Asian Relations Conference

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Gandhi at the Asian Relations Conference in 1947
Two Tibetan delegates (front right) during the Asian Relations Conference in Delhi in 1947 as Mahatma Gandhi speaks (far left). The Emblem of the Kazakh SSR as well as Tibet's were shown. Many of them had not yet achieved independence. The conference included representatives from, among others, Malaya, Burma, Ceylon, Soviet Asian Republics, Korea.[1]

The Asian Relations Conference took place in New Delhi in March–April 1947. It was hosted by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who then headed a provisional government that was preparing for India's Independence, which came on 15 August 1947. The Asian Relations Conference brought together many leaders of the independence movements in Asia, and represented a first attempt to assert Asian unity. The objectives of the conference were "to bring together the leading men and women of Asia on a common platform to study the problems of common concern to the people of the continent, to focus attention on social, economic and cultural problems of the different countries of Asia, and to foster mutual contact and understanding."

In his writings and speeches, Nehru had laid great emphasis on the manner in which post-colonial India would rebuild its Asia connections. At this conference Nehru declared: "... Asia is again finding herself ... one of the notable consequences of the European domination of Asia has been the isolation of the countries of Asia from one another. ... Today this isolation is breaking down because of many reasons, political and otherwise ... This Conference is significant as an expression of that deeper urge of the mind and spirit of Asia which has persisted ... In this Conference and in this work there are no leaders and no followers. All countries of Asia have to meet together in a common task ..."[2][3]

List of Participants[edit]

The official list of participants names 231 people who were distributed among the following countries (number of delegates / number of observers):[4]

  • Armenian SSR (2/0)
  • Afghanistan (5/2)
  • Azerbaijani SSR (2/0)
  • Bhutan (0/2)
  • Burma (15/4)
  • Ceylon (13/5)
  • Cochinchina (1/0)
  • China (8/1)
  • Egypt (3/2)
  • Georgian SSR (2/0)
  • British India (49/6)
  • Indonesia (15/6)
  • Iran (3/3)
  • Cambodia (1/0)
  • Kazakh SSR (2/0)
  • Kyrgyz SSR (1/0)
  • Korea (3/0) (all from the Southern side).
  • Laos (1/0)
  • Malay Union (14/0)
  • Mongolia (2/1)
  • Nepal (5/3)
  • League of Nations mandate for Palestine (10/0) (the delegates are from the Jewish community).
  • Philippines (6/0)
  • Siam (2/2)
  • Tajik SSR (2/0)
  • Tibet (4/0)
  • Turkey (0/1)
  • Turkmen SSR (1/0)
  • Uzbek SSR (2/0)
  • Democratic Republic of Vietnam (3/0)

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Sankalp, Gurjar. "Time to Resurrect the Asian Relations Conference". The DIPLOMAT.
  2. ^ "Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru's speech". Asian Relations Conference 1947. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
  3. ^ Sharan, Shankar (August 1997). "Fifty Years After the Asian Relations Conference" (PDF). Tibetan Parliamentary & Policy Research Centre. Tibetan Parliamentary & Policy Research Centre. p. 40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  4. ^ Asian Relations Conference: Asian relations. Being Report of the Proceedings and Documentation of the First Asian Relations Conference, New Delhi, March-April, 1947. Asian Relations Organization, Neu-Delhi 1948, S. 263–278.

Further reading[edit]

  • J. A. McCallum: The Asian Relations Conference. In: The Australian Quarterly. Volume 19, Nr. 2, June 1947, ISSN 1443-3605, S. 13–17.
  • J. A. McCallum: Personalities at the Asian Relations Conference. In: The Australian Quarterly. Volume 19, Nr. 3, September 1947, ISSN 1443-3605, S. 39–44.
  • Asian Relations Conference: Asian relations. Being Report of the Proceedings and Documentation of the First Asian Relations Conference, New Delhi, March-April, 1947. Asian Relations Organization, Neu-Delhi 1948.
  • Shankar Sharan: Fifty Years after the Asian Relations Conference. Tibetan Parliamentary & Policy Research Centre, New Delhi 1997 (PDF; 0,2 MB).

External links[edit]