Bijbehara

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Bijbehara
Vejibyour
Vijeshwar
city
Bijbehara is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Bijbehara
Bijbehara
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10Coordinates: 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District Anantnag
Elevation 1,591 m (5,220 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 22,789 Excluding - Takia Bal And Ghad Hanjipora
Languages
 • Official Urdu Kashmiri
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration JK03

Bijbehara, also known as Vijeshwara & Vejibyour, is one of the major towns in South Kashmir's Anantnag district.It has a strategic location as it falls on the National Highway NH-1A that connects Kashmir Valley with rest of the country.This Highway town is also popularly called "Chinar Town" as there are two tourist attracting parks namely "Paadshaahi Bagh" and "Darashukoh Garden" having famous trees of Chinar.The former is the home to the oldest Chinar tree of the State.The town is about 9 km from neighbouring Anantnag township and 45 km from the Summer Capital Srinagar. The Old town localities of Bijbehara include Goriwan,Pandit Hamaam,Sadar Bazaar,Pomposh Mohalla,Baba Mohalla, Saraf Mohalla,Peershah Mohalla,Ahanger Mohalla, Feroze Shah Mohalla, Sheikh Mohalla etc.The town has now expanded in every direction.New Housing Colony, Sicop Colony,Padshahi Bagh Colony, Deewan Bagh,Eidgah Colony,Tehsil Road-Baghandar are the localities which are getting populated at present. Important villages on the outskirts of town include Pazalpora,Jablipora,Subhaanpora,Semthan,Ghaad Hanjipora,etc.

History[edit]

The Mughal Prince Dara Shikoh constructed a bridge here which was 100 yards long and 6 yards wide spanning the Jhelum River at Bijbehara near the Mughal garden. The bridge was washed away by heavy floods. The oldest Chinar of the sub-continent is located in the garden popularly called as Padshahi Bagh which is now under the control of Tourist Department. JK Bank is assigned with its better development and maintenance. The garden comprises 25 Chinars. The oldest Chinar is 70 feet in circumference at ground level. The Padshahi Garden is 25 canals and 10 marlas. The Dara Shiku Garden is also on the bank of the Jhelum. The garden is of 224 canals area. The Padshahi Garden and the Dara Shikoh Garden are separated by the river Jehlum which is spanned over by a bridge known as "Padshahi Bagh Bridge", thus connecting the two gardens.

Guru Nanak had also come to this town and presently a Gurudwara under name "Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Pehli Padshahi Gurudwara Bijbehara" is at this place.

Bijbehara finds mention in Rajtarangini by Kalhan. Then famous for temples of Chakradhar and Vijayeshwar. Vijayeshwar temple was built by King Shachinar. This temple was reconstructed again during the reign of Anantdev. This fortified temple was a famous site in then Kashmir (previous to 500 AD).

Geography[edit]

Apples of tribjee arwani, Bijbehara

Bijbehara is located at 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10.[1] It has an average elevation of 1,591 metres (5,223 feet).

The town of Bijbehara is situated in the north of district headquarters on the banks of Jhelum River popularly known here as "Veth". It is one of the notable towns of the district. It is four miles to the north of Anantnag town.

The town is surrounded and intersected by plateaus, including "The Totak Shah", from which the whole town can be seen. There are many other plateaus which are getting urbanised.

Demographics[edit]

The Bijbehara town has population of 22,789 of which 12,057 are males while 10,732 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3411 which is 14.97% of total population of Bijbehara.

List of Villages in Bijbehara Tehsil[edit]

There are about 52 villages in Bijbehara

  • Ader
  • Aswara
  • Bander Pora
  • Beya Warah
  • Chini Gund
  • Chunda Pora
  • Dari Gund
  • Dupt Yar
  • Gadhanji Pora
  • Gantali Pora
  • Gari Seer
  • Gori
  • Gund Chel
  • Gund Nasir
  • Gund Nowroze
  • Hamzeh Pora
  • Hati Gam
  • Haussan Pora Bagh
  • Hayar
  • Inder Mooni
  • Jabli Pora
  • Kanalwan
  • Kandi Pora
  • Katu
  • Khiram
  • Khush Roi Kalan
  • Kitriteng
  • Krandi Gam
  • Mahind
  • Marhama
  • Meera Gund
  • Niyana Gund Baba Khalil
  • Now Shehra
  • Opzan
  • Rakh Hassain Pora
  • Rakh Moman Dangit Pora
  • Rakhi Kitri Teng
  • Sangam
  • Semthan
  • Shala Gam
  • Shiti Pora
  • Sir Hama
  • Sither Satghar
  • Sotki Pora
  • Subhan Pahari
  • Takia Bal
  • Thaji War
  • Trubji
  • Tula Khan
  • Vedai
  • Veeri
  • Waghama

Notable people[edit]

Mufti Mohammad Syeed was a politician from the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. He served as Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir twice.

Parvez Rasool is an Indian cricketer who plays as an all-rounder for India.

Mehbooba Mufti is the president of the Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party. She is the daughter of former Home minister of India and Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]