Bijbehara

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Bijbehara
Vejibyour
Vijeshwar
city
Bijbehara is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Bijbehara
Bijbehara
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10Coordinates: 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Anantnag
Elevation 1,591 m (5,220 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 22,789 Excluding - Takia Bal And Ghad Hanjipora
Languages
 • Official Urdu Kashmiri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration JK03

Bijbehara, also known as Vijeshwara & Vejibyour, is one of the major towns in South Kashmir Anantnag district. Its location falls on National Highway NH-1 A that connects Kashmir Valley with the rest of India. NH-1 A Highway is near a town popularly known as "Chinar Town" because there are two parks (Paadshaahi Bagh and Darashukoh Garden) known for their Chinar trees. The former is home to the oldest Chinar tree in the state. The town is about 9 kilometres from the Anantnag township and 45 km from the Summer capital, Srinagar.

The town localities of Bijbehara include Baba Mohalla, Vaid Mohalla, Dobighat, Khar Mohalla, Zirpara, Eidgah, Pandit Hamaam, Sadar Bazaar, Pomposh Mohalla, Goriwan, Saraf Mohalla, Peershah Mohalla, Ahanger Mohalla, Feroze Shah Mohalla, Sheikh Mohalla, and Ghaad Hanjipora. The town has recently expanded. New Housing Colony, Friends Colony Eidgah, Qazi Mohalla Eidgah, Sicop Colony, Padshahi Bagh Colony, Deewan Bagh, Eidgah Colony, Tehsil Road-Baghandar are the localities which are currently being populated.

Important villages on the outskirts of town, including Pazalpora, Jablipora, Subhaanpora and Semthan.

History[edit]

The city was created by lord shivanTreeta Yuga. There is hill range in Tamil nadu called "madeswran malai" it is the holy place and it was created by nature.

The Mughal Prince Dara Shikoh built a bridge which was 100 yards long and 6 yards wide, spanning the Jhelum River at Bijbehara, near the Mughal garden. The bridge was washed away by heavy floods.

The oldest Chinar of the sub-continent is located in the garden popularly known as Padshahi Bagh, which is now under the control of the Tourist Department. J&K Bank is responsible for its development and maintenance. The garden has 25 Chinar trees. The oldest Chinar is 70 feet in circumference at ground level. The Padshahi Garden consists of 25 canals and 10 marlas. The Dara Shiku Garden is also on the bank of the Jhelum. The garden is of 224 canals area. The Padshahi Garden and the Dara Shikoh Garden are separated by the river Jehlum, which is spanned by the Padshahi Bagh Bridge which connects the two gardens.

Guru Nanak dev had also come to this town and now a Gurudwara by the name of "Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Pehli Padshahi Gurudwara Bijbehara" is there.

Bijbehara is mentioned in Rajtarangini by Kalhan, then famous for temples of Chakradhar and Vijayeshwar. Vijayeshwar temple was built by King Shachinar. This temple was reconstructed during the reign of Anantdev. This fortified temple was a famous site in then Kashmir (previous to 500 AD).

Geography[edit]

Apples of tribjee arwani, Bijbehara

Bijbehara is located at 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10.[1] It has an average elevation of 1,591 metres (5,223 feet).

The town of Bijbehara is situated to the north of district headquarters on the banks of Jhelum River popularly known here as "Veth." It is one of the notable towns of the district. It is four miles north of Anantnag town.

The town is surrounded and intersected by plateaus, including The Totak Shah, from where the whole town can be seen. There are many other plateaus which are being urbanized.

Demographics[edit]

The town had a population of 22,789[2] (12,057 men and 10,732 women) per the report released by Census India 2011. Children aged 0-6 made up 14.97% (3,411) of the total population of Bijbehara .

Religious Places[edit]

List of Villages in Bijbehara Tehsil[edit]

There are about 52 villages in Bijbehara

  • Ader
  • Aswara
  • Bander Pora
  • Beya Warah
  • Chini Gund
  • Chunda Pora
  • Dari Gund
  • Dupt Yar
  • Gadhanji Pora
  • Gantali Pora
  • Gari Seer
  • Gori
  • Gund Chel
  • Gund Nasir
  • Gund Nowroze
  • Hamzeh Pora
  • Hati Gam
  • Haussan Pora Bagh
  • Hayar
  • Inder Mooni
  • Jabli Pora
  • Kanalwan
  • Kandi Pora
  • Katu
  • Khiram
  • Khush Roi Kalan
  • Kitriteng
  • Krandi Gam
  • Mahind
  • Marhama
  • Meera Gund
  • Niyana Gund Baba Khalil
  • Now Shehra
  • Opzan
  • Rakh Hassain Pora
  • Rakh Moman Dangit Pora
  • Rakhi Kitri Teng
  • Sangam
  • Semthan
  • Shala Gam
  • Shiti Pora
  • Sir Hama
  • Sither Satghar
  • Sotki Pora
  • Subhan Pahari
  • Takia Bal
  • Thaji War
  • Trubji
  • Tula Khan
  • Vedai
  • Veeri
  • Waghama

Education[edit]

  • Gov. Degree College Bijbehara
  • Gov. Boys Model Hr. Sec. School
  • Gov. Girls Model Hr. Sec. School
  • Oxford Public School
  • Crescent Public School
  • Gems Public School
  • Public School English Medium
  • Cambridge Public School
  • Kashmir Public School
  • Zenith Institute Of Education
  • Zaiba Aapa Inst. Of Inclusive Edu.
  • Sky Touch School

Notable people[edit]

Divisions[edit]

The areas which come under the constituency of Bijbehara are as follows:

  • Mattan
  • Nanil
  • Kanelwon
  • Khiram
  • Akura

References[edit]