Oconee County, Georgia
|Oconee County, Georgia|
Oconee County Courthouse in Watkinsville
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 24, 1875|
|Named for||Oconee River|
|• Total||186 sq mi (482 km2)|
|• Land||184 sq mi (477 km2)|
|• Water||2.1 sq mi (5 km2), 1.1%|
|• Density||178/sq mi (69/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Oconee County was created from the southwestern part of Clarke County in 1875 by the Georgia General Assembly. The new county was created to satisfy southwestern Clarke County residents' demand for their own county after the county seat was moved from Watkinsville to Athens by the General Assembly in 1872. It is named for the river flowing along part of its eastern border.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 186 square miles (480 km2), of which 184 square miles (480 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (1.1%) is water. The entirety of Oconee County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.
- Clarke County (north)
- Oglethorpe County (east)
- Greene County (southeast)
- Morgan County (south)
- Walton County (west)
- Barrow County (northwest)
National protected area
- Oconee National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,808 people, 11,622 households, and 9,346 families residing in the county. The population density was 178.0 inhabitants per square mile (68.7/km2). There were 12,383 housing units at an average density of 67.2 per square mile (25.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.4% white, 5.0% black or African American, 3.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.0% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.9% were English, 14.7% were American, 13.3% were Irish, and 12.2% were German.
Of the 11,622 households, 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.6% were non-families, and 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 39.1 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $74,352 and the median income for a family was $85,371. Males had a median income of $57,303 versus $39,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $34,271. About 6.3% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
In 2012, the Wisconsin Population Health Institute ranked Oconee County as one of the top 3 healthiest counties in Georgia. The study ranked the county second in the state in "Overall Health Factors" and third in "Overall Health Outcomes."
Oconee County is governed by a four-member Board of Commissioners, which holds legislative power. The Board is led by a separately-elected Chairman, who holds executive power. The Board is vested with budget and taxing authority, ordinance making authority, and control of county property, roads and facilities. The chairman and all members of the board are elected from at-large districts (called "posts") to staggered terms of four years.
The Chairman of the Board is the county's Chief Executive Officer who, in consultation with the Commissioners, appoints officers and staff as needed to administer the responsibilities of the Board.
The current members of the Board are:
- Chairman: John Daniell
- Post 1: Mark Thomas
- Post 2: Chuck Horton
- Post 3: W.E. "Bubber" Wilkes
- Post 4: Mark Saxon
Primary law enforcement services in the portion of the county outside the City of Watkinsville are provided by the Sheriff's office. (Law enforcement within the Watkinsville City Limits is the jurisdiction of the Watkinsville Police Department.) The office of Sheriff is an elected position; since 1992, the office has been held by Scott Berry. Berry is also the current President of the Georgia Sheriff's Association.
Oconee County School District
The Oconee County School District provides education for grades pre-school to twelve and consists of six elementary schools, two middle schools, and two high schools. The district has 361 full-time teachers and over 5,615 students.
There are currently three private schools located in the county. They are:
Colleges and Universities
The University of North Georgia maintains a satellite campus near Watkinsville. It was a Gainesville State College campus until the 2012 merger of Gainesville State College with North Georgia College and State University.
- WNGC 106.1 FM
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- WPUP 100.1 FM (Power 100.1)
- WRFC 960 AM (The Ref)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Oconee County Chamber of Commerce, "History of Oconee County"
- Steve Hargreaves (February 2, 2006). "Best places to live: Rural America". CNNMoney.com. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- Stephanie Gross (April 3, 2012). "Oconee Among Top 3 Healthiest Georgia Counties". Oconee Patch. Patch Network. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
- Board Of Commissioners section of Oconee County website. Last accessed 2012-04-04.
- Official website of the 10th Judicial District of Georgia, Western Circuit
- 2011 Official Oconee County Newcomer's Guide Last accessed 2012-04-04.
- Ryan Blackburn (July 24, 2011). "Sheriff Berry To Tackle Big Issues As Head of State Law Enforcement Group". Oconee Patch. Patch Network. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
- Board of Directors section of Georgia Sheriff's Association official website. Last accessed 2012-04-04.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- Founding Principles section of Westminster Christian Academy website. Last accessed 2012-04-04.
- Who we are section of Prince Avenue website. Last accessed 2012-04-04.
- History section of Athens Academy website. Last accessed 2012-04-04.
- History of GSC section of Gainesville State College website. Last accessed 2012-04-04.
- Athens location information, Cox Media Group website. Last accessed 2012-04-04.
||Barrow County||Clarke County|
|Walton County||Oglethorpe County|
|Morgan County||Greene County|