Avantipur, Awantipur, Aavantipur
|Coordinates: 33°55′24″N 75°00′46″E / 33.9232602°N 75.012846°E|
|Union territory||Jammu and Kashmir|
|Named for||Raja Avantivarman|
|Elevation||1,582 m (5,190 ft)|
|• Official||Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Awantipora (Urdu pronunciation: [əʋəntiːpoːraː]) or Avantipur or Aavantipur, known as Woontpor (Kashmiri pronunciation: [wũːtʲpoːr]) in Kashmiri, is a town, just opposite of Pulwama city, on the banks of the river Jhelum in the Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is on the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway (now called the NH 44), south of Srinagar and north of Anantnag. Awantipora was named after the Kashmiri king Avantivarman and has the ruins of two 9th century Hindu temples built by him.
Awantipora tehsil is a subdistrict of Pulwama district.
It is said[by whom?] that the town was founded by Avantivarman who was the first king of the Utpala dynasty, and ruled Kashmir from 855 to 883 AD. Avantivarman built a Hindu temple in Awantipora dedicated to Vishnu called "Avantisvamin" before he became king, and during his reign he built a second Hindu temple in Awantipora called "Avantisvara" dedicated to Shiva. Both temples were built in spacious rectangular paved courtyards. They were destroyed in the Middle Ages. They were excavated by the archeologist Daya Ram Sahni in the early 20th century. The Avantisvamin temple is located at 33°55′24″N 75°00′46″E / 33.9232602°N 75.012846°E and Avantisvara is at 33°55′41″N 75°00′16″E / 33.9279606°N 75.0045311°E. They are protected and maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.
As per the 2011 census, Awantipora has an average literacy rate of 69.41%, lower than the national average of 74%. Male literacy was 80.17%, and female literacy was 43.03% 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. Awantipora has a population of 12,647 people.
Villages in awantipora tehsil
The villages along with their patwar halqa (revenue circle) in Awantipora tehsil are listed below.
Awantipora is home to Islamic University of Science and Technology(IUST) dating back to 2005. The university has been set up as a centre for higher learning for the people of the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and its neighbouring regions.
The first batch of MBBS at the upcoming AIIMS at Awantipora in south Kashmir will start in August 2021. The temporary accommodation is in Srinagar.
Air force station
Awantipur Air Force Station is situated near Awantipora at Malangpora about 5 km from Pulwama town.
- ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
- ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
- ^ Corlett, Dudley S. (1923), "The Gardens of Kashmir", Art and Archeology, The Archeological Society of Washington, affiliated with the Archaeological Institute of America, p. 27
- ^ "Annual Report 1976-77", Ministry of Education and Social Welfare, Government of India, p. 223, 1976
- ^ Kashir Encyclopedia (in Kashmiri). Vol. 1. Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and Languages. 1986. p. 397.
- ^ "About District/ Administrative Setup/ Tehsil", Pulwama District, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, retrieved 22 July 2020
- ^ a b "Avantiswami Temple, Avantipur". Archeological Survey of India. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
This web-page spells the town Avantipur, and says that it is in Anantnag district, which it was before the creation of Pulwama district in 1979.
- ^ "Awantipora City Population". Census India 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
- ^ "Property Rates 2018-2019 (Notification No: 02/DCP-SQ of 2018)" (PDF), Pulwama District, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, p. Tehsil Awantipora Form III (C9 to C12) (2018-19), 31 March 2018, retrieved 23 July 2020
- ^ "Preparations begin for first MBBS batch at AIIMS Kashmir".