Chattahoochee County, Georgia

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Chattahoochee County, Georgia
Chattahoochee County, Georgia Courthouse.JPG
Chattahoochee County Courthouse in Cusseta
Map of Georgia highlighting Chattahoochee County
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Named for Chattahoochee River
Seat Cusseta
Largest city Cusseta
Area
 • Total 251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Land 249 sq mi (645 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 1.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 11,368
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.ugoccc.us

Chattahoochee County, also known as Cusseta-Chattahoochee County,[1] is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,267.[2] The county seat is Cusseta,[3] with which the county shares a consolidated city-county government. Despite the city-county government Cusseta is not coterminous with the county; it remains a geographically distinct municipality within the county.[1][4] The county was created on February 13, 1854.

Chattahoochee County is included in the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The Georgia General Assembly created Chattahoochee County on February 13, 1854, from portions of Muscogee and Marion counties. It is named for the Chattahoochee River that forms its western boundary.[5] The county seat was named Cusseta to commemorate the Creek Indian town that once existed nearby. In 2004-2005, the US Census Bureau reported a 6.2% population decline, making it top on the national list of counties with shrinking population.

The original courthouse, built in 1854 by slaves, is preserved at the tourist attraction of Westville, near Lumpkin.

Since 1918 most of county has been occupied by the Fort Benning military reservation.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 251 square miles (650 km2), of which 249 square miles (640 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (1.0%) is water.[7]

The vast majority of Chattahoochee County is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake subbasin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin). The very small southeastern corner of the county is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee subbasin of the same larger ACF Basin.[8]


Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18605,797
18706,0594.5%
18805,670−6.4%
18904,902−13.5%
19005,79018.1%
19105,586−3.5%
19205,266−5.7%
19308,89468.9%
194015,13870.2%
195012,149−19.7%
196013,0117.1%
197025,81398.4%
198021,732−15.8%
199016,934−22.1%
200014,882−12.1%
201011,267−24.3%
Est. 201610,922[9]−3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[2]


2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,267 people, 2,686 households, and 2,067 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 45.3 inhabitants per square mile (17.5/km2). There were 3,376 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 68.8% white, 18.8% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.6% Pacific islander, 4.4% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.4% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 17.5% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 10.1% were English, 6.8% were Italian, and 3.1% were American.[16]

Of the 2,686 households, 53.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.0% were non-families, and 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 24.0 years.[14] The county is notable for having the most millennials (15-34 years old) of any county within the United States: 59.7%[17]


The median income for a household in the county was $51,089 and the median income for a family was $55,745. Males had a median income of $41,117 versus $31,422 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,202. About 14.7% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 30.7% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Education[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Previous presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 54.0% 751 42.7% 594 3.2% 45
2012 49.2% 735 48.8% 729 1.9% 29
2008 49.0% 811 50.1% 830 0.9% 15
2004 53.6% 905 45.7% 773 0.7% 12
2000 48.9% 590 49.7% 600 1.4% 17
1996 36.8% 398 52.2% 565 11.0% 119
1992 34.5% 413 50.4% 604 15.1% 181
1988 55.6% 454 44.3% 362 0.1% 1
1984 51.8% 459 48.3% 428
1980 34.0% 256 63.3% 476 2.7% 20
1976 26.0% 178 74.0% 506
1972 74.0% 345 26.0% 121
1968 13.4% 70 28.4% 148 58.2% 303
1964 56.3% 246 43.7% 191
1960 25.8% 66 74.2% 190
1956 28.7% 43 71.3% 107
1952 38.6% 73 61.4% 116
1948 59.5% 69 39.7% 46 0.9% 1
1944 16.0% 19 84.0% 100
1940 8.9% 20 91.1% 204
1936 8.9% 20 91.2% 206
1932 0.5% 1 99.5% 186
1928 11.3% 18 88.7% 141
1924 6.2% 14 91.6% 208 2.2% 5
1920 5.4% 5 94.6% 87
1916 2.4% 4 94.6% 156 3.0% 5
1912 7.4% 11 92.0% 137 0.7% 1

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cusseta-Chattahoochee County". GeorgiaGov. Retrieved 2018-03-19. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Cusseta". GeorgiaGov. Retrieved 2018-03-19. 
  5. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. 
  6. ^ Grimsley, Reagan. "Chattahoochee County". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-22. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "What States and Counties Have the Most Millennials?". Overflow Data. 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2018-03-19. 
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°21′N 84°47′W / 32.35°N 84.79°W / 32.35; -84.79