Bijbehara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bijbehara

Vejibyour
Town
250px
View of central Bijbehara
Bijbehara is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Bijbehara
Bijbehara
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Bijbehara is located in India
Bijbehara
Bijbehara
Bijbehara (India)
Coordinates: 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10Coordinates: 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10
Country India
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictAnantnag
Elevation
1,591 m (5,220 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total22,789 Excluding - Takia Bal And Ghad Hanjipora
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu Kashmiri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK03

Bijbehara, also known as Vijeshwara and Vejibyour, is an ancient town and a notable area in south Kashmir. It is a very densely populated town, located on National Highway NH-1 A, connecting the Kashmir Valley with the rest of India. Bijbehara town is also known as "Chinar Town" because of two Chinar gardens (Paadshaahi Bagh and Darashukoh Garden) which are known for their Chinars (Platanus orientalis) trees. Bijbehara is the home to oldest chinar tree in the region. The town is situated about 45 km from the summer capital, Srinagar.

History[edit]

Mythologically, the town was created by Shiva in Treeta Yuga.

The Mughal Prince Dara Shikoh built a bridge which was 100-yards long and 6-yards wide, spanning the Jhelum River at Bijbehara, near the Mughal garden. The bridge was washed away by heavy floods.

The oldest Chinar tree of the sub-continent, at 70 feet circumference at ground level, is located among 24 others in a garden popularly known as Padshahi Bagh. The Padshahi Garden consists of 25 kanals and 10 marlas. The Dara Shikoh Garden is also on the bank of the Jhelum. The garden is of 420 kanals (52.5 acres) area. The Padshahi Garden and the Dara Shikoh Garden are separated by the river Jehlum, which is spanned by the Padshahi Bagh Bridge. Padshahi Bagh is now under management of the Tourist Department, and J&K Bank is responsible for the park's development and maintenance.

Sikh Guru Nanak came to this town, and a gurdwara by the name of "Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji Pehli Padshahi Gurudwara Bijbehara" is there.

Bijbehara is mentioned in Rajtarangini by Kalhan, then famous for temples of Chakradhar and Vijayeshwar. Vijayeshwar temple was built by King Shachinar. This temple was reconstructed during the reign of Anantdev. This fortified temple was a famous site in Kashmir previous to 500 AD.

Geography[edit]

Apples of tribjee arwani, Bijbehara

Bijbehara is located at 33°48′N 75°06′E / 33.80°N 75.10°E / 33.80; 75.10.[1] It has an average elevation of 1,591 metres (5,223 feet).

One of the notable towns of the district, Bijbehara is situated to the north of district headquarters on the banks of Jhelum River popularly known locally as "Veth". Bijbehara lies four miles north of Anantnag town.

The town is surrounded and intersected by plateaus, including the Totak Shah, from where the whole town can be seen. There are many other plateaus which are being urbanized.

Sangam Eidgah is a place about 8 km from main city center Lalchock. The most famous product of this place is lotus stems called naduru in the Kashmiri language. It had been said that once Baba Naseebudin Qazi RH rested for few days in this place and there is a shrine with astan at that place where he rested. Education wise Sangam has tremendously developed since 2005. There are almost 8 schools in this area including one high school and 4 middle schools.

The town localities of Bijbehara include Goriwan chowk, Old town, Ziyarat road, Baba Mohalla, Zirpara chowk, Sadar Bazar, Vaid Mohalla, Dobighat, Khar Mohalla, Eidgah, Pandit Hamaam, Pomposh Mohalla, Saraf Mohalla, Peershah Mohalla, Ahanger Mohalla, Feroze Shah Mohalla, Sheikh Mohalla, and GH pora.

The town has recently expanded to include new housing colonies such as New Colony Bijbehara, Eidgah basti, Qazi Mohalla, Sicop Colony, Padshahi Bagh Colony, Friends Colony, Deewan Bagh, Eidgah Colony, and Tehsil Road-Baghandar.

The important villages on the outskirts of town include Pazalpora, Jablipora, Arwani, Subhaanpora, Sangam, Dupatyar, Katriteng, Gundinowroze and Semthan.

Demographics[edit]

The town had a population of 22,789 (12,057 men and 10,732 women) per the report released by Census India 2011.[2] Children aged 0–6 made up 14.97% (3,411) of the total population of Bijbehara.

Religious places[edit]

  • Baba Naseeb-ud-Din Ghazi shrine, Bijbehara
  • Totak shah Sahib shrine, Hill Station New colony Bijbehara

List of villages in Bijbehara Tehsil[edit]

There are about 52 villages in Bijbehara


  • Ader
  • Aswara
  • Bander Pora
  • Bewora
  • Chini Gund
  • Chunda Pora
  • Dari Gund
  • Dupt Yar
  • Gadhanji Pora
  • Gantali Pora
  • Gadiseer Bijbehara
  • Gori
  • Gund Chel
  • Gund Nasir
  • Gund Nowroze
  • Hamzeh Pora
  • Hati Gam
  • Haussan Pora Bagh
  • Hayar
  • Inder Mooni
  • Jabli Pora
  • Kanalwan
  • Kandi Pora
  • Katu
  • Khiram
  • Khush Roi Kalan
  • Kitriteng
  • Krandi Gam
  • Mahind
  • Marhama
  • Meera Gund
  • Niyana Gund Baba Khalil
  • Now Shehra :
  • Opzan
  • Rakh Hassain Pora
  • Rakh Moman Dangit Pora
  • Rakhi Kitri Teng
  • Sangam
  • Semthan
  • Shala Gam
  • Shiti Pora
  • Sir Hama
  • Sither Satghar
  • Sotki Pora
  • Subhan Pahari
  • Takia Bal
  • Thaji War
  • Trubji
  • Tula Khan
  • Vedai
  • Veeri
  • Waghama

Education[edit]

  • Gov. Degree College Bijbehara
  • Delhi Public School ,Sangam ,Bijbehara
  • Gov. Boys Model Hr. Sec. School
  • Gov. Girls Model Hr. Sec. School
  • Oxford Public School
  • Crescent Public School
  • Gems Public School
  • Public School English Medium
  • Cambridge Public School
  • Kashmir Public School
  • Zenith Institute Of Education
  • Zaiba Aapa Inst. Of Inclusive Edu.
  • Kashmir Public School
  • Big Bang School Sicop
  • Sky Touch School

Notable people[edit]

Divisions[edit]

The areas which come under the constituency of Bijbehara are as follows:

  • Mattan
  • Nanil
  • Kanelwon
  • Khiram
  • Akura

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Bijbiara, India". Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Bijbehara City Population Census 2011 - Jammu and Kashmir". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-06-08.

External links[edit]