||Seating||Standing|
|Driver Trailer coach||247||43||207|
Rolling stock will have the following features:
- Proven equipment with high reliability
- Passenger safety feature
- Energy efficiency
- Light weight equipment and coach body
- Optimized scheduled speed
- Aesthetically pleasing Interior and Exterior
- Low Life cycle cost
- Flexibility to meet increase in traffic demand
The expected ticket fares are:-
|Distance (KM)||Fare (₹)|
|up to 2||7|
|30 or more||24|
The Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Ltd officers visited the city and commenced work on the project on 14 December 2016. The site survey of the proposed project is in progress to address the problems likely to be faced on the ground during the construction of the rail route.
- 2017 April: The Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Ltd had invited bidding for tender of construction of elevated viaducts first phase of 7.5 km on East-West corridor.
- 2017 May: Hyderabad based Nagarjuna Construction Company won contract for phase-1 to construct elevated viaducts first phase of 7.5 km on East-West corridor.
Delay in Implementation
The citizens and city-based NGOs have regularly raised questions over the intention of the State governments as to whether they actually want to implement the project. The project was proposed way back in 2007 by the then Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan of the INC government, but did not move ahead due to red tape and bureaucracy. The DPR was itself approved by the only on 12 June 2012. At an event in 2013 during his tour of the city, the Metroman E. Sreedharan blamed the people involved in planning and implementing the project for the long delay, stating that "Pune lost five valuable years in unnecessary discussions instead of executing the project." After coming in power in 2014, the newly elected Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis had assured fast implementation of the project, stating that it will be taken on priority basis along with Mumbai and Nagpur projects. However, the newly elected government had to bear a lot of protest as Nagpur metro got approval before Pune. The opposition claimed that the BJP-led government was purposely ignoring Pune as the party is not in power in the city.
Initial plans were to build a few sections underground and the rest elevated. However, citizens of Pune did not want elevated routes as they felt that the roads could not bear the increased traffic that would result from the construction. Most roads were too narrow to accommodate the pillars of elevated routes. It was decided that all the routes in the city would be underground, although the map and the details of phases showed elevated routes. In November 2011, the Maharashtra Government declared that all the routes would be underground. However, in April 2012, the PMC declared that all routes will be as per the DMRC report, mostly elevated and partially underground in core city areas. On May 27, 2015 the then Union Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu stated that underground metro was not a feasible option and that Pune, like other cities, will have to get an elevated metro as suggested by the DMRC. But as per the city activists, elevated metro is not possible due to presence of some flyovers along the route of metro and narrow roads on the metro corridor, which will cause traffic congestion and interruption. In order to clarify this confusion, Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis announced that Pune will get "mixed-metro", as the alignment of some routes does support elevated sections.
Metro phase I was criticized by Pimpri- Chinchwad Citizens’ Forum (PCCF), believing that the project will not benefit nearly 70 per cent area of Pimpri- Chinchwad, as it skipped the Akurdi, Chinchwad and Nigdi stretch. Adding further, the citizens group supported their cause by stating that it would take another 5 years after phase II gets approval from Union Cabinet for metro to reach core PCMC area. Since infrastructure projects take a lot of time to get approvals, they fear metro will not reach Nigdi before 2025. Nigdi is strategically located from transportation point of view. It is at the center of the areas starting from Chakan-Talegaon Industrial belt, Talawade-Hinjawadi IT park, Chinchwad-Bhosari-Pimpri Industrial belt (MIDC) and one has to consider its proximity to Pune. Many architects and urban planners also vouch for Nigdi's role in transport management.
The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) had proposed 4 FSI on either side of the corridor to achieve greater population densification through vertical development of residential and commercial properties. The PMC will raise money for the Metro and needed civic amenities to support the higher density. Furthermore, PMC hopes to increase the use of Metro.
Some members of the planning committee have suggested that three FSI be granted not only within 500 metre along the metro corridor but also in the entire city. Members have suggested that the amount collected through the premium on additional FSI should be turned into an urban development fund. A 60% share of this fund should be used for the metro project, while 15% for the PMPML and high capacity mass transit road and monorail and 25% for developing basic infrastructure.
But as per several urban planners,NGOs and experts, the FSI introduction will have more consequences than benefiting the city.
- Even if half the landowners along the metro corridor take advantage of the 4 FSI proposal, it will lead to 20 km2 of built up area in coming years, which is more than the total housing needs of Pune for the next 20 years.
- The PMC would raise Rs 37,000 CR from the sale of FSI whereas it needs just Rs 3,000 CR.
- In the area studied, most of the plots which could consume the 4 FSI were at the edge of the corridor away from the stations, while many plots next to the tracks and the stations would remain as is, since they were too small to accommodate the extra FSI. This plan might backfire as the distance of these plots from the nearby metro corridor might encourage the residents to use private vehicles and thus, defeat the purpose of metro.
- Given the prevailing land costs, the new development that comes up will be of the "premium" category. Thus any new housing that comes up through this extra FSI will cater to the more affluent segment, which is the group least likely to ride the Metro.
- The open space per capita will be reduced to half or less of what it is at present, in the city. The space required for other public amenities like hospitals, schools, clinics etc. will also fall short since very few plots are large enough to come under the "amenity" space rules under which the landowners have to give small portion to the city for providing amenities.
- After Mumbai, Pune to get Metro – Business Today – Business News. Businesstoday.intoday.in (8 June 2012).
- Metro: Notification issued for special purpose vehicle, fare structure approved. Indian Express (15 September 2012).
- Pune's metro dream on fast track as Centre backs project in Kochi – Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (5 July 2012).
- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation to revise metro rail project report – Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (27 September 2012).
- Cabinet nod to Pune Metro, in-principle nod to Nagpur Metro. NDTV.com (7 June 2012).
- Expedite SPV for metro, Pune Municipal Corporation tells state – Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (16 September 2012).
- "Metro rail can be a reality by 2013". Retrieved 30 July 2008.
- Pune Metro: Will it become Reality? | Hill Post. Hillpost.in (19 September 2012).
- Pune metro official site
- Pune Metro Project
- News release identifying routes
- Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
- DMRC Tender for Environmental Assessment Study
- Times of India article on project update in July 2008
- wheels roll for Vanaz – Ramwadi metro corridor
- nod for Vanaz – Ramwadi Metro root