Banks County, Georgia

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Banks County, Georgia
Courthouse of Banks County, Georgia.jpg
Banks County courthouse in Homer
Seal of Banks County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Banks County
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 1, 1859
Named for Richard Banks
Seat Homer
Largest city Baldwin
Area
 • Total 234 sq mi (606 km2)
 • Land 232 sq mi (601 km2)
 • Water 1.8 sq mi (5 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 18,395
 • Density 79/sq mi (31/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.bankscountyga.org

Banks County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,395.[1] The county seat is Homer.[2] The Old Banks County Courthouse is located in Homer and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A newer county courthouse was constructed in 1983.

History[edit]

The law to establish Banks County was passed by the Georgia General Assembly on December 11, 1858. It was named for Dr. Richard E. Banks.[3] The legislation called for the creation of Banks County on February 1, 1859, from Franklin and Habersham counties.

Ty Cobb, a Baseball Hall of Famer, was born in Banks County in 1886 in an area of the county known as The Narrows - a small farming community consisting of fewer than 100 people. The area and birthplace are on State Highway 105 in the northern part of the county near the Broad River. The legal organ for the county is The Banks County News, a member of Mainstreet News, Inc. One of the county's oldest church sites is the Hebron Presbyterian Church, established in 1796. Banks County is the home of the Atlanta Dragway, located near Banks Crossing. Banks County is also known for being the home of the former world's largest Easter Egg Hunt. (The 50th annual egg hunt in 2009 was the last in the series.)

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 234 square miles (610 km2), of which 232 square miles (600 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4] Banks County is entirely located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,707
1870 4,973 5.7%
1880 7,337 47.5%
1890 8,562 16.7%
1900 10,545 23.2%
1910 11,244 6.6%
1920 11,814 5.1%
1930 9,703 −17.9%
1940 8,733 −10.0%
1950 6,935 −20.6%
1960 6,497 −6.3%
1970 6,833 5.2%
1980 8,702 27.4%
1990 10,308 18.5%
2000 14,422 39.9%
2010 18,395 27.5%
Est. 2016 18,397 [6] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 14,422 people, 5,364 households, and 4,162 families residing in the county. The population density was 62 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 5,808 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.16% White, 3.22% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.96% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 3.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,364 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.40% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.40% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,523, and the median income for a family was $43,136. Males had a median income of $29,986 versus $21,698 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,424. About 9.80% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,395 people, 6,700 households, and 5,100 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 79.3 inhabitants per square mile (30.6/km2). There were 7,595 housing units at an average density of 32.7 per square mile (12.6/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 91.7% white, 2.3% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 3.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.7% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 18.7% were American, 8.5% were Irish, and 8.5% were English.[14]

Of the 6,700 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families, and 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 38.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,455 and the median income for a family was $48,606. Males had a median income of $41,444 versus $26,998 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,497. About 13.0% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Education[edit]

Banks County Middle School BCES BCHS BCPS BCCS

Communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Previous Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 87.9% 6,134 9.8% 684 2.3% 157
2012 86.3% 5,354 12.6% 780 1.1% 70
2008 81.9% 5,120 16.4% 1,027 1.6% 102
2004 78.9% 4,410 20.6% 1,149 0.6% 33
2000 70.6% 3,202 26.9% 1,220 2.5% 111
1996 47.2% 1,925 37.7% 1,536 15.1% 615
1992 42.3% 1,551 41.7% 1,530 16.1% 590
1988 61.6% 1,590 38.1% 984 0.3% 8
1984 59.3% 1,549 40.7% 1,063
1980 26.0% 746 72.9% 2,091 1.1% 31
1976 12.2% 330 87.9% 2,387
1972 79.0% 1,336 21.0% 356
1968 18.7% 398 13.9% 296 67.4% 1,434
1964 30.3% 548 69.7% 1,258
1960 15.9% 221 84.1% 1,170
1956 15.9% 187 84.1% 989
1952 14.0% 204 86.0% 1,255
1948 4.4% 26 89.1% 533 6.5% 39
1944 20.2% 125 79.2% 490 0.7% 4
1940 19.6% 164 79.7% 668 0.7% 6
1936 22.0% 181 78.0% 641
1932 4.3% 58 94.3% 1,283 1.5% 20
1928 46.2% 363 53.8% 422
1924 21.9% 86 74.1% 291 4.1% 16
1920 41.7% 342 58.3% 479
1916 9.6% 118 80.2% 989 10.2% 126
1912 36.9% 83 59.1% 133 4.0% 9

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 233. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°21′N 83°30′W / 34.35°N 83.50°W / 34.35; -83.50